1965 in spaceflight

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For launches in the first quarter of the year, see 1965 in spaceflight (January–March), for launches in the second quarter, see 1965 in spaceflight (April–June), for the third quarter see 1965 in spaceflight (July–September) and for the fourth quarter see 1965 in spaceflight (October–December).
1965 in spaceflight
Delta D Intelsat1.jpg
Launch of a Delta D rocket carrying the first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Intelsat I F1
Orbital launches
First 11 January
Last 28 December
Total 124
Successes 108
Failures 15
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 112
National firsts
Satellite  France
Orbital launch  France
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D
Delta E
Diamant-A
Kosmos-2M
Scout A
Scout B
Soyuz/Vostok 11A510
Thor LV-2D Burner-1
Thor LV-2D MG-18
Titan IIIC
UR-500 (Proton)
Retirements Atlas LV-3A Agena-B
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-C
Delta D
Kosmos-1
Molniya 8K78
Molniya-L 8K78L
Saturn I
Scout X-4
Thor DSV-2A Ablestar
Thor LV-2D MG-18
Thor SLV-2 Agena-B
Titan IIIA
Manned flights
Orbital 6
Total travellers 13


Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
20 February Ranger 8 Lunar impact Impacted Mare Tranquillitatis at 09:57:37, returned 7,137 images
24 March Ranger 9 Lunar impact Impacted Alphonsus Crater at 14:08:20, returned 5,814 images
12 May Luna 5 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 19:10
11 June Luna 6 Lunar flyby Failed lander, closest approach: 160,000 kilometres (99,000 mi)
15 July Mariner 4 Flyby of Mars Returned 21 images
20 July Zond 3 Lunar flyby Returned 25 images
6 August Zond 4 Flyby of Mars Communications system failed before flyby
7 October Luna 7 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 22:08
6 December Luna 8 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 21:51:30

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
18 March
08:34
12 minutes 08:47 Voskhod 2 Soviet UnionAlexey Leonov First EVA in history.[1] Leonov had difficulty fitting back into the spacecraft due to spacesuit stiffness in vacuum. He vented air from his spacesuit to bend back into the capsule.[2]
3 June
19:46
20 minutes 20:06 Gemini IV United StatesEdward White First US EVA.[3] White also had difficulty returning to the Gemini spacecraft. Although very fit, the effort left White exhausted.[4]

Orbital launch summary[edit]

By country[edit]

1965 Launches.svg
  France
  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1965
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 France 1 1 0 0 First orbital launch
 Soviet Union 53 46 7 0
 United States 70 61 8 1


By rocket[edit]

Rocket Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Atlas D  United States 3 1 2 0 Suborbital component of one failed launch was successful
Atlas LV-3A Agena-B  United States 2 2 0 0 Retired
Atlas LV-3A Agena-D  United States 1 1 0 0
Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D  United States 11 9 2 0
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-C  United States 1 0 1 0 Retired
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Delta C  United States 5 4 1 0
Delta D  United States 1 1 0 0 Retired
Delta E  United States 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Diamant A  France 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Kosmos-1 63S3  Soviet Union 6 6 0 0 Retired
Kosmos-2I 63S1  Soviet Union 7 4 3 0
Kosmos-2M 63S1M  Soviet Union 3 3 0 0 Maiden flight
Molniya 8K78  Soviet Union 6 5 1 0 Retired
Molniya-L 8K78L  Soviet Union 1 0 1 0 Retired
Molniya-M 8K78M  Soviet Union 5 4 1 0
Saturn I  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Scout A  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Scout B  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Scout X-4  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Soyuz/Vostok 11A510  Soviet Union 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Thor DSV-2A Ablestar  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Thor LV-2D Burner-1  United States 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Thor LV-2D MG-18  United States 2 2 0 0 Only flights
Thor SLV-2 Agena-B  United States 1 1 0 1 Retired
Thor SLV-2 Agena-D  United States 2 1 1 0
Thrust Augmented Thor SLV-2A Agena-D  United States 15 15 0 0
Titan II GLV  United States 5 5 0 0 Also made one suborbital launch
Titan IIIA  United States 2 2 0 0 Retired
Titan IIIC  United States 3 1 1 1 Maiden flight
Voskhod 11A57  Soviet Union 12 12 0 0
Vostok-2 8A92  Soviet Union 8 7 1 0
Vostok-2M 8A92M  Soviet Union 2 2 0 0
UR-500 (Proton) 8K72  Soviet Union 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight

By orbit[edit]

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not Achieved Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Low Earth 96 85 9 2
Medium Earth 7 6 1 0
High Earth 13 11 2 0 Including Highly elliptical and Molniya orbits
Geosynchronous/transfer 3 1 2 1* * - One launch to geosynchronous orbit reached geosynchronous transfer orbit
Heliocentric 5 4 1 0

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Anikeev (2008). "Spacecraft "Voskhod-2" web page". Manned Astronautics: Figures and Facts website. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  2. ^ Mark Wade (2008). "Leonov web page". Encyclopedia Astronautica web site. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  3. ^ David R. Williams (2004). "The First U.S. Spacewalk - Gemini 4". Lunar and Planetary Science. NASA. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  4. ^ Cernan, Eugene; Don Davis (1999). The Last Man on the Moon. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-312-19906-6.