1966 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1966.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named Insecta[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Sphecomyrminae[2]

Subfam. Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wilson & Carpenter

Turonian

New Jersey Amber

 USA

Basal most ant subfamily. One genus Sphecomyrma

Anapsids[edit]

Newly named mesosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brazilosaurus[3]

Gen. et sp.

Valid

Shikama & Ozaki

Artinskian

Irati Formation

 Brazil

A mesosaur.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Probactrosaurus[6]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Rozhdestvensky

early Cretaceous

Dashuigou Formation

 China

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arikarornis macdonaldi [7]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Early Miocene

Middle Sharps Formation

 USA:

 South Dakota

An Accipitridae.

Miortyx aldeni [7]

Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Early Miocene

Middle Sharps Formation

 USA:

 South Dakota

An Odontophoridae.

Diomedea milleri [8]

Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Middle Miocene

Temblor Formation

 USA:

 California

A Diomedeidae.

Dissourodes milleri [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Lester L. Short, jr.

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

 USA:

 Nebraska

A Ciconiidae, transferred to the genus Mycteria Linnaeus, 1758.

Pelecanus tirarensis [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Alden H. Miller

Miocene

Etadunna Formation

 Australia:

 South Australia

A Pelecanidae.

Praemancalla lagunensis [11]

Gen. Nov et Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Laguna Hills

 USA:

 California

An Alcidae, Mancallinae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Speotyto megalopeza [12]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Norman L. Ford

Late Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

 USA:

 Kansas

A Strigidae, often placed in the genus Athene Boie, 1822.

Wasonaka yepormerae [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Middle Pliocene

Arroyo de las Barrancas Blancas

 Mexico

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Wilson, E. O.; Carpenter, F. M.; Brown, W. L. (1966). "The First Mesozoic Ant, with the Description of a New Subfamily". Psyche 74 (1): 1–19. doi:10.1155/1967/89604. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  3. ^ T. Shikama and H. Ozaki (1966). "On a Reptilian Skeleton from the Palaeozoic Formation of San Paulo, Brazil". Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, New Series 64: 351–358. 
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Rozhdestvensky, A. K. (1966). "Novye igyanodonti ie tsentrallinoy Asii. Phillogeneticheskye y taksonomicheskye veaimoothoshenia poednich Iguanodontidae y rannich Hadrosauridae". Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 1966 (3): 103–116. 
  7. ^ a b Hildegarde Howard (1966). "Two fossil Birds from the Lower Miocene of South Dakota". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 107: 1–8. 
  8. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1966). "Additional Avian Records from the Miocene of Sharktooth Hill, California". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 114: 1–11. 
  9. ^ Lester L. Short, jr. (1966). "A New Pliocene Stork from Nebraska". Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 149: 1–12. 
  10. ^ Alden H. Miller (1966). "The Fossil Pelicans of Australia". Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 14: 181–190. 
  11. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1966). "A Possible Ancestor of the Lucas Auk (Family Mancallidae) from the Tertiary of Orange County , California". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 101: 2–8. 
  12. ^ Norman L. Ford (1966). "Fossil Owls from the Rexroad Fauna of the Upper Pliocene of Kansas". Condor 68: 472–475. 
  13. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1966). "Pliocene Birds from Chihuahua, Mexico". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 94: 1–12.