1959 college football season

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The 1959 NCAA University Division football season saw Syracuse University crowned as the national champion by both the AP and the UPI wire services. Mississippi (Ole Miss), which had outscored its opponents 350-21, finished #2 in both polls, and its only loss during the regular season had been to LSU, which ultimately finished #3. Ole Miss would defeat LSU 21-0 four weeks later in the Sugar Bowl. As such, Ole Miss was ranked #1 by Berryman, Billingsley, Dunkel and Sagarin, although the AP and UPI were the accepted polls at the time.

A major rule change widened the goal posts from 18 feet, 6 inches to 23 feet, 4 inches. The new wider goal posts would remain in effect until the 1991 season, when the width of the goal posts was returned to 18 feet, 6 inches.

During the 20th century, the NCAA had no playoff for the college football teams that would later be described as "Division I-A". The NCAA did recognize a national champion based upon the final results of "wire service" (AP and UPI) polls. The extent of that recognition came in the form of acknowledgment in the annual NCAA Football Guide of the "unofficial" national champions. The AP poll in 1959 consisted of the votes of as many as 201 sportswriters. Though not all writers voted in every poll, each would give their opinion of the twenty best teams. Under a point system of 20 points for first place, 19 for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined. Although the rankings were based on the collective opinion of the representative sportswriters, the teams that remained "unbeaten and untied" were generally ranked higher than those that had not. A defeat, even against a strong opponent, tended to cause a team to drop in the rankings, and a team with two or more defeats was unlikely to remain in the Top 20. The top teams played on New Year's Day in the four major postseason bowl games: the Rose Bowl (near Los Angeles at Pasadena), the Sugar Bowl (New Orleans), the Orange Bowl (Miami), and the Cotton Bowl (Dallas).

September[edit]

In the preseason poll released on September 14, 1959, the defending champion LSU (Louisiana State University) Tigers were ranked #1, followed by Oklahoma, Auburn, SMU (Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas), and Army (the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York). With more than 100 sportswriters weighing in, eighteen different schools received first place votes. Syracuse was ranked #20 overall.[3] As the regular season progressed, a new poll would be issued on the Monday following the weekend's games.

On September 19, #1 LSU beat Rice at home, 26-3. Oklahoma, Auburn, SMU and Army had not yet opened their seasons; SMU and Army fell to #6 and #7. #8 Mississippi, which won at Houston, 16-0, rose to 4th in the poll. #18 Clemson moved up 5th after its 20-18 win at North Carolina. Three of the Top Five schools were from the SEC: 1.LSU 2.Oklahoma 3.Auburn 4.Mississippi 5.Clemson

September 26 #1 LSU beat TCU (Texas Christian University) at home, 10-0. #2 Oklahoma lost its opener, falling 45-13 at #10 Northwestern, and dropped out of the Top 20 entirely, while Northwestern took its place. #3 Auburn lost at Tennessee, 3-0 and fell to 17th place in the next poll. #4 Mississippi recorded another 16-0 win, this time at Kentucky, and rose to third. #5 Clemson won at Virginia, 47-0, but fell to 6th. #7 Army returned to the Top 5 after its 44-8 win over Boston College. #13 Iowa, which had won at California 42-12, rose to fifth. The poll was 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Mississippi 4.Army 5.Iowa

October[edit]

October 3 #1 LSU and Baylor met at a game in Shreveport, with LSU winning 22-0. #2 Northwestern won at #5 Iowa, 14-10. #3 Mississippi registered a third shutout, beating Memphis State 43-0, but fell to fifth. #4 Army lost at Illinois, 20-14, and fell out of the Top 20 completely. #7 Georgia Tech which went to 3-0 after a 16-6 win over #6 Clemson, rose to 3rd in the poll. #10 Texas rose to 4th after its third shutout in a row, a 33-0 walloping of California. The poll was: 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Georgia Tech 4.Texas 5.Mississippi

