1968 in literature
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In poetry: 1965 1966 1967 -1968- 1969 1970 1971
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The year 1968 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works. This is the year of the Protests of 1968.
- January 1 – Cecil Day-Lewis is announced as the new Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.
- April – The United States edition of Andrew Garve's thriller The Long Short Cut becomes the first book printed completely using electronic composition.
- May – The Action Theater in Munich is disbanded after its theater is wrecked by one of its founders, jealous of director Rainer Werner Fassbinder's growing power within the group.
- June 17 – Tom Stoppard's parody The Real Inspector Hound opens at the Criterion Theatre in London's West End, starring Richard Briers and Ronnie Barker.
- July – Last Exit to Brooklyn is cleared of obscenity in the English appeal court.
- August – Tom Wolfe's books The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test and The Pump House Gang are published on the same day. Both go on to become best-sellers and cement Wolfe's status as one of the generation's leading social critics, chroniclers of the counterculture of the 1960s and practitioners of New Journalism.
- September 26 – Theatres Act 1968 ends censorship of the theatre in the United Kingdom.
- October 31 – Alan Bennett's first stage play, Forty Years On, opens at the Apollo Theatre in London's West End, under the direction of Patrick Garland and starring Sir John Gielgud, Paul Eddington and the playwright.
- Dean R. Koontz's first novel, Star Quest, is published.
- N. Scott Momaday's novel House Made of Dawn is published, winning the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1969 and initiating the Native American Renaissance.
- Glidrose Publications releases the James Bond novel, Colonel Sun by "Robert Markham" (a pseudonym for Kingsley Amis). Initially intended as a relaunch of the Bond book series following the death in 1964 of the character's creator, Ian Fleming, Colonel Sun instead ends up being the final book of the series (discounting a "biography" of Bond and a pair of film script adaptations) until John Gardner revives the literary James Bond in 1981.
- The Arvon Foundation is established by young poets John Fairfax and John Moat in the U.K. to promote creative writing.
- Lloyd Alexander – The High King
- Isaac Asimov – Asimov's Mysteries
- James Blish – Black Easter
- Nelson Bond – Nightmares and Daydreams
- Elizabeth Bowen – Eva Trout
- Richard Brautigan – In Watermelon Sugar
- John Brunner
- Anthony Burgess – Enderby Outside
- Martin Caidin – The God Machine
- Taylor Caldwell – Testimony of Two Men
- John Christopher – The Pool of Fire
- John Dickson Carr
- Dark of the Moon
- Papa La-Bas
- Agatha Christie – By the Pricking of My Thumbs
- Arthur C. Clarke – 2001: A Space Odyssey
- L. Sprague de Camp
- L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter – Conan of the Isles
- August Derleth
- Philip K. Dick – Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
- Allen Drury – Preserve and Protect
- Lawrence Durrell – Tunc
- Arthur Hailey – Airport
- Michael Harrison – The Exploits of Chevalier Dupin
- Georgette Heyer – Cousin Kate
- Barry Hines – A Kestrel for a Knave
- Robert E. Howard and L. Sprague de Camp – Conan the Freebooter
- Robert E. Howard, L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter – Conan the Wanderer
- Robert E. Howard, Björn Nyberg and L. Sprague de Camp – Conan the Avenger
- John Irving – Setting Free the Bears
- Dorothy M. Johnson – Indian Country
- James Jones – The Ice-Cream Headache and Other Stories
- John le Carré – A Small Town in Germany
- John D. MacDonald – Pale Gray for Guilt and The Girl in the Plain Brown Wrapper
- Norman Mailer – Armies of the Night
- Ruth Manning-Sanders – A Book of Mermaids
- Robert Markham – Colonel Sun
- Brian Moore – I Am Mary Dunne
- Alice Munro – Dance of the Happy Shades (short stories)
- Andrew Osmond and Douglas Hurd – Send Him Victorious
- Anthony Powell – The Military Philosophers
- Jean Rhys – Tigers Are Better-Looking
- Mordecai Richler – Cocksure
- Rudi Šeligo – Triptih Agate Schwarzkobler
- Robert Silverberg – The Masks of Time
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
- Muriel Spark – The Public Image
- Angus John Mackintosh Stewart – Sandel
- Sri Lal Sukla – Raag Darbari
- John Updike – Couples
- Jack Vance – City of the Chasch
- Gore Vidal – Myra Breckinridge
- John Wyndham – Chocky
- Alan Bennett – Forty Years On
- Hugo Claus – Vrijdag
- Thomas Kilroy – The Death and Resurrection of Mr Roche
