Coordinates: 33°28′41″N 36°13′29″E / 33.478131°N 36.224836°E
|1968 Israeli Raid of Lebanon
|Israeli Defense Forces
|Casualties and losses
||12 commercial passenger aircraft, 1 cargo plane
The 1968 Israeli raid on Lebanon, code-named Operation Gift (Hebrew: מבצע תשורה), was an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Special Forces operation at the Beirut International Airport on the night of December 27 - 28, 1968. The operation was a response to the terrorist attack on the Israeli Airliner El Al Flight 253 the day before by the Lebanese-based militant organization Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
The commandos from the Army's elite Sayeret Matkal destroyed 12 passenger airplanes and 1 cargo plane belonging to Middle East Airlines (MEA).
There were no casualties reported in the raid.
Of the 13 aircraft destroyed eight belonged to MEA; which was 30% owned by Air France, 5% by Lebanese individuals and 65% by the Intra Investment Company. Intra was an inter-governmental corperation constituted by the Kuwaiti, Qatari, Lebanese and American governments. The US was represented by the Commodity Credit Corporation which was owed money by Intra Bank, the predecessor of Intra Company, for wheat sales. Lebanese International Airways owned 3 of the destroyed aircraft which were 58% American owned. Trans-Mediterranean Airways lost two planes owned by private Lebanese individuals. The total value of the planes was estimated to be $43.8 million of which British insurers initially agreed to pay $18 million, excluding all policies which did not cover acts of war.
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