1960 in Africa

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Known as the Year of Africa, 1960 saw 17 African countries declare independence among other events.

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

  • 5 September – Congo president Joseph Kasavubu fires Patrice Lumumba's government and places him under house arrest.
  • 14 September – Colonel Joseph Mobutu takes power in Congo (Leopoldville) in a military coup.
  • 20 September – Dahomey, Upper Volta, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo (Leopoldville), Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Somalia, Togo, Mali and Senegal obtain membership in the United Nations.
  • 22 September – Mali declares independence from the Mali federation.

October[edit]

  • 1 October – Nigeria declares independence, with Nnamdi Azikiwe as President.
  • 5 October – White South Africans vote to make the country a republic.
  • 7 October – Nigeria obtains membership in the United Nations.

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • 9 December – French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria is marked by bloody riots by European and Muslim mobs in Algeria's largest cities, killing 127 people.
  • 13 December – While Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard revolts unsuccessfully against his rule. The rebels proclaim the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, as Emperor.
  • 14 December – Antoine Gizenga proclaims in Stanleyville, Congo, that he has assumed the premiership.
  • 17 December – Troops loyal to Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia suppress the revolt that began 13 December, giving power back to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.

Continental population in 1960[edit]

  • Africa: 277,398,000

Births[edit]