1966 Formula One season

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1966
FIA Formula One World Championship season
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The 1966 Formula One season was the 17th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1966 World Championship of Drivers[1] and the 1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers[2] which were contested concurrently over a nine-race series that commenced on 22 May and ended on 23 October. The season also included a number of non-championship races for Formula One cars.

Season summary[edit]

The season was the first of the '3 litre formula', which saw maximum engine capacity doubled from the previous season. British constructors were forced to look elsewhere after Climax's withdrawal from racing. Ferrari appeared to be as well prepared as in 1961, but John Surtees, after winning the Belgian Grand Prix, left the team after a dispute at Le Mans to join Cooper. Under new regulations, cars completing less than 90% of the race distance were not classified and did not receive points, even if they finished in the top six.

Jack Brabham took his third and final Drivers' Championship, this time in a car of his own manufacture with an Australian engineered Repco V8 engine. In winning the championship in his own car, Australian Brabham became the first (and as of 2013) the only driver to ever win the World Championship in a car carrying his own name (the BT19 and BT20 models used were designed by Brabham's business partner Ron Tauranac). Although both Jack Brabham and his team mate, New Zealander Denny Hulme both retired from the season opening Monaco Grand Prix (won by Jackie Stewart in his BRM), Brabham with their Oldsmobile based Repco engine caught the rest of the teams on the hop with its speed and reliability. "Black Jack" finished fourth in Belgium, before winning his first race since the 1960 Portuguese Grand Prix by winning the French Grand Prix at Reims (the last time the Reims-Gueux circuit was used in Formula One). He then won the next three Grands Prix in Britain, Holland and Germany to make it four wins in succession and virtually secure his third championship win (only a drivers five best results counted towards the championship). With Hulme finishing fourth in the Drivers' Championship on 18 points with a second in Britain and thirds in France, Italy and Mexico, Brabham won the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers with 42 points, 11 in front of second placed Ferrari.

Bruce McLaren (Bruce McLaren Motor Racing - later to become the successful McLaren team, the only team from 1966 alongside Ferrari who are still in Formula One as of 2013) and Dan Gurney (Anglo American Racers) emulated Brabham by building their own cars, though with little initial success. BRM and Lotus used 2 litre engines for much of the season. BRM's new H16 engine was largely unsuccessful, though Jim Clark used one in his Lotus 43 to win at Watkins Glen. 1964 World Champion John Surtees was the only driver other than Jack Brabham who won more than one race in the season. He won the second round at Spa-Francorchamps for Ferrari, before later winning the final round in Mexico City driving a Cooper-Maserati V12. Ferrari's Italian driver Ludovico Scarfiotti gave the Tifosi something to cheer about when he drove his Ferrari 312 to victory in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. Ferrari had a double celebration at Monza as Scarfiotti's team mate Mike Parkes finished 5.8 seconds behind in second place, just holding out third placed Denny Hulme by 0.3 seconds.

In an era of Grand Prix racing where driver safety was only just starting to be a concern, Briton John Taylor died of his injuries after a crash with Jacky Ickx during the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring.

During the Belgian Grand Prix at the 14.120 km (8.770 mi), wet Spa-Francorchamps circuit, future triple World Champion Jackie Stewart crashed his BRM at the high speed Masta Kink. Stewart lay trapped under his car in a pool of leaking fuel for 25 minutes as both Graham Hill and Bob Bondurant (who had both gone off the circuit nearby) borrowed a spectators toolkit to free the Scotsman. Following his crash Stewart became a strong advocate of improving driver safety in not only Grand Prix but motor racing in general with things like vastly improved on-track medical facilities, of which there were virtually none at Spa at the time of his crash.

Jack Brabham's third Drivers' Championship (following wins in 1959 and 1960) saw him move into a clear second place behind legendary five-time champion Juan Manuel Fangio on the list of Drivers' Champions. He would remain the only three time winner until Jackie Stewart, who won championships in 1969 and 1971, won his third and final championship in 1973.

Season review[edit]

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco 22 May United Kingdom Jim Clark Italy Lorenzo Bandini United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom BRM D Report
2 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 12 June United Kingdom John Surtees United Kingdom John Surtees United Kingdom John Surtees Italy Ferrari D Report
3 France French Grand Prix Reims 3 July Italy Lorenzo Bandini Italy Lorenzo Bandini Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco G Report
4 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brands Hatch 16 July Australia Jack Brabham Australia Jack Brabham Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco G Report
5 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 24 July Australia Jack Brabham New Zealand Denny Hulme Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco G Report
6 West Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring 7 August United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom John Surtees Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco G Report
7 Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza 4 September United Kingdom Mike Parkes Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Italy Ferrari F Report
8 United States United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen 2 October Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom John Surtees United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-BRM F Report
9 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Hermanos Rodriguez 23 October United Kingdom John Surtees United States Richie Ginther United Kingdom John Surtees United Kingdom Cooper-Maserati D Report

