From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1930s 1940s 1950s – 1960s – 1970s 1980s 1990s|
|Years:||1959 1960 1961 – 1962 – 1963 1964 1965|
|1962 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2715|
|British Regnal year||10 Eliz. 2 – 11 Eliz. 2|
— to —壬寅年十二月初五日
|- Vikram Samvat||2018–2019|
|- Shaka Samvat||1884–1885|
|- Kali Yuga||5063–5064|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||962–963|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 37
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 51
|Thai solar calendar||2505|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1962|
- January 1
- Western Samoa becomes independent from New Zealand.
- The United States Navy SEALs are activated. SEAL Team One is commissioned in the Pacific Fleet and SEAL Team Two in the Atlantic Fleet.
- The Beatles audition for Decca Records.
- NBC introduces the Laramie Peacock before a midnight showing of Laramie.
- January 2 – NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins praises U.S. President John F. Kennedy's "personal role" in advancing civil rights.
- January 3 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
- January 4 – New York City introduces a subway train that operates without a crew on board.
- January 5 – The first album on which The Beatles play, My Bonnie, credited to "Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers" (recorded last June in Hamburg), is released by Polydor in the U.K.
- January 8 – Harmelen train disaster: 93 die in the worst Dutch rail disaster.
- January 9 – Cuba and the Soviet Union sign a trade pact.
- January 10 – An avalanche on Nevado Huascarán in Peru causes 4,000 deaths.
- January 12 – The Indonesian Army confirms that it has begun operations in West Irian.
- January 13 – Albania allies itself with the People's Republic of China.
- January 15 – Portugal abandons the U.N. General Assembly due to the debate over Angola.
- January 16 – A military coup occurs in the Dominican Republic.
- January 19 – A counter-coup occurs in the Dominican Republic; the old government returns except for the new president Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly.
- January 22 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
- January 24
- January 26 – Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon; it later misses the Moon by 22,000 miles.
- January 27 – The Soviet government changes all place names honoring Molotov, Kaganovich and Georgi Malenkov.
- January 30 – Two of the high-wire "Flying Wallendas" are killed, when their famous 7-person pyramid collapses during a performance in Detroit, Michigan.
- February 3 – The United States embargo against Cuba is announced.
- February 4 – The Sunday Times in the United Kingdom becomes the first paper to print a colour supplement.
- February 4–February 5 – During a new moon and solar eclipse, an extremely rare grand conjunction of the classical planets occurs (it includes all 5 of the naked-eye planets plus the Sun and Moon), all of them within 16° of one another on the ecliptic.
- February 5 – French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
- February 6 – Negotiations between U.S. Steel and the United States Department of Commerce begin.
- February 7
- February 9 – The Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation opens.
- February 10 – Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in Berlin.
- February 12 – Six members of the Committee of 100 of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament are found guilty of a breach of the Official Secrets Act.
- February 14 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
- February 15 – Urho Kekkonen is re-elected president of Finland.
- February 16 – Heavy storms flood Germany's North Sea coast, mainly around Hamburg; more than 300 people die, thousands lose their homes.
- February 20 – Project Mercury: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth, three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes.
- February 21 – Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev first dance together in a Royal Ballet performance of Giselle in London.
- March 1
- On American Airlines Flight 1 a Boeing 707 crashes on takeoff at New York International Airport, after a rudder malfunction causes an uncontrolled roll, resulting in the loss of control of the aircraft, with the loss of all 95 on board.
- The S. S. Kresge Company opens its first Kmart discount store in Garden City, Michigan.
- March 2
- March 7 – Ash Wednesday Storm: A snow storm batters the Mid-Atlantic.
- March 8–12 – In Geneva, France and the Algerian FLN begin negotiations.
- March 15 – Katangan Prime Minister Moise Tshombe begins negotiations to rejoin the Congo.
