1967 Atlantic hurricane season

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1967 Atlantic hurricane season
Season summary map
First system formed June 10, 1967
Last system dissipated October 31, 1967
Strongest storm Beulah – 923 mbar (hPa) (27.27 inHg), 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 26
Total storms 6
Hurricanes 5
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 1
Total fatalities 64
Total damage $217 million (1967 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969

The 1967 Atlantic hurricane season was the first year in which the National Hurricane Center (NHC) was in operation.[1] The season began on June 1, which was the date when the NHC activated radar stations across the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.[2] The season ended on November 30, which ended the conventional delimitation of the time period when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin.[3] The season was near average, with eight storms forming. Hurricane Beulah was the most notable Atlantic hurricane of 1967. A Category 5 hurricane, it killed 58 people and did $217 million (1967 USD, $1.53 billion 2014 USD) in damage as it crossed the Yucatán Peninsula and then made landfall a second time near the mouth of the Rio Grande.

Storms[edit]

Hurricane Arlene[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration August 28 – September 4
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)

After a quiet start to the season, the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) became very active, with four separate areas of convection exiting the coast of Africa. The first, accompanied with a tropical wave, became a tropical depression on August 28 (the second became Beulah and the fourth became Chloe). The tropical depression moved west-northward, reaching tropical storm strength on August 30. Arlene slowly strengthened over the following days, eventually reaching hurricane intensity on September 3 over the north Atlantic. The next day, it weakened to a tropical storm and became extratropical. It was absorbed by a warm front, leaving behind a slow-moving frontal low.

Hurricane Beulah[edit]

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration September 5 – September 22
Peak intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  923 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Hurricane Beulah

A convective area in the ITCZ developed into a tropical depression on September 5 east of the Lesser Antilles. It moved slowly through the islands and became Tropical Storm Beulah on September 7. Beulah reached hurricane strength the next day while moving slowly west-northwestward and continued to intensify rapidly, reaching an initial peak of 150 mph (240 km/h) winds while south of the Mona Passage. It passed south of Hispaniola, where land interaction and upper level shear greatly weakened the hurricane to a 60 mph (95 km/h) tropical storm.

Favorable conditions returned once again over the western Caribbean, letting Beulah strengthen to a 115 mph (185 km/h) major hurricane. On September 16, Beulah weakened and made landfall near Cozumel, Mexico as a 100 mph (160 km/h) hurricane. It weakened slightly over land, but once over the Gulf of Mexico, conditions were very favorable. It rapidly intensified, reaching its peak as a Category 5 storm with 160 mph (260 km/h) winds. The hurricane, producing winds of 160 mph (260 km/h), made landfall south of the mouth of the Rio Grande as a Category 5 storm. In Texas, the hurricane produced Category 3 conditions. The S.S. Shirley Lykes reported winds of 136 mph as the storm passed over the port at Brownsville, Texas.

Ultimately, Hurricane Beulah caused 58 deaths and $217 million in damage ($1.4 billion in 2010 USD).

Hurricane Chloe[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration September 5 – September 21
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

The precursor to Hurricane Chloe was an ITCZ disturbance that moved off the coast of Africa. It became a tropical depression on September 5 near Cape Verde. On September 8, after passing through Cape Verde, it became a tropical storm, and the following day, a hurricane. At this time, Chloe interacted with Hurricane Doria to its west, turning Chloe northward. It moved out to sea, becoming extratropical on September 21 over the eastern Atlantic.

Hurricane Doria[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration September 8 – September 21
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

A cold frontal low developed east of Florida in early September. Over the next days, it drifted over the warm Gulf Stream waters, gradually transforming it to more tropical in nature. On September 8, it was well-organized enough to be called a tropical depression, 50 miles (80 km) north of Grand Bahama Island. It drifted to the west-southwest, reaching tropical storm strength the next day. Soon after, Doria moved rapidly northeastward, becoming a hurricane on September 10 while 200 mi (320 km) east of the Florida/Georgia border. It weakened to a tropical storm due to cool air entrainment into the circulation on September 11, but on September 12 it was able to re-strengthen. Building high pressures to Doria's northeast pushed Doria westward towards the coast. It weakened to a tropical storm again due to cold air, just prior to reaching the Virginia coastline. It made landfall on September 16, and continued southward through the Outer Banks. Doria weakened further to a tropical depression on September 17, retaining its circulation for four days before dissipating on September 21. Doria claimed three lives when a small boat sank off the coast of New Jersey.

Tropical Storm Edith[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 26 – October 1
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

An Intertropical Convergence Zone disturbance led to the formation of a tropical depression on September 26, east of the Lesser Antilles. Two days later, the depression intensified and became Tropical Storm Edith. After reaching a peak of 60 mph (95 km/h), Edith passed under a cold upper trough, weakening Edith to a depression on September 30 before passing through the islands. Tropical Depression Edith dissipated on October 1 in the eastern Caribbean Sea.

Hurricane Fern[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration October 1 – October 4
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)

The precursor to Hurricane Fern was a cold front that entered the Gulf of Mexico in late September. It organized around an area of low pressure, becoming a tropical depression on October 1 in the Bay of Campeche. Moving northward, it became Tropical Storm Fern on October 2, and the following day, Hurricane Fern. Fern moved more to the west after reaching its peak of 85 mph (140 km/h) winds, reaching unfavorable conditions caused by Beulah two weeks earlier. Thus, Fern weakened to a tropical storm prior to its Tampico landfall on October 4, dissipating later that day. Fern caused three deaths due to drowning.

Tropical Storm Ginger[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 5 – October 8
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave moved offshore of the west coast of Africa on October 3. It slowly tracked westward, and by October 5, the system developed into a tropical depression. Shortly thereafter, satellite imagery began indicating a well-defined cloud pattern, which suggested the depression had become a tropical storm. By early on October 6, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Ginger after three ships were sustained winds between 40 and 45 mph (64 and 72 km/h). Ginger continued to steadily strengthen, and later that day, peaked with winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 1,002 mbar (29.6 inHg). Thereafter, the storm became disorganized on satellite imagery and weakened back to a tropical depression early on October 7. Around that time, Ginger turned slightly south of due west and continued weakening. By 1800 UTC on October 8, Ginger dissipated while located north of Cape Verde.

Hurricane Heidi[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration October 19 – October 31
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

A large cloud mass over the central Atlantic organized in mid-October, developing into a tropical depression on October 19. It became a tropical storm the following day, and a hurricane three days later as Heidi recurved to the northeast. From October 25 to October 30, it mostly stalled due to a high pressure system over southeastern Canada. Dry air and cooler waters from upwelling weakened Heidi to a tropical storm on October 29, and on October 31, Heidi became extratropical.

Storm names[edit]

The following names were used for named storms (tropical storms and hurricanes) that formed in the North Atlantic in 1967. Storms were named Chloe, Doria, Fern, Ginger and Heidi for the first time in 1967. At the end of the season, the name Beulah was retired and replaced with Beth in 1971. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

  • Heidi
  • Irene (unused)
  • Janice (unused)
  • Kristy (unused)
  • Laura (unused)
  • Margo (unused)
  • Nona (unused)
  • Orchid (unused)
  • Portia (unused)
  • Rachel (unused)
  • Sandra (unused)
  • Terese (unused)
  • Verna (unused)
  • Wallis (unused)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Russell Pfost (2010-05-30). "History of the National Weather Service Forecast Office Miami, Florida". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  2. ^ Staff Writer (1967-05-31). "Hurricane Season Opens Thursday". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  3. ^ Staff Writer (1967-05-28). "Weathermen Brace for Hurricane Season". The News and Courier. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 

External links[edit]