1960 Alabama Crimson Tide football team

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1960 Alabama Crimson Tide football
Bluebonnet Bowl, T 3–3 vs. Texas
Conference Southeastern Conference
Ranking
Coaches #10
AP #9
1960 record 8–1–2 (5–1–1 SEC)
Head coach Bear Bryant
Captain Leon Fuller
Captain Bobby Boylston
Home stadium Denny Stadium
Legion Field
Seasons
« 1959 1961 »
1960 SEC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#2 Ole Miss 5 0 1     10 0 1
#18 Florida 5 1 0     9 2 0
#9 Alabama 5 1 1     8 1 2
#13 Auburn 5 2 0     8 2 0
Tennessee 3 2 2     6 2 2
Georgia 4 3 0     6 4 0
Georgia Tech 4 4 0     5 5 0
LSU 2 3 1     5 4 1
Kentucky 2 4 1     5 4 1
Tulane 1 4 1     3 6 1
Mississippi State 0 5 1     2 6 1
Vanderbilt 0 7 0     3 7 0
† – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll

The 1960 Alabama Crimson Tide football team (variously "Alabama", "UA" or "Bama") represented the University of Alabama in the 1960 college football season. It was the Crimson Tide's 66th overall and 27th season as a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The team was led by head coach Bear Bryant, in his third year, and played their home games at Denny Stadium in Tuscaloosa and Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama. They finished with a record of eight wins, one loss and two ties (8–1–2 overall, 5–1–1 in the SEC) and with a tie against Texas in the Bluebonnet Bowl.

After Alabama upset Georgia in week one, they entered the polls for the first time at the No. 5 position for their game against Tulane. However, they tied the Green Wave and dropped to No. 15 prior to their win over Vanderbilt. The next week, Alabama was upset in Knoxville by Tennessee and as a result exited the polls. The Crimson Tide then proceeded to win all six of their regular season games that remained.

After a victories over Houston on homecoming and on the road at Mississippi State, Alabama scored their most points in a game since the 1952 season when they defeated Furman 51–0. After an unsuccessful bid to allow for a "sudden death" overtime period in the event of a tie in their game against Georgia Tech, Alabama defeated both the Yellow Jackets in Atlanta and Tampa at home prior to their victory over Auburn in the Iron Bowl. The Crimson Tide then closed the season with a tie against Texas in the Bluebonnet Bowl.

Schedule[edit]

Date Opponent# Rank# Site TV Result Attendance
September 17 #13 Georgia Legion FieldBirmingham, AL ABC W 21–6   36,000
September 24 at Tulane #5 Tulane StadiumNew Orleans, LA T 6–6   43,000
October 1 Vanderbilt #15 Legion Field • Birmingham, AL W 21–0   41,000
October 15 at Tennessee #15 Shields-Watkins FieldKnoxville, TN (Third Saturday in October) L 7–20   46,000
October 22 Houston*dagger Denny StadiumTuscaloosa, AL W 14–0   30,000
October 29 at Mississippi State Scott FieldStarkville, MS (Rivalry) W 7–0   25,000
November 5 Furman* Denny Stadium • Tuscaloosa, AL W 51–0   20,000
November 12 at Georgia Tech Grant FieldAtlanta, GA W 16–15   44,006
November 19 Tampa* #18 Denny Stadium • Tuscaloosa, AL W 34–6   19,000
November 26 vs. #8 Auburn #17 Legion Field • Birmingham, AL (Iron Bowl) W 3–0   46,000
December 17 vs. Texas* #9 Rice StadiumHouston, TX (Bluebonnet Bowl) ABC T 3–3   70,000
*Non-conference game. daggerHomecoming. #Rankings from AP Poll.
  • Source: Rolltide.com: 1960 Alabama football schedule[1]

Game notes[edit]

Georgia[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Alabama 0 21 0 0 21
#13 Georgia 0 0 0 6 6
  • Date: September 17
  • Location: Legion Field
    Birmingham, AL
  • Game attendance: 36,000

To open the 1960 season, the Crimson Tide scored 21 second quarter points en route to a 21–6 upset over the Georgia Bulldogs at Legion Field.[2][3][4] After a scoreless first quarter, touchdowns were scored on a three-yard run by Tommy White and on runs of one and nine-yards by Bobby Skelton that made the halftime score 21–0.[2][3] Alabama never relinquished the lead, but Georgia ended the shutout bid late in the fourth quarter when Fran Tarkenton threw a three-yard touchdown pass to Dan Davis that made the final score 21–6.[2][3] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Georgia to 24–18–4.[5]

