1964 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1964.

Mollusca[edit]

Newly named bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Similodonta.[2]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Soot-Reyn

Middle Ordovician to Middle Silurian

Europe and North America

New genus and species with five other species moved from other genera

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Chilantaisaurus[4] Valid taxon
  • Hu S.

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Ulansuhai Formation

 China

A member of Neovenatoridae.

Eustreptospondylus[5] Valid taxon

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Oxford Clay

 England

A megalosaurid.

Fabrosaurus[6] Nomen dubium.

Early Jurassic (Sinemurian-Pliensbachian)

Upper Elliot Formation

 Lesotho

A dubious ornithischian.

Metriacanthosaurus[5] Valid taxon

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Oxford Clay

 England

A member of Metriacanthosauridae.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agriocharis progenes [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Blancan, Rexraod Formation,

San Pedro Valley Formation

 USA:

 Kansas

A Meleagridae.

Anabernicula oregonensis [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Middle Pleistocene

Fossil Lake

 USA:

 Oregon

An Anatidae.

Asio priscus [9]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Pleistocene

Santa Rosa Island Formation

 USA:

 South Carolina

A Strigidae.

Nettion greeni [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Early Pliocene

Ash Hollow Formation

 USA:

 South Dakota

An Anatidae, transferred to the Genus Anas.

Tympanonesiotes wetmorei [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

James A. Hopson

Early Miocene

Hawthorne Formation

 USA:

 South Carolina

A Pseudodontornithidae type species T. wetmorei,
Gerald Mayr, 2009 transferred this species tentatively to the genus Pelagornis Lartet, 1857, but did not give any taxonomic reason for his action.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Strongylokrotaphus

junior synonym

Novozhilov

junior synonym of Pliosaurus

Valid

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Dsungaripterus

Valid

Young

Germanodactylus

Valid

Yang

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Cope, J.C.W. (1999). "Middle Ordovician bivalves from Mid-Wales and the Welsh Borderland". Palaeontology 42 (3): 467–499. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00081. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Hu S. 1964. Carnosaurian remains from Alashan, Inner Mongolia. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 8: pp. 42-63.
  5. ^ a b Walker, A.D. 1964. Triassic Reptiles from the Elgin area: Ornithosuchus and the origin of Carnosaurs. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B 248: pp. 53- 135.
  6. ^ Ginsburg, L. 1964. Decouverte d'un Scelidosaurian (Dinosaure ornithischien) dans le Trias superieur du Basutoland. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l’Academie des Sciences Paris, tomo 258: pp. 2366-2368.
  7. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1964). "Notes of Fossil Turkeys". Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 27 (3): 223–229. 
  8. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1964). "A New Species of “Pygmee Goose,” Anabernicula, from the Oregon Pleistocene, with a Discussion of the Genus". American Museum Novitates 2200: 1–14. 
  9. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1964). "A Fossil Owl from Santa Rosa Island". Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 163: 27–31. 
  10. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1964). "A Pliocene Teal from South Dakota". Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 27 (1): 55–58. 
  11. ^ Hopson, JA (1964). "Pseudodontornis and Other Large Marine Birds from the Miocene of South Carolina". Postilla, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University 83: 1–19.