|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1930s 1940s 1950s – 1960s – 1970s 1980s 1990s|
|Years:||1963 1964 1965 – 1966 – 1967 1968 1969|
|1966 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2719|
|British Regnal year||14 Eliz. 2 – 15 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4662 or 4602
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
4663 or 4603
|- Vikram Samvat||2022–2023|
|- Shaka Samvat||1888–1889|
|- Kali Yuga||5067–5068|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 41
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 55
|Thai solar calendar||2509|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1966.|
1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter B), the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade..
- January 1 – In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa takes over as military ruler of the Central African Republic, ousting President David Dacko.
- January 2 – A strike of public transportation workers in New York City begins (it will end January 13).
- January 3 – The first Acid Test is conducted at the Fillmore, San Jose.
- January 4
- January 10
- January 11
- January 12 – United States President Lyndon Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended.
- January 13 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member, by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
- January 15 – A bloody military coup is staged in Nigeria, deposing the civilian government.
- January 17
- The Nigerian coup is overturned by another faction of the military, leaving a military government in power. This is the beginning of a long period of military rule.
- A B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, dropping three 70-kiloton hydrogen bombs near the town of Palomares, and one into the sea, in the 1966 Palomares B-52 crash.
- Carl Brashear, the first African American United States Navy diver, is involved in an accident during the recovery of a lost H-bomb which results in the amputation of his leg.
- January 18
- January 19 – Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India; she is sworn in January 24.
- January 20 – Demonstrations occur against high food prices in Hungary.
- January 21 – Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro resigns due to a power struggle in his party.
- January 22
- January 24 – Air India Flight 101 crashes into Mont Blanc, killing all 117 persons on board, including Dr. Homi J. Bhabha, chairman of the Indian Atomic Energy Commission.
- January 26
- January 27
- The British government promises the U.S. that British troops in Malaysia will stay until more peaceful conditions occur in the region.
- Britain's Labour Party unexpectedly retains the parliamentary seat of Hull North in a by-election, with a swing of 4.5% to their candidate from the opposition Conservatives, and a majority up from 1,181 at the 1964 General Election to 5,351.
- January 29 – The first of 608 performances of Sweet Charity opens at the Palace Theatre in New York City.
- January 31 – The United Kingdom ceases all trade with Rhodesia.
- February 1 – West Germany procures some 2,600 political prisoners from East Germany.
- February 3 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
- February 4 – All Nippon Airways Flight 60 plunges into Tokyo Bay; 133 are killed.
- February 6 - The TV series Mister Ed airs its final episode (ran 1961-66).
- February 8 – The National Hockey League announces it will expand to 12 teams for the 1967 season.
- February 10 – Soviet writers Yuli Daniel and Andrei Sinyavsky are sentenced to 5 and 7 years, respectively, for 'anti-Soviet' writings.
- February 12 – Vietnam War: The Tây Vinh Massacre occurs.
- February 14 – The Australian dollar is introduced at a rate of 2 dollars per pound, or 10 shillings per dollar.
- February 19 – The naval minister of the United Kingdom, Christopher Mayhew, resigns.
- February 20 – While Soviet author and translator Valery Tarsis is abroad, the Soviet Union negates his citizenship.
- February 23 – An intra-party military coup in Syria replaces the previous government of Amin al-Hafiz by one led by Salah Jadid.
- February 24 – A military coup in Ghana raises sacked General Ankrah to power while president Kwame Nkrumah is abroad.
- February 26
- February 28
- March 1
- The British Government announces plans for the decimalisation of the pound sterling (hitherto denominated in 20 shillings and 240 pence to the £), to come into force in February 1971
- Soviet space probe Venera 3 crashes on Venus, becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.
- The Ba'ath Party takes power in Syria.
- The Frost Report, which launched the television careers of John Cleese, Ronnie Barker and Ronnie Corbett and also the careers of other writers and performers, is first broadcast on BBC.
- March 2 – Kwame Nkrumah arrives in Guinea and is granted asylum.
- March 4
- Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 402 crashes during a night landing in poor visibility at Tokyo International Airport in Japan, killing 64 of 72 persons on board.
- In an interview with London Evening Standard reporter Maureen Cleave, John Lennon of The Beatles states that they are "more popular than Jesus now".
- March 5
- BOAC Flight 911 crashes in severe clear-air turbulence over Mount Fuji soon after taking off from Tokyo International Airport in Japan, killing all 124 on board.
- A massive theft of nuclear materials is revealed in Brazil.
- Merci Chérie by Udo Jürgens (music by Udo Jürgens, lyrics by Udo Jürgens and Thomas Hörbiger) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1966 for Austria.
- March 7 – Charles de Gaulle asks U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson for negotiations about the state of NATO equipment in France.
- March 8
- Anti-communist demonstrations occur at the Indonesian Foreign Ministry.
- Vietnam War: The U.S. announces it will substantially increase the number of its troops in Vietnam.
- Nelson's Pillar in O'Connell Street, Dublin, is clandestinely blown up by former Irish Republican Army volunteers marking this year's 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising.
