1958 in the Vietnam War
|1958 in the Vietnam War|
| South Vietnam
Kingdom of Laos
| Viet Minh cadres [A 1]
Vietnam People's Army
After the communist states of Russia and China had betrayed Hanoi by allowing South Vietnam in December 1957, Hanoi began to look at an all military solution to the unification. Thousands of Viet Minh had stayed behind after the country had been split in two to help politically in the reunification election that never came. For years these southern cadres had been pressing to step the insurgency from low-level assassinations of South Vietnamese officials to full out military engagement with the South Vietnamese and their American allies. The American mission in South Vietnam Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) was largest the only military aid mission anywhere in the world commanded by a lieutenant general, and the economic aid mission there was by 1958 the largest anywhere.
Armed insurgents attack plantations north of Saigon.
- February 12
A South Vietnamese army truck is ambushed by insurgents and all occupants are killed.
As part of their efforts to advance the Unification referendum the North Vietnam via the Geneva machinery, forwarded messages to the Government of South Vietnam in July 1955, May and June 1956, March 1958, July 1959, and July 1960. These letters proposed loosening of economic restrictions between the two countries and preparations for a "free general elections by secret ballot,". Every time the messages were either rebuffed or ignored by the South Vietnamese government.
North Vietnam invades Laos near Huong Lap claiming that it was part of Vietnam not Laos. They later withdrew and had probably invaded to show their displeasure at the Laotian government moving away from their former neutral positions like recognizing Nationalist China.
Year in numbers
|Armed Force||Strength||KIA||Reference||Military costs - 1958||Military costs - 2013||Reference|
|South Vietnam ARVN|
|United States Forces|
- Thousands of Viet Minh cadres had stayed behind after the Vietnam was split into North and South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese government still held out that a referendum on unification as per the Geneva Accords would go ahead. As such they forbid the southern Viet Minh cadres from anything but low level insurgency actions instead issuing directives to focus on political agitation in preparation for the upcoming elections.
- Donaldson, Gary (1996). America at war since 1945: politics and diplomacy in Korea, Vietnam, and the Gulf War (1996 ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-95660-8. - Total pages: 229
- Goldstein, Martin E. (1973). American policy toward Laos (1973 ed.). Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-8386-1131-9. - Total pages: 347
- Langer, Howard (2005). The Vietnam War: an encyclopedia of quotations (2005 ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-32143-6. - Total pages: 413
- Pentagon1 (1971). "Origins of the Insurgency in South Vietnam, 1954-1960". Pentagon Papers (Beacon Press). 1 Chapter 5 (Section 1): 242–69.
- Pentagon3 (1971). "Origins of the Insurgency in South Vietnam, 1954-1960". Pentagon Papers (Beacon Press). 1 Chapter 5 (Section 3): 314–346. Retrieved May 4, 2010.