1968 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1968.

Arthropoda[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eriocampa tulameenensis[2]

sp nov

Valid

Rice

Early Eocene

Allenby Formation

 Canada

A Tenthredinidae sawfly

Pseudosiobla campbelli[2]

sp nov

Valid

Rice

Early Eocene

Horsefly beds

 Canada

A Tenthredinidae sawfly

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aralosaurus[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Rozhdestvensky

Late Cretaceous

Bostobe Svita

 Kazakhstan

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aethia rossmoori [6]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

 USA:

 California

An Alcidae.

Alauda jordanica [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eitan Tchernov

Middle Pleistocene

Ubeidiya Formation

 Israel

An Alaudidae.

Alcodes ulnulus [6]

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene?

 USA:

 California

An Alcidae,
this is the type species of the new genus.

Bathornis fricki [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Miocene

 USA

 California

A Gruiformes, Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933.

Buteo circoides [9]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Tatal-Gol

 Mongolia

An Accipitridae.

Coturnicops avita [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Alan Feduccia

Late Pliocene

Glenns Ferry Formation

 USA:

 Idaho

A Rallidae.

Cygnavus formosus [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Eocene

Zaysan Bassin

 USSR

 Kazakhstan

An Anatidae.

"Cygnopterus" lambrechti[11]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Kustovskaya

 USSR

 Kazakhstan

Described as an Anatidae, placed in Phoenicopteriformes Incertae Sedis by Nikita Zelenkov in 2005.

Fulica stekelesi [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eitan Tchernov

Middle Pleistocene

‘Ubeidiya Formation

 Israel

A Rallidae.

Fulmarus hammeri [6]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Marine Beds

 USA:

 California

A Procellariidae.

Gobihierax edax [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Tatal-Gol

 Mongolia

An Accipitridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Guguschia nailiae [12]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Sevil M. Aslanova

Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich

Middle Oligocene

Maykopian Clay

 USSR:

 Azerbaijan

A Swan, Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Laterallus insignis [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Alan Feduccia

Late Pliocene

Wendell Fox Pasture

 USA:

 Kansas

A Rallidae.

Limicorallus saiensis [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene-Miocene

Myn-Say Gorge

 USSR:

 Kazakhstan

Described as a Rallidae, transferred to the Phalacrocoracidae by Gerald Mayr, 2009, as suggested by Mlíkovský et Švec, 1986, this is the type species of the new genus.

Megaegotheles novaezealandiae [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Ron J. Scarlett

Pleistocene-Subrecent

North and South Island

 New Zealand

An Aegothelidae, this is the type species of the new genus, Olson, Balouet et Fisher, 1987 transferred the species to the genus Aegotheles. [14]

Megagallinula harundinea [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Kur-Say Gorge

 USSR:

 Kazakhstan

A Rallidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Melanocorypha gracilis [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eitan Tchernov

Middle Pleistocene

‘Ubeidiya Formation

 Israel

An Alaudidae.

Palaeorallus alienus [9]

Sp. nov.

Valid ?

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Tatal-Gol

 Mongolia

A Rallidae, unfortunately the specimen is heavely damaged and a positive identification is not possible.

Paracrax gigantea [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Late Oligocene

Brule Formation

 USA:

 South Dakota

A Gruiformes, Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933.

Paracrax wetmorei [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Late Oligocene

Brule Formation

 USA:

 South Dakota

A Gruiformes, Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933.

Petronia brevirostris [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eitan Tchernov

Middle Pleistocene

‘Ubeidiya Formation

 Israel

A Passeridae.

Puffinus calhouni [6]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Marine Beds

 USA:

 California

A Procellariidae.

Tutor dementievi [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Oligocene

Tatal-Gol

 Mongolia

An Accipitridae, transferred to the new genus Venerator Kurochkin, 1969 because Tutor Kurochkin, 1968 is preoccupied by Tutor Goldfuss, 1820. This is the type species of the new genus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ceraunosaurus

gen et sp nov

jr synonym

Thurmond

Late Cretaceous

 USA

junior synonym of Trinacromerum

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b Rice, H.M.A. (1968). "Two Tertiary sawflies, (Hymenoptera - Tenthredinidae), from British Columbia". Geological Survey of Canada 67 (59): 1–21. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Rozhdestvensky. A.K. 1968. Hadrosaurs of Kazakhstan. In: Upper Paleozoic and Mesozoic Amphibians and Reptiles (Tatarinov, L.P., et al., eds.). Akademia Nauk S.S.S.R. Moscow: pp. 97- 141.
  6. ^ a b c d Howard, H (1968). "Tertiary Birds from Laguna Hills, Orange County, California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 142: 1–21. 
  7. ^ a b c d Tchernov, E (1968). "A Preliminary Investigation of the Birds on the Pleistocene Deposits of Ubeidia". Publications of the Israel Academy of Science and Humanities 1968: 1–44. 
  8. ^ Cracraft, J (1968). "A Review of the Bathornithidae (Aves: Gruiformes), with Remarks on the Relationships of the Suborder Cariamae" (PDF). American Museum Novitates 2326: 1–46. 
  9. ^ a b c d Kurochkin, EN (1968). "{Fossil Remains of Birds from Mongolia]". Ornithologiya 9: 323–330. 
  10. ^ a b Feduccia, A (1968). "The Pliocene Rails of North America" (PDF). Auk 85 (July): 441–453. 
  11. ^ a b c d Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1968). "New Oligocene Birds from Kazakhstan". Paleontological Journal 2: 83–90. 
  12. ^ Sevil M. Aslanova & Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich (1968). "A Fossil Swan from the Maykopian Series of Azerbaydzhan" (PDF). Auk 85 (July): 441–453. 
  13. ^ Ron J. Scarlett (1968). "An Owlet-Nightjar from New-Zealand" (PDF). Notornis 15: 254–266. 
  14. ^ Storrs L. Olson, Jean Chr. Balouet & C. T. Fisher (1987). "The Owlet-Nightjar of New Caledonia, Aegotheles savesi, with Comments on the Systematics of the Aegothelidae". De Giervalk / Le Gerfaut 77: 341–352. 
  15. ^ a b Joel Cracraft (1968). "A Review of the Bathornithidae (Aves: Gruiformes), with Remarks on the Relationships of the Suborder Cariamae" (PDF). American Museum Novitates 2326: 1–46.