1963 Tour de France

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1963 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 23 June – 14 July 1963
Stages 21 (23 including split stages)
Distance 4,137 km (2,571 mi)
Winning time 113h 30' 05" (37.092 km/h or 23.048 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Jacques Anquetil (France) (Saint Raphael-Geminiani-Dunlop)
Second  Federico Bahamontes (Spain) (Margnat-Paloma-Motul-Dunlop)
Third  José Perez-Frances (Luxembourg) (Ferrys)

Points  Rik Van Looy (Belgium) (GBC-Libertas)
Mountains  Federico Bahamontes (Spain) (Margnat-Paloma-Motul-Dunlop)
Team Saint Raphael-Geminiani-Dunlop
1962
1964

The 1963 Tour de France was the 50th Tour de France, taking place 23 June to 14 July 1963. The total race distance was 21 stages over 4,137 km (2,571 mi), with riders averaging 37.092 km/h (23.048 mph).[1] Stages 2 and 6 were both two part stages, the first half being a regular stage and the second half being a team or individual time trial.

The Tour organisers were trying to break the dominance of Anquetil, who had won already three Tours, by reducing the time trials length to only 79 km (49 mi), so that the climbing capabilities would be more important.[2]

Nonetheless, the race was won by Anquetil, who was able to stay close to his main rival Federico Bahamontes in the mountains, one time even by faking a mechanical problem in order to get a bicycle that was more suited for the terrain. Bahamontes finished as the second-placed cyclist, but won the mountains classification. The points classification was won by Rik Van Looy.

Changes from the 1962 Tour de France[edit]

The Tour organisers were trying to break the dominance of Anquetil, who had won already three Tours, by reducing the time trials length to only 79 km (49 mi), so that the climbing capabilities would be more important.[2]

Participants[edit]

The 1963 Tour started with 130 cyclists, divided into 13 teams:[2]

The IBAC-Molteni team was a combination of five cyclists from IBAC and five from Molteni, each wearing their own sponsor's jerseys.[2] The main favourite before the race was Jacques Anquetil, at that moment already a three-time winner of the Tour, including the previous two editions. Anquetil had shown good form before the Tour, as he won Paris–Nice, the Dauphiné Libéré, the Critérium National and the 1961 Vuelta a España. Anquetil was not sure if he would ride the Tour until a few days before the start; he had been infected by a tapeworm, and was advised not to start.[3] Anquetil had chosen to ride races with tough climbs, to prepare for the 1963 Tour de France.[4] The major competitor was thought to be Raymond Poulidor, who had shown his capabilities in the 1962 Tour de France.[3]

Race details[edit]

In the first stage, four men escaped. One of them was Federico Bahamontes, the winner of the 1959 Tour de France. Bahamontes was known as a climber, so it was unexpected that he gained time on a flat stage.[3] The third stage saw another successful breakaway. Seamus Elliot won the stage, and became the new leader in the race; it was the first time that an Irish cyclist lead the Tour de France. The time trial in stage 6b was won by Anquetil, with Poulidor in second place. Gilbert Desmet became the new leader. The situation did not change much in the next stages until the stages in the Pyrenees, starting with the tenth stage. Bahamontes lead the first group, but Anquetil was able to stay in that first group, which was a surprise. Anquetil stayed in that first group until the finish, where he outsprinted the rest to win his first mountain stage.[3] In the other two stages in the Pyrenees, Anquetil was able to stay in the first group, lost little time on his competitors, and kept getting closer to Desmet, who was still leading the general classification. The fifteenth stage was the first in the Alps. Bahamontes won this stage, and in the general classification jumped to second place, three seconds ahead of Anquetil. In the sixteenth stage, Fernando Manzaneque won, eight minutes ahead of Bahamontes and Anquetil who stayed together. Because Desmet was further behind, Bahamontes became the new leader of the race, with a margin of three seconds on Anquetil. The race was decided in the seventeenth stage. The rules in 1963 did not allow cyclists to change bicycles, unless there was a mechanical problem. Anquetil's team director, Raphaël Géminiani, thought that Anquetil could use a different bicycle on the ascent of the Col de la Forclaz, so he advised Anquetil to fake a mechanical problem on the start of that climb; Géminiani cut through a gear cable, and claimed that it snapped.[5] Anquetil could thus use a light bicycle with lower gears, especially suited for a climb, which gave him an advantage on his competitors. Bahamontes reached the top of the Forclaz first, and only Anquetil had been able to follow him.[6] After the top, Anquetil got his regular bicycle back, and rode to the finish together with Bahamontes. Anquetil won the sprint, and the bonus time made him the new leader.[3][7] As expected, Anquetil won some more time in the time trial in stage 19, and became the winner of the 1963 Tour.

Stages[edit]

The 1963 Tour de France started on 23 June in Paris, and had one restday, in Aurillac.[8]