- March 16 – Flying Tiger Line Flight 739, a Lockheed L-1049H Super Constellation chartered by the United States Military Air Transport Service and carrying mainly United States Army personnel bound for South Vietnam, vanishes over the western Pacific Ocean with the loss of all 107 on board. No wreckage or bodies are ever found.
- March 18
- March 19
- March 23 – The Scandinavian States of the Nordic Council sign the Helsinki Convention on Nordic Co-operation.
- March 24 – OAS leader Edmond Jouhaud is arrested in Oran.
- March 26
- April 3 – Jawaharlal Nehru is elected de facto Prime Minister of India.
- April 4 – James Hanratty is hanged in Bedford Gaol for the A6 murder; many believe he is innocent.
- April 6
- Belgium reestablishes diplomatic relations with the Congo.
- Leonard Bernstein causes controversy with his remarks before a concert featuring Glenn Gould with the New York Philharmonic, when he (Bernstein) announces that although he disagrees with Gould's style of playing the Brahms First Piano Concerto, he finds Gould's ideas fascinating and will conduct the piece anyway. Bernstein's action receives a withering review from New York Times music critic Harold C. Schonberg.
- April 7 – Author Milovan Djilas is arrested in Yugoslavia.
- April 8 – In France, the Évian Accords are adopted in a referendum with a majority of 90%.
- April 9 – The 34th Academy Awards ceremony is held; West Side Story wins Best Picture.
- April 10 – In Los Angeles, California, the first MLB game is played at Dodger Stadium.
- April 13 – OAS leader Edmond Jouhaud is sentenced to death in France.
- April 14 – A Cuban military tribunal convicts 1,179 Bay of Pigs attackers.
- April 18 – The Commonwealth Immigration Bill in the United Kingdom removes free immigration from the citizens of member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- April 20 – OAS leader Raoul Salan is arrested in Algiers.
- April 21 – The Century 21 Exposition World's Fair opens in Seattle, Washington.
- April 26 – The Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.
- May 1
- May 2 – An OAS bomb explodes in Algeria – this and other attacks kill 110 and injure 147.
- May 3 – 160 die in a triple-train disaster near Tokyo.
- May 5 – Twelve East Germans escape via a tunnel under the Berlin Wall.
- May 6 – Antonio Segni is elected President of the Italian Republic.
- May 14
- May 22 – Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes near Unionville, Missouri after the in-flight detonation of a bomb near the rear lavatory. All 45 passengers and crew aboard are killed.
- May 23
- May 24 – Project Mercury: Scott Carpenter orbits the Earth 3 times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.
- May 25 – The new Coventry Cathedral is consecrated.
- May 26 – Acker Bilk's Stranger On The Shore becomes the first British recording to reach number one in the US Billboard Hot 100.
- May 27 – The Centralia mine fire is ignited.
- May 29 – Negotiations between the OAS and the FLA lead to a real armistice in Algeria.
- May 30 – The 1962 FIFA World Cup begins in Chile.
- May 31 – Nazi Adolf Eichmann is hung at a prison in Ramla, Israel. His body is cremated and his ashes are spread in the Mediterranean.
- June 3 – Air France Flight 007, a Boeing 707, crashes on take-off at Orly Airport in Paris; 130 of 132 people on board are killed, 2 flight attendants survive. Most victims are cultural and civic leaders of Atlanta, Georgia.
- June 6 – President John F. Kennedy gives the commencement address at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
- June 11
- June 15 – Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement.
- June 17
- June 22 – An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes into terrain during bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies, killing all 113 on board. It is the airline's second fatal accident in just 3 weeks, and the third fatal 707 crash of the year.
- June 25
- Engel v. Vitale: The United States Supreme Court rules that mandatory prayers in public schools are unconstitutional.
- MANual Enterprises v. Day: The United States Supreme Court rules that photographs of nude men are not obscene, decriminalizing nude male pornographic magazines.
