1970 Formula One season

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1970 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Drivers' Champion: Jochen Rindt
Constructors' Champion: Lotus-Ford
Previous: 1969 Next: 1971

The 1970 Formula One season included the 21st FIA Formula One World Championship season, which commenced on 7 March 1970, and ended on 25 October after thirteen races. It was won by Jochen Rindt, who died four races before the end of the season. This is the only season to date in which the World Championship title has been awarded posthumously.

Season summary[edit]

For 1970 following the agreement with Simca, Tyrrell were asked by Matra to use their V12 rather than the Cosworth. Stewart tested the Matra V12 and found it inferior to the DFV. As a large part of the Tyrrell budget was provided by Ford, and another significant element came from French state-owned petroleum company Elf, which had an agreement with Renault that precluded supporting a Simca partner, Ken Tyrrell had little alternative (due to clashing sponsorship deals) but to buy the March 701 chassis as an interim solution while developing his own car in secret; the first Tyrrell bore a substantial resemblance to the MS80.

The new wedge-shaped Lotus 72 was a very innovative car featuring torsion bar suspension, hip-mounted radiators, inboard front brakes and an overhanging rear wing. The 72 originally had suspension problems, but when dive and squat were designed out of the suspension the car quickly showed its superiority. Lotus's new leader, the Austrian Jochen Rindt, dominated the championship until he was killed at Monza when he crashed into some poorly installed crash barriers right before the Parabolica corner. He took the 1970 title posthumously for Lotus. Jacky Ickx won the Austrian, Canadian and Mexican Grands Prix to come second in the Drivers' Championship, having re-joined Ferrari from Brabham. Had he won the United States Grand Prix instead of Brazilian newcomer Emerson Fittipaldi, Ickx would have been crowned champion.

The 1970 season was one of the most tragic in Formula One history. Before Rindt's death at Monza, New Zealander Bruce McLaren was killed testing a McLaren Can-Am car at the Goodwood Circuit in England, and Briton Piers Courage was killed at the Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort, driving a Frank Williams-entered De Tomaso.

The German Grand Prix was originally supposed to be held at the Nürburgring. Jochen Rindt, representing the GPDA (Grand Prix Driver's Association), visited the track with a list of requests to make the long and dangerous track safer, but the organizers did not comply. At a GPDA meeting at a hotel in London after the memorial services of Piers Courage and Bruce McLaren, a vote was cast to determine whether to race there and the vote went against racing at the Nürburgring. The German Grand Prix was hastily switched to Hockenheim, which had already been brought up to safety standards.[1] Rindt won the race by 0.7 seconds from Ickx. It would prove to be his final Grand Prix victory.

1970 saw the introduction of slick tyres by Goodyear.

After a Formula One career that began at the 1955 British Grand Prix, triple World Champion Jack Brabham retired at the end of the year.

Season review[edit]

Austrian Jochen Rindt won the Drivers' Championship posthumously, the only time this has happened in Formula One history. He drove for Lotus that season.
Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 South Africa South African Grand Prix Kyalami 7 March United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Australia Jack Brabham
United Kingdom John Surtees
Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham-Ford G Report
2 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Jarama 19 April Australia Jack Brabham Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom March-Ford D Report
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco 10 May United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Austria Jochen Rindt Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 7 June United Kingdom Jackie Stewart New Zealand Chris Amon Mexico Pedro Rodríguez United Kingdom BRM D Report
5 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 21 June Austria Jochen Rindt Belgium Jacky Ickx Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
6 France French Grand Prix Charade 5 July Belgium Jacky Ickx Australia Jack Brabham Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
7 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brands Hatch 18 July Austria Jochen Rindt Australia Jack Brabham Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
8 West Germany German Grand Prix Hockenheimring 2 August Belgium Jacky Ickx Belgium Jacky Ickx Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
9 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring 16 August Austria Jochen Rindt Belgium Jacky Ickx
Switzerland Clay Regazzoni
Belgium Jacky Ickx Italy Ferrari F Report
10 Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza 6 September Belgium Jacky Ickx Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari F Report
11 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Mont-Tremblant 20 September United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Belgium Jacky Ickx Italy Ferrari F Report
12 United States United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen 4 October Belgium Jacky Ickx Belgium Jacky Ickx Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom Lotus-Ford F Report
13 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Hermanos Rodriguez 25 October Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Belgium Jacky Ickx Belgium Jacky Ickx Italy Ferrari F Report

Teams and drivers[edit]

