1962 Tour de France
|Dates||24 June–15 July 1962|
|Stages||22 (24 including split stages)|
|Distance||4,274 km (2,656 mi)|
|Winning time||114h 31' 54" (37.306 km/h or 23.181 mph)|
|Winner||Jacques Anquetil (France)||(ACCB-Saint Raphael-Helyett-Hutchinson)|
|Second||Jef Planckaert (Belgium)||(Faema-Flandria-Clement)|
|Third||Raymond Poulidor (France)||(Mercier-BP-Hutchinson)|
|Points||Rudi Altig (West Germany)||(ACCB-Saint Raphael-Helyett-Hutchinson)|
|Mountains||Federico Bahamontes (Spain)||(Margnat-Paloma-d'Alessandro)|
The 1962 Tour de France was the 49th Tour de France, taking place June 24 to July 15, 1962. It was composed of 22 stages over 4274 km, ridden at an average speed of 37.306 km/h. After more than 30 years, the Tour was again contested by trade teams. French Jacques Anquetil defended his title successfully, winning his third Tour de France.
Changes from the 1961 Tour de France
From 1930 to 1961, the Tour de France was contested by national teams, but in 1962, the trade teams returned. Each team consisted of ten cyclists, but should not be too international: at least six cyclists should have the same nationality, or only two nationalities should be present.
The calculation for the mountains classification was changed, and the fourth category was added.
Émilion Amaury, owner of le Parisien Libéré, became financially involved in the Tour. He made Félix Lévitan co-organizer of the Tour, and it was decided that Levitan would focus on the financial issues, and Jacques Goddet on the sporting issues.
For the first time, the French cyclists were outnumbered; there were 52 Italian cyclists and 50 French cyclists.
The defending champion, Jacques Anquetil, was part of the ACCB-Saint Raphael-Helyett-Hutchinson team. This team also included Rudi Altig, and during the 1962 Vuelta a España, Altig had beaten his team leader, so observers expected some internal team struggle. The team manager of the Saint Raphael team was Anquetil's former rival Raphael Géminiani, and Anquetil had unsuccessfully requested his sponsors to replace Géminiani for the Tour.
Raymond Poulidor, the new star who had not started the 1961 Tour because of the national team format, started this time in the Mercier team. He started the race injured, as he had broken his hand recently, and was riding with a cast.
The Tour started in Belgium, and world champion Rik Van Looy wanted to wear the yellow jersey in his own country. In the final, he was in the lead group of 20 cyclists, but Rudi Altig surprised him in the sprint. Pre-race favourites Poulidor and Bahamontes already lost more than eight minutes. The second stage finished in the home town of Van Looy, where he took a wrong turn and lost the chance of winning the stage. André Darrigade took over the lead, but Altig took it back in the third stage.
In the sixth stage, a big group escaped from the peloton. Altig and Anquetil were not there, but they had sent their team mate Ab Geldermans to protect the team's interests. Geldermans was the best-placed man in the break, and their margin was so large that Geldermans became the new leader.
In first part of the eighth stage, another large group escaped, and Darrigade became the new leader. The second part of the eighth stage was a time trial, won by Anquetil.
Because of a successful breakaway in the ninth stage, Darrigade lost the lead to Willy Schroeders. In the eleventh stage, there was a crash involving twenty cyclists, with Van Looy as the main victim. Van Looy's kidney was injured, and he was brought to hospital. Schroeders kept the lead until the first mountain stage in the Pyrenees. In that stage, he could not keep up with the best climbers, and lost the lead to Tom Simpson, who became the first British cyclist to wear the yellow jersey.
In the night after that stage, Hans Junkermann, riding for the Wiel's team, became ill. Junkermann was in seventh place in the general classification, and his team requested the start to be delayed by ten minutes, which the organisation allowed. After that stage, stage 14, had started, Junkermann quickly fell to the back, and had to give up. He was not the only one: twelve riders fell ill and said 'bad fish' was the cause. Tour doctor Pierre Dumas realized they had all been given the same drug by the same soigneur. Fourteen riders abandoned the Tour that day, including the former leader, Willy Schroeder, the 1960 winner Gastone Nencini and a future leader, Karl-Heinz Kunde. Jacques Goddet wrote that he suspected doping but nothing was proven – other than that none of the hotels had served fish the previous night. The newspapers ridiculed the riders, and this made the riders furious. They threatened to strike, but the journalist Jean Bobet, a former cyclist, was able to talk them into continuing, although Jean Bobet was one of the creators of film Vive Le Tour! which ridiculed the riders and their 'bad fish' explanation.