- March 9 – Ronnie, one of the Kray twins, shoots George Cornell (an associate of rivals The Richardson Gang) dead at The Blind Beggar pub in Whitechapel, east London, a crime for which he is finally convicted in 1969.
- March 10 – Crown Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands marries Claus von Amsberg. Some spectators demonstrate against the groom because he is German.
- March 11
- March 12 – Bobby Hull of the Chicago Blackhawks sets the National Hockey League single season scoring record against the New York Rangers with his 51st goal.
- March 16 – NASA spacecraft Gemini 8 (David Scott, Neil Armstrong) conducts the first docking in space, with an Agena target vehicle.
- Paul Van Doren established the Vans shoe company in California.
- March 17
- March 19 – The Texas Western Miners defeat the Kentucky Wildcats with five African-American starters, ushering in desegregation in athletic recruiting.
- March 20 – Football's Jules Rimet Trophy is stolen whilst on exhibition in London; it is found 7 days later by a mongrel dog named "Pickles" and his owner David Corbett, wrapped in newspaper in a south London garden.
- March 22 – In Washington, D.C., General Motors President James M. Roche appears before a Senate subcommittee, and apologizes to consumer advocate Ralph Nader for the company's intimidation and harassment campaign against him.
- March 23 – Pope Paul VI and Michael Ramsey, the Archbishop of Canterbury, meet in Rome.
- March 26 – Demonstrations are held across the United States against the Vietnam War.
- March 27 – In South Vietnam, 20,000 Buddhists march in demonstrations against the policies of the military government.
- March 28
- March 29 – The 23rd Communist Party Conference is held in the Soviet Union; Leonid Brezhnev demands that U.S. troops leave Vietnam, and announces that Chinese-Soviet relations are not satisfactory.
- March 31
- The British Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins the United Kingdom General Election, gaining a 96-seat majority (compared with a single seat majority when the election was called on 28 February).
- The Soviet Union launches Luna 10, which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
- April 2 – The Indonesian army demands that the country rejoin the United Nations.
- April 3 – Luna 10 is the first manmade object to enter lunar orbit.
- April 7 – The United Kingdom asks the United Nations Security Council for authority to use force to stop oil tankers that violate the embargo against Rhodesia (authority is given April 10).
- April 8
- April 9 – The captain of English football league club Norwich City F.C., Barry Butler, is killed in a car accident.
- April 13
- April 14 – The South Vietnamese government promises free elections in 3–5 months.
- April 15 – An anti-Nasser conspiracy is exposed in Egypt.
- April 18
- April 19 – Bobbi Gibb becomes the first woman to run the Boston Marathon.
- April 21
- An artificial heart is installed in the chest of Marcel DeRudder in a Houston, Texas hospital.
- The opening of the Parliament of the United Kingdom is televised for the first time.
- Haile Selassie visits Jamaica for the first time, meeting with Rasta leaders.
- Ian Brady and Myra Hindley go on trial at Chester Crown Court, for the murders of 3 children who vanished between November 1963 and October 1965.
- April 24 – Uniform daylight saving time is first observed in most parts of North America.
- April 26 – A new government is formed in the Republic of the Congo, led by Ambroise Noumazalaye.
- April 27 – Pope Paul VI and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko meet in the Vatican (the first meeting between leaders of the Roman Catholic Church and the Soviet Union).
- April 28 – In Rhodesia, security forces kill 7 ZANLA men in combat; Chimurenga, the ZANU rebellion, begins.
- April 29 – U.S. troops in Vietnam total 250,000.
- April 30
- May 1 – Floods occur on the Finnish coast.
- May 3 – Swinging Radio England and Britain Radio commence broadcasting on AM, with a combined potential 100,000 watts, from the same ship anchored off the south coast of England in international waters.
- May 4 – Fiat signs a contract with the Soviet government to build a car factory in the Soviet Union.
- May 5 – The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Detroit Red Wings to win the Stanley Cup.
- May 6 – The Moors murders trial ends with Ian Brady being found guilty on all 3 counts of murder and sentenced to 3 concurrent terms of life imprisonment. Myra Hindley is convicted on 2 counts of murder and of being an accessory in the third murder committed by Brady, and receives 2 concurrent terms of life imprisonment and a 7-year fixed term for being an accessory.
- May 12
- May 14 – Turkey and Greece intend to start negotiations about the situation in Cyprus.
- May 15
- May 16
- The Communist Party of China issues the 'May 16 Notice', marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
- A seamen's strike is called in Britain.
- The legendary album Pet Sounds by The Beach Boys is released.
- Bob Dylan's seminal album, Blonde on Blonde is released in the U.S.
- In New York City, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. makes his first public speech on the Vietnam War.
- May 19 – Gertrude Baniszewski is found guilty of murdering and torturing Sylvia Likens and is sentenced to life in prison (she is released on parole in December 1985).
- May 24
- May 25 – Explorer program: Explorer 32 is launched.