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1970 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell-Ford 001 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 D United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 11–13
March-Ford 701 1–10
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 1–3
France François Cevert 5–13
France Equipe Matra Elf Matra MS120 Matra MS12 3.0 V12 G France Jean-Pierre Beltoise All
France Henri Pescarolo All
United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren-Ford M14A
M14D
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G New Zealand Bruce McLaren 1–3
New Zealand Denny Hulme 1–3, 6–13
United Kingdom Peter Gethin 5, 8–13
United States Dan Gurney 5–7
McLaren-Alfa Romeo M7D
M14D
Alfa Romeo T33 3.0 V8 Italy Andrea de Adamich 2–3, 5–12
Italy Nanni Galli 10
United Kingdom Team Surtees McLaren-Ford M7C
M7A
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F United Kingdom John Surtees 1–3, 5
Surtees-Ford TS7 7–13
United Kingdom Derek Bell 12
United States STP Corporation March-Ford 701 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F United States Mario Andretti 1–2, 7–9
United Kingdom Gold Leaf Team Lotus
United Kingdom Garvey Team Lotus
United Kingdom World Wide Racing
Lotus-Ford 49C
72A
72B
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F Austria Jochen Rindt 1–10
United Kingdom John Miles 1–10
Spain Alex Soler-Roig 2, 4, 6
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 7–10, 12–13
Sweden Reine Wisell 12–13
United Kingdom Rob Walker Racing Team
United Kingdom Brooke Bond Oxo Racing – Rob Walker
Lotus-Ford 49C
72C
Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F United Kingdom Graham Hill 1–8, 10–13
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd
United Kingdom Auto Motor und Sport
Brabham-Ford BT33 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G Australia Jack Brabham All
West Germany Rolf Stommelen All
United Kingdom March Engineering March-Ford 701 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F New Zealand Chris Amon All
Switzerland Jo Siffert All
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312B Ferrari 001 3.0 F12 F Belgium Jacky Ickx All
Italy Ignazio Giunti 4, 6, 9–10
Switzerland Clay Regazzoni 5, 7–13
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation
United Kingdom Yardley Team BRM
BRM P153
P139
BRM P142 3.0 V12 D United Kingdom Jackie Oliver All
Mexico Pedro Rodríguez All
Canada George Eaton 1–3, 5–7, 9–12
United Kingdom Peter Westbury 12
United Kingdom Frank Williams Racing Cars De Tomaso-Ford 505 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 D United Kingdom Piers Courage 1–5
United Kingdom Brian Redman 7–8
Australia Tim Schenken 9–12
Rhodesia Team Gunston Lotus-Ford 49 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 D Rhodesia John Love 1
Brabham-Ford BT26A G South Africa Peter de Klerk 1
South Africa Scuderia Scribante Lotus-Ford 49C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F South Africa Dave Charlton 1
United Kingdom Antique Automobiles Racing Team
United Kingdom Colin Crabbe Racing
March-Ford 701 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G Sweden Ronnie Peterson 3–8, 10–12
United Kingdom Tom Wheatcroft Racing Brabham-Ford BT26A Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G United Kingdom Derek Bell 4
Switzerland Silvio Moser Racing Team Bellasi-Ford F1 70 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G Switzerland Silvio Moser 5–6, 8–10
United States Pete Lovely Volkswagen Inc. Lotus-Ford 49B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F United States Pete Lovely 5–7, 12
West Germany Hubert Hahne March-Ford 701 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 F West Germany Hubert Hahne 8
Sweden Ecurie Bonnier McLaren-Ford M7C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G Sweden Joakim Bonnier 10, 12
United States Gus Hutchison Brabham-Ford BT26A Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G United States Gus Hutchison 12