October 10 #1 LSU beat the visiting Miami Hurricanes 27-3. #2 Northwestern beat Minnesota 6-0. #3 Georgia Tech won at Tennessee, 14-7. In Dallas, #4 Texas defeated Oklahoma 19-12. #5 Mississippi won at Vanderbilt, 33-0. In four games, Ole Miss was 4-0-0 and had outscored its opponents 108-0. The next poll was: 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Texas 4.Georgia Tech 5.Mississippi

On October 17, #1 LSU won at Kentucky, 9-0. #2 Northwestern won at Michigan 20-7. #3 Texas narrowly beat Arkansas 13-12 in Little Rock. #4 Georgia Tech lost to Auburn, 7-6. #5 Mississippi yielded some points for the first time in the season, but beat Tulane 53-7. The #7 USC Trojans rose to 5th after beating Washington in Seattle, 22-15. The poll was: 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Texas 4.Mississippi 5.USC

October 24 #1 LSU recorded its fourth shutout, winning 9-0 in Florida. #2 Northwestern killed another giant on the road, beating Notre Dame 30-24. #3 Texas defeated Rice 28-6. #4 Mississippi shut out Arkansas 28-0 at Memphis. #5 USC Trojans got past Stanford 30-28 and fell to 6th. Taking USC's place was #6 Syracuse, which had beaten West Virginia 44-0 to reach the 5-0-0 mark. The next poll was: 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Mississippi 4.Texas 5.Syracuse

October 31 LSU and #3 Mississippi, both 6-0-0, met in Baton Rouge. Both schools had great defenses. LSU had outscored its opposition 103-6, while Ole Miss had a 189-7 point differential over all comers. Someone had to lose, and Ole Miss fell to LSU 7-3. Billy Cannon returned a Jake Gibbs punt 89 yards for the game's only touchdown, but the Rebels had a chance to win the game when it drove to the LSU 1-yard line in the closing seconds, only to see third-string quarterback Doug Elmore stopped cold on fourth and goal by Cannon. #2 Northwestern beat visiting Indiana 30-13. #4 Texas beat SMU in Dallas, 21-0. #5 Syracuse won at Pittsburgh, 35-0, and rose to fourth. The next poll was: 1.LSU 2.Northwestern 3.Texas 4.Syracuse 5.Mississippi

November[edit]

November 7 #1 LSU traveled to Knoxville to face the University of Tennessee, and gave up a touchdown for the first time in the season. The Vols made it to the end zone twice, winning 14-13 over the Tigers. Losing also was #2 Northwestern, which fell to the visiting Wisconsin, 24-19, and dropped to 6th. #3 Texas won a close one over Baylor, 13-12, and rose to 2nd. #4 Syracuse, which had won at Penn State 20-18, was catapulted to the #1 spot. #5 Mississippi crushed UT-Chattanooga 58-0. #6 USC returned to the Top Five after a 36-0 win over West Virginia. The next poll was 1.Syracuse 2.Texas 3.LSU 4.USC 5.Mississippi

November 14 #1 Syracuse exercised its top status, brushing off Colgate 71-0. #2 Texas lost to Texas Christian, 14-9. #3 LSU returned to its winning ways, beating Mississippi State at home, 27-0. #4 USC beat Baylor 17-8. #5 Mississippi beat Tennessee in Memphis, 37-7. The poll changed slightly: 1.Syracuse 2.Mississippi 3.LSU 4.USC 5.Texas

November 21 #1 Syracuse won at Boston University, 46-0, for its fifth shutout as it reached the 9-0-0 mark. #3 LSU beat Tulane 14-6, then accepted an invitation to play in the Sugar Bowl. #4 USC lost to UCLA, 10-3 and fell to 7th. #9 Wisconsin, which closed its season with an 11-7 win at Minnesota, rose to 5th. #2 Mississippi and #5 Texas were idle, but stayed at the same place in the polls: 1.Syracuse 2.Mississippi 3.LSU 4.Texas 5.Wisconsin