- May 26 – Guyana achieves independence.
- May 28
- May 31 – The Philippines reestablishes diplomatic relations with Malaysia.
- June 1 – The final new episode of The Dick Van Dyke Show airs (the first episode aired on October 3, 1961).
- June 2
- Éamon de Valera is re-elected as Irish president.
- Surveyor program: Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, becoming the first U.S. spacecraft to soft-land on another world.
- Four former cabinet ministers are executed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, for alleged involvement in a plot to kill Mobutu Sese Seko.
- June 3 – Joaquín Balaguer is elected president of the Dominican Republic.
- June 5 – Gemini 9: Gene Cernan completes the second U.S. spacewalk (2 hours, 7 minutes).
- June 6 – Civil rights activist James Meredith is shot while trying to march across Mississippi.
- June 8
- An XB-70 Valkyrie prototype is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross are both killed.
- Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita scale, the first to exceed US $100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed, and the campus of Washburn University suffers catastrophic damage.
- June 13 – Miranda v. Arizona: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
- June 14 – The Vatican abolishes the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (index of banned books).
- June 17 – An Air France personnel strike begins.
- June 18 – CIA chief William Raborn resigns; Richard Helms becomes his successor.
- June 20 – French President Charles de Gaulle starts his visit to the Soviet Union.
- June 21 – Opposition leader Arthur Calwell is shot after attending a political meeting in Mosman, Sydney, Australia.
- June 27
- June 28 – In Argentina, a junta deposes president Arturo Umberto Illia in a coup, and appoints General Juan Carlos Onganía to lead.
- June 29
- June 30
- July – Gangster Charlie Richardson is arrested by police and sentenced to 25 years in prison in the following year for his part in the Torture Gang assaults.
- July 1 – Joaquín Balaguer becomes president of the Dominican Republic.
- July 3
- July 4
- July 6 – Malawi becomes a republic.
- July 7 – A Warsaw Pact conference ends with a promise to support North Vietnam.
- July 8 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Ntare V, who is in turn deposed by prime minister Michel Micombero.
- July 11
- July 12
- July 14
- Israeli and Syrian jet fighters clash over the Jordan River.
- Richard Speck murders 8 student nurses in their Chicago dormitory. He is arrested on July 17.
- Gwynfor Evans, President of Plaid Cymru, becomes Member of the United Kingdom Parliament for Carmarthen, taking the previously Labour-held Welsh seat at a by-election with a majority of 2,435 on an 18% swing, and giving Plaid Cymru its first representation at Westminster in its forty-one year history.
- July 16 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson flies to Moscow to try to start peace negotiations about the Vietnam War (the Soviet government rejects his ideas).
- July 18
- Gemini 10 (John Young, Michael Collins) is launched. After docking with an Agena target vehicle, the astronauts then set a world altitude record of 474 miles (763 km).
- The Hough Riots break out in Cleveland, Ohio, the city's first race riot.
- Australian children's television series Play School airs for the first time, going on to become the longest-running children's show in Australia, and the second longest running children's show in the world.
- July 22 – The Chinese government declares Dutch delegate G. J. Jongejans persona non grata, but tells him not to leave the country before a group of Chinese engineers has left the Netherlands.
- July 23 – Katangese troops in Stanleyville, Congo, revolt for several weeks in support of the exiled minister Moise Tshombe.
- July 24 – U.N. Secretary General U Thant visits Moscow.
- July 26 – Lord Gardiner issues the Practice Statement in the House of Lords, stating that the House is not bound to follow its own previous precedent.
- July 28 – The U.S. announces that a Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance plane has disappeared over Cuba.
- July 29
- July 30 – England beats West Germany 4–2 to win the 1966 FIFA World Cup at Wembley after extra time.
- August 1
- August 2 – The Spanish government forbids overflights of British military aircraft.
- August 5
- Groundbreaking takes place for the World Trade Center.
- Martin Luther King Jr. leads a civil rights march in Chicago, during which he is struck by a rock thrown from an angry white mob.
- The Caesars Palace hotel and casino opens in Las Vegas.
- The Beatles' Revolver LP is released in the United Kingdom.
- August 6
- August 7 – Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.
- August 10
- An East German court sentences Günter Laudahn to life imprisonment for spying for the United States.
- Lunar Orbiter 1, the first U.S. spacecraft to orbit the moon, is launched.
- August 11 – The Beatles hold a press conference in Chicago, during which John Lennon apologizes for his "more popular than Jesus" remark, saying, "I didn't mean it as a lousy anti-religious thing."
- August 12 – Massacre of Braybrook Street: Harry Roberts, John Duddy and Jack Witney shoot dead 3 plainclothes policemen in London; they are later sentenced to life imprisonment.
- August 13
- August 15
- August 16 – Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee starts investigating Americans who have aided the Viet Cong, with the intent to make these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 are arrested.
- August 17 – Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Republic begin negotiations in Kuwait to end the war in Yemen.