Teams and drivers[edit]

Australian Jack Brabham won his 3rd and final driver's championship, driving for his own team, Brabham

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1966 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren-Ford M2B Ford 406 3.0 V8 F New Zealand Bruce McLaren 1, 8–9
McLaren-Serenissima Serenissima M166 3.0 V8 2, 4–5
United Kingdom Team Lotus Lotus-Climax 33 Climax FWMV 2.0 V8 F United Kingdom Jim Clark 1–6
Italy Geki 7
United Kingdom Peter Arundell 8
Mexico Pedro Rodríguez 3, 9
Lotus-BRM 43
33
BRM P75 3.0 H16
BRM P56 2.0 V8
8
United Kingdom Peter Arundell 2–7, 9
United Kingdom Jim Clark 7–9
Lotus-Ford 44 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D West Germany Gerhard Mitter 6
Mexico Pedro Rodríguez 6
United Kingdom Piers Courage 6
United Kingdom Reg Parnell Racing Lotus-BRM 25 BRM P56 2.0 V8
BRM P60 1.9 V8
F United Kingdom Mike Spence All
Ferrari 246 Ferrari 228 2.4 V6 Italy Giancarlo Baghetti 7
United Kingdom Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham-Repco BT19
BT20
Repco 620 3.0 V8 G Australia Jack Brabham All
New Zealand Denny Hulme 3–9
Brabham-Climax BT22 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 1–2
United Kingdom Chris Irwin 4
United Kingdom Cooper Car Company Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D United States Richie Ginther 1–2
Austria Jochen Rindt All
New Zealand Chris Amon 3
United Kingdom John Surtees 3–9
Mexico Moisés Solana 9
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation BRM P261
P83
BRM P60 2.0 V8
BRM P75 3.0 H16
D United Kingdom Graham Hill All
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1–2, 4–9
United Kingdom R.R.C. Walker Racing Team Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 2.0 V8 D Switzerland Jo Siffert 1
Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 2–5, 7–9
United Kingdom DW Racing Enterprises Brabham-Climax BT11 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 F United Kingdom Bob Anderson 1, 3–7
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 246
312
Ferrari 228 2.4 V6
Ferrari 218 3.0 V12
F'D' Italy Lorenzo Bandini 1–3, 5–8
United Kingdom John Surtees 1–2
United Kingdom Mike Parkes 3, 5–7
Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti 6–7
Sweden Joakim Bonnier Racing Team Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D
F
Sweden Joakim Bonnier 1–2, 5–9
Brabham-Climax BT22
BT7
Climax FPF 2.8 L4
Climax FWMV 2.0 V8
3–4
United States Team Chamaco Collect BRM P261 BRM P60 2.0 V8 G United States Bob Bondurant 1–2, 4, 6–7
United Kingdom Vic Wilson 2
France Guy Ligier Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D France Guy Ligier 1–6
United States Anglo American Racers Eagle-Climax Mk1 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 G United States Dan Gurney 2–6, 9
United States Phil Hill 7
United States Bob Bondurant 8
Eagle-Weslake Weslake 58 3.0 V12 United States Dan Gurney 7–8
United States Bob Bondurant 9
United Kingdom David Bridges Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 2.0 V8 G United Kingdom John Taylor 3–6
United Kingdom Shannon Racing Cars Shannon-Climax SH1 Climax FPE 3.0 V8 D United Kingdom Trevor Taylor 4
United Kingdom J.A. Pearce Engineering Ltd Cooper-Ferrari T73 Ferrari 218 3.0 V12 D United Kingdom Chris Lawrence 4, 6
West Germany Caltex Racing Team Brabham-Ford BT18 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D West Germany Kurt Ahrens, Jr. 6
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Matra-BRM MS5 BRM 1.0 L4 D West Germany Hubert Hahne 6
Matra-Ford Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 Belgium Jacky Ickx 6
United States Roy Winkelmann Racing Brabham-Ford BT18 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D West Germany Hans Herrmann 6
United Kingdom Alan Rees 6
France Matra Sports Matra-Ford MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D France Jo Schlesser 6
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6
Switzerland Silvio Moser Brabham-Ford BT16 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D Switzerland Silvio Moser 6
Japan Honda R & D Company Honda RA273 Honda RA273E 3.0 V12 G United States Richie Ginther 7–9
United States Ronnie Bucknum 8–9
New Zealand Chris Amon Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 1.9 V8 D New Zealand Chris Amon 7
United Kingdom Bernard White Racing BRM P261 BRM P60 1.9 V8 D United Kingdom Innes Ireland 8–9
  • Pink background denotes F2 entrants to the German Grand Prix

1966 World Championship of Drivers – final standings[edit]

Points towards the 1966 World Championship of Drivers were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places at each race. Only the best five race results could be retained by each driver.