Although Anquetil was not leading the race, he was in a good position to win. He considered Bahamontes as his main threat in the Alps, because Bahamontes was a good climber, and had shown his excellent form in the time trial that he won. Before the Tour reached the alps, in the fourteenth stage, Anquetil lured Bahamontes into spending energy at the wrong time, and Bahamontes lost fifteen minutes in that stage. He was no longer a threat for the general classification, and Anquetil could focus on Planckaert, who still led the general classification.
Important attacks were expected in stage 18 in the alps. Instead, the riders were going slow. In the first 4 hours, they only raced 100 km. Later, some attacks took place, but they failed for flat tires, and the defending tactics of the other riders. So in the end, Emile Daems, who was a sprinter and not a climber, was able to win this mountain stage.
The nineteenth stage followed the same route as the 21st stage in the 1958 Tour de France, where Gaul had won the race. Poulidor's injured hand was better now, and his team manager Antonin Magne told him that the time was ready to attack. Poulidor was almost ten minutes behind in the general classification, so he would probably be allowed some freedom. Poulidor attacked, and stayed away alone, jumping to the third place in the general classification. After that nineteenth stage, Belgian Jef Planckaert was still leading the race. In the time trial in stage 20, he lost considerable time, and Anquetil took over the lead. Anquetil remained the leader until the end, and won his third Tour.
|1||24 June||Nancy–Spa||Plain stage||253 km (157 mi)||Rudi Altig (FRG)|
|2a||25 June||Spa–Herentals||Plain stage||147 km (91 mi)||André Darrigade (FRA)|
|2b||Herentals||Team time trial||23 km (14 mi)||Flandria|
|3||26 June||Brussels–Amiens||Plain stage||210 km (130 mi)||Rudi Altig (FRG)|
|4||27 June||Amiens–Le Havre||Plain stage||196.5 km (122.1 mi)||Willy van den Berghen (BEL)|
|5||28 June||Pont l'Evêque–Saint Malo||Plain stage||215 km (134 mi)||Emile Daems (BEL)|
|6||29 June||Dinard–Brest||Plain stage||235.5 km (146.3 mi)||Robert Cazala (FRA)|
|7||30 June||Quimper–Saint Nazaire||Plain stage||201 km (125 mi)||Huub Zilverberg (NED)|
|8a||1 July||Saint Nazaire–Luçon||Plain stage||155 km (96 mi)||Mario Minieri (ITA)|
|8b||Luçon–La Rochelle||Individual time trial||43 km (27 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)|
|9||2 July||La Rochelle–Bordeaux||Plain stage||214 km (133 mi)||Antonio Bailetti (ITA)|
|10||3 July||Bordeaux–Bayonne||Plain stage||184.5 km (114.6 mi)||Willy Vannitsen (BEL)|
|11||4 July||Bayonne–Pau||Plain stage||155.5 km (96.6 mi)||Eddy Pauwels (BEL)|
|12||5 July||Pau–Saint-Gaudens||Stage with mountain(s)||207.5 km (128.9 mi)||Robert Cazala (FRA)|
|13||6 July||Luchon–Superbagnères||Individual time trial||18.5 km (11.5 mi)||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)|
|14||7 July||Luchon–Carcassonne||Stage with mountain(s)||215 km (134 mi)||Jean Stablinski (FRA)|
|15||8 July||Carcassonne–Montpellier||Plain stage||196.5 km (122.1 mi)||Willy Vannitsen (BEL)|
|16||9 July||Montpellier–Aix-en-Provence||Plain stage||185 km (115 mi)||Emile Daems (BEL)|
|17||10 July||Aix-en-Provence–Juan-les-Pins||Plain stage||201 km (125 mi)||Rudi Altig (FRG)|
|18||11 July||Juan-les-Pins–Briançon||Stage with mountain(s)||241.5 km (150.1 mi)||Emile Daems (BEL)|
|19||12 July||Briançon–Aix-les-Bains||Stage with mountain(s)||204.5 km (127.1 mi)||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)|
|20||13 July||Bourgoin–Lyon||Individual time trial||68 km (42 mi)||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)|
|21||14 July||Lyon–Pougues-les-Eaux||Plain stage||232 km (144 mi)||Dino Bruni (ITA)|
|22||15 July||Pougues-les-Eaux – Paris||Plain stage||271 km (168 mi)||Rino Benedetti (ITA)|
||Mountains classification||Team classification|
|1||Rudi Altig (FRG)||Rudi Altig (FRG)||Jean Selic (FRA)||Saint Raphaël|
|2a||André Darrigade (FRA)||André Darrigade (FRA)||Angelino Soler (ESP)|
|3||Rudi Altig (FRG)|
|4||Rudi Altig (FRG)|
|5||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)|
|6||Ab Geldermans (NED)|
|8a||André Darrigade (FRA)|
|9||Willy Schroeders (BEL)|
|12||Tom Simpson (GBR)||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)|
|13||Jef Planckaert (BEL)|
|20||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)|
|Final||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||Rudi Altig (FRG)||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Saint Raphaël|
There were several classifications in the 1962 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the team with the lowest time on a stage won the team prize for that stage. The overall team classification was calculated by counting the number of team prizes.