- İsmet İnönü of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (27th government, coalition partners; YTP and CKMP)
- June 26 – A 2-day steel strike begins in Italy, in support of increased wages and a 5-day working week.
- June 28 – The United Lutheran Church in America, Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, American Evangelical Lutheran Church, and Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church merge to form the Lutheran Church in America.
- June 30 – The last soldiers of the French Foreign Legion leave Algeria.
- July 1
- July 2
- July 5 – Algeria becomes independent from France.
- July 6 – Irish broadcaster Gay Byrne presents his first edition of The Late Late Show. Byrne goes on to present the talk show for 37 years, making it the longest running in the world.
- July 9 – American artist Andy Warhol premieres his Campbell's Soup Cans exhibit in Los Angeles.
- July 10 – AT&T's Telstar, the world's first commercial communications satellite, is launched into orbit and activated the next day.
- July 12 – The Rolling Stones make their debut at London's Marquee Club, Number 165 Oxford Street, opening for Long John Baldry.
- July 13 – In what the press dubs "the Night of the Long Knives", United Kingdom Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismisses 1/3 of his Cabinet.
- July 17 – Nuclear testing: The "Small Boy" test shot Little Feller I becomes the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site.
- July 19 – The First Annual Swiss & Wielder Hoop and Stick Tournament is held.
- July 20 – France and Tunisia reestablish diplomatic relations.
- July 22 – Mariner program: The Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
- July 23
- July 31
- August 5
- August 6 – Jamaica becomes independent.
- August 10 – Marvel Comics publishes Amazing Fantasy#15, which features the first published appearance of the superhero character of Spider-Man, created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.
- August 15 – The New York Agreement is signed trading the West New Guinea colony to Indonesia.
- August 16
- August 17 – East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter, as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin.
- August 22 – A failed assassination attempt is made against French President Charles De Gaulle.
- August 23 – John Lennon secretly marries Cynthia Powell.
- August 24 – A group of armed Cuban exile terrorists fire at a hotel in Havana from a speedboat.
- August 27 – NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe.
- August 31 – Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.
- September 1
- September 2 – The Soviet Union agrees to send arms to Cuba.
- September 8 – Newly independent Algeria, by referendum, adopts a constitution.
- September 11– The Beatles record their first single, 'Love Me Do' at Abbey Road Studios in London.
- September 12 – President John F. Kennedy, at a speech at Rice University, reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
- September 19 – Atlantic College opens it doors for the first time, marking the birth of the pioneering UWC educational movement.
- September 21
- A border conflict between China and India erupts into fighting.
- New Musical Express, a British music magazine, publishes a story about two 13-year-old schoolgirls, Sue and Mary, releasing a disc on Decca and adds "A Liverpool group, The Beatles, have recorded 'Love Me Do' for Parlophone Records, set for October 5 release."
- September 25 – Sonny Liston and Floyd Patterson fight for the boxing world title.
- September 26 – Civil war erupts in Yemen.
- September 27
- September 28 – Prime Minister Ahmed Ben Bella founds the first government in Algeria.
- September 29 – The Canadian Alouette 1, the first satellite built outside the United States and the Soviet Union, is launched from Vandenberg AFB in California.
- September 30 – CBS broadcasts the final episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar, marking the end of the Golden Age of Radio.
- October 1
- October 5
- The French National Assembly censures the proposed referendum to sanction presidential elections by popular mandate; Prime Minister Georges Pompidou resigns, but President de Gaulle asks him to stay in office.
- Dr. No, the first James Bond film, premieres in UK theaters.
- The Beatles release their first single for EMI, Love Me Do.
- October 8
- October 9 – Uganda becomes independent within the Commonwealth of Nations.
- October 10 - The Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world's largest nations (India and the People's Republic of China), begins.
- October 11 – Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
- October 12
- The infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with wind gusts up to 170 mph (270 km/h); 46 are killed, 11 billion board feet (26 million m³) of timber is blown down, with $230 million U.S. in damages.