- August 18 – Vietnam War – Battle of Long Tan: D Company, 6th Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment, meets and defeats a Viet Cong force estimated to be four times larger, in Phuoc Tuy Province, Republic of Vietnam.
- August 19 – An earthquake in eastern Turkey destroys whole cities.
- August 21 – Seven men are sentenced to death in Egypt, for anti-Nasser agitation.
- August 22
- August 24 – The Doors record their self-titled debut LP.
- August 26
- Riots occur in French Somaliland.
- The first battle of the South African Air Force and the South African Police with PLAN, the armed wing of the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), takes place at Ongulumbashe in Northern South West Africa during Operation Blue Wildebeest. This battle starts the South African Border War which continues until 1989.
- August 29 – The Beatles end their US tour with a concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It is their last-ever live performance, except for the short "rooftop concert" at the Apple Corps offices in January 1969.
- August 30 – France offers independence to French Somaliland (later Djibouti in 1977).
- September 1
- United Nations Secretary-General U Thant declares that he will not seek re-election, because U.N. efforts in Vietnam have failed.
- 98 British tourists die in an air crash in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.
- While waiting at a bus stop Ralph Baer, an inventor with Sanders Associates, writes a four-page document which lays out the basic principles for creating a video game to be played on a television: the beginning of a multi billion dollar industry.
- September 6 – In Cape Town, South Africa, the architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, is stabbed to death by Dimitri Tsafendas during a parliamentary meeting.
- September 7 – The ocean liner SS Hanseatic catches fire and burns in New York Harbor.
- September 8 – Star Trek, the science fiction television series, debuts on NBC-TV in the United States with its first episode, titled "The Man Trap".
- September 9 – NATO decides to move SHAPE headquarters to Belgium.
- September 12
- September 13 – Clashes between the Chinese Communist Party and the Red Guards are reported by TASS in the Soviet Union.
- September 16
- September 18 – Valerie Percy, 21-year-old daughter of U.S. Senate candidate Charles H. Percy, is stabbed and bludgeoned to death in the family mansion on Chicago's North Shore.
- September 19
- September 30
- October 1 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with 18 fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles (8.9 km) south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
- October 3 – Tunisia severs diplomatic relations with the United Arab Republic.
- October 4
- October 5
- October 6
- LSD is made illegal in the United States and controlled so strictly that not only are possession and recreational use criminalized, but all legal scientific research programs on the drug in the US are shut down as well.
- The Love Pageant Rally takes place in the Panhandle of Golden Gate Park, a narrower section that projects into San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district.
- October 7 – The Soviet Union declares that all Chinese students must leave the country before the end of October.
- October 9
- October 11 – France and the Soviet Union sign a treaty for cooperation in nuclear research.
- October 14 – The city of Montreal inaugurates its metro system (see Montreal Metro).
- October 15
- U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill creating the United States Department of Transportation.
- The U.S. Congress passes a bill for the creation of Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.
- ABC-TV telecasts a highly acclaimed 90-minute television adaptation of the musical Brigadoon, starring Robert Goulet, Peter Falk, and Sally Ann Howes. It wins many Emmy Awards and inaugurates a short-lived series of special television adaptations of famous Broadway musicals on ABC. Goulet stars in all but one of these specials.
- October 16 – Grace Slick performs live for the first time with Jefferson Airplane.
- October 17 – Lesotho and Botswana are admitted to the United Nations.
- October 21
- October 22
- October 24 – Negotiations about the Vietnam War begin in Manila, Philippines.
- October 25
- October 26
- October 27 – The United Nations takes Namibia from South Africa.
- October 29
- November 2 – The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
- November 4 – In Italy, a flood of the Arno River hits Florence, flooding it to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. In addition, a severe tidal flood hits Venice.
- November 5 – Thirty-eight African states demand that the United Kingdom use force against the Rhodesian government.
- November 6 – Lunar Orbiter 2 is launched.
- November 8
- November 9 – John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at the Indica Gallery.
- November 10 – Seán Lemass retires as Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland to be replaced in the role by fellow Fianna Fáil member Jack Lynch.
- November 11
- November 14 – Jack L. Warner sells Warner Bros. Pictures to Seven Arts Productions, which eventually becomes Warner Bros.-Seven Arts.
- November 15
- November 16 – U.S. doctor Sam Sheppard is acquitted in his second trial for the murder of his pregnant wife in 1954.
- November 17
- The U.N. General Assembly decides to found the United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
- A spectacular Leonid meteor shower passes over Arizona, at the rate of 2,300 a minute for 20 minutes.
- November 21 – In Togo, the army crushes an attempted coup.
- November 24
- November 26 – In Vancouver, the Saskatchewan Roughriders defeat the Ottawa Rough Riders to win the 54th Grey Cup.
- November 27 – The Washington Redskins defeat the New York Giants 72–41 in the highest scoring game in NFL history.
- November 28 – Truman Capote's Black and White Ball ('The Party of the Century') is held in New York City.
- November 29 – The SS Daniel J. Morrell sinks in a storm on Lake Huron, killing 28 of its 29 crewmen.