Tulane[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
#5 Alabama 0 0 0 6 6
Tulane 0 6 0 0 6
  • Date: September 24
  • Location: Tulane Stadium
    New Orleans, LA
  • Game attendance: 43,000

After their upset victory over Georgia in their first game of the season, Alabama entered the polls for the first time of the season at the No. 5 position.[7] In their first road game of the season, the Crimson Tide scored a touchdown in the final minute that prevented an upset by the Tulane Green Wave in this 6–6 tie at New Orleans.[4][6] After a scoreless first quarter, Tulane took a 6–0 halftime lead after Tommy Mason scored on a three-yard touchdown run.[6] Pat Trammell tied the game in the final minute with his four-yard touchdown run, but the game then ended in a tie after a failed extra point by the Crimson Tide.[6] The tie brought Alabama's all-time record against Tulane to 18–10–3.[8]

Vanderbilt[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Vanderbilt 0 0 0 0 0
#15 Alabama 0 0 15 6 21
  • Date: October 1
  • Location: Legion Field
    Birmingham, AL
  • Game attendance: 41,000

After their tie against Tulane, Alabama dropped ten spots to the No. 15 position in the AP Poll prior to their game against Vanderbilt.[11] In their game against the Commodores, the Crimson Tide rallied to a 21–0 victory after being held scoreless in the first half.[4][9][10] Billy Richardson scored the first points of the game with his one-yard touchdown run in the third quarter.[9][10] Later in the quarter, Alabama's lead was extended further to 9–0 after Charles Binkley snapped the ball over the head of Russell Morris on a punt attempt and out of the endzone for a safety. The Crimson Tide then took the free kick that ensued 49-yards for a touchdown with the points made on a 36-yard Bobby Skelton touchdown pass to Norbie Ronsonet for a 15–0 lead.[9][10] The last touchdown of the game came in the final minute of the fourth quarter when Bud Moore returned an interception 32-yards and made the final score 21–0.[9][10] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Vanderbilt to 19–16–4.[12]

Tennessee[edit]

Third Saturday in October
1 2 3 4 Total
#15 Alabama 0 7 0 0 7
Tennessee 14 6 0 0 20
  • Date: October 15
  • Location: Shields-Watkins Field
    Knoxville, TN
  • Game attendance: 46,000

In their annual rivalry game against Tennessee, early turnovers proved costly for the Crimson Tide in this 20–7 loss to the Volunteers at Knoxville.[4][13] Ray Abruzzese fumbled the first play of the game for Alabama to set up the Vols' first score on an eight-yard Bill Majors touchdown pass to Charles Wyrick.[13] Later in the first quarter, Tennessee took a 14–0 lead after a Tommy White fumble was recovered by Cotton Letner and returned 41-yards for a touchdown.[13] After a three-yard Glenn Glass touchdown early in the second quarter made the Volunteers' lead 20–0, Alabama responded with their only points of the game on a 13-yard Laurien Stapp touchdown pass to Leon Fuller that made the final margin 20–6.[13] The loss brought Alabama's all-time record against Tennessee to 18–19–6.[14]

Houston[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Houston 0 0 0 0 0
Alabama 14 0 0 0 14
  • Date: October 22
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 30,000

A week after their first loss of the season at Tennessee, the Crimson Tide returned home and shutout the Houston Cougars 14–0 on homecoming in Tuscaloosa.[4][15][16] Both Crimson Tide touchdowns were set up after Cougar turnovers gave them good field position. The first touchdown was set up after Lee Roy Jordan recovered a Charlie Rieves fumble at the Cougars' 31-yard line. Eight plays later Alabama led 7–0 after Laurien Stapp scored on a one-yard run.[15][16] On the Houston drive that ensued, Billy Richardson intercepted a Don Sessions pass and returned it to the Cougars' 18-yard line. Four plays later Alabama scored what proved to be the final points of the game on a one-yard Richardson run.[15][16] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Houston to 2–0.[17]

Mississippi State[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Alabama 7 0 0 0 7
Mississippi State 0 0 0 0 0
  • Date: October 29
  • Location: Scott Field
    Starkville, MS
  • Game attendance: 25,000