- Jazz bassist/composer Charles Mingus presents a disastrous concert at Town Hall in New York City. It will gain a reputation as the worst moment of his career.
- October 13 – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? opens on Broadway.
- October 14 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos on Oct. 14 of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed. A stand-off then ensues for another 12 days after President Kennedy is told of the pictures, between the United States and the Soviet Union, threatening the world with nuclear war.
- October 19 - Establishment of Thai Nguyen City, under Thai Nguyen, Vietnam
- October 22 – In a televised address, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces to the nation the existence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
- October 24 – Cuban Missile Crisis: First confrontation between US Navy and Soviet cargo vessel. The vessel changes course.
- October 26 – Spiegel scandal: German police occupy Der Spiegel offices in Hamburg.
- October 28
- Cuban Missile Crisis ends: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he has ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, Kennedy agrees to the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey. The fact that this deal is not made public makes it look like the Soviets have backed down.[dubious ]
- A referendum in France favors the election of the president by universal suffrage.
- October 31 – The UN General Assembly asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), but the constitution comes into effect on November 1.
- November 1
- November 3 – The term "personal computer" is first mentioned by the media.
- November 5
- Franz Josef Strauß, the West German defense minister, is relieved of his duties over the Spiegel scandal, due to his alleged involvement in police action against the magazine.
- Saudi Arabia breaks off diplomatic relations with Egypt, following a period of unrest partly caused by the defection of several Saudi princes to Egypt.
- A coal mining disaster in Ny-Ålesund kills 21 people. The Norwegian government is forced to resign in the aftermath of this accident in August, 1963.
- November 6 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa's racist apartheid policies, and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
- November 7 – Richard M. Nixon loses the California governor's race. In his concession speech, he states that this is his "last press conference" and that "you don't have Nixon to kick around any more".
- November 17 – In Washington, D.C., U.S. President John F. Kennedy dedicates Dulles International Airport.
- November 20 – Cuban Missile Crisis: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the blockade of the Caribbean nation.
- November 23 – United Airlines Flight 297 crashes in Columbia, Maryland, killing all 17 on board.
- November 26
- November 27 – French President Charles De Gaulle orders Georges Pompidou to form a government.
- November 29 – An agreement is signed between Britain and France to develop the Concorde supersonic airliner.
- November 30 – The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as the new UN Secretary-General.
- December 2 – Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to make a non-optimistic public comment on the war's progress.
- December 7 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco revises the principality's constitution, devolving some of his formerly autocratic power to several advisory and legislative councils.
- December 8
- The first period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- The North Kalimantan National Army revolts in Brunei, in the first stirrings of the Indonesian Confrontation.
- The 1962 New York City newspaper strike begins, affecting all of the city's major newspapers; It would last for 114 days.
- Former Dutch queen Wilhelmina buried at the New Church in Delft.
- December 9 – Tanganyika (now Tanzania) becomes a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as president.
- MGM's The Wizard of Oz receives its last of four December telecasts on CBS. It will skip a telecast in 1963, so beginning in 1964, first on CBS, then on NBC, and finally again on CBS, it will nearly always be telecast during the early part of the year until Turner Entertainment buys the rights to the film in the 1990s.
- December 10 – David Lean's epic film Lawrence of Arabia, featuring Peter O' Toole, Omar Sharif, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins, and Anthony Quinn premieres in London. Six days later, it opens in the U.S.
- December 11
- In West Germany, a coalition government of Christian Democrats, Christian Socialists, and Free Democrats is formed.
- The last execution by hanging in Canada takes place.
- December 14
- U.S. spacecraft Mariner 2 flies by Venus, becoming the first probe to successfully transmit data from another planet.
- The Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa was assessed for insurance purposes at US$100 million, before the painting toured the United States for several months. It is the highest insurance value for a painting in history. However, the Louvre chose to spend the money that would have been spent on the insurance premium on security instead.
