1964 Winter Olympics

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IX Olympic Winter Games
1964 Winter Olympics logo.png
The emblem represents the coat of arms of Innsbruck, which shows the bridge on the Inn River that connects the old town and the Hötting district.
Host city Innsbruck, Austria
Nations participating 36
Athletes participating 1091
(892 men, 199 women)
Events 34 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening ceremony January 29
Closing ceremony February 9
Officially opened by President Adolf Schärf
Athlete's Oath Paul Aste
Olympic Torch Joseph Rieder
Stadium Bergisel

The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games (French: Les IXes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964. The Games included 1091 athletes from 36 nations, and the Olympic Torch was carried by Joseph Rieder,[1] a former alpine skier who had participated in the 1956 Winter Olympics.

The Games were affected by the deaths of Australian alpine skier Ross Milne and British luge slider Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypeski, during training, and by the deaths, three years earlier, of the entire US figure skating team and family members.

Host city selection[edit]

Innsbruck had to compete with Calgary, Canada, and Lahti, Finland for the right to host the 1964 Winter Olympics. Here is the resulting vote count that occurred at the 55th IOC Session in Munich, West Germany, on May 26, 1959.[2]

1964 Winter Olympics bidding result[3]
City Country Round 1
Innsbruck  Austria 48
Calgary  Canada 12
Lahti  Finland 1

Games highlights[edit]

  • The games was opened by a concert performed by Vienna Philharmonic, under the baton of Karl Böhm. Beethoven's 7th Symphony and Mozart's 40th Symphony were performed in the opening concert.
  • Normally snowy Innsbruck was threatened by a lack of snow. The Austrian army carved out 20,000 ice bricks from a mountain top and transported them to the bobsled and luge runs. They also carried 40,000 cubic meters of snow to the Alpine skiing courses. The army packed down the slopes by hand and foot.[4]
  • Lidia Skoblikova won all of the women's speed skating events, an achievement not matched by a man until Eric Heiden at the 1980 Lake Placid Games.
  • Italian bobsleigh pilot Eugenio Monti distinguished himself by helping Britain's Tony Nash and Robin Dixon to win the gold medals when he loaned them an axle bolt to replace one that was broken. The Italians took bronze, but Monti was honored as the first recipient of the Pierre de Coubertin medal for sportsmanship.
  • Egon Zimmermann of Austria took the gold medal in the men's downhill alpine skiing event.
  • In the 4 man bobsled, the Canadian team won the gold medal with a total winning time of 4:14.46.
  • Norway's Knut Johannesen won the men's 5,000m speed skating event in an Olympic record time of 7:38.40.
  • Klavdiya Boyarskikh of the USSR earned three gold medals in cross-country skiing and, on the men’s side, Finnish Eero Mäntyranta won two and earned the nickname "Mr. Seefeld" after the venue because of his domination.
  • In alpine skiing, French sisters Christine and Marielle Goitschel finished first and second in both the slalom and the giant slalom.
  • Ski jumping gained a second event, and the sport of luge made its Olympic debut.
  • Politically, the Games were notable because East and West Germany entered a combined team.
  • The USSR won the most medals and the most gold medals at the Games.
  • For the first time the Closing Ceremonies were held at a different place than the Opening Ceremonies.

Medal winners[edit]

Medals were awarded in 34 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Demonstration sport[edit]

Venues[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

36 nations sent athletes to compete in Innsbruck. India, Mongolia, and North Korea participated in the Winter Games for the first time. Athletes from West Germany (FRG) and East Germany (GDR) competed together as the United Team of Germany from 1956 to 1964.

Medal count[edit]

These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:

Awards of the Soviet athletes at the IX Winter Olympics (Innsbruck, Austria). Post of USSR, 1964.
 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 11 8 6 25
2 Austria 4 5 3 12
3 Norway 3 6 6 15
4 Finland 3 4 3 10
5 France 3 4 0 7
6 Germany 3 3 3 9
7 Sweden 3 3 1 7
8 United States 1 2 3 6
9 Netherlands 1 1 0 2
10 Canada 1 0 2 3

Prior tragedies[edit]

Two tragedies prior to the 1964 Winter Olympics affected the outcome and mood of the Games:

  • Australian alpine skier Ross Milne and British luge slider Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypeski died during training shortly before the Games started. The organising committee said that Ross crashed into a tree during a training run. The IOC suggested that inexperience may have played a role in Ross's death, whereas Australian manager John Wagner suggested that overcrowding played a role, saying that he tried to slow down "on a spot which was not prepared for stopping or swinging" to avoid a crowd of contestants. His brother Malcolm Milne competed at the 1968 and 1972 Winter Olympics.
  • On February 15, 1961, the entire US Figure Skating team and several family members, coaches, and officials were killed when Sabena Flight 548 crashed in Brussels, Belgium en route to the World Championships in Prague. This tragedy sent the US skating program into a period of rebuilding. The loss of the U.S. team was considered so catastrophic for the sport that the 1961 World Championships were cancelled, and impacted later Winter Olympics.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Olympic Winter Games Innsbruck 1964" (history), kiat.net, webpage: KIAT-Innsbruck.
  2. ^ the International Olympic Committee Vote History
  3. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  4. ^ www.Olympic.org

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Squaw Valley
Winter Olympics
Innsbruck

IX Olympic Winter Games (1964)
Succeeded by
Grenoble