1963 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1953 . 1954 . 1955 . 1956 . 1957 . 1958 . 1959 ...
1960 1961 1962 -1963- 1964 1965 1966
... 1967 . 1968 . 1969 . 1970 . 1971 . 1972 . 1973 ...
In poetry: 1960 1961 1962 -1963- 1964 1965 1966
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The year 1963 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January 2 - Traverse Theatre opens in Edinburgh.
- February 11 - American-born poet Sylvia Plath (age 30) commits suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning in her London flat during the cold winter of 1962–63 in the United Kingdom about a month after publication of her only novel, the semi-autobiographical The Bell Jar.
- March 19 - Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop premières the ensemble musical play Oh, What a Lovely War! at the Theatre Royal Stratford East in London.
- May 17 - First Galician Literature Day.
- July 16 - A day after being admitted to the Acland Hospital in Oxford, C. S. Lewis suffers a heart attack; although later discharged, he dies four months later, at home in Oxford.
- August 20 - The Royal Shakespeare Company introduces its performance cycle of Shakespeare's history plays under the title The War of the Roses, adapted and directed by John Barton and Peter Hall, at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon, England.
- October 21 - Release of the first film from Merchant Ivory Productions, The Householder with screenplay adapted by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala from her own novel.
- October 22 - The National Theatre Company in the United Kingdom, newly formed under artistic director Laurence Olivier, gives its first performance, with Peter O'Toole as Hamlet, in London.
- November 17 - Fictional hero 8 Man, created by science fiction writer Kazumasa Hirai and manga artist Jiro Kuwata, appears in print for the first time.
- Novy Mir publishes three further short stories by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn critical of the Soviet regime, including "Matryona's Home"; they will be the last of his works to be published in the Soviet Union until 1990.
- First United States printing of John Cleland's 1749 novel, Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). The book is banned for obscenity, triggering a court case by its publisher.
- Leslie Charteris publishes his final collection of stories featuring Simon Templar, also known as "The Saint", The Saint in the Sun (he first wrote about the character in 1928). After this, all future Saint books will be ghost-written by other authors, though Charteris will continue in an editorial capacity until the series ends in 1983.
- J. G. Ballard
- Simone de Beauvoir - Force of Circumstance (La Force des choses)
- Thomas Bernhard - Frost
- Pierre Boulle - Planet of the Apes (La Planète des Singes)
- Pearl S. Buck - The Living Reed
- Anthony Burgess - Inside Mr. Enderby
- Dino Buzzati - A Love Affair
- Taylor Caldwell - Grandmother and the Priests
- Morley Callaghan - That Summer in Paris
- John Dickson Carr - The Men Who Explained Miracles
- Agatha Christie - The Clocks
- Julio Cortázar - Hopscotch (Rayuela)
- Oskar Davičo
- Ćutnje ("Silences")
- Gladi ("Hungers")
- L. Sprague de Camp - A Gun for Dinosaur and Other Imaginative Tales
- L. Sprague de Camp, editor - Swords and Sorcery
- Len Deighton - Horse Under Water
- August Derleth - Mr. George and Other Odd Persons (writing as Stephen Grendon)
- J.P. Donleavy - A Singular Man
- Daphne du Maurier - The Glass-Blowers
- Nell Dunn - Up the Junction
- John Fowles - The Collector
- Ian Fleming
- Jane Gaskell – The Serpent
- Günter Grass - Dog Years - (Hundejahre)
- John Hawkes - Second Skin
- Georgette Heyer - False Colours
- Ismail Kadare - The General of the Dead Army (Gjenerali i Ushtrisë së vdekur)
- Damon Knight - First Flight: Maiden Voyages in Space and Time
- John le Carré - The Spy who Came in from the Cold
- J. M. G. Le Clézio - Le Procès-Verbal ("The Interrogation")
- Primo Levi - La tregua (The Truce/Reawakening)
- Mary McCarthy - The Group
- John McGahern - The Barracks
- Richard McKenna - The Sand Pebbles
- Alistair MacLean - Ice Station Zebra
- Ruth Manning-Sanders - A Book of Giants
- James A. Michener - Caravans
- Spike Milligan - Puckoon
- Emily Cheney Neville - It's Like This, Cat
- John O'Hara - Elizabeth Appleton
- Živojin Pavlović - Krivudava reka ("Curved River", short stories)
- Sylvia Plath (as "Victoria Lucas") - The Bell Jar
- Laurens van der Post - The Seed and the Sower
- Thomas Pynchon - V.