- December 15 – Storm over North Sea. Belgian pirate radio station Radio Uylenspiegel is knocked off the airwaves, never to operate again.
- December 19 – Britain acknowledges the right of Nyasaland (now Malawi) to secede from the Central African Federation.
- December 21 – Britain agrees to purchase Polaris missiles from the U.S.
- December 22 – "Big Freeze" in Britain: There are no frost-free nights until March 5, 1963.
- December 24 – Cuba releases the last 1,113 participants in the Bay of Pigs Invasion to the U.S., in exchange for food worth $53 million.
- December 30
- United Nations troops occupy the last rebel positions in Katanga; Moise Tshombe moves to South Rhodesia.
- An unexpected storm buries Maine under five feet of snow, forcing the Bangor Daily News to miss a publication date for the only time in history. The same day, also the Netherlands are covered with several feet of snow.
Date unknown 
- American advertising man Martin K. Speckter invents the interrobang, a new English-language punctuation mark.
- Publication of Helen Gurley Brown's Sex and the Single Girl in the US.
- The band The Dubliners is formed at O'Donoghue's Pub in Dublin.
- January 3 – Guy Pratt, English musician and songwriter
- January 4 – Natalya Bochina, Russian athlete
- January 5 – Suzy Amis, American actress and model
- January 11 – Kim Coles, American actress and comedian
- January 13 – Kevin Mitchell, American baseball player
- January 14 – Michael McCaul, American politician
- January 17 – Jim Carrey, Canadian actor and comedian
- January 18 – Mike Lynch, American cartoonist
- January 20
- January 21
- January 22
- January 23
- January 25 – Chris Chelios, American ice hockey player
- January 28
- January 30 – King Abdullah II of Jordan
- February 1 – Takashi Murakami, Japanese pop artist
- February 2 – Andy Fordham, English darts player
- February 3
- February 4 – Clint Black, American country musician
- February 5 – Jennifer Jason Leigh, American actress
- February 6 – Axl Rose, American rock singer
- February 7
- February 8 – Malorie Blackman, British-born author
- February 9 - Lolo Ferrari, French actress (d. 2000)
- February 10
- February 11 – Sheryl Crow, American singer
- February 12
- February 13 – Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
- February 17 – Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor
- February 18 – Julie Strain, American actress and model
- February 21
- February 22
- February 25 – Birgit Fischer, German kayaker
- February 27 – Adam Baldwin, American actor
- February 28 – Angela Bailey, Canadian athlete
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4 - Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
- March 6
- March 7 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
- March 8 – Cecilia Yip, Hong Kong actress
- March 10 – Seiko Matsuda, Japanese pop singer/songwriter
- March 11 – Barbara Alyn Woods, American actress
- March 12 – Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player
- March 16 – Branco Mello, Brazilian singer, actor and writer
- March 18
- March 19 – Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 2003)
- March 20 – Stephen Sommers, American film director
- March 21
- March 23
- March 24 – Star Jones, American talk show host and publisher
- March 25 – Marcia Cross, American actress
- March 26 – John Stockton, American basketball player
- March 27
- March 29 – Ted Failon, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator
- March 30
- April 1
- April 2 – Mark Shulman, American children's author
- April 5 – Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, President of Kalmykia and FIDE
- April 7 – Hugh O'Connor, American actor (d. 1995)
- April 9 – Imran Sherwani, British field hockey player
- April 10
- April 11 – Vincent Gallo, American actor
- April 12
- April 13 – Jennifer Rubin, American actress/model
- April 15
- April 19 – Al Unser, Jr., American race car driver
- April 20 – Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf (Henry Joseph Nasiff Jr.), American comedian (d. 2001)
- April 23 – John Hannah, Scottish actor
- April 24 – Steve Roach, Australian champion rugby league prop forward
- April 26