- November 30 – Barbados achieves independence.
- December 1
- December 2 – U Thant agrees to serve a second term as U.N. Secretary General.
- December 3 – Anti-Portuguese demonstrations occur in Macau; a curfew is declared the next day.
- December 6 – Bình Hòa massacre: Vietnam War.
- December 7
- December 8 – The Typaldos Line's ferry SS Heraklion sinks in rough seas, in the Aegean Sea near Crete, leaving 217 dead.
- December 15 – Walt Disney dies while producing The Jungle Book, the last animated feature under his personal supervision.
- December 16
- The U.N. Security Council approves an oil embargo against Rhodesia.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are adopted by the General Assembly, as Resolution 2200 A (XXI).
- December 17 – South Africa does not join the trade embargo against Rhodesia.
- December 18 – How the Grinch Stole Christmas, narrated by Boris Karloff, is shown for the first time on CBS, becoming an annual Christmas tradition.
- December 19 – The Asian Development Bank begins operations.
- December 20 – Harold Wilson withdraws all his previous offers to the Rhodesian government, and announces that he will agree to independence only after the founding of a Black majority government.
- December 22 – Prime Minister Ian Smith declares that Rhodesia is already a republic.
- December 26 – The first Kwanzaa is celebrated by Maulana Karenga, founder of Organization US (a black nationalist group) and later chair of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach, from 1989 to 2002.
- December 31
- Konstantin Chernenko, later leader of the Soviet Union, becomes a candidate member of the Central Committee.
- Paramount Pictures Corporation becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Gulf+Western Industries, Inc.
- The Surrealist Movement in the United States is founded by Franklin and Penelope Rosemont.
- Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn are awarded the Fermi Prize.
- The Congress of the United States creates the National Council for Marine Resources and Engineering Development.
- Martin Richards designs the programming language BCPL.
- The DKW automobile ceases production.
- The World Buddhist Sangha Council is convened by Theravadins in Sri Lanka, with the hope of bridging differences and working together.
- The International Society for Krishna Consciousness is founded in New York City by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada.
- The Jerusalem Bible, a Roman Catholic translation, is published in English.
- Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann publish The Social Construction of Reality.
- Long-term potentiation (LTP), the putative cellular mechanism of learning and memory, is first observed by Terje Lømo in Oslo, Norway.
- In or about this year, one person returning to Haiti from the Congo is thought to have first brought HIV to the Americas.
- January 1 – Anna Burke, Australian politician
- January 4 – Deana Carter, American singer
- January 5
- January 7
- January 8 – Igor Vyazmikin, Russian ice hockey player
- January 13 – Patrick Dempsey, American actor
- January 17
- January 19
- January 20 – Rainn Wilson, American actor
- January 22 – Jegath Gaspar Raj, Tamil Maiyam Founder
- January 24 – Jimeoin, Northern Irish-Australian comedian and actor
- January 28 – Seiji Mizushima, Japanese anime director
- January 29 – Romário, Brazilian footballer
- January 30 – Neal Chase, American Exilarch religious educator
- January 30 – Hans Tutschku, German composer
- February 1 – Michelle Akers, American footballer
- February 4 – Kyōko Koizumi, Japanese actress and singer
- February 5 – José María Olazábal, Spanish golfer
- February 6 – Rick Astley, British rock singer
- February 7 – Kristin Otto, German swimmer
- February 8 – Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgarian footballer
- February 9 – Ellen van Langen, Dutch athlete
- February 10 – Daryl Johnston, American football player
- February 11 – Stephen Gregory, American actor
- February 16 – Martin Perscheid, German cartoonist
- February 17 – Luc Robitaille, Canadian hockey player
- February 18 – Richard A Collins, British scientist and author
- February 20 – Cindy Crawford, American model and actress
- February 22
- February 23 – Michael Arata, American actor
- February 24 – Billy Zane, American actor
- February 25
- February 26 – Najwa Karam, Lebanese singer
- February 27 – Alison Gertz, American AIDS activist (d. 1992)
- March 1 – Zack Snyder, American actor, film director, screenwriter, and producer
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Maurice Ashley, American chess grandmaster
- March 7
- March 9 – Tony Lockett, Australian rules footballer
- March 10
- March 16 – Rodney Peete, African-American football quarterback
- March 19 – Nigel Clough, English footballer
- March 22 – Antonio Pinto, Portuguese long-distance runner
- March 25
- March 26 – Michael Imperioli, American actor
- March 28 - Cheryl James, African-American rapper (Salt-n-Pepa)
- March 29 – Krasimir Balakov, Bulgarian footballer
- April 1 – Chris Evans, British radio disc-jockey
- April 2 – Teddy Sheringham, British footballer
- April 3 – Miina Tominaga, Japanese voice actress
