1957 in spaceflight

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1957 in spaceflight
Dawn of the Space Age.jpg
Artist's impression of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, in orbit
Orbital launches
First 4 October
Last 6 December
Total 3
Successes 1
Failures 1
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 2
National firsts
Spaceflight  Australia
 United Kingdom
Satellite  Soviet Union
Orbital launch  Soviet Union
Rockets
Maiden flights Sputnik-PS
Vanguard
Retirements Sputnik-PS


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

8 January United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 8 January Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 January United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 15 January Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 January Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Nuclear test 19 January Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
26 January United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 26 January Launch failure
Maiden launch of Thor missile, exploded on launch pad
29 January United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 29 January Launch failure

February[edit]

2 February
08:05
United StatesAerobee AJ10-34 United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesFirefly US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 2 February Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
7 February United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 7 February Successful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)
14 February United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 14 February Successful
Apogee: 141 kilometres (88 mi)

March[edit]

1 March
21:51
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
ABMA Suborbital Missile test 1 March Launch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi), maiden flight of Jupiter missile, overheated and disintegrated
1 March United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 1 March Successful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi)
11 March United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 11 March Successful
Apogee: 134 kilometres (83 mi)
21 March United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 21 March Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
25 March Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 March Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
29 March
04:51
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10c United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital UV astronomy 29 March Successful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi)

April[edit]

11 April
16:31
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Technology 11 April Successful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi)
11 April Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 11 April Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
12 April GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 12 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 April United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 13 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 April GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 14 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 April
04:33
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 April Launch failure
Destroyed by range safety after console error gave erroneous indications that the missile was off course
26 April
20:12
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 26 April Launch failure
Apogee: 18 kilometres (11 mi)
30 April
15:10
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Meteorite research 30 April Successful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi)
April Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

May[edit]

1 May
06:29
United StatesViking United StatesCape Canaveral LC-18A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Technology 1 May Successful
Apogee: 195 kilometres (121 mi), final flight of Viking
3 May
14:04
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSunfollower NRL Suborbital Solar 3 May Successful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi)
15 May
07:55
United StatesJupiter-C United StatesCape Canaveral LC-6 United StatesABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test 15 May Launch failure
Apogee: 655 kilometres (407 mi), gyroscope malfunctioned 134 seconds after launch, missed landing point by 778 kilometres (483 mi)
15 May
16:01
Soviet UnionR-7 Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 15 May Launch failure
Maiden flight of R-7 and first launch of an ICBM. Engine fire in Block D booster rocket at liftoff, followed by premature separation 98 seconds after launch. Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 May
02:14
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test 16 May Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
16 May
03:18
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test
Biological
16 May Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
22 May
03:00
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 22 May Launch failure
Exploded on pad after valve malfunction caused pressure build up
24 May GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test
Biological
24 May Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
31 May
18:08
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-5 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 31 May Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

June[edit]

7 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 7 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 10 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
11 June
19:37
United StatesSM-65A Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test +23 seconds Launch failure
Maiden flight of Atlas missile, destroyed by range safety after fuel system malfunction, apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
18 June
14:00
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 18 June Successful
Apogee: 171 kilometres (106 mi)
22 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 22 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 June Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 22 June Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi), maiden flight of R-12
23 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 23 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 June
14:07
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 25 June Successful
Apogee: 202 kilometres (126 mi)
27 June United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 27 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 28 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 June GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 29 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

July[edit]

3 July
09:28
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 3 July Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 July
17:15:40
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 4 July Successful
Apogee: 237 kilometres (147 mi)
4 July GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 4 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 July
05:17:56
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 5 July Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
5 July GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 5 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 July
12:53
Soviet UnionR-7 Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 12 July Launch failure
Control system short-circuited resulting in loss of control, boosters fell off 33 seconds after launch, apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
15 July
14:23
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 15 July Launch failure
Apogee: 28 kilometres (17 mi)
16 July United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 16 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 July United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 16 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 July United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 18 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 July United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 19 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 July United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 22 July Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
23 July
16:29
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 23 July Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
29 July
21:59
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy 29 July Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
30 July
18:10
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 30 July Launch failure
Apogee: 25 kilometres (16 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

August[edit]