- May 2
- May 3 – Anders Graneheim, Swedish bodybuilder
- May 8 – Natalia Molchanova, Russian free-diver
- May 10 – David Fincher, American film director
- May 12 – Emilio Estevez, American actor
- May 13
- May 14
- May 17
- May 19 – Frances Ondiviela, Spanish/Mexican actress
- May 20 – Mike Jeffries, American soccer coach
- May 22 – Brian Pillman, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
- May 24 – Gene Anthony Ray, American actor (d. 2003)
- May 26 – Bobcat Goldthwait, American actor and comedian
- May 27 – Ravi Shastri, Indian cricketer
- May 28
- May 30 – Timo Soini, Finnish politician
- May 31
- June 1 – Sherri Howard, American athlete
- June 4
- June 5 – Jeff Garlin, American comedian
- June 7 – Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
- June 8 – Suzy Gorman, American photographer
- June 10
- June 11
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Emilija Erčić, Yugoslav (Serbian) handball player
- June 15
- June 16 – Arnold Vosloo, South African actor
- June 17 – Lio, Belgian singer/actress
- June 18
- June 19 – Paula Abdul, American dancer, choreographer, and singer
- June 20 – Alex Di Gregorio, Italian editorial cartoonist
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23 – Kari Takko, Finnish ice hockey player
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Don Chambers, American newspaper comic strip artist
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1 – Andre Braugher, American actor
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5 – Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, Indonesian terrorist (d. 2008)
- July 8 – Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
- July 11 – Pauline McLynn, Irish actress
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Jeff Olson, American percussionist (Trouble)
- July 15 – Michelle Ford, Australian swimmer
- July 18
- July 19 – Anthony Edwards, American actor
- July 20
- July 21 – Rob Morrow, American actor
- July 23 – Eriq LaSalle, American actor
- July 24 – Johnny O'Connell, American race car driver
- July 26
- July 28 – Ray Shero, American hockey manager
- July 29 – Scott Steiner, American professional wrestler
- July 30 – Alton Brown, American television host and chef
- Lavinia Greenlaw, British poet and novelist
- July 31
- August 1 – Robert Clift, British field hockey player
- August 2 – Cynthia Stevenson, American actress
- August 4 – Roger Clemens, American baseball player
- August 5 – Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-born basketball player
- August 6 – Michelle Yeoh, Malaysian-born Hong Kong actress
- August 7 – Bruno Pelletier, Canadian singer
- August 8 – Mike Zanier, Canadian ice hockey player
- August 13 – John Slattery, American actor
- August 14 – Kevin Harris, Canadian skateboarder
- August 15 – Tom Colicchio, American chef
- August 16
- August 17 – Pierre Sanoussi-Bliss, German actor and director
- August 18 – Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, President of Mexico
- August 19 – Valérie Kaprisky, French actress
- August 20
- August 21
- August 24
- August 25 – Theresa Andrews, American swimmer
- August 26
- August 27 – Vic Mignogna, American voice actor
- August 29
- August 30 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian ex-KGB colonel and ex-FSB lieutenant-colonel (d. 2006)
- August 31
- September 1 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
- September 4 – Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician and researcher
- September 6 – Chris Christie, 55th governor of New Jersey
- September 7 – Kylie InGold, Australian fantasy artist
- September 8 – Thomas Kretschmann, German actor
- September 11
- September 12 – Amy Yasbeck, American actress
- September 15
- September 17 – Baz Luhrmann, Australian film director
- September 19 – Gottfried von Bismarck, controversial German aristocrat and socialite (d. 2007)
- September 24
- September 25 – Aida Turturro, American actress
- September 26
- September 27 – Kimberly Carson, American pornographic actress
- September 28 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
- September 30 – Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