On homecoming in Starkville, Alabama scored their only touchdown in the first quarter and shutout the Mississippi State Maroons 7–0.[4][18][19] The Crimson Tide scored the lone points of the game on their second offensive possession when Pat Trammell scored on an 18-yard touchdown run.[18][19] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Mississippi State to 32–10–3.[20]

Furman[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Furman 0 0 0 0 0
Alabama 7 14 8 22 51
  • Date: November 5
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 20,000

Against the Furman Paladins, Alabama scored their most points in a game since the 1953 Orange Bowl in this 51–0 victory at Denny Stadium.[4][21][22] After Bobby Skelton threw and eight-yard touchdown pass to Butch Wilson in the first, he followed it with a three-yard touchdown pass to Richard O’Dell in the second quarter.[21][22] Pat Trammell then made the halftime score 21–0 with his one-yard run late in the half.[21][22] After a one-yard Cotton Clark touchdown run extended the Alabama lead to 29–0 in the third, the Crimson Tide scored 22 fourth quarter points to win 51–0.[21][22] Fourth quarter points were scored on a blocked punt for a safety, and touchdowns on a 62-yard Walter Cureton touchdown run, a 52-yard Laurien Stapp pass to Jerry Spruiell and a five-yard Stapp run.[21][22] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Furman to 5–0.[23]

Georgia Tech[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Alabama 0 0 6 10 16
Georgia Tech 6 9 0 0 15
  • Date: November 12
  • Location: Grant Field
    Atlanta, GA
  • Game attendance: 44,006

Behind a 24-yard game-winning Richard O’Dell field goal with only six seconds left in the game, the Crimson Tide upset the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets 16–15 at Grant Field.[4][24][25] Tech dominated the first half and built a 15–0 halftime lead over Alabama. They scored on an eight-yard Jimmy Nail touchdown run, a 47-yard Thomas Wells field goal and on a three-yard Stanley Gann touchdown run.[24][25] Alabama responded in the third quarter with a one-yard Leon Fuller touchdown run that cut the Jackets' lead to 15–6.[24][25] The Crimson Tide then closed the game with a three-yard Bobby Skelton touchdown pass to Norbie Ronsonet and the 24-yard O'Dell field goal as time expired to win 16–15.[24][25] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Georgia Tech to 21–18–3.[26]

In the week that led into this game, Bear Bryant and Georgia Tech head coach Bobby Dodd agreed to make a request to then SEC commissioner Bernie Moore to allow for a "sudden death" overtime period in the event the game was tied at the end of regulation.[27] At the time, it marked the first time that an overtime period was formally requested by college football teams.[27] Ultimately, Moore denied the request and cited that as a conference he was unable to violate existing NCAA rules that specified only 60 minutes for football games.[28][29]

Tampa[edit]

1 2 3 4 Total
Tampa 0 0 6 0 6
#18 Alabama 6 12 8 8 34
  • Date: November 19
  • Location: Denny Stadium
    Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Game attendance: 19,000

After their upset over Georgia Tech, Alabama reentered the AP Poll at the No. 18 position in the week leading to their game against Tampa.[31] In what was the first and only meeting against the Spartans, Alabama won 34–6 in the final Denny Stadium game of the season.[4][30][32] The Crimson Tide took an 18–0 halftime lead after they scored three first half touchdowns. The first was on a one-yard Mike Fracchia run, the second on a one-yard Pat Trammell run and the third on a 30-yard Bobby Skelton pass to Bill Oliver.[30] After a one-yard Laurien Stapp run in the third extended the Alabama lead to 26–0, Tampa scored their only points on a three-yard Ronnie Perez touchdown pass to Charles Truelock.[30] The Crimson Tide then closed the game win a second, one-yard Trammell touchdown run and won 34–6.[30]

Auburn[edit]

Iron Bowl
1 2 3 4 Total
#8 Auburn 0 0 0 0 0
#17 Alabama 0 3 0 0 3
  • Date: November 26
  • Location: Legion Field
    Birmingham, AL
  • Game attendance: 46,000

As they entered their season finale against No. 8 Auburn, the Crimson Tide moved up one spot to the No. 17 position after their victory over Tampa.[35] At Legion Field in the annual Iron Bowl game, Alabama shutout the Tigers for the second consecutive season, this time by a score of 3–0.[4][33][34] The only points in this defensive struggle came in the second quarter on a 22-yard Tommy Brooker field goal.[33][34] The victory improved Alabama's all-time record against Auburn to 11–13–1.[36]

Texas[edit]