5 August
11:53
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-1 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital Aeronomy 5 August
11:53
Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 August
12:20
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 5 August Launch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi)
5 August
16:59
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-2 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 5 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
6 August
10:52
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-3 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 6 August Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
6 August
15:30
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 6 August Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
6 August
16:03
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-4 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 6 August Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
7 August
03:28
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-5 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 7 August Launch failure
7 August
22:04
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-6 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 7 August Launch failure
8 August
06:59
United StatesJupiter-C United StatesCape Canaveral LC-6 United StatesABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test 8 August Successful
Apogee: 460 kilometres (290 mi), re-entry vehicle recovered
8 August
07:17
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-7 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 8 August Successful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
8 August Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 8 August Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
9 August United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 9 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 August
05:07
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-8 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 10 August Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
11 August
05:16
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-10 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 11 August Launch failure
11 August
20:30
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-11 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 11 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August
07:48
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-12 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 12 August Launch failure
12 August
13:55
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-13 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August
01:58
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-14 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 13 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionSOI OKB-1 Suborbital Solar 13 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
08:06
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-15 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 14 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
20:00
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-17 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 14 August Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
16 August United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 16 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 August
21:25
Soviet UnionR-7 Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 21 August Successful
First successful R-7 launch. Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
23 August
21:54
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Army
BRL Suborbital Test flight 23 August Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
24 August
06:00
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 24 August Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
25 August
02:23
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric 25 August Successful
Apogee: 206 kilometres (128 mi)
25 August
03:27
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 August Successful
Apogee: 208 kilometres (129 mi)
27 August
08:54
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 27 August Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
28 August
21:02
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 28 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
29 August
14:12
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 29 August Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
30 August United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test +92 seconds Launch failure
Disintegrated 92 seconds after launch
31 August
04:57
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
NRL Suborbital Auroral 31 August Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
31 August
05:30
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
31 August Successful
Apogee: 185 kilometres (115 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

September[edit]

1 September
22:28
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 1 September Successful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
2 September Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 2 September Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
3 September United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 3 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 September
11:39
Soviet UnionR-7 Semyorka Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 7 September Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
9 September
15:50
GermanySoviet UnionR-2A Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
9 September Successful
Apogee: 212 kilometres (132 mi)
12 September
16:20
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 September Launch failure
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
15 September
13:27
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 15 September Launch failure
18 September
18:42
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 18 September Launch failure
Apogee: 21 kilometres (13 mi)
19 September
16:30
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), released caesium
20 September United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 September Successful
First successful Thor launch, apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
21 September United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 21 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 September
19:57
United StatesSM-65A Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 25 September Launch failure
Destroyed by range safety following fuel system malfunction, apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
25 September United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 25 September Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), maiden flight of Farside, stage zero malfunction
26 September
17:05
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 02 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 26 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 September
20:00
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 26 September Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
27 September
13:12
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 03 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 27 September Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-12 Dvina Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

October[edit]

1 October AustraliaLong Tom AustraliaWoomera LA-2 AustraliaWRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight 1 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), maiden flight of Long Tom, first Australian spaceflight
3 October
17:13
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 3 October Launch failure
3 October United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 3 October Launch failure
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
4 October
19:16
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 04 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 4 October Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 October
19:28:34
Soviet UnionSputnik-PS (8K71PS) Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
Soviet UnionSputnik 1 (PS-1) MVS Low Earth Technology 4 January 1958 Successful
First orbital launch, first artificial satellite of Earth, maiden flight of Sputnik rocket
7 October United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 7 October Launch failure
Apogee: 700 kilometres (430 mi)
11 October
16:33
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 11 October Partial launch failure
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi), turbopump gearbox malfunctioned, still met primary test objectives
11 October United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 11 October Launch failure
Apogee: 30 kilometres (19 mi)
13 October
18:15
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 05 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 13 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
01:04
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 14 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
21:16
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 06 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 14 October Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
16 October
20:02
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 07 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 16 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
00:09
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 08 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
02:18
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 09 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
20:01
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 10 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Launch failure
Apogee: 41 kilometres (25 mi)
17 October
23:44
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 11 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi)
18 October
09:35
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 12 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 October
19:43
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 13 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
18 October
23:43
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 14 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
19 October
18:50
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 15 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 19 October Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
20 October
01:06
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 16 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
20 October
03:57
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 17 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October
20:11
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 18 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 20 October Spacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[1]
22 October United StatesFarside United NationsUnited StatesEniwetak United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 22 October Spacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[1]
22 October
22:31
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 19 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 22 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October
01:07
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 23 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
23 October
19:22:54
United StatesVanguard United StatesCape Canaveral LC-18A United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 23 October Successful
Maiden flight of Vanguard, battleship upper stages, apogee: 175 kilometres (109 mi)
23 October United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 23 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 23 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 October
16:32
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 24 October Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
24 October United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 24 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 October United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 25 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 October
19:47
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 20 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 26 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 October
02:46
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 21 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 27 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 October
00:13
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 22 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 29 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 October
21:40
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 23 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 30 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
00:29
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 24 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 31 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
19:51
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 25 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 31 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