- Tom Stoppard – The Real Inspector Hound
- Michel Tremblay – Les Belles-Sœurs
Main article: 1968 in poetry
- L. Sprague de Camp
- Carlos Castaneda – The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge
- Eldridge Cleaver – Soul On Ice
- L. Sprague de Camp and Catherine Crook de Camp – The Day of the Dinosaur
- Paul R. Ehrlich – The Population Bomb
- H. P. Lovecraft – Selected Letters II (1925–1929)
- William Manchester – The Arms of Krupp: 1597-1968
- James Morris – Pax Britannica: The Climax of Empire
- Charles Rembar – The End of Obscenity: The trials of Lady Chatterley, Tropic of Cancer and Fanny Hill
- Adam Smith – The Money Game
- Erich von Däniken – Chariots of the Gods
- James D. Watson – The Double Helix
- January 30 – Rhoda Shipman, American comic book writer
- May 27 – Ekow Eshun, British-Ghanaian writer, journalist and broadcaster
- September 14 – Shuichi Yoshida, Japanese novelist
- December 6 – Karl Ove Knausgård, Norwegian autobiographical novelist
- December 31 – Junot Díaz, Dominican-American novelist
- date unknown – K. V. Johansen, Canadian children's author
- January 14 – Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet, 82
- February 23 – Fannie Hurst, American novelist, 78
- April 16 – Edna Ferber, American novelist, short story writer and playwright, 82
- April 25 – Donald Davidson, American poet, 74
- May 1 – Sir Harold Nicolson, British biographer and husband of Vita Sackville-West, 81
- May 30 – Martin Noth, German Hebraist, 65
- June 1 – Helen Keller, deafblind American author, political activist, and lecturer, 87
- September 29 – Sixto Pondal Ríos, Argentine screenwriter, poet and dramatist, 61
- October 13 – Sir Stanley Unwin, English publisher, 83
- October 30 – Conrad Richter, American novelist, 78
- November 17 – Mervyn Peake, English author (Gormenghast), 57 (dementia))
- November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American novelist and politician, 90
- December 5 – Anna Kavan, British novelist, short story writer and painter, 67
- December 20 – John Steinbeck, American novelist, 66 (congestive heart failure)
- See 1968 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Bernard Clavel, Les fruits de l'hiver
- Prix Médicis: Élie Wiesel, Le Mendiant de Jérusalem
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Rosemary Harris, The Moon in the Cloud
- Cholmondeley Award: Harold Massingham, Edwin Morgan
- Eric Gregory Award: James Aitchison, Douglas Dunn, Brian Jones
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Maggie Ross, The Gasteropod
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Gordon Haight, George Eliot
- Newdigate prize: James Fenton
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Robert Graves
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry, W. H. Auden
- Hugo Award: Roger Zelazny, Lord of Light
- Nebula Award: Alexei Panshin, Rite of Passage
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: E. L. Konigsburg, From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: William Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Anthony Hecht, The Hard Hours
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Anthony Hecht, Mijn moeder
- Premio Nadal: Álvaro Cunqueiro, El hombre que se parecía a Orestes
- Viareggio Prize: Libero Bigiaretti, La controfigura
- Marshall, Rita (January 2, 1968). "C. Day Lewis Is Poet Laureate". The Times (57138) (London). p. 1.
- Altbach, Philip Gabriel; Hoshino, Edith S. (1995). International Book Publishing: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-8153-0786-0.
- Kane, Joseph Nathan (1997). Famous First Facts: A Record of First Happenings, Discoveries, and Inventions in American History (5th ed.). The H.W. Wilson Company. p. 67. ISBN 0-8242-0930-3.
- Elsaesser, Thomas (1996). Fassbinder's Germany: History, Identity, Subject. Amsterdam University Press. p. 301. ISBN 90-5356-059-9.
- Sutherland, John; Fender, Stephen (2011). Love, Sex, Death & Words: surprising tales from a year in literature. London: Icon. pp. 283–4. ISBN 978-184831-247-0.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 978-1-85986-000-7.
- Text of the Theatres Act 1968 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database .
- Society for Slovene Studies (2006). Slovene studies. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Lachance, François (2002), "Tremblay, Michel", glbtq.com, retrieved 2007-08-18
- Sahlas, Demetrios J. (2003). "Dementia With Lewy Bodies and the Neurobehavioral Decline of Mervyn Peake". Archives of Neurology 60 (6). doi:10.1001/archneur.60.6.889.
- "John Steinbeck Biography". National Steinbeck Centre.