Bluebonnet Bowl
1 2 3 4 Total
Texas 0 0 0 3 3
#9 Alabama 0 0 3 0 3
  • Date: December 17
  • Location: Rice Stadium
    Houston, TX
  • Game attendance: 68,000

Immediately after their victory over Auburn in their season finale, Bryant accepted an invitation to play in the Bluebonnet Bowl against Texas.[33] Against the Longhorns, each team only scored a single field goal in this 3–3 tie.[37][38] Tommy Brooker connected on a 30-yard field goal for Alabama in the third and Dan Petty tied the game in the fourth for Texas with his 20-yard kick.[37][38] The tie brought Alabama's all-time record against Texas to 0–4–1.[39]

NFL/AFL Draft[edit]

Several players that were varsity lettermen from the 1960 squad were drafted into the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL) in the 1962 and 1963 drafts. These players included the following:

Year Round Overall Player name Position NFL/AFL team
1962 NFL Draft
[40]
4 43 Neighbors, BillyBilly Neighbors Tackle Washington Redskins
5 69 Rice, BillBill Rice End St. Louis Cardinals
16 211 Brooker, TommyTommy Brooker End Washington Redskins
16 219 Abruzzese, RayRay Abruzzese Running back Baltimore Colts
1962 AFL Draft
[41]
5 39 Rice, BillBill Rice End Houston Oilers
6 46 Neighbors, BillyBilly Neighbors Guard Boston Patriots
17 131 Brooker, TommyTommy Brooker End Dallas Texans
23 180 Abruzzese, RayRay Abruzzese Safety Buffalo Bills
24 187 Trammell, PatPat Trammell Quarterback Dallas Texans
1963 NFL Draft
[40]
1 6 Jordan, Lee RoyLee Roy Jordan Linebacker Dallas Cowboys
2 24 Wilson, ButchButch Wilson Back Baltimore Colts
3 33 Fracchia, MikeMike Fracchia Back St. Louis Cardinals
1963 AFL Draft
[42]
2 14 Jordan, Lee RoyLee Roy Jordan Linebacker Boston Patriots
6 41 Wilson, ButchButch Wilson Tight end Oakland Raiders

Freshmen squad[edit]

Prior to the 1972 college football season, NCAA rules prohibited freshmen from participating on the varsity team, and as such many schools fielded freshmen teams.[43][44] For the 1960 season, the Alabama freshmen squad was coached by Sam Bailey and finished their season with a record of two wins and one loss (2–1).[45] In their first game of the season, Alabama was shutout by Tulane at New Orleans 19–0.[46] Green Wave touchdowns were scored by Bill Hatchett on a one-yard run in the first and on a pair of fourth quarter scores that were set up by Crimson Tide turnovers.[46]

In their second game, the Crimson Tide defeated Mississippi State by a final score of 10–6 at Denny Stadium on a Monday.[47] After a scoreless first quarter, State took a 6–0 lead in the second quarter on a 66-yard Wayne Gaines touchdown pass to Bobby Jones. Alabama responded later in the period with a 14-yard Hudson Harris touchdown run to take the lead and then added a 35-yard Tim Davis field goal in the third that made the final score 10–6.[47] In the final freshmen game of the season, Alabama defeated Auburn 23–6 before 4,000 fans on a Monday at Denny Stadium.[45] Alabama points were scored on a six-yard Dale Layton touchdown pass to Jerry Beard, a nine-yard Layton touchdown run, a 26-yard Larry Wall touchdown run and a 37-yard Tim Davis field goal.[45] Auburn scored their only points in the fourth on a touchdown pass from Frank James to Reggie Allen, and in the loss, the Tigers fumbled the ball eight times with Alabama having recovered seven of them.[45]

Personnel[edit]

References[edit]

General

  • "1960 Season Recaps" (PDF). RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 