Anquetil won with an average speed of 37.306 km/h, which was a new record.
|1||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||114h 31' 54"|
|2||Jozef Planckaert (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+4' 59"|
|3||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier||+10' 24"|
|4||Gilbert Desmet (BEL)||Carpano||+13' 01"|
|5||Albertus Geldermans (NED)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+14' 04"|
|6||Tom Simpson (GBR)||VC XII||+17' 09"|
|7||Imerio Massignan (ITA)||Legnano||+17' 50"|
|8||Ercole Baldini (ITA)||Ignis||+19' 00"|
|9||Charly Gaul (LUX)||G.S. Gazzola||+19' 11"|
|10||Eddy Pauwels (BEL)||Wiels||+23' 04"|
|Final general classification (11–94)|
|11||Jean-Claude Lebaube (FRA)||VC XII||+23' 33"|
|12||Henry Anglade (FRA)||Liberia||+26' 33"|
|13||Emile Daems (BEL)||G.S. Philco||+27' 17"|
|14||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Margnat||+34' 16"|
|15||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||VC XII||+35' 23"|
|16||Armand Desmet (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+39' 10"|
|17||Victor Van Schil (BEL)||Mercier||+42' 01"|
|18||Joseph Hoevenaers (BEL)||G.S. Philco||+42' 28"|
|19||Guido Carlesi (ITA)||G.S. Philco||+43' 29"|
|20||François Mahé (FRA)||Pelforth||+45' 36"|
|21||André Darrigade (FRA)||VC XII||+47' 50"|
|22||Robert Cazala (FRA)||Mercier||+51' 44"|
|23||Luis Otano (ESP)||Margnat||+53' 02"|
|24||Louis Rostollan (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+1h 03' 02"|
|25||Arnaldo Pambianco (ITA)||Ignis||+1h 06' 10"|
|26||Piet Van Est (NED)||Flandria-Faema||+1h 07' 14"|
|27||Juan Campillo (ESP)||Margnat||+1h 10' 34"|
|28||Dieter Puschel (FRG)||Wiels||+1h 11' 12"|
|29||Raymond Mastrotto (FRA)||VC XII||+1h 12' 24"|
|30||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+1h 14' 06"|
|31||Rudi Altig (FRG)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+1h 18' 14"|
|32||Jean Gainche (FRA)||Mercier||+1h 21' 18"|
|33||Mies Stolker (NED)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+1h 21' 19"|
|34||Willy van den Berghen (BEL)||Mercier||+1h 22' 51"|
|35||Renzo Fontona (ITA)||Legnano||+1h 29' 33"|
|36||Jean Forestier (FRA)||VC XII||+1h 31' 51"|
|37||Edouard Delberghe (FRA)||Liberia||+1h 33' 23"|
|38||Jean Graczyk (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+1h 38' 50"|
|39||André Messelis (BEL)||Wiels||+1h 39' 08"|
|40||Daniel Doom (BEL)||Wiels||+1h 40' 13"|
|41||Aurelio Cestari (ITA)||G.S. Gazzola||+1h 41' 16"|
|42||Carlo Azzini (ITA)||Carpano||+1h 41' 22"|
|43||Roger Baens (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+1h 43' 58"|
|44||Guiillaume Van Tongerloo (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+1h 47' 19"|
|45||Alan Ramsbottom (GBR)||Pelforth||+1h 50' 19"|
|46||Germano Barale (ITA)||Carpano||+1h 52' 15"|
|47||Bas Maliepaard (NED)||VC XII||+1h 55' 54"|
|48||Guido Boni (ITA)||Ghighi||+1h 56' 00"|
|49||Giancarlo Lanzoni (ITA)||Legnano||+1h 59' 13"|
|50||Pierre Beuffeuil (FRA)||Mercier||+1h 59' 53"|
|51||Marcel Ongenae (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+2h 00' 06"|
|52||Jean-Baptiste Claes (BEL)||Wiels||+2h 00' 41"|
|53||Bruno Martinato (LUX)||G.S. Gazzola||+2h 01' 07"|
|54||André Foucher (FRA)||Liberia||+2h 01' 43"|
|55||Fernan Picot (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 03' 24"|
|56||Pierre Everaert (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+2h 04' 39"|