On Thanksgiving Day, #4 Texas won at Texas A & M, 20-17. #1 Syracuse was idle as it prepared for its December 5 trip to Los Angeles to play UCLA. On November 28, #2 Mississippi played its season ender against Mississippi State, in Starkville, and won 42-0. Both LSU and Ole Miss were invited to a rematch in New Orleans at the Sugar Bowl. A third SEC team, the #6 Georgia Bulldogs, beat Georgia Tech 21-14 in Atlanta and accepted a spot in the Orange Bowl. Because Oklahoma had played in the Orange Bowl the year before, a "no repeat" rule gave the Big 7 (Oklahoma State would join later) berth to 6-4-0 Missouri. The Rose Bowl matched #6 Wisconsin against #8 Washington. The penultimate poll was 1.Syracuse 2.Mississippi 3.LSU 4.Texas 5.Georgia. On December 5, #1 Syracuse closed its season with trip to the Los Angeles Coliseum to face the upset-minded (but 5-3-1) UCLA Bruins [4] In a nationally televised game, the Orangemen took a 14-0 lead and went on to win 36-8 to finish the season with a perfect 10-0-0 record.[5] As the only unbeaten team among universities, the Syracuse Orangemen were voted #1 in the AP poll (with 134 of 201 first place votes) and in the UPI poll, and 31 of the 35 first place votes on the UPI's "Board of Coaches" [6]

Conference standings[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of conference standings:

1959 AAWU football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#8 Washington§ 3 1 0     10 1 0
#14 USC § 3 1 0     8 2 0
UCLA § 3 1 0     5 4 1
California 1 3 0     2 8 0
Stanford 0 4 0     3 7 0
§ – Conference co-champions
  • Selected as Rose Bowl representative
    Rankings from AP Poll
1959 ACC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team   W   L         W   L  
#11 Clemson   6 1         9 2  
North Carolina   5 2         5 5  
Maryland   4 2         5 5  
South Carolina   4 3         6 4  
Wake Forest   4 3         6 4  
Duke   2 3         4 6  
NC State   0 6         1 9  
Virginia   0 5         0 10  
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll[7]
1959 Big 7 football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#15 Oklahoma 5 1 0     7 3 0
#18 Missouri 4 2 0     6 5 0
Colorado 3 3 0     5 5 0
Iowa State 3 3 0     7 3 0
Kansas 3 3 0     5 5 0
Nebraska 2 4 0     4 6 0
Kansas State 1 5 0     2 8 0
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1959 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
North Texas State § 3 1 0     9 2 0
Houston § 3 1 0     3 7 0
Tulsa 2 2 0     5 5 0
Wichita State 1 2 1     5 4 1
Cincinnati 0 3 1     5 4 1
§ – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll
1959 Big Ten football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#6/6 Wisconsin 5 2 0     7 3 0
#NR/16 Michigan State 4 2 0     5 4 0
Purdue 4 2 1     5 2 2
#13/12 Illinois 4 2 1     5 3 1
Northwestern 4 3 0     6 3 0
Iowa 3 3 0     5 4 0
Michigan 3 4 0     4 5 0
Indiana 2 4 1     4 4 1
Ohio State 2 4 1     3 5 1
Minnesota 1 6 0     2 7 0
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll / Coaches' Poll
1959 SEC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#5 Georgia 7 0 0     10 1 0
#3 LSU 5 1 0     9 2 0
#2 Ole Miss 5 1 0     10 1 0
#10 Alabama 4 1 2     7 2 2
Auburn 4 3 0     7 3 0
Vanderbilt 3 2 2     5 3 2
Georgia Tech 3 3 0     6 5 0
Tennessee 3 4 1     5 4 1
#19 Florida 2 4 0     5 4 1
Kentucky 1 6 0     4 6 0
Tulane 0 5 1     3 6 1
Mississippi State 0 7 0     2 7 0
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1959 Southern Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
VMI 5 0 1     8 1 1
The Citadel 5 1 0     8 2 0
Virginia Tech 3 1 0     6 4 0
Furman 3 2 0     3 7 0
Richmond 4 3 1     4 5 1
West Virginia 2 2 0     3 7 0
William & Mary 2 5 0     4 6 0
Davidson 0 5 0     1 8 0
George Washington 0 5 0     1 8 0
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1959 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#9 Arkansas § 5 1 0     9 2 0
#4 Texas § 5 1 0     9 2 0
#7 TCU § 5 1 0     8 3 0
SMU 2 3 1     5 4 1
Baylor 2 4 0     4 6 0
Rice 1 4 1     1 7 2
Texas A&M 0 6 0     3 7 0
§ – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll

Bowl games[edit]

COTTON BOWL #1 Syracuse Orangemen 23 #4 Texas Longhorns 14
SUGAR BOWL #2 Mississippi Rebels 21 #3 LSU Tigers 0
ROSE BOWL #8 Washington Huskies 44 #6 Wisconsin Badgers 8
ORANGE BOWL #5 Georgia Bulldogs 14 #18 Missouri Tigers 0

Behind future Heisman Trophy winner Ernie Davis, the Orangemen proved the voters' decision to name them national champions in the final polls was a wise one. It was the first Cotton Bowl for the Longhorns under coach Darrell Royal, who guided Texas to national championships in 1963, 1969 and 1970 and compiled a career record of 167-47-5 in Austin from 1957 through 1976.

Ole Miss systematically demolished LSU in the Sugar Bowl. The Rebels outgained the Bayou Bengals and Heisman Trophy winner Billy Cannon 373-74 in front of a largely pro-LSU crowd of over 83,000 at Tulane Stadium. Immediately following the game, Cannon signed a contract with the Houston Oilers of the fledgling American Football League, spurning the Los Angeles Rams and general manager Pete Rozelle.

Other bowls:

BOWL Location Winner Loser
SUN El Paso New Mexico State 28 North Texas State 8
GATOR Jacksonville Arkansas 14 Georgia Tech 7
TANGERINE Orlando Middle Tennessee 21 Presbyterian 12
BLUEBONNET Houston Clemson 23 TCU 7
LIBERTY Philadelphia Penn State 7 Alabama 0

Final AP Poll[edit]

Ranking Team
1 Syracuse
2 Mississippi
3 Louisiana State
4 Texas
5 Georgia
6 Wisconsin
7 Texas Christian
8 Washington
9 Arkansas
10 Alabama
11 Clemson
12 Penn State
13 Illinois
14 USC
15 Oklahoma
16 Wyoming
17 Notre Dame
18 Missouri
19 Florida
20 Pittsburgh

Final Coaches Poll[edit]

Ranking Team
1 Syracuse
2 Mississippi
3 LSU
4 Texas
5 Georgia
6 Wisconsin
7 Washington
8 Texas Christian
9 Arkansas
10 Penn State
11 Clemson
12 Illinois
13 (t) Alabama
13 (t) USC
15 Auburn
16 Michigan State
17 Oklahoma
18 Notre Dame
19 (t) Florida
19 (t) Pittsburgh
19 (t) Missouri

Other champions[edit]

The NCAA did not divide its "university division" teams into Division I-A and I-AA until 1978. In the final UPI poll of "small colleges", the Bowling Green Falcons (9-0-0) were voted #1, followed by Mississippi Southern, Middle Tennessee State, Delaware and East Texas State [8] .[9] Middle Tennessee was the only team to play postseason, winning 21-12 over Presbyterian University in the Tangerine Bowl. The NAIA championship game (the Camellia Bowl saw the Texas A&I Javelinas beat the Lenoir-Rhyne Bears, 20-7.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jhowell.net/cf/cf1959.htm
  2. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?appollid=223
  3. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/
  4. ^ "UCLA Threat To Syracuse's Title Hopes," Oakland Tribune, December 1, 1959, p44
  5. ^ "Orange Rolls to 36-8 Win Over Bruins," Oakland Tribune, December 6, 1959, p79
  6. ^ "Nation Votes Syracuse University Best On Gridiron," Syracuse Herald Journal, December 8, 1959, p.33
  7. ^ "1959 Atlantic Coast Conference Year Summary". sports-reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Bowling Green Is Voted No. 1," Lincoln Evening Journal, November 27, 1959, p14
  9. '^ "Unbeatens to Play Thanksgiving Day," The Morgantown Post, November 23, 1959, p21