1968 in literature
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In poetry: 1965 1966 1967 -1968- 1969 1970 1971
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The year 1968 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works. This is the year of the Protests of 1968.
- January 1 – Cecil Day-Lewis is announced as the new Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.
- April – The United States edition of Andrew Garve's thriller The Long Short Cut becomes the first book printed completely using electronic composition.
- May – The Action Theater in Munich is disbanded after its theater is wrecked by one of its founders, jealous of director Rainer Werner Fassbinder's growing power within the group.
- July – Last Exit to Brooklyn is cleared of obscenity in the English appeal court.
- August – Tom Wolfe's books The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test and The Pump House Gang are published on the same day. Both go on to become best-sellers and cement Wolfe's status as one of the generation's leading social critics, chroniclers of the counterculture of the 1960s and practitioners of New Journalism.
- September 26 – Theatres Act 1968 ends censorship of the theatre in the United Kingdom.
- Dean R. Koontz's first novel, Star Quest, is published.
- N. Scott Momaday's novel House Made of Dawn is published, winning the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1969 and initiating the Native American Renaissance.
- Glidrose Publications releases the James Bond novel, Colonel Sun by "Robert Markham" (a pseudonym for Kingsley Amis). Initially intended as a relaunch of the Bond book series following the death in 1964 of the character's creator, Ian Fleming, Colonel Sun instead ends up being the final book of the series (discounting a "biography" of Bond and a pair of film script adaptations) until John Gardner revives the literary James Bond in 1981.
- The Arvon Foundation is established by young poets John Fairfax and John Moat in the U.K. to promote creative writing.
- Lloyd Alexander – The High King
- Isaac Asimov – Asimov's Mysteries
- James Blish – Black Easter
- Nelson Bond – Nightmares and Daydreams
- Elizabeth Bowen – Eva Trout
- Richard Brautigan – In Watermelon Sugar
- John Brunner
- Anthony Burgess – Enderby Outside
- Martin Caidin – The God Machine
- Taylor Caldwell – Testimony of Two Men
- John Christopher – The Pool of Fire
- John Dickson Carr
- Dark of the Moon
- Papa La-Bas
- Agatha Christie – By the Pricking of My Thumbs
- Arthur C. Clarke – 2001: A Space Odyssey
- L. Sprague de Camp
- L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter – Conan of the Isles
- August Derleth
- Philip K. Dick – Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
- Allen Drury – Preserve and Protect
- Lawrence Durrell – Tunc
- Arthur Hailey – Airport
- Michael Harrison – The Exploits of Chevalier Dupin
- Georgette Heyer – Cousin Kate
- Barry Hines – A Kestrel for a Knave
- Robert E. Howard and L. Sprague de Camp – Conan the Freebooter
- Robert E. Howard, L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter – Conan the Wanderer
- Robert E. Howard, Björn Nyberg and L. Sprague de Camp – Conan the Avenger
- John Irving – Setting Free the Bears
- Dorothy M. Johnson – Indian Country
- James Jones – The Ice-Cream Headache and Other Stories
- John le Carré – A Small Town in Germany
- John D. MacDonald – Pale Gray for Guilt and The Girl in the Plain Brown Wrapper
- Norman Mailer – Armies of the Night
- Ruth Manning-Sanders – A Book of Mermaids
- Robert Markham – Colonel Sun
- Brian Moore – I Am Mary Dunne
- Alice Munro – Dance of the Happy Shades (short stories)
- Andrew Osmond and Douglas Hurd – Send Him Victorious
- Anthony Powell – The Military Philosophers
- Jean Rhys – Tigers Are Better-Looking
- Mordecai Richler – Cocksure
- Rudi Šeligo – Triptih Agate Schwarzkobler
- Robert Silverberg – The Masks of Time
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
- Muriel Spark – The Public Image
- Sri Lal Sukla – Raag Darbari
- John Updike – Couples
- Jack Vance – City of the Chasch
- Gore Vidal – Myra Breckinridge
- John Wyndham – Chocky
- Alan Bennett – Forty Years On
- Hugo Claus – Vrijdag
- Thomas Kilroy – The Death and Resurrection of Mr Roche
- Tom Stoppard – The Real Inspector Hound
- Michel Tremblay – Les Belles-Sœurs
- L. Sprague de Camp
- Carlos Castaneda – The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge
- Eldridge Cleaver – Soul On Ice
- L. Sprague de Camp and Catherine Crook de Camp – The Day of the Dinosaur
- Paul R. Ehrlich – The Population Bomb
- H. P. Lovecraft – Selected Letters II (1925–1929)
- William Manchester – The Arms of Krupp: 1597-1968
- James Morris – Pax Britannica: The Climax of Empire
- Charles Rembar – The End of Obscenity: The trials of Lady Chatterley, Tropic of Cancer and Fanny Hill
- Adam Smith – The Money Game
- Erich von Däniken – Chariots of the Gods
- James D. Watson – The Double Helix
- January 30 – Rhoda Shipman, American comic book writer
- May 27 – Ekow Eshun, British-Ghanaian writer, journalist and broadcaster
- September 14 – Shuichi Yoshida, Japanese novelist
- December 6 – Karl Ove Knausgård, Norwegian autobiographical novelist
- December 31 – Junot Díaz, Dominican-American novelist
- date unknown – K. V. Johansen, Canadian children's author
- January 14 – Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet, 82
- February 23 – Fannie Hurst, American novelist, 78
- April 16 – Edna Ferber, American novelist, short story writer and playwright, 82
- April 25 – Donald Davidson, American poet, 74
- May 1 – Sir Harold Nicolson, British biographer and husband of Vita Sackville-West, 81
- May 30 – Martin Noth, German Hebraist, 65
- June 1 – Helen Keller, deafblind American author, political activist, and lecturer, 87
- September 29 – Sixto Pondal Ríos, Argentine screenwriter, poet and dramatist, 61
- October 13 – Sir Stanley Unwin, English publisher, 83
- October 30 – Conrad Richter, American novelist, 78
- November 17 – Mervyn Peake, English author (Gormenghast), 57 (dementia))
- November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American novelist and politician, 90
- December 5 – Anna Kavan, British novelist, short story writer and painter, 67
- December 20 – John Steinbeck, American novelist, 66 (congestive heart failure)
- See 1968 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Bernard Clavel, Les fruits de l'hiver
- Prix Médicis: Élie Wiesel, Le Mendiant de Jérusalem
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Rosemary Harris, The Moon in the Cloud
- Cholmondeley Award: Harold Massingham, Edwin Morgan
- Eric Gregory Award: James Aitchison, Douglas Dunn, Brian Jones
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Maggie Ross, The Gasteropod
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Gordon Haight, George Eliot
- Newdigate prize: James Fenton
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Robert Graves
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry, W. H. Auden
- Hugo Award: Roger Zelazny, Lord of Light
- Nebula Award: Alexei Panshin, Rite of Passage
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: E. L. Konigsburg, From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: William Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Anthony Hecht, The Hard Hours
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Anthony Hecht, Mijn moeder
- Premio Nadal: Álvaro Cunqueiro, El hombre que se parecía a Orestes
- Viareggio Prize: Libero Bigiaretti, La controfigura
- Marshall, Rita (January 2, 1968). "C. Day Lewis Is Poet Laureate". The Times (57138) (London). p. 1.
- Altbach, Philip Gabriel; Hoshino, Edith S. (1995). International Book Publishing: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-8153-0786-0.
- Kane, Joseph Nathan (1997). Famous First Facts: A Record of First Happenings, Discoveries, and Inventions in American History (5th ed.). The H.W. Wilson Company. p. 67. ISBN 0-8242-0930-3.
- Elsaesser, Thomas (1996). Fassbinder's Germany: History, Identity, Subject. Amsterdam University Press. p. 301. ISBN 90-5356-059-9.
- Sutherland, John; Fender, Stephen (2011). Love, Sex, Death & Words: surprising tales from a year in literature. London: Icon. pp. 283–4. ISBN 978-184831-247-0.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 978-1-85986-000-7.
- Official text of the Theatres Act 1968 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database .
- Society for Slovene Studies (2006). Slovene studies. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Lachance, François (2002), "Tremblay, Michel", glbtq.com, retrieved 2007-08-18
- Sahlas, Demetrios J. (2003). "Dementia With Lewy Bodies and the Neurobehavioral Decline of Mervyn Peake". Archives of Neurology 60 (6). doi:10.1001/archneur.60.6.889.
- "John Steinbeck Biography". National Steinbeck Centre.