1958 Asian Games

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III Asian Games
3rd asiad.png
Host city Tokyo, Japan
Motto Ever Onward
Nations participating 20
Athletes participating 1,820
Events 112 in 13 sports
Opening ceremony May 24
Closing ceremony June 1
Officially opened by HM Emperor Hirohito
Torch Lighter Mikio Oda (Athletics)
Main venue Olympic Stadium

The 1958 Asian Games, officially the Third Asian Games (Japanese: 第3回アジア競技大会) and commonly known as Tokyo 1958, was a multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 24 May to 1 June 1958. It was governed by the Asian Games Federation. A total of 1,820 athletes representing 20 Asian National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Games. The program featured competitions in 13 different sports encompassing 97 events, including four non-Olympic sports, judo, table tennis, tennis and volleyball. Four of these competition sports – Field hockey, table tennis, tennis and volleyball – were introduced for the first time in the Asian Games.

Tokyo would go on to host the 1964 Summer Olympics and will host again in 2020.

Background[edit]

The Asian Games is a multi-sport event, much like the Summer Olympics (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively for Asian countries. The first edition was held in the capital city of India, New Delhi, in 1951, attracting 489 competitors from 11 nations.

Sports[edit]

The programme for the Tokyo 1958 Games included 13 different sports divided into 97 events. Four of these sports – judo,[1] table tennis,[2] tennis[3] and volleyball[4] – were not on the official Olympic sports programme at that time. Badminton was added as a demonstration sport, which, from 1962 onwards, became a regular competitive sport in the Asian Games.[5] Judo was another demonstration sport.

Torch relay[edit]

The tradition of torch relay, inspired by the Olympic Games, was introduced for the first time in the Asian Games in 1958.[6] The relay officially began from the main venue of the Second Asian Games, Rizal Memorial Coliseum, in Manila, Philippines. In the host nation, Japan, it was relayed from Okinawa to Kyushu Island. Okinawa was under the United States administration at that time. At the opening ceremony, the Games cauldron was ignited by the first Japanese Olympic gold medallist and the first Asian Olympic champion in an individual event, Mikio Oda.[6][7]

Participation[edit]

Participating countries

A record total of 1,820 athletes representing 20 member nations of the Asian Games Federation participated in the Games. The number of participating countries was also greatest in comparison to the first two editions of the Games.

The Thai delegation held a meeting on 22 May 1958 in Tokyo, and invitations were sent to the representatives of Malaysia, Burma and Laos. The agenda of the meeting was to discuss the possibility of forming a regional multi-sport event on the lines of Asian Games for the countries of Southeast Asia. This way the Southeast Asian Peninsular Games (SEAP Games), which later became the Southeast Asian Games, were established and the first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok, Thailand, in 1959.[8]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony of the Tokyo 1958 Games was organised on 24 May 1958 at the National Olympic Stadium. The ceremony, among other dignitaries and guests, included the Emperor of Japan Hirohito, crown prince Akihito and Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Around 70,000 people attended the opening ceremony.[9]

Calendar[edit]

In the following calendar for the 1958 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. The numeral indicates the number of event finals for each sport held that day. On the left, the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right, how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
May / June 1958 24
Sat
25
Sun
26
Mon
27
Tue
28
Wed
29
Thu
30
Fri
31
Sat
1
Sun
Gold
medals
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 5 6 6 5 9 31
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 10 10
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 2 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 1 2 1 4
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 1 2 1 1 1 6
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 6 5 5 5 21
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 1 1 5 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 2 3 5
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 2 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 8
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 8 8
Total gold medals 8 11 18 17 18 12 24 4
Ceremonies OC CC
May / June 1958 24h
Sat
25
Sun
26
Mon
27
Tue
28
Wed
29
Thu
30
Fri
31
Sat
1
Sun
Gold
medals

Medal table[edit]

Athletes from 16 countries won medals, leaving four countries without a medal, and 11 of them won at least one gold medal. Afghanistan, Cambodia, Nepal and North Borneo did not win any medal. The Japanese 4×100 metres medley relay team of Keiji Hase (backstroke), Masaru Furukawa (breaststroke), Manabu Koga (freestyle) and Takashi Ishimoto (butterfly) won the gold medal with a time of 4:17.2 and broke the world record.[10]

The ranking in this table is consistent with International Olympic Committee convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, followed by the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given; they are listed alphabetically by IOC country code.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Japan, is highlighted.

Key

      Host nation

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Japan (JPN) 67 41 30 138
2  Philippines (PHI) 8 19 21 48
3  South Korea (KOR) 8 7 12 27
4  Iran (IRI) 7 14 11 32
5  Republic of China (ROC) 6 11 17 34
6  Pakistan (PAK) 6 11 9 26
7  India (IND) 5 4 4 13
8  South Vietnam (VIE) 2 0 4 6
9  Burma (BIR) 1 2 1 4
10  Singapore (SIN) 1 1 1 3
Total 112 112 126 350

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Judo at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Games – Overview". Sports Reference. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Table tennis at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games – Overview". Sports Reference. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Volleyball at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Games – Overview". Sports Reference. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Badminton – History". Doha-2006.com (via Wayback Machine). Archived from the original on 4 January 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "III Asian Games". Pakistan Sports Board. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Nakamura, Ken (26 April 2010). "Interview with Mikio Oda, first Japanese Olympic gold medallist". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Rahman, Mansoor (5 August 1989). "Lofty ideals that shaped SEA Games – Member countries". New Straits Times (Kuala Lumpur). p. 6. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Events & Discoveries – Asian Games". Sports Illustrated 8 (22). 2 June 1958. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "A worldwide roundup of the sports information of the week". Sports Illustrated 8 (23). 9 June 1958. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

External links[edit]