Australian Jack Brabham won the 1966 World Championship of Drivers
Pos. Driver MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
NED
Netherlands
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.[3]
1 Australia Jack Brabham Ret (4) 1 1 1 1 Ret Ret 2 42 (45)
2 United Kingdom John Surtees Ret 1 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret 3 1 28
3 Austria Jochen Rindt Ret 2 4 (5) Ret 3 4 2 Ret 22 (24)
4 New Zealand Denny Hulme Ret Ret 3 2 Ret Ret 3 Ret 3 18
5 United Kingdom Graham Hill 3 Ret Ret 3 2 4 Ret Ret Ret 17
6 United Kingdom Jim Clark Ret Ret DNS 4 3 Ret Ret 1 Ret 16
7 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1 Ret Ret 4 5 Ret Ret Ret 14
8 United Kingdom Mike Parkes 2 Ret Ret 2 12
9 Italy Lorenzo Bandini 2 3 NC 6 6 Ret Ret 12
10 Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Ret 1 9
11 United States Richie Ginther Ret 5 Ret Ret 4 5
12 United States Dan Gurney NC 5 Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret 5 4
13 United Kingdom Mike Spence Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 5 Ret DNS 4
14 United States Bob Bondurant 4 Ret 9 Ret 7 DSQ Ret 3
15 Switzerland Jo Siffert Ret Ret Ret NC Ret Ret 4 Ret 3
16 New Zealand Bruce McLaren Ret DNS 6 DNS 5 Ret 3
17 United Kingdom Peter Arundell DNS Ret Ret Ret 8 8 6 7 1
18 Sweden Jo Bonnier NC Ret NC Ret 7 Ret Ret NC 6 1
19 United Kingdom Bob Anderson Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 1
20 United Kingdom John Taylor 6 8 8 Ret 1
United Kingdom Chris Irwin 7 0
United States Ronnie Bucknum Ret 8 0
New Zealand Chris Amon 8 DNQ 0
France Guy Ligier NC NC NC 10 9 DNS 0
Italy Geki 9 0
United Kingdom Chris Lawrence 11 Ret 0
Italy Giancarlo Baghetti NC 0
Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Ret Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Innes Ireland Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Trevor Taylor Ret 0
Mexico Moisés Solana Ret 0
United States Phil Hill DNQ 0
Pos. Driver MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
NED
Netherlands
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers – final standings[edit]

Brabham-Repco won the 1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers
Ferrari placed second in the Manufacturers title

Points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis at each round with only the best five round results retained. Only the best placed car from each manufacturer at each round was eligible to score points.

Pos. Manufacturer MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
NED
Netherlands
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.[3]
1 United Kingdom Brabham-Repco Ret (4) 1 1 1 1 (3) Ret 2 42 (49)
2 Italy Ferrari 2 1 2 6 (6) 1 Ret 31 (32)
3 United Kingdom Cooper-Maserati NC 2 4 (5) 7 2 (4) 2 1 30 (35)
4 United Kingdom BRM 1 Ret Ret 3 2 4 7 Ret Ret 22
5 United Kingdom Lotus-BRM Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 8 5 1 7 13
6 United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Ret Ret Ret 4 3 Ret 9 6 8
7 United States Eagle-Climax NC 5 Ret Ret 7 DNQ DSQ 5 4
8 Japan Honda Ret NC 4 3
9 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Ret 5 Ret 2
10 United Kingdom Brabham-Climax Ret Ret 7 7 Ret Ret 6 1
11 United Kingdom Brabham-BRM Ret 6 8 8 Ret DNQ 1
12 United Kingdom McLaren-Serenissima DNS 6 1
United Kingdom Cooper-Ferrari 11 Ret 0
United States Eagle-Weslake Ret Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Shannon-Climax Ret 0
Pos. Manufacturer MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
NED
Netherlands
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
  • Bold results counted to championship totals.

Non-Championship race results[edit]

Other Formula One races held in 1966, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
South Africa South African Grand Prix Prince George 1 January United Kingdom Mike Spence United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Report
Italy Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 1 April United Kingdom John Surtees Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 14 May Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco Report
United Kingdom International Gold Cup Oulton Park 17 September Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Repco Report

Grand Prix – the movie of the 1966 Formula One season[edit]

The film Grand Prix is a fictionalized version of the 1966 season, which includes footage of the actual races edited together with footage of actors.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 118–119
  2. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 120–121
  3. ^ a b Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

External links[edit]