- October 1 – Esai Morales, American actor
- October 2 – James Hunter, English singer
- October 3 – Tommy Lee, American rock musician and drummer
- October 5 – Caron Keating, British TV presenter (d. 2004)
- October 6 – Rich Yett, American baseball player
- October 11
- Joan Cusack, American actress and comedian
- October 12
- October 13
- October 16
- October 19
- October 21 – Miki Ito, Japanese voice actress
- October 23
- October 24 – Jay Novacek, American football player
- October 25
- October 26 – Cary Elwes, British actor
- October 27
- October 28 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
- October 30 – Courtney Walsh, West Indian cricketer
- November 1
- November 3
- November 4 – Jeff Probst, American television personality
- November 6 – Aznil Nawawi, Malaysian TV host
- November 7 – Bettina Hoy, German equestrienne
- November 11
- November 12
- November 13 – Steve Altes, American humorist
- November 14
- November 15 – Judy Gold, American comedian and actress
- November 17 – Jamie Moyer, American baseball player
- November 18 – Kirk Hammett, American rock musician (Metallica)
- November 19
- November 21 – Steven Curtis Chapman, American Christian musician
- November 22 – Sumi Jo, Korean operatic soprano
- November 24 – John Kovalic, American cartoonist
- November 27 – Marumi Shiraishi, Japanese actress
- November 28 – Jon Stewart, American actor and comedian
- November 29 – Andrew McCarthy, American actor
- November 30
- December 1
- December 3 – Tammy Jackson, American basketball player
- December 4 – Anna Walker, British television presenter
- December 5 – José Cura, Argentine tenor
- December 6 – Janine Turner, American actress
- December 9
- December 10 – Scott Capurro, American comedian
- December 11
- December 12
- December 14 – Yvonne Ryding, Swedish pageant winner (Miss Universe 1984)
- December 16 – Maruschka Detmers, Dutch actress
- December 17
- December 19 – Jill Talley, American actress
- December 22 – Ralph Fiennes, English actor
- December 23 – Keiji Mutoh, Japanese professional wrestler
- December 27
- December 28
- December 30 – Alessandra Mussolini, Italian politician
- December 31 – Lance Reddick, American actor
Date unknown 
- Gunnar Krantz, Swedish artist
- January 4 – Hans Lammers, German Nazi minister (b. 1879)
- January 6 – Marziyya Davudova, Azerbaijani actress (b. 1901)
- January 13 – Ernie Kovacs, American TV comedian (b. 1919)
- January 19 – Snub Pollard, American actor (b. 1889)
- January 20 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet (b. 1887)
- January 26 – Lucky Luciano, American gangster (b. 1897)
- January 29 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (b. 1875)
- February 1 – Carey Wilson, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
- February 2 – Shlomo Hestrin, Canadian-born Israeli biochemist (b. 1914)
- February 5 – Jacques Ibert, French composer (b. 1890)
- February 6
- February 7 – Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
- February 10 – Eduard von Steiger, President of Switzerland (b. 1881)
- February 17
- February 19
- February 20 – Halliwell Hobbes, English actor (b. 1877)
- February 24 – Hu Shi, Chinese liberal (b. 1891)
- February 27 – Willie Best, American actor (b. 1916)
- February 28 – Chic Johnson, American actor (b. 1891)
- March 1
- Roscoe Ates, American actor (b. 1895)
- Killed in crash of American Airlines Flight 1
- Richard L. Conolly, American admiral (b. 1892)
- Louise Lindner Eastman, American wife of Lee Eastman and mother of Linda McCartney (b. 1911)
- W. Alton Jones, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1891)
- Arnold Kirkeby, American hotelier, art collector, and real estate investor (b. 1901)
- Emelyn Whiton, American Olympic sailor (b. 1916)
- March 15 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- March 20 – C. Wright Mills, American sociologist (b. 1916)
- March 24
- April 1 – Jussi Kekkonen, Finnish major (b. 1910)
- April 10
- April 13 – Culbert Olson, Governor of California (b. 1876)
- April 15
- April 17 – Louise Fazenda, American actress (b. 1895)
- April 21 – Sir Frederick Handley Page, British aircraft manufacturer (b. 1885)