November[edit]

1 November
01:00
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 26 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 1 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
02:30:42
Soviet UnionSputnik-PS (8K71PS) Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet UnionMVS
Soviet UnionSputnik 2 (PS-2) MVS Low Earth Biological 14 April 1958 Partial launch failure
Partial spacecraft failure
Carried Laika, the first animal in orbit. Spacecraft failed to separate from rocket and Laika died prior to completion of experiments. Final flight of Sputnik-PS.
3 November
20:08
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 27 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 3 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
23:24
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 28 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 3 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
01:41
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 29 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 November
03:47
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 30 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
07:16
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 31 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
18:52
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 32 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
01:25
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 33 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
21:59
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 35 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 November
16:05
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 7 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
14:57
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 8 November Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
20:43
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 36 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 8 November Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November
23:15
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 37 United StatesSUI
SUI Suborbital 8 November Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 8 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 November
16:54
GermanySoviet UnionA-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
9 November Successful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi)
10 November United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 10 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 November
11:52
United KingdomSkylark-1 AustraliaWoomera LA-2 United KingdomRAE
RAE Suborbital 13 November Successful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi), first British spaceflight
15 November United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 15 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 November
16:29:56
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesSmoke Puff US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 November Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi), released potassium nitrate and aluminium
26 November United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 26 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 November
02:10
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 27 November Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)

December[edit]

6 December
16:44:35
United StatesVanguard TV3 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-18A United StatesUS Navy
United States6.5in Satellite 1 NRL Intended: Medium Earth Geodesy +2 seconds Launch failure
First all up Vanguard test, first US orbital launch attempt, and first outright orbital failure of an orbital launch attempt. Exploded on launch pad after loss of thrust
7 December
22:11
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 7 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
10 December
17:35
United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWhite Sands United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 10 December Successful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
10 December
18:10
United StatesNike-Asp United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 December Successful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
10 December
21:36
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 10 December Launch failure
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
11 December United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 11 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 December
00:38
United StatesNike-Cajun CanadaFort Churchill United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 16 December Launch failure
Apogee: 9 kilometres (5.6 mi)
17 December
17:39
United StatesSM-65A Atlas United StatesCape Canaveral LC-14 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 December Successful
First successful Atlas launch, apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
19 December
00:07
United StatesPGM-19 Jupiter United StatesCape Canaveral LC-26B United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 27 November Launch failure
Apogee: 92 kilometres (57 mi)
19 December
20:12
United StatesPGM-17 Thor DM-18 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 19 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
23 December United StatesNike-Cajun United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
United States HUGO NACA Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
23 December Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
Unknown United StatesTerrapin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown United StatesTerrapin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown United StatesTerrapin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown United StatesTerrapin United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

Orbital launch summary[edit]

1957 Launches.svg
  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1957

By country[edit]

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
 Soviet Union 2 1 0 1 First orbital launch
 United States 1 0 1 0

By rocket[edit]

Rocket Country Type Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Sputnik-PS 8K71PS  Soviet Union Sputnik R-7 2 1 0 1 Maiden and final flights
Vanguard  United States Vanguard Viking 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight

By launch site[edit]

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Soviet Union 2 1 0 1
Cape Canaveral  United States 1 0 1 0

By orbit[edit]

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Failed to orbit 0 N/A 0 N/A 0 N/A 1
Low Earth 2 2 0 0
Medium Earth 1 0 1 0

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Aeronautics Farside". Designation-Systems. 2004-11-27. Retrieved 2009-02-27.