- April 4
- April 8
- April 11 – Lisa Stansfield, British soul singer
- April 13 – Ali Boumnijel, Tunisian footballer
- April 14
- April 15 – Samantha Fox, British model and singer
- April 18 – Trine Hattestad, Norwegian athlete
- April 19 – El Samurai, Japanese professional wrestler
- April 20 – David Chalmers, Australian philosopher
- April 22
- April 25
- April 26 – Natasha Trethewey, Pulitzer Prize–winning poet
- April 27
- April 28
- April 29 – Phil Tufnell, British cricketer
- May 3 – Firdous Bamji, Indian-American actor
- May 5 – Lyubov Yegorova, Russian cross-country skier
- May 6
- May 7
- May 8
- Robert J. Behnen, American genealogist and a former member of the Missouri House of Representatives
- Rocko Schamoni, German entertainer, author, musician, club proprietor and member of the comedy ensemble Studio Braun
- Kamil Kašťák, Czech ice hockey player
- Marta Sánchez, Spanish female vocalist, entertainer
- Cláudio Taffarel, Brazilian goalkeeper
- May 10
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14 – Raphael Saadiq, American singer-songwriter
- May 16
- May 17 – Hill Harper, American actor
- May 19 – Sophia Crawford, actress, stuntwoman and martial artist
- May 20
- May 21
- May 22
- May 23 – Graeme Hick, English cricketer
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26
- May 27
- May 28
- May 29 – Robert Anderson, American child murderer (executed) (d. 2006)
- May 30
- June 2 – Candace Gingrich, American LGBT rights activist
- June 3 – Wasim Akram, Pakistani cricketer
- June 4 – Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano
- June 6 – Faure Gnassingbé, President of Togo
- June 8
- June 13 – Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician
- June 14 – Matt Freeman, American musician
- June 15 – Roberto Carnevale, Italian musician
- June 16
- June 18 – Kurt Browning, Canadian figure skater
- June 19 – Samuel West, British actor
- June 21 – Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
- June 22
- June 23
- June 25 – Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese basketball player
- June 27 – J. J. Abrams, American television writer and producer
- June 28
- June 30
- July 1 – Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer
- July 3
- July 5
- July 6 – Brian Posehn, American actor and comedian
- July 7 – Gundula Krause, German violinist
- July 8
- July 10 – Gina Bellman, British actress
- July 11 – Mick Molloy, Australian comedian
- July 14 – Matthew Fox, American actor
- July 15 – Irène Jacob, French-born actress
- July 20 – Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico, Governor of the State of Mexico (2005–2011)
- July 21 – Sarah Waters, British novelist
- July 22 – Tim Brown, American football player
- July 28 – Miguel Ángel Nadal, Spanish footballer
- July 29 – Richard Steven Horvitz, American voice actor
- July 30
- July 31 – Dean Cain, American actor
- August 2 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player
- August 3 – Brent Butt, Canadian comedian and TV producer
- August 4 – Kensuke Sasaki, Japanese professional wrestler
- August 7 – Jimmy Wales, American co-founder of Wikipedia
- August 10
- August 11 – Juan María Solare, Argentine composer
- August 12 – Les Ferdinand, English footballer
- August 14
- August 15 – Scott Brosius, American baseball player
- August 17 – Rodney Mullen, American skateboarder
- August 19 – Lee Ann Womack, American musician
- August 23 – Rik Smits, Dutch basketball player
- August 25 – Robert Maschio, American actor
- August 26 – Jacques Brinkman, Dutch field hockey player
- August 27
- August 28 – Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician
- September 1 – Tim Hardaway, American basketball player
- September 2 – Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress
- September 4 – Yanka Dyagileva, Russian singer
- September 6 – Eduardo Maruri, Ecuadorian business man and politician
- September 7
- September 8 – Carola Häggkvist, Swedish pop singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1991 winner
- September 9
- September 12 – Princess Akishino of Japan
- September 19 – Soledad O'Brien, American news anchor
- September 20 – Nuno Bettencourt, Portuguese-American guitarist and singer-songwriter
- September 22
- September 24 – Michael J. Varhola, American author and publisher
- September 25 – Jason Flemyng, English actor
- October 1 – George Weah, Liberian politician and football player
- October 2 – Rodney Anoa'i, Samoan-American professional wrestler (d. 2000)
- October 3 – Rabbi Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, Israeli settler leader (d. 2000)
- October 5 – Inessa Kravets, Ukrainian athlete
- October 6 – Niall Quinn, Irish footballer
- October 7 – Sherman Alexie, Native American author
- October 8 – Aaron Callaghan, Irish football club executive
- October 9 – David Cameron, British Prime Minister
- October 10
- October 11 – Stephen Williams, British politician
- October 12 – Brian Kennedy, Irish musician and author
- October 14 – Savanna Samson, American porn star
- October 15 – Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer and coach
- October 16 – Mary Elizabeth McGlynn, American voice actress