1970 Drivers' Championship final standings[edit]

Pos. Driver RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.[2]
1 Austria Jochen Rindt 13 Ret 1 Ret 1 1 1 1 Ret DNS† 45
2 Belgium Jacky Ickx Ret Ret Ret 8 3 Ret Ret 2 1 Ret 1 4 1 40
3 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni 4 4 Ret 2 1 2 13 2 33
4 New Zealand Denny Hulme 2 Ret 4 4 3 3 Ret 4 Ret 7 3 27
5 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 3 1 Ret Ret 2 9 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret Ret 25
6 Australia Jack Brabham 1 Ret 2 Ret 11 3 2 Ret 13 Ret Ret 10 Ret 25
7 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez 9 Ret 6 1 10 Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret 4 2 6 23
8 New Zealand Chris Amon Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret 2 5 Ret 8 7 3 5 4 23
9 France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 4 Ret Ret 3 5 13 Ret Ret 6 3 8 Ret 5 16
10 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 8 4 15 DNS 1 Ret 12
11 West Germany Rolf Stommelen Ret Ret DNQ 5 DNQ 7 DNS 5 3 5 Ret 12 Ret 10
12 France Henri Pescarolo 7 Ret 3 6 8 5 Ret 6 14 Ret 7 8 9 8
13 United Kingdom Graham Hill 6 4 5 Ret NC 10 6 Ret DNS NC Ret Ret 7
14 New Zealand Bruce McLaren Ret 2 Ret 6
15 Sweden Reine Wisell 3 NC 4
16 United States Mario Andretti Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret 4
17 Italy Ignazio Giunti 4 14 7 Ret 3
18 United Kingdom John Surtees Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret 8 3
19 United Kingdom John Miles 5 DNQ DNQ Ret 7 8 Ret Ret Ret DNS 2
20 United Kingdom Jackie Oliver Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret NC Ret 7 2
21 France Johnny Servoz-Gavin Ret 5 DNQ 2
22 France François Cevert Ret 11 7 7 Ret 6 9 Ret Ret 1
23 United Kingdom Peter Gethin Ret Ret 10 NC 6 14 Ret 1
24 United States Dan Gurney Ret 6 Ret 1
25 United Kingdom Derek Bell Ret 6 1
Switzerland Jo Siffert 10 DNQ 8 7 Ret Ret Ret 8 9 Ret Ret 9 Ret 0
Sweden Ronnie Peterson 7 NC 9 Ret 9 Ret Ret NC 11 0
Italy Andrea de Adamich DNQ DNQ DNQ NC DNS DNQ 12 8 Ret DNQ 0
Rhodesia John Love 8 0
Canada George Eaton Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 12 Ret 11 Ret 10 Ret 0
South Africa Peter de Klerk 11 0
South Africa Dave Charlton 12 0
United Kingdom Piers Courage Ret DNS NC Ret Ret† 0
Australia Tim Schenken Ret Ret NC Ret 0
United States Pete Lovely DNQ DNQ NC DNQ 0
Switzerland Silvio Moser DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 0
Sweden Jo Bonnier DNQ Ret 0
United States Gus Hutchison Ret 0
Spain Alex Soler-Roig DNQ DNS DNQ 0
United Kingdom Brian Redman DNS DNS DNQ 0
West Germany Hubert Hahne DNQ 0
Italy Nanni Galli DNQ 0
United Kingdom Peter Westbury DNQ 0
Pos. Driver RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

1970 Constructors' Championship final standings[edit]

Points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the first six finishers at each round, however only the best placed car from each manufacturer was eligible to score points. The best six results from the first seven rounds and the best five results from the last six rounds were retained.

Pos. Manufacturer RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.[3]
1 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford 5 4 1 Ret 1 1 1 1 15 DNS NC 1 NC 59
2 Italy Ferrari Ret Ret Ret 4 3 14 4 2 1 1 1 (4) 1 52 (55)
3 United Kingdom March-Ford 3 1 7 2 2 2 5 7 8 2 3 5 4 48
4 United Kingdom Brabham-Ford 1 Ret 2 5 11 3 2 5 3 5 Ret 10 Ret 35
5 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford 2 2 4 6 4 3 3 10 4 6 7 3 35
6 United Kingdom BRM 9 Ret 6 1 10 12 Ret Ret 4 Ret 4 2 6 23
7 France Matra 4 Ret 3 3 5 5 Ret 6 6 3 7 8 5 23
8 United Kingdom Surtees-Ford Ret 9 Ret Ret 5 6 8 3
United Kingdom McLaren-Alfa Romeo DNQ DNQ DNQ NC DNS DNQ 12 8 Ret DNQ 0
Italy De Tomaso-Ford Ret DNS NC Ret Ret DNS DNQ Ret Ret NC Ret 0
United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Ret Ret Ret 0
Switzerland Bellasi-Ford DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 0
Pos. Manufacturer RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
  • Bold results counted to championship totals.

Non-Championship race results[edit]

Other Formula One races held in 1970, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
United Kingdom V Race of Champions Brands Hatch 22 March United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom March-Cosworth Report
United Kingdom XXII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 26 April New Zealand Chris Amon United Kingdom March-Cosworth Report
United Kingdom XVII International Gold Cup Oulton Park 22 August United Kingdom John Surtees United Kingdom Surtees-Cosworth Report

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Drivers' points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis to the top six placegetters in each race. The best 6 results from the first 7 races and the best 5 results from the last 6 races were counted however this rule did not affect any driver's points tally in the 1970 championship.
  3. ^ Only the best 6 results from the first 7 rounds and the best 5 results from the last 6 rounds counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

External links[edit]