1960 Copa Libertadores

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1960 Copa Libertadores de América
Tournament details
Dates April 19 - June 19
Teams (from 7 confederations)
Final positions
Champions Uruguay Peñarol (1st title)
Runners-up Paraguay Olimpia
Tournament statistics
Matches played 13
Goals scored 39 (3 per match)
Top scorer(s) Ecuador Alberto Spencer (7 goals)
1961

The 1960 Copa Libertadores de América was the first season of the Copa Libertadores de América, CONMEBOL's premier club tournament. Seven association's clubs entered the first competition, with three not sending a representative. The first match of the tournament was played between Uruguayan side Peñarol and Bolivian side Jorge Wilstermann on April 19 in Montevideo, Uruguay.

During that game, Ausberto García of Jorge Wilstermann became the first player to move the ball in the tournament setting the motions for what is to become one of the most prestigious competitions in the world. Carlos Borges of Peñarol scored the first goal of the tournament, with teammate and legendary figure Alberto Spencer scoring the first hat-trick.[1]

Peñarol would go to become the first South American club champion after defeating the Olimpia in the finals. With the subsequent results on later editions, Peñarol became the most successful club in the competition until 1973.

Background[edit]

CONMEBOL, the governing body of the sport in South America, had been formed in 1916, but for the first forty-three years of its existence, its member associations played only friendly matches against each other, with no prizes at stake. In 1958, however, José Ramos de Freitas, the confederation's president, finally set into motion a competition open to all national champions of the continent, with a trophy to be awarded to the winners. The South American Championship of Champions was the inspiration for the idea to take fruit and formation. Although all national association's champions were eligible to participate, only seven chose to do so: Bahia of Brazil, Jorge Wilstermann of Bolivia, Millonarios of Colombia, Olimpia of Paraguay, Peñarol of Uruguay, San Lorenzo of Argentina and Universidad de Chile of Chile. Peru and Venezuela did not send their respective national league champions since the tournament received general lack of interest from its associations, and Ecuador did not have a national champion to send. The first edition of the Copa de Campeones aroused no great accompaniment to the press particularly in Pacific Rim countries and in Brazil and Argentina.[2]

Qualified teams[edit]

Country Team Qualification method
 Argentina
1 berth
San Lorenzo 1959 Primera División champion
 Bolivia
1 berth
Jorge Wilstermann 1959 Torneo Nacional champion
 Brazil
1 berth
Bahia 1959 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A champion
 Chile
1 berth
Universidad de Chile 1959 Primera División champion
 Colombia
1 berth
Millonarios 1959 DIMAYOR champion
 Paraguay
1 berth
Olimpia 1959 Primera División champion
 Uruguay
1 berth
Peñarol 1959 Primera División champion

Format[edit]

Each match-up was a two-team group stage. Wins were awarded two points, 1 point for a draw, and no points for a loss. The team with the most points after a home and away game advanced to the next stage. If the teams still remained tied, goal difference will become a factor. A one-game playoff would be implemented in case the teams are still tied. A draw of lots was to become the last solution to breaking a tie.

First round[edit]

Due to there being an odd number of teams in the competition, Olimpia received a bye and thus reached the semi-finals without having played a match in the competition (their predetermined opponents, Universitario of Peru, did not confirm their participation). The series between San Lorenzo and Bahia finished in a draw on points and the group was decided on goal difference in which the Argentines were allowed through to the semi-finals. Peñarol and Millonarios completed the semi-final line-up after convincing victories over Jorge Wilstermann and Universidad de Chile, respectively.

There was much publicity in Montevideo as the Bolivian champions Jorge Wilstermann arrived four days ahead of the historic, first ever match of the competition. Unlike what was happening in the five other countries of the competitors, the tournament was receiving a lot of coverage from the Uruguayan media. The President of the Bolivian Football Federation, Valera Cámara, arrived in Montevideo nine days before the game to prepare all the details for the stay of the football champion of his country. He also used the occasion to promote the Campeonato Sudamericano that Bolivia was going to organize in 1961 (eventually held in 1963) and to confirmed the matches Bolivia was going to play against Uruguay for the qualifiers of the 1962 FIFA World Cup to be held in Chile. Pablo Pérez Estrada, president of Jorge Wilstermann, arrived on April 13.[3]

The 1972 edition of the Journal Estadio de Chile mentioned that the humiliating elimination of Universidad de Chile was attributed to the exhaustion of the team. Estadio mentions that by that time the interest of the La U executives was to take the Chilean champion for an extensive tour to Europe that was extended, on their return, with some more friendly matches in Central America. The Chilean press, highly critical by the 0-6 thrashing in Santiago, labeled Universidad de Chile as a "team of tourists" and even gave them an alluding cartoon.