- October 18 – Angela Visser, Miss Universe 1989
- October 19 – Jon Favreau, American actor and director
- October 22 – Valeria Golino, Italian-Greek film and television actress
- October 24 – Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate
- October 25 – Wendel Clark, Canadian hockey player
- October 27 – Matt Drudge, American conservative Internet journalist
- October 28
- October 30 – Zoran Milanović, Prime Minister of Croatia
- October 31
- November 2
- November 3 – Joe Hachem, Lebanese-born Australian poker player
- November 6
- November 8 – Gordon Ramsay, Scottish chef, restaurateur, and television personality
- November 10 – Vanessa Angel, English model and actress
- November 13 – Susanna Haapoja, Finnish politician (d. 2009)
- November 14 – Curt Schilling, American baseball player
- November 15 – Rachel True, American actress
- November 17
- November 19 – Shmuley Boteach, American rabbi
- November 21 – Troy Aikman, American sports commentator and former pro football player
- November 23 – Vincent Cassel, French actor
- November 25
- November 28 – Narumi Yasuda, Japanese actress
- November 29 – John Bradshaw Layfield, American professional wrestler
- November 30
- December 1 – Larry Walker, Canadian Major League Baseball player
- December 4 – Fred Armisen, American actor, comedian and musician
- December 5 – Patricia Kaas, French singer and actress
- December 7
- December 8 – Sinéad O'Connor, Irish pop singer
- December 9
- Tim Bull, Australian politician
- Michael Foster, drummer for rock band FireHouse
- Kirsten Gillibrand, American politician
- Montserrat Gil Torné, Andorran politician
- Dave Harold, English professional snooker player
- Toby Huss, American actor
- Dana Murzyn, Canadian hockey player
- Spencer Rochfort, Canadian-American actor
- Julio Alberto Rodas Hurtarte, former soccer player
- Mateo Romero, Native American painter
- Gideon Sa'ar, Israeli politician
- Kadyrbek Sarbayev, foreign minister of Kyrgyzstan
- Shane Scott, American director, writer, producer, cinematographer, editor, musician
- Martin Taylor, footballer coach
- Natee Thongsookkaew, Thailand footballer
- December 11
- December 12
- December 13 – Don Roff, American writer and filmmaker
- December 14 – Bill Ranford, Canadian hockey player
- December 15 – Katja von Garnier, German film director
- December 16 – Dennis Wise, English footballer
- December 17 – Miloš Tichý, Czech astronomer
- December 19
- December 20 – Ed de Goeij, Dutch footballer
- December 21 – Kiefer Sutherland, Canadian actor
- December 22 – Dmitry Bilozerchev, Soviet gymnast
- December 25 – Stephen Twigg, British politician
- December 26 – Jay Yuenger, American musician and producer
- December 27
- December 28 – Kaliopi, Macedonian singer-songwriter
- December 30 – Eric Kot, Hong Kong singer and actor
- Kivi Larmola, Finnish artist
- January 1 – Vincent Auriol, President of France (b. 1884)
- January 3
- January 11
- January 14 – Bill Carr, American athlete (b. 1909)
- January 15
- January 17 – Vincent J. Donehue, American stage director (b. 1917)
- January 18 – Kathleen Norris, American writer (b. 1880)
- January 22 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
- January 25 – Saul Adler FRS, Russian-born British-Israeli expert on parasitology (b. 1895)
- January 31 – Elizabeth Patterson, American actress (b. 1875)
- February 1
- February 3 – June Walker, American actress (b. 1900)
- February 6 – Narcisa de Leon, Filipino film mogul (b. 1877)
- February 9 – Sophie Tucker, American singer (b. 1884)
- February 10 – Billy Rose, American composer and band leader (b. 1899)
- February 15 – Gerard Ciołek, Polish architect and historian of gardens (b. 1909)
- February 17 – Hans Hofmann, German-American painter (b. 1880)
- February 18 – Robert Rossen, American film director (b. 1908)
- February 20 – Chester W. Nimitz, American admiral (b. 1885)
- February 26 – Gino Severini, Italian painter (b. 1883)
- February 28 – Jonathan Hale, American actor (b. 1891)
- March 1
- March 3
- March 5 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (b. 1889)
- March 6 – Michitaro Totsuka, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
- March 7 – Donald B. Beary, American admiral (b. 1888)
- March 8 – William Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor, British politician (b. 1907)
- March 10
- March 27 – Helen Menken, American actress (b. 1901)
- March 30 – Erwin Piscator, German theater director (b. 1893)
- April 1 – Flann O'Brien, Irish humorist (b. 1911)
- April 2 – C. S. Forester, English author (b. 1899)
- April 3 – Battista Farina, Italian car designer (b. 1893)
- April 6 – Julia Faye, American actress (b. 1893)
- April 10 – Evelyn Waugh, English author (b. 1903)
- April 13
- April 19 – Javier Solís, Mexican ranchera & bolero singer (b. 1931)
- April 21 – Sepp Dietrich, Nazi German military leader (b. 1892)
- April 23 – George Ohsawa, Japanese diet founder (b. 1893)
- April 29 – Eugene O'Brien, American actor (b. 1880)
- May 8 – Erich Pommer, German film producer (b. 1889)
- May 15 – Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, Salvadorian military dictator (assassinated) (b. 1882)
- May 21 – Patrick H. O'Malley, Jr., American actor (b. 1890)
