1967 in spaceflight

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The year 1967 in spaceflight saw more orbital launches than any other year before or after, including that of the first Australian satellite, WRESAT, which was launched from the Woomera Test Range atop an American Sparta rocket. The United States National Space Science Data Center catalogued 172 spacecraft placed into orbit by launches which occurred in 1967.[1]

The year saw both setbacks and advances for the United States Apollo programme. Three astronauts; Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee, were killed in a fire aboard the AS-204 spacecraft at Cape Kennedy Launch Complex 34 on 27 January whilst rehearsing the launch. On 20 October the Saturn V rocket made its maiden flight.

Launches[edit]

This is a list of spaceflights launched in 1967.


Launch Date/Time Rocket Launch
Site
Launch Contractor Payload Operator Orbit Mission/
Function
Re-Entry/
Destruction
Outcome Remarks
January 11
10:55 GMT
Delta E1 LC-17, Cape Canaveral Intelsat 2 F-2 Intelsat Geostationary Comsat Still in orbit Successful
January 21
06:38 GMT
Black Brant II-AA2 Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Plasma N/A Successful
January 31
12:45 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force OV3-05 US Air Force Intended: LEO Magnetosphere research satellite January 31, 1967 Failure
February 4
05:21 GMT
Black Brant II-AA2 Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Meteorites N/A Successful
March 10
11:30 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Kosmos 146 RVSN LEO Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P March 18, 1967 Successful Maiden Flight of the Proton
March 14
06:00 GMT
Skylark AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
April 4
00:32 GMT
Skylark 3 LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
April 8
09:00 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Kosmos 154 RVSN Actual: LEO Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P April 10, 1967 Failure Block D (4th stage) failed to re-ignite
April 10
10:51 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
April 12
12:32 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
April 14
03:25 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 15 US Navy LEO Navigation Satellite Still in Orbit Successful
April 21 Skylark 3 LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
April 23
00:35 GMT
Soyuz (A-10) LC-1/5, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 1
1 Cosmonaut (Vladimir Komarov)
RVSN LEO Test Soyuz spacecraft April 24, 1967 Failure Solar panels jammed, bad weather prevented Soyuz 2 launch, parachute failure during descent resulted in loss of crew
April 26
04:15 GMT
Black Brant VB-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and Meteorites N/A Successful
April 26
10:06 GMT
Scout B San Marco mobile range
Formosa Bay, Kenya
CRS San Marco 2 CRS LEO Atmospheric research satellite October 14, 1967 Successful
April 27
04:10 GMT
Black Brant VB-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Ionosphere, and plasma N/A Successful
April 27
04:31 GMT
Skylark 3 AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
May 5
07:26 GMT
Black Brant VB-AAD Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Research into Aurora, Ionosphere, and aeronomy N/A Successful
May 5
16:00 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Ariel 3 UK SRC LEO Atmospheric research December 14, 1970 Successful
May 18
09:05 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 16 US Navy LEO Ionosphere and Aurora research Still in orbit Successful
May 22
00:12 GMT
Skylark 3 Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S11/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ultraviolet Astronomy May 22, 1967 Successful
May 30
02:06 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force ESRO 2A ESRO Intended: LEO Technology demonstration mission May 30, 1967 Failure Third Stage malfunction
May 25
23:24 GMT
Skylark 3 Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S05/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ultraviolet Astronomy May 25, 1967 Successful
July 1 GMT Titan IIIC Cape Canaveral DODGE (none) Department of Defense LEO N/A N/A Successful
August 3
07:36 GMT
Black Brant VB Fort Churchill MPI (none) N/A N/A Aeronomy and Ionosphere research N/A Successful
August 4
03:53 GMT
Europa LA-6A, Woomera ELDO (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle with battleship third stage N/A Failure Second stage failed to ignite
August 6
04:04 GMT
Black Brant VB Fort Churchill MPI (none) N/A N/A Aeronomy and Ionosphere research N/A Successful
August 8
03:38 GMT
Skylark 3 AC LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
August 16
06:36 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
August 24
10:05 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ultraviolet Astronomy N/A Successful
August 29
10:01 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE/WRE (none) N/A N/A Ultraviolet Astronomy N/A Successful
September 25
08:25 GMT
Scout A SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force Transit 17 US Navy LEO Navigation satellite Still in orbit Successful
September 27
13:32 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S26/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere and Solar research September 27, 1967 Successful
September 27
22:11 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7K-L1 4L RVSN Intended: Lunar free-return Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P T+67 seconds Failure First stage failure
September 28
16:35 GMT
Black Brant VA-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
October 19
17:33 GMT
Scout B LA-3A, Wallops Island US Air Force RAM C-1 NASA Sub-orbital Technology demonstration mission October 19, 1967 Successful
October 4
13:23 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S19/1 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere research October 4, 1967 Successful
October 5
04:11 GMT
Black Brant VA-AFF Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
October 7
14:50 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S26/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere and Solar research October 7, 1967 Successful
October 10
14:33 GMT
Skylark 7C Salto di Quirra ESRO ESRO S19/2 ESRO Sub-orbital Ionosphere research October 10, 1967 Successful
November 9
12:00 GMT
Saturn V LC-39A, Kennedy NASA Apollo 4 NASA Test LV Successful First flight of Saturn V rocket
October 20
10:49 GMT
Black Brant III-AKF3 Resolute Bay NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research and X-ray astronomy N/A Successful
November 14
05:27 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Solar X-ray and Ultraviolet observation N/A Successful
November 17 Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful
November 22
19:07 GMT
Proton 8K82K (11S824) LC-81, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7K-L1 5L RVSN Intended: Lunar free-return Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P November 22, 1967 Failure Second stage failure
November 29
GMT
Redstone rocket Woomera WRE WRESAT Technology LEO Atmospheric experiments January 10, 1968 Successful First Australian Launched Satellite
December 1
06:08 GMT
Skylark 7C LA-2-SL, Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Test Sounding rocket N/A Successful
December 4
21:01 GMT
Europa LA-6A, Woomera ELDO (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle with battleship third stage and boilerplate payload N/A Failure Second stage failed to separate
December 5
01:03 GMT
Scout B SLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force OV3-06 US Air Force LEO Magnetosphere research satellite March 9, 1969 Successful
December 6
16:30 GMT
Black Brant VA-CRL-AF17.750D Fort Churchill NRCC (none) N/A N/A Ionosphere research N/A Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
8 February Lunar Orbiter 3 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 182 images
20 April Surveyor 3 Lunar landing in Oceanus Procellarum
8 May Lunar Orbiter 4 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 163 images
17 July Surveyor 4 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted Sinus Medii
22 July Explorer 35 Selenocentric orbit insertion
5 August Lunar Orbiter 5 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 213 images
11 September Surveyor 5 Lunar landing in Mare Tranquillitatis
1 October Lunar Orbiter 2 Lunar impact
10 October Lunar Orbiter 3 Lunar impact
18 October Venera 4 Venus probe Atmospheric probe functioned for 94 minutes in the Venerian atmosphere
19 October Mariner 5 Flyby of Venus Closest approach 3,990 kilometres (2,480 mi)
31 October Lunar Orbiter 4 Lunar impact
10 November Surveyor 6 Lunar landing in Sinus Medii

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Spacecraft Query Results". Master Catalog Search. NASA NSSDC. Retrieved 30 May 2010.