1969 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1969.

Mollusca[edit]

New bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Praenuculidae

Fam nov

Valid

McAlester

Ordovician - Devonian

extinct family of Nuculoidea bivalves

Fish[edit]

New Actinopterygii ("ray-finned fish")[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Proaracana

gen et sp nov

Valid

Le Danois

Eocene

Monte Bolca

 Italy

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named crurotarsans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Riojasuchus[2]

gen et sp nov

valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

 Argentina

Ornithosuchid archosaur. originally misidentified as a dinosaur

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deinonychus[5]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

"Strenusaurus"[2]

gen et sp nov

Junior synonym.

Bonaparte

Triassic

 Argentina

Junior synonym of Riojasaurus.

"Syntarsus"[6]

gen et sp nov

Preoccupied name.

Raath

Early Jurassic

 Zimbabwe

Preoccupied by Syntarsus Fairmaire, 1869. Renamed Megapnosaurus.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alectoris bavarica [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Phasianidae.

Buteo pusillus [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 France

An Accipitridae.

Capitonides europeus [7]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Lybiidae, transferred to the genus Trachyphonus by Mlíkovský, 2002.[9]

Diomedea thyridata [10]

Sp. nov.

Valid

H. E. Wilkinson

Late Miocene

Black Rock Sandstone

 Australia:

 Victoria

A Diomedeidae.

Eogeranoides campivagus [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Gruiformes, Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933, this is the type species of the new genus.

Geranodornis aenigma [11]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Gruiformes, Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933, this is the type species of the new genus.

Musophaga meini [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 France

A Musophagidae, transferred to the genus Apopempsis by Brodkorb, 1971,[12] placed in and made the type species of the new genus Veflintornis Kashin, 1976 because Apopempsis Brodkorb, 1971 is preoccupied by Apopempsis Schenkling, 1903.

Otus wintershofensis [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3a

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Strigidae, transferred to the genus Strix by Mlíkovský, 2002.[9]

Palaeonerpes shorti [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

John J. Morony, jr.

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

 USA:

 Nebraska

A Picidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Palaeophasianus incompletus [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Gruiformes, Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933.

Paracygnus plattensis [14]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Lester L. Short, jr.

Late Pliocene

Kimbal Formation

 USA:

 Nebraska

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Paragrus shufeldti [11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Eocene

Willwood Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Gruiformes, Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933.

Plotopterum joaquinensis [15]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Early Miocene

Upper Walker Formation

 USA:

 California

A Plotopteridae Howard, 1969, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pseudodontornis stirtoni [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Stuart L. Warter

Late Pliocene

 New Zealand

A Pseudodontornithidae Lambrecht, 1933, transferred to the new genus Neodontornis Harrison et Walker, 1976 by Colin J. O. Harrison and Cyril A. Walker, 1976.[17]

Pulsatrix arredondoi [18]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Pleistocene

Caverna Paredones

 Cuba

A Strigidae.

Strix brevis [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3a

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Strigidae, transferred to the genus Intulula Mlíkovský, 1998 by Mlíkovský, 2002.[9]

Taoperdix miocaena [7]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Cracidae.

Tetrao praeurogallus [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pliocene

Early Pleistocene

MN 14 - MQ1a

 Bulgaria;

 Poland;

 Hungary

A Phasianidae.

Zenaidura prior [20]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Rexroad Formation

 USA:

 Kansas

A Columbidae, transferred to the genus Zenaida Bonaparte, 1838.

Zygodactylus grivensis [8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 France

A Piciformes, Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971.

Zygodactylus ignotus [7]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Piciformes, Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971, this s the type species of the new genus.

New Pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Nesodactylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Colbert

Late Jurassic

Jagua Formation

 Cuba

family placement uncertain

Paleontologists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b Bonaparte, J.F. 1969. Dos nuevas "faunas" de reptiles Triasicos de Argentina. I Gondwana Symp. (IVGAS, 1967), Mar del Plata Ciencias Tierra 2: pp. 283-306
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Ostrom, J. H. 1969. A new theropod dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana. Postilia 128: pp. 1-17.
  6. ^ Raath, M.A. 1969. A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Forest Sandstone of Rhodesia. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 4 (28): pp. 1-25.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Peter Ballmann (1969). "Die Vögel aus der Altburdigalen Spaltenfüllung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstätt in Bayern". Zitteliana 1: 5–60. 
  8. ^ a b c Peter Ballmann (1969). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)". Géobios 2: 157–204. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(69)80005-7. 
  9. ^ a b c Jirí Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe". Praha Ninox Press, 2002: 1–407. 
  10. ^ H. E. Wilkinson (1969). "Desctiptions of an Upper Miocene Albatross from Beaumaris, Victoria, Australia, and a Review of the Fossil Diomedeidae". Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 29: 41–51. 
  11. ^ a b c d Joel Cracraft (1969). "Systematics and Evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves) 1. The Eocene Family Geranoididae and the Early History of the Gruiformes". American Museum Novitates 2388: 1–41. 
  12. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1971). "Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 4 (Columbiformes through Piciformes)". Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 15: 163–266. 
  13. ^ Joel Cracraft & John J. Morony, jr. (1969). "A New Pliocene Woodpecker, with Comments on the Fossil Picidae". American Museum Novitates 2400: 1–41. 
  14. ^ Lester L. Short, jr. (1969). "A New Genus and Species of Gooselike Swan from the Pliocene of Nebraska". American Museum Novitates 2369: 1–7. 
  15. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1969). "A New Avian Fossil from Kern County, California". Condor 71 (1): 68–69. doi:10.2307/1366050. 
  16. ^ Hildegarde Howard and Stuart L. Warter (1969). "A New Species of Bony-toothed Bird (Family Pseudodontornithidae) from the Tertiary of New Zealand". Records of the Canterbury Museum 8: 345–357. 
  17. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison and Cyril A. Walker (1976). "A Review of the Bony-Toothed Birds (Odontopterygiformes): with the Description of Some New Species". Tertiary Research Special Papers 2: 1–72. 
  18. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1969). "An Extinct Pleistocene Owl from Cuba". Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 31 (2): 112–114. 
  19. ^ Dénes Jánossy (1969). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae (N.S.), Brno 20 (12): 35–64. 
  20. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1969). "An Ancestral Mourning Dove from Rexroad, Kansas". Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 31 (3): 173–176. 
  21. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.