- May 22 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (b. 1900)
- May 23 – Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
- May 24 – Jim Barnes, English golf champion (b. 1886)
- May 25 – Vernon Sturdee, Australian general (b. 1890)
- May 26 – Don Castle, American actor (b. 1917)
- May 29 – James Woolf, British film producer (b. 1919)
- June 1 – Papa Jack Laine, American jazz musician (b. 1873)
- June 6 – Ethel Clayton, American actress (b. 1882)
- June 7 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (b. 1887)
- June 8 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
- June 11 – Wallace Ford, English-born American actor (b. 1898)
- June 12 – Hermann Scherchen, Austrian conductor (b. 1891)
- June 19 – Ed Wynn, American actor (b. 1886)
- June 20 – Georges Lemaître, Belgian priest and astrophysicist (b. 1894)
- June 30 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver (b. 1906)
- July 2 – Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
- July 3 – Deems Taylor, American composer (b. 1885)
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7 – Carmelita Geraghty, American actress (b. 1901)
- July 11 – Delmore Schwartz, American poet (b. 1913)
- July 12 – D. T. Suzuki, Japanese philosopher (b. 1870)
- July 14 – Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
- July 18 – Bobby Fuller, American Musician Guitarist (b. 1942)
- July 23 – Douglass Montgomery, American actor (b. 1907)
- July 24 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (b. 1920)
- July 25 – Frank O'Hara, American poet (b. 1926)
- July 31 – Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (b. 1924)
- August 3 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian (b. 1925)
- August 6 – Cordwainer Smith, American author (b. 1913)
- August 8 – Ed "Strangler" Lewis, professional wrestler (b. 1891)
- August 12 – Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet (b. 1923)
- August 15
- August 19 – Fritz Bleyl, German painter (b. 1880)
- August 23 – Francis X. Bushman, American actor (b. 1883)
- August 26 – Art Baker, American actor (b. 1898)
- September 5 – Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman and architect (b. 1879)
- September 6
- September 11 – C. E. Woolman, American Airlines founder (b. 1889)
- September 14
- September 17 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (b. 1930)
- September 21 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (b. 1878)
- September 26 – Helen Kane, American singer (b. 1904)
- September 28
- October 7 – Smiley Lewis, African-American R&B musician (b. 1913)
- October 7 – Johnny Kidd, English singer (b. 1935)
- October 10 – Wilfrid Lawson, English actor (b. 1900)
- October 13 – Clifton Webb, American actor (b. 1889)
- October 16 – George O'Hara, American actor (born 1899)
- October 18 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-born beautician and cosmetics entrepreneur (b. 1878)
- October 23 – Claire McDowell, silent screen actress (b. 1877)
- October 24 – Hans Dreier, German art director (b. 1885)
- October 26 – Alma Cogan, English singer (b. 1932)
- October 28 – Robert Charpentier, French Olympic cyclist (b. 1916)
- November 2
- November 4 – Dietrich von Choltitz, Nazi German military governor of Paris in World War II (b. 1894)
- November 8 – Bernhard Zondek German-born Israeli gynecologist, developer of first reliable pregnancy test (b. 1891)
- November 9 – Jisaburō Ozawa, Japanese admiral (b. 1886)
- November 12 – Shakeb Jalali, Pakistani poet (b. 1934)
- November 14 – Zengo Yoshida, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
- November 17 – James "Jabby" Jabara, American aviator, the first American jet fighter ace (b. 1923)
- November 19 – Arthur Haynes, English comedian (b. 1914)
- November 23 – Seán T. O'Kelly, second President of Ireland (b. 1882)
- December 14
- December 15 – Walt Disney, American animated film producer and founder of The Walt Disney Company and Disneyland Resort (b. 1901)
- December 22
- December 27 – Guillermo Stábile, Argentine football player and Manager (b. 1905)
- December 30 – Christian Herter, United States Secretary of State (b. 1895)
- Physics – Alfred Kastler
- Chemistry – Robert S. Mulliken
- Physiology or Medicine – Peyton Rous and Charles Brenton Huggins
- Literature – Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs
- Peace – not awarded
- "1966: Harold Wilson wins sweeping victory". BBC News. March 31, 1966.
- Aedy, Richard. "Talkback: 'There's a bear in there', 45 years of Play School". Radio Interview (Talk back radio) (in Australian English). ABC Radio National. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Aircraft Accident Report. West Coast Airlines, Inc DC-9 N9101. Near Wemme, Oregon, Adopted: 11 December 1967
- "Solved: the mystery of how AIDS left Africa". New Scientist: 20. November 3, 2007.
- "Wikipedia: 50 languages, 1/2 million articles". Wikimedia Foundation Press Release. Wikimedia Foundation. 2004-04-25. Retrieved 2009-04-10. "The Wikipedia project was founded in January 2001 by Internet entrepreneur Jimmy Wales and philosopher Larry Sanger,, quoted from the April 25th, 2004 first-ever press release issued by the Wikimedia Foundation."