- John Rechy - City of Night
- Charles M. Schulz - Happiness Is a Warm Puppy
- Susan Sontag - Benefactor
- Muriel Spark - The Girls of Slender Means
- Richard Stark (Donald E. Westlake) - The Man With the Getaway Face
- Rex Stout - The Mother Hunt
- Boris and Arkady Strugatsky - Dalyokaya Raduga
- Rosemary Sutcliff - Sword at Sunset
- Walter Tevis - The Man Who Fell to Earth
- Jim Thompson - The Grifters
- Rosemary Tonks - Opium Fogs
- Mario Vargas Llosa - The Time of the Hero (first published in Spanish as La ciudad y los perros)
- Jack Vance - The Dragon Masters
- Tarjei Vesaas - Is-slottet (The Ice Palace)
- Kurt Vonnegut - Cat's Cradle
- Keith Waterhouse - Billy Liar
- Charles Webb - The Graduate
- David Weiss - Naked Came I
- Manly Wade Wellman - Who Fears the Devil?
- Morris West - The Shoes of the Fisherman
- Christa Wolf - Divided Heaven (Der geteilte Himmel)
- Alan Ayckbourn - Mr. Whatnot
- John Barton and Peter Hall's adaptation of Shakespeare's history play cycle The War of the Roses
- Samuel Beckett - Play (premiered in German as Spiel)
- Václav Havel - The Garden Party
- John Mortimer - A Voyage Round My Father (original radio version)
- Bill Naughton
- Barry Reckord - Skyvers
- Theatre Workshop - Oh, What a Lovely War!
- Thomas B. Costain - William the Conqueror.
- L. Sprague de Camp - The Ancient Engineers.
- James Baldwin - The Fire Next Time.
- Richard P. Feynman - Six Easy Pieces.
- Shelby Foote - The Civil War: A Narrative – Vol 2: Fredicksburg to Meridian.
- Betty Friedan - The Feminine Mystique
- Martin Luther King Jr. - Letter from Birmingham Jail.
- H. P. Lovecraft - Autobiography: Some Notes on a Nonentity.
- William H. McNeill - The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community.
- E. P. Thompson - The Making of the English Working Class.
Main article: 1963 in poetry
- T. S. Eliot - Collected Poems 1909-1962 - Comprehensive volume of Eliot's poetry, selected by the author, published on his 75th birthday, September 26, 1963.
- Lionel Kearns - Songs of Circumstance
- H. P. Lovecraft - Collected Poems
- January 11 – Jan Arnald (Arne Dahl), Swedish novelist and critic
- January 30 – Thomas Brezina, Austrian author
- March 26 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
- April 27 – Russell T. Davies, Welsh television writer
- May 24 – Michael Chabon, American author
- June 25 – Yann Martel, Canadian author
- September 4 – Louise Doughty, English novelist and radio dramatist
- September 6 – Alice Sebold, American novelist
- December 23 – Donna Tartt, American novelist
- Unknown dates
- January 8 – Kay Sage, American poet (suicide, born 1898)
- January 14 – Gustav Regler, German Socialist novelist (born 1898)
- January 29 – Robert Frost, American poet (born 1874)
- February 4 – Brinsley MacNamara (John Weldon), Irish novelist and playwright (born 1890)
- February 11 – Sylvia Plath, American-born poet and novelist (suicide, born 1932)
- February 24 – Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (born 1889)
- March 4 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (born 1883)
- March 29 – Pola Gojawiczyńska, Polish writer (born 1896)
- May 12 – A. W. Tozer, American religious writer and pastor (born 1897)
- May 28 – Ion Agârbiceanu, Romanian writer and pastor (born 1882)
- June 3 – Nâzım Hikmet Ran, Turkish poet, playwright and novelist (heart attack, born 1892)
- June 17 – John Cowper Powys, English novelist (born 1872)
- August 1 – Theodore Roethke, American poet (heart attack, born 1908)
- August 18 – Clifford Odets, American dramatist (cancer, born 1906)
- August 27 – W. E. B. Du Bois, American writer, scholar and activist (born 1868)
- September 3 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (pneumonia, born 1907)
- October 11 – Jean Cocteau, French poet, novelist and short story writer (born 1889)
- October – Jolán Földes, Hungarian novelist and playwright (born 1902)
- November 22
- December 25 – Tristan Tzara (Samuel Rosenstock), Romanian-born French poet and essayist (born 1896)
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry: William Carlos Williams
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Hester Burton, Time of Trial
- Eric Gregory Award: Ian Hamilton, Stewart Conn, Peter Griffith, David Wevill
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Gerda Charles, A Slanting Light
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Georgina Battiscombe, John Keble: A Study in Limitations
- Miles Franklin Award: Sumner Locke Elliott, Careful, He Might Hear You
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Madeleine L'Engle, A Wrinkle in Time
- Nobel Prize for literature - Giorgos Seferis
- Premio Nadal: Manuel Mejía Vallejo, El día señalado
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: William Faulkner - The Reivers
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: William Carlos Williams: Pictures from Brueghel and Other Poems
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: William Plomer
- Wilson, A. N. (2002) . C. S. Lewis: A Biography. W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-32340-4.
- "National Theatre : About the NT". Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 420–421. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Top 10 Racy Novels". Time. 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2013-04-18.