|57||Joseph Groussard (FRA)||Pelforth||+2h 11' 26"|
|58||Jean Dotto (FRA)||Liberia||+2h 12' 32"|
|59||Carlo Brugnami (ITA)||G.S. Philco||+2h 13' 46"|
|60||Jean Milesi (FRA)||Liberia||+2h 14' 39"|
|61||Pierino Baffi (ITA)||Ghighi||+2h 15' 52"|
|62||Edgard Sorgeloos (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||+2h 19' 16"|
|63||Rino Benedetti (ITA)||Ignis||+2h 20' 58"|
|64||Giorgio Zancanaro (ITA)||G.S. Philco||+2h 24' 28"|
|65||Stephan Lach (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 24' 43"|
|66||Peppino Dante (ITA)||Legnano||+2h 24' 47"|
|67||Emmanuel Busto (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 25' 11"|
|68||Jean-Claude Annaert (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+2h 27' 06"|
|69||Edouard Bihouée (FRA)||Mercier||+2h 31' 01"|
|70||Willy Vannitsen (BEL)||Wiels||+2h 33' 13"|
|71||Giuseppe Sartore (ITA)||Carpano||+2h 33' 33"|
|72||Georges Groussard (FRA)||Pelforth||+2h 34' 09"|
|73||Alfredo Sabbadin (ITA)||G.S. Gazzola||+2h 37' 16"|
|74||Hilaire Couvreur (BEL)||Carpano||+2h 38' 10"|
|75||Mario Minieri (ITA)||Ghighi||+2h 39' 56"|
|76||Anatole Novak (FRA)||VC XII||+2h 41' 13"|
|77||Jaak De Boever (BEL)||Liberia||+2h 38' 06"|
|78||Guy Ignolin (FRA)||VC XII||+2h 45' 35"|
|79||Bernard Viot (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 47' 47"|
|80||Antonio Bailetti (ITA)||Carpano||+2h 56' 35"|
|81||Pino Cerami (BEL)||Peugeot||+2h 57' 32"|
|82||Italo Mazzacurati (ITA)||Ignis||+2h 58' 28"|
|83||Franco Magnani (ITA)||Ghighi||+3h 04' 53"|
|84||Roberto Falaschi (ITA)||G.S. Philco||+3h 04' 59"|
|85||Jean Le Lan (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||+3h 24' 21"|
|86||Marc Huiart (FRA)||Liberia||+3h 30' 26"|
|87||Luigi Sarti (ITA)||Ghighi||+3h 31' 51"|
|88||Giovanni Bettinelli (ITA)||Legnano||+3h 40' 08"|
|89||Giuseppe Tonucci (ITA)||Ignis||+3h 42' 59"|
|90||Jean Selic (FRA)||Liberia||+3h 43' 43"|
|91||Dino Bruni (ITA)||G.S. Gazzola||+3h 43' 52"|
|92||Emilio Ciolli (ITA)||Legnano||+3h 44' 41"|
|93||Carlo Guargualini (ITA)||Ignis||+4h 08' 09"|
|94||Augusto Marcaletti (ITA)||Ignis||+4h 29' 28"|
The points classification was won by Rudi Altig.
|1||Rudi Altig (FRG)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||173|
|2||Emile Daems (BEL)||G.S Philco||144|
|3||Jean Graczyk (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||140|
|4||Rino Benedetti (ITA)||Ignis||135|
|5||André Darrigade (FRA)||VC XIII||131|
|6||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||99|
|7||Willy Vannitsen (BEL)||Wiels||83|
|8||Jozef Planckaert (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||77|
|9||Gilbert Desmet (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||76|
|10||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier||73|
The mountains classification was won by Féderico Bahamontes.
|1||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Margnat||137|
|2||Imerio Massignan (ITA)||Legnano||77|
|3||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier||70|
|4||Charly Gaul (LUX)||G.S. Gazzola||58|
|5||Jozef Planckaert (BEL)||Flandria-Faema||37|
|6||Eddy Pauwels (BEL)||Wiels||35|
|7||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||VC XIII||33|
|8||Juan Campillo (ESP)||Margnat||32|
|9||Jacques Anquetil (FRA)||ACCB-Saint Raphaël||31|
|10||Emile Daems (BEL)||G.S Philco||18|
The team classification was won by Saint Raphaël.
The other teams received no points.
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