Group 1[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Argentina San Lorenzo 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 2
Brazil Bahia 2 1 0 1 3 5 −2 2
April 20, 1960
San Lorenzo Argentina 3–0 Brazil Bahia
Rossi Goal
Ruiz Goal
Sanfilippo Goal
Palacio Ducó, Buenos Aires
Attendance: ≈10,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)

May 3, 1960
Bahia Brazil 3–2 Argentina San Lorenzo
Carlitos Goal
Flavio Goal
Marito Goal
GoalGoal Sanfilippo
Estádio Fonte Nova, Salvador
Attendance: ≈18,000
Referee: Eustasio Catebeke (Paraguay)

Group 2[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 1 1 0 8 2 +6 3
Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann 2 0 1 1 2 8 −6 1
April 19, 1960
Peñarol Uruguay 7–1 Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann
Borges Goal 13'27'
Spencer Goal 35'58'67'90'
Cubilla Goal 20'
Alcólcer Goal 49'
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

April 30, 1960
Jorge Wilstermann Bolivia 1–1 Uruguay Peñarol
García Goal 55' Cubilla Goal 43'
Estadio Hernando Siles, La Paz
Attendance: ≈30,000
Referee: José Luis Praddaude (Argentina)

Group 3[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Colombia Millonarios 2 2 0 0 7 0 +7 4
Chile Universidad de Chile 2 0 0 2 0 7 −7 0
May 8, 1960
Universidad de Chile Chile 0–6 Colombia Millonarios
GoalGoal Klinger
GoalGoal Pizarro
Goal Micheli
Goal Larraz
Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: ≈18,000
Referee: Juan Carlos Armental (Uruguay)

May 15, 1960
Millonarios Colombia 1–0 Chile Universidad de Chile
Micheli Goal
Estadio El Campín, Bogotá
Attendance: ≈25,000
Referee: Juan Carlos Armental (Uruguay)

Semifinals[edit]

All matches from this stage of the competition onwards resulted in draws except for two. Both semi-final matches of semifinal group A finished in a draw and thus it went into a play-off on a neutral venue. Chile was designated as the venue in which a tie-breaking playoff would be contested in case there was a tie on points. However, the 1960 Valdivia earthquake forced a change of location; Peñarol didn't accept the playoff to be held in Asunción. San Lorenzo, however, allowed the play-off to be held in the home ground of Peñarol in exchange for $100.000. José Sanfilippo later recalled:

Olimpia secured the second place in the final by thumping Millonarios at the second leg.

Semifinal A[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 2
Argentina San Lorenzo 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 2
May 18, 1960
Peñarol Uruguay 1–1 Argentina San Lorenzo
Linazza Goal 2' Boggio Goal 18'
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo
Attendance: ≈55,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

May 24, 1960
San Lorenzo Argentina 0–0 Uruguay Peñarol
Palacio Ducó, Buenos Aires
Attendance: ≈15,000
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

May 29, 1960
Playoff
Peñarol Uruguay 2–1 Argentina San Lorenzo
Spencer Goal 61'89' Sanfilippo Goal 86'
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo
Attendance: ≈45,000
Referee: José Dimas Larrosa (Paraguay)

Semifinal B[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Paraguay Olimpia 2 1 1 0 5 1 +4 3
Colombia Millonarios 2 0 1 1 1 5 −4 1
May 8, 1960
Millonarios Colombia 0–0 Paraguay Olimpia
Estadio El Campín, Bogotá
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: José Antonio Sundheim (Colombia)

May 15, 1960
Olimpia Paraguay 5–1 Colombia Millonarios
Doldán GoalGoal
Melgarejo Goal
Recalde Goal
Noriega Goal
Goal Pizarro
Estadio Manuel Ferreira, Asunción
Attendance: ≈35,000
Referee: José Luis Praddaude (Argentina)

Finals[edit]

The finals were contested between Peñarol and Olimpia over two legs, one at each participating club's stadium. The first leg took place at the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo in which the Manyas won 1–0 thanks to an Alberto Spencer goal late in the game. The second leg was played in the Estadio Manuel Ferreira in Asunción. After leading 1–0 for the majority of the match, Luis Cubilla scored the equalizer with only six minutes left on the match to give Peñarol the trophy of the first edition of the competition.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Uruguay Peñarol 2 1 1 0 2 1 +1 3
Paraguay Olimpia 2 0 1 1 1 2 −1 1
June 12, 1960
Peñarol Uruguay 1–0 Paraguay Olimpia
Spencer Goal 79'
Estadio Centenario, Montevideo
Attendance: 44,690
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

June 19, 1960
Olimpia Paraguay 1–1 Uruguay Peñarol
Recalde Goal 28' Cubilla Goal 83'

Champion[edit]

Copa Libertadores de América
1960 Winner
Uruguay
Peñarol
First Title

Top goalscorers[edit]

Pos Player Team Goals
1 Ecuador Alberto Spencer Uruguay Peñarol 7
2 Argentina Rubén Pizarro Colombia Millonarios 4
Argentina José Sanfilippo Argentina San Lorenzo 4
4 Uruguay Luis Cubilla Uruguay Peñarol 3
5 Uruguay Carlos Borges Uruguay Peñarol 2
Paraguay Luis Doldán Paraguay Olimpia 2
Colombia Marino Klinger Colombia Millonarios 2
Paraguay Hipólito Recalde Paraguay Olimpia 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ "O Campeão" (in Portuguese). Bola n@ Ãrea. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ Carluccio, Jose (September 2, 2007). "Copa Libertadores de América 1960" (in Spanish). Historia y Fútbol. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  3. ^ Garrido, Atilio. Yo fui testigo aquel 19 de Abril de 1960. 

Footnotes[edit]

A. ^ Brazil did not have a national league at the time. Instead they sent their Taça Brasil champion.

External links[edit]