1960 in science

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The year 1960 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy and space exploration[edit]

Biology[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Earth sciences[edit]

Exploration[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Meteorology[edit]

Metrology[edit]

Paleontology[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Radio telescope makes space history". On This Day. BBC. 1960-03-14. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  2. ^ Dyson, Freeman J. (3 June 1960). "Search for Artificial Stellar Sources of Infrared Radiation". Science 131 (3414): 1667–1668. Bibcode:1960Sci...131.1667D. doi:10.1126/science.131.3414.1667. PMID 17780673. 
  3. ^ "Echo 1, 1A, 2 Quicklook". Mission and Spacecraft Library. NASA. Retrieved February 6, 2010. 
  4. ^ Perutz, M. F. et al. (13 February 1960). "Structure of Hæmoglobin: A Three-Dimensional Fourier Synthesis at 5.5-Å. Resolution, Obtained by X-Ray Analysis" (PDF). Nature 185 (4711): 416–22. Bibcode:1960Natur.185..416P. doi:10.1038/185416a0. PMID 18990801. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  5. ^ Kendrew, J. C. et al. (13 February 1960). "Structure of Myoglobin: A Three-Dimensional Fourier Synthesis at 2 Å. Resolution" (PDF). Nature 185 (4711): 422–7. Bibcode:1960Natur.185..422K. doi:10.1038/185422a0. PMID 18990802. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  6. ^ Hardy, Alister (1960-03-17). "Was man more aquatic in the past?" (PDF). New Scientist 7: 642–645. Archived from the original on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2013-03-05. . More legible PDF at Elaine Morgan's The Aquatic Ape Theory website.
  7. ^ Woodward, R. B. et al. (1960). "The Total Synthesis of Chlorophyll" (PDF). Journal of the American Chemical Society 82: 3800–3802. doi:10.1021/ja01499a093. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  8. ^ Hurwitz, Jerard (December 2005). "The Discovery of RNA Polymerase" (PDF). Journal of Biological Chemistry 280 (52): 42477–85. doi:10.1074/jbc.X500006200. PMID 16230341. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  9. ^ "Climatron Conservatory – History and Architecture". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2011-08-17. 
  10. ^ Kruseman Aretz, F.E.J. (2003-06-30). "The Dijkstra-Zonneveld ALGOL 60 compiler for the Electrologica X1". Software Engineering. History of Computer Science. Amsterdam: Centrum Wiskunde; Informatica. 
  11. ^ Daylight, E. G. (2011). "Dijkstra's Rallying Cry for Generalization: the Advent of the Recursive Procedure, late 1950s–early 1960s". The Computer Journal. doi:10.1093/comjnl/bxr002. 
  12. ^ McCarthy, John (1960). "Recursive Functions of Symbolic Expressions and Their Computation by Machine". Communications of the ACM 3 (4): 184–195. doi:10.1145/367177.367199. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  13. ^ Hess, H. H. (1960), Evolution of Ocean Basins, Report to Office of Naval Research. Contract No. 1858(10), NR 081-06 
  14. ^ Hess, H. H. (1962-11-01). "History of Ocean Basins". In Engel, A. E. J.; James, Harold L.; Leonard, B. F., ed. Petrologic Studies: a volume in honor of A. F. Buddington. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America. pp. 599–620. 
  15. ^ Suzuki, Michio (1960). "A new type of simple groups of finite order". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (United States) 46: 868–870. Bibcode:1960PNAS...46..868S. doi:10.1073/pnas.46.6.868. ISSN 0027-8424. JSTOR 70960. MR 0120283. 
  16. ^ Ree, Rimhak (1960). "A family of simple groups associated with the simple Lie algebra of type (G2)". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 66: 508–510. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1960-10523-X. ISSN 0002-9904. MR 0125155. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  17. ^ Feit, Walter; Thompson, John G.; Hall, Marshall, Jr. (1960). "Finite groups in which the centralizer of any non-identity element is nilpotent". Mathematische Zeitschrift 74: 1–17. doi:10.1007/BF01180468. MR 0114856. 
  18. ^ Adam, John (1999-02-05). "Making Hearts Beat". InnovativeLives. Lemelson Center. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  19. ^ Dee, R. (2003). "Who Assisted Whom?". Texas Heart Institute Journal 30 (1): 90. PMC 152850. PMID 12638685. 
  20. ^ Haller, J. D.; Olearchyk, A. S. (2002). "Cardiology's 10 Greatest Discoveries". Texas Heart Institute Journal 29 (4): 342–4. PMC 140304. PMID 12484626. 
  21. ^ "Smoking is Linked to Heart Disease". The New York Times. June 7, 1960. p. 36. 
  22. ^ "History of Kidney Transplantation in Edinburgh". EdREN. Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. 2001. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  23. ^ International Bureau of Weights and Measures (2006). Le Système international d'unités (SI) – The International System of Units (SI) (8th ed.). p. 110. ISBN 92-822-2213-6. 
  24. ^ 11th CGPM (1960): Resolution 12.
  25. ^ Leakey, Richard E. (1981). The Making of Mankind. Elsevier-Dutton Publishing Co., Inc. pp. 65–66. ISBN 0-525-15055-2. 
  26. ^ U.S. Patent 3,243,634. Bellis, Mary. "History of Lighting and Lamps". About.com. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  27. ^ At Photokina.