1969 in spaceflight

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1969 saw for the first time humanity step onto another world. On July 21, 1969 Apollo 11 deployed the Eagle LM to land on the moon's surface. The success of Apollo 11 saw the efforts of over 500,000 engineers, scientists and technicians. There were other successes with the Soviet space programme docking of two manned spacecraft and the success of their Venus and Lunar probes. Still the Soviet lunar programme suffered problems with the N1 rocket exploding on the launch pad.

Launches[edit]

This is a list of spaceflights launched in 1969.


Launch Date/Time Rocket Launch
Site
Launch Contractor Payload Operator Orbit Mission/
Function
Re-Entry/
Destruction
Outcome Remarks
January 14
07:30 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31 Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 4, 1 Cosmonaut (Vladimir Shatalov) RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight January 17, 1969 Successful First docking between two manned spacecraft (with Soyuz 5)
January 15
07:04 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-1/5 Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 5, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight January 18, 1969 Successful First docking between two manned spacecraft (with Soyuz 4)
March 3
16:00 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 9 CSM Gumdrop
3 astronauts
NASA LEO Manned Orbital Flight March 13, 1969 Successful
Apollo 9 LM Spider NASA LEO Test spacecraft March 13, 1969 Successful First manned test of Lunar Module
May 18
16:49 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39B Kennedy NASA Apollo 10 CSM Charlie Brown
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight May 26, 1969 Successful "Dress rehearsal" of Apollo Moon Landings
Apollo 10 LM Snoopy NASA Lunar orbit, then Heliocentric orbit Test spacecraft N/A Successful First manned test of Lunar Module in lunar orbit
June 27
22:58 GMT
Black Arrow Woomera RAE (none) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle N/A Failure Self-destruct activated by RSO after loss of control
July 3 N-1 Soviet Union Soviet space program (unknown) N/A N/A Test launch vehicle N/A Failure Exploded due to faulty engines and a bolt that was sucked into a fuel pump.
July 16
13:32 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 11 CSM Columbia
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight July 24, 1969 Successful
Apollo 11 LM Eagle NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Landing July 20, 1969 Successful First manned Moon landing
July 20
21:54 GMT
Apollo LM Ascent Stage Apollo 11 LM Descent Stage
Mare Tranquillitatis
The Moon
NASA Apollo 11 LM Ascent Stage Eagle
2 Astronauts
NASA Lunar Orbit Return Apollo 11 astronauts to CSM for journey back to Earth Successful First spacecraft to launch from the Moon
October 11
11:10 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31/6, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 6, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 7 and 8 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
October 12
10:44 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-1/5, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 7, 3 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 6 and 8 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
October 13
10:19 GMT
Soyuz (R-7/A-2) LC-31/6, Baikonur RVSN Soyuz 8, 2 Cosmonauts RVSN LEO Manned Orbital Flight October 16, 1969 Partial Failure Rendezvous with Soyuz 6 and 7 unsuccessful due to electronic failure.
November 14
16:22 GMT
Saturn V (C-5) LC-39A Kennedy NASA Apollo 12 CSM Yankee Clipper
3 astronauts
NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Orbital Flight November 24, 1969 Successful
Apollo 12 LM Intrepid NASA Lunar orbit Manned Lunar Landing November 18, 1969
GMT
Successful Recovered parts of Surveyor 3
November 20
04:26 GMT
Apollo LM Ascent Stage Apollo 12 LM Descent Stage
Oceanus Procellarum
The Moon
NASA Apollo 12 LM Ascent Stage Intrepid
2 Astronauts
NASA Lunar Orbit Return Apollo 12 astronauts to CSM for journey back to Earth November 20, 1969
12:17 GMT at Moon
Successful

Deep Space Rendez-vous in 1969[edit]

References[edit]

Generic references:


Preceded by
1968
Timeline of spaceflight
1969
Succeeded by
1970