Specific

  1. ^ "1960 Alabama football schedule". RollTide.com. University of Alabama Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Surprising Alabama thumps Georgia". Spartanburg Herald-Journal (Google News Archives). Associated Press. September 18, 1960. p. C1. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Alabama turns loose fleet backs to humble Bulldogs". Rome News-Tribune (Google News Archives). UPI. September 18, 1960. p. 10. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 1959 Season Recap
  5. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Georgia". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d Land, Charles (September 25, 1960). "Tide ties Wave in last minute, 6–6". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  7. ^ Robertson, Orlo (September 20, 1960). "Tide ranked fifth". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 8. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  8. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Tulane". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Bryan, Jimmy (October 2, 1960). "Tide rolls past Vanderbilt, 21–0". The Gadsden Times (Google News Archives). p. 23. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Land, Charles (October 2, 1960). "Opportunistic Tide tops Vandy, 21–0". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ Martin, Whitney (September 27, 1960). "Tide plunges to 15th spot in grid poll". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 8. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Vanderbilt". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Thompson, Escar (October 16, 1960). "Vols bounce on Tide bobbles to win 20–7". The Gadsden Times (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 25. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  14. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Tennessee". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d Land, Charles (October 23, 1960). "Tide cashes in on Cougar errors, 14–0". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Alabama scores twice in hurry then hangs on to beat Houston". Ocala Star-Banner (Google News Archives). Associated Press. October 23, 1960. p. 11. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  17. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Houston". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c Davis, Ben (October 30, 1960). "Bama scored early, holds on for 7–0 victory". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c "Crimson Tide nips Maroons". Lakeland Ledger (Google News Archives). Associated Press. October 30, 1960. p. 3D. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  20. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Mississippi State". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f Dygard, Tom (November 6, 1960). "Alabama runs up highest score in 9 years with 51–0 win over Furman". The Florence Times (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 4-1. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f Land, Charles (November 6, 1960). "Tide storms by Hurricane, 51–0". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  23. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Furman". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b c d e Butler, Vernon (November 15, 1960). "O'Dell's late boot gives Bama win". The Gadsden Times (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 25. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "6 seconds left; kick wins it". The Miami News (Google News Archives). UPI. November 15, 1960. p. 2C. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  26. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Georgia Tech". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b "Georgia Tech, 'Bama want sudden death". The Milwaukee Sentinel (Google News Archives). UPI. November 9, 1960. p. 6-2. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Moore vetos Bama-Tech playoff idea". The Spokesman-Review (Google News Archives). Associated Press. November 10, 1960. p. 21. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  29. ^ Land, Charles (November 9, 1960). "Sudden death period ruled out for Tide, Tech". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 14. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d e Land, Charles (November 20, 1960). "Sluggish Tide rolls over Tamps, 34–6". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  31. ^ Hand, Jack (November 13, 1960). "Missouri captures top spot in poll". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 12. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  32. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Tampa". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  33. ^ a b c d Bryan, Jimmy (November 27, 1960). "Bowl bound Bama blasts Bengals". The Gadsden Times (Google News Archives). p. 29. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  34. ^ a b c Griffin, John Chandler (2001). "1960: Two great teams slug it out". Alabama vs. Auburn: Gridiron Grudge Since 1893. Athens, Georgia: Hill Street Press. pp. 163–165. ISBN 1-58818-044-1. 
  35. ^ Corrigan, Ed (November 22, 1960). "Minnesota takes lead in AP Poll". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). Associated Press. p. 6. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  36. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Auburn". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  37. ^ a b c Land, Charles (December 18, 1960). "Tide, Longhorns battle to 3–3 tie". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 11. 
  38. ^ a b c Bryan, Jimmy (December 18, 1960). "Alabama, Texas tie Bluebonnet Bowl". The Gadsden Times (Google News Archives). p. 28. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  39. ^ DeLassus, David. "Alabama vs Texas". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  40. ^ a b "Draft History by School–Alabama". National Football League. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  41. ^ "1962 AFL Draft". Sports Reference, LLC. Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  42. ^ "1963 AFL Draft". Sports Reference, LLC. Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  43. ^ Kersey, Jason (August 27, 2012). "NCAA's decision to allow freshman eligibility changed football landscape". The Oklahoman. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  44. ^ Reed, Delbert (January 21, 1972). "Unanimous vote makes SEC frosh eligible". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 6. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  45. ^ a b c d Land, Charles (November 8, 1960). "Bama frosh top Auburn". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 8. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  46. ^ a b "Tulane freshmen top Tide frosh". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). Associated Press. October 9, 1960. p. 10. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  47. ^ a b Land, Charles (October 18, 1960). "Tide frosh down State". The Tuscaloosa News (Google News Archives). p. 9. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  48. ^ "All-Time Tide Football Lettermen". 2012 Alabama Crimson Tide Football Record Book. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Athletics Media Relations Office. 2012. pp. 187–201. 
  49. ^ "All-Time Assistant Coaches". 2012 Alabama Crimson Tide Football Record Book. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Athletics Media Relations Office. 2012. pp. 202–203.