- April 22 – Vera Reynolds, American actress (b. 1899)
- April 24 – Milt Franklyn, American musician (b. 1897)
- May 5 – Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (b. 1889)
- May 13
- May 27 – Egon Petri, German pianist (b. 1881)
- May 31
- June 2 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and landscape gardener (b. 1892)
- June 4 – Charles William Beebe, American oceanic pioneer (b. 1877)
- June 6
- June 7 – Korneli Kekelidze, Georgian philologist (b. 1879)
- June 8 – Eugène Freyssinet, French civil engineer (b. 1879)
- June 12 – John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
- June 13 – Eugène Aynsley Goossens, English composer (b. 1893)
- June 15 – Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (b. 1877)
- June 19
- June 24 – Lucile Watson, Canadian actress of stage & screen (b. 1879)
- June 27 – Paul Viiding, Estonian poet, author and literary critic (b. 1904)
- June 28 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
- July 4 – Rex Bell, American actor (b. 1903)
- July 6
- July 8 – Georges Bataille, French writer (b. 1897)
- July 10 – Yehuda Leib Maimon, Bassarabian-born Israeli rabbi and government minister (b. 1875)
- July 12 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
- July 13 – Jerry Wald, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1911)
- July 21 – G. M. Trevelyan, English historian (b. 1876)
- July 23 – Victor Moore, American actor (b. 1876)
- July 29 – Leonardo De Lorenzo, Italian flautist (b. 1875)
- July 27 – Richard Aldington, English poet (b. 1892)
- July 30 – Myron McCormick, American actor (b. 1908)
- August 5 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926)
- August 6 – Ángel Borlenghi, Argentine labor leader and politician (b. 1904)
- August 9 – Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- August 15 – Lei Feng, Chinese soldier (b. 1940)
- August 18 – Cleo Ridgely, American actress (b. 1893)
- August 23 – Hoot Gibson, American actor (b. 1892)
- August 24 – Mykolas Biržiška, Lithuanian politician (b. 1882)
- August 28 – John Collum, American actor (b. 1926)
- September 3 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (b. 1894)
- September 6 – Hanns Eisler, German-born composer (b. 1898)
- September 7
- September 18 – Ahmad bin Yahya, King of Yemen (b. 1891)
- September 19 – Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright (b. 1900)
- September 20 – Conrad Helfrich, Dutch admiral (b. 1886)
- September 24
- October 2
- October 6 – Tod Browning, American film director (b. 1882)
- October 9 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian chess player (b. 1885)
- October 10 – Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian architect and lecturer (b. 1891)
- October 20 – Jesús Herrera, Spanish international footballer (b. 1938)
- October 26 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
- October 27 – Enrico Mattei, Italian politician (plane crash) (b. 1906)
- November 7 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
- November 15 – Irene Lentz, American costume designer (b. 1900)
- November 18 – Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- November 22 – René Coty, President of France (b. 1882)
- November 28 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1880)
- November 29 – Erik Scavenius, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1877)
- December 7 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (b. 1895)
- December 10 – Robert C. Giffen, American admiral (b. 1886)
- December 15 – Charles Laughton, English actor and director (b. 1899)
- December 16 – Lew Landers, American TV and film director (b. 1901)
- December 17 – Thomas Mitchell, American actor (b. 1892)
- December 18 – Garrett Mattingly, American historian (b. 1900)
- December 20 – Emil Artin, Austrian mathematician (b. 1898)
- December 24 – Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (b. 1896)
Nobel Prizes 
- Physics – Lev Davidovich Landau
- Chemistry – Max Ferdinand Perutz, John Cowdery Kendrew
- Physiology or Medicine – Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson, Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
- Literature – John Steinbeck
- Peace – Linus Carl Pauling