Stage results[2][9]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
1 23 June Paris – Épernay Plain stage 152 km (94 mi)  Eddy Pauwels (BEL)
2A 24 June Reims – Jambes Plain stage 186 km (116 mi)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)
2B Jambes – Jambes Team time trial 22 km (14 mi) Pelforth-Sauvage
3 25 June Jambes – Roubaix Plain stage 223 km (139 mi)  Seamus Elliott (IRL)
4 26 June Roubaix – Rouen Plain stage 236 km (147 mi)  Frans Melckenbeeck (BEL)
5 27 June Rouen – Rennes Plain stage 285 km (177 mi)  Antonio Bailetti (ITA)
6A 28 June Rennes – Angers Plain stage 118 km (73 mi)  Roger de Breuker (BEL)
6B Angers – Angers Individual time trial 25 km (16 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
7 29 June Angers – Limoges Plain stage 236 km (147 mi)  Jan Janssen (NED)
8 30 June Limoges – Bordeaux Plain stage 232 km (144 mi)  Rik van Looy (BEL)
9 1 July Bordeaux – Pau Plain stage 202 km (126 mi)  Pino Cerami (BEL)
10 2 July Pau – Bagnères-de-Bigorre Stage with mountain(s) 148 km (92 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
11 3 July Bagnères-de-Bigorre – Luchon Stage with mountain(s) 131 km (81 mi)  Guy Ignolin (FRA)
12 4 July Luchon – Toulouse Stage with mountain(s) 173 km (107 mi)  André Darrigade (FRA)
13 5 July Toulouse – Aurillac Plain stage 234 km (145 mi)  Rik van Looy (BEL)
14 7 July Aurillac – Saint-Étienne Plain stage 237 km (147 mi)  Guy Ignolin (FRA)
15 8 July Saint-Étienne – Grenoble Stage with mountain(s) 174 km (108 mi)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
16 9 July Grenoble – Val d'Isère Stage with mountain(s) 202 km (126 mi)  Fernando Manzaneque (ESP)
17 10 July Val d'Isère – Chamonix Stage with mountain(s) 228 km (142 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18 11 July Chamonix – Lons-le-Saunier Stage with mountain(s) 225 km (140 mi)  Frans Brands (BEL)
19 12 July Arbois – Besançon Individual time trial 54 km (34 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
20 13 July Besançon – Troyes Plain stage 234 km (145 mi)  Roger de Breuker (BEL)
21 14 July Troyes – Paris Plain stage 185 km (115 mi)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification Team classification
1  Eddy Pauwels (BEL)  Eddy Pauwels (BEL) no award Libertas
2a  Rik Van Looy (BEL) Pelforth
2b
3  Seamus Elliot (IRE)
4
5
6a
6b  Gilbert Desmet (BEL) Saint Raphaël
7
8
9
10  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
11
12
13
14
15
16  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
17  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18
19
20
21
Final  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Saint Raphaël

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1963 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[10]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[10]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.[10]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[11]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphaël 113h 30' 05"
2  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat +3' 35"
3  José Perez-Frances (ESP) Ferrys +10' 14"
4  Jean-Claude Lebaube (FRA) Saint Raphaël +11' 55"
5  Armand Desmet (BEL) Faema-Flandria +15' 00"
6  Angelino Soler (ESP) Faema-Flandria +15' 04"
7  Renzo Fontona (ITA) I.B.A.C.-Molteni +15' 27"
8  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier +16' 46"
9  Hans Junkermann (FRG) Wiel's +18' 53"
10  Rik Van Looy (BEL) GBC-Libertas +19' 24"

Points classification[edit]

The points classification was won by Rik Van Looy.

Final points classification (1–5)[12]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Rik Van Looy (BEL) G.B.C. Libertas 275
2  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphaël 138
3  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat 112
4  Benoni Beheyt (BEL) Wiel's 111
5  José Perez-Frances (ESP) Ferrys 81

Mountains classification[edit]

The mountains classification was won by Féderico Bahamontes.

Final mountains classification (1–5)[12]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat 147
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier 70
3  Guy Ignolin (FRA) Saint Raphaël 68
4  Claude Mattio (FRA) Margnat 51
5  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphaël 47

Team classification[edit]

The team classification was won by Saint Raphaël.

Final team classification[13]
Rank Team Time
1 Saint Raphaël 340h 35' 25"
2 Pelforth +36' 49"
3 Faema +43' 13"
4 Wiels-Groene Leeuw +59' 03"
4 Ferrys +59' 03"
6 Margnat +1h 04' 21"
7 Mercier +1h 24' 34"
8 Peugeot +1h 42' 13"
9 KAS +1h 56' 08"
10 G.B.C. Libertas +2h 05' 26"
11 Solo-Terrot +4h 18' 36"

Carpano and the combined team IBAC-Molteni did not finish with three or more cyclists, so they were not included in the team classification.

Other classifications[edit]

The combativity award was given to Rik Van Looy.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

Anquetil, who had been criticized that he just a time trial specialist, showed that he was also capable of mountain stages, and everybody agreed that Anquetil was the best cyclist overall.[7] Anquetil was the first cyclist to win a fourth Tour de France. In the next year, he set the record sharper by winning his fifth Tour. The French public had expected much from Raymond Poulidor, but Poulidor only made the eighth place. Normally, Poulidor was more popular than Anquetil even when Anquetil won, but this time Poulidor received "contemptuous whistles" at the finish in the Parc des Princes,[3] while Anquetil received a standing ovation.[4]

After Anquetil and Géminiani had shown that the rule that bicycle changes were not allowed was easily circumvented by faking a mechanical problem, this rule was removed for the next year.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "50ème Tour de France 1963" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour de France Volume 1: 1903-1964. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 260–267. ISBN 1-59858-180-5. 
  4. ^ a b c Boyce, Barry (2004). "Anquetil's 4th victory makes TdF history". CyclingRevealed. 
  5. ^ "Grand Tour Doubles - Jacques Anquetil". Cycle Sport. IPC Media. 
  6. ^ Crepel, Michel (3 November 2010). "Tour de France 1963: Jacques Anquetil au sommet de son art" (in French). Vélo 101. 
  7. ^ a b Amaury Sport Organisation. "The Tour - Year 1963". letour.fr. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  8. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  11. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0-679-72936-4. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "1963: 50e editie". wielercentrum.com. 30 December 2003. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "Clasificaciones" (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 15 July 1963. Retrieved 18 May 2010.