1970 Grand Prix (tennis)

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1970 Grand Prix circuit
Laver reached 7 tour finals
Laver reached 7 tour finals
Details
Duration 27 April – 9 December
Edition 1st
Tournaments 20
Categories Class A (3)
Class 1 (6)
Class 2 (11)
Achievements
Most tournament titles Australia Rod Laver (4)
Most tournament finals Australia Rod Laver (7)
Prize money leader United States Cliff Richey ($25,000)
Points leader United States Cliff Richey (60)
1971

The 1970 Pepsi-Cola ILTF Grand Prix was a tennis circuit administered by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) which served as a forerunner to the current Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour and the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour.[1] It was the inaugural edition of the Grand Prix circuit and consisted of men's tournaments recognised by the ILTF.[a] The creation of the Grand Prix circuit, on an experimental basis during its first year, was announced in April 1970 by the president of the ILTF, Ben Barnett.[2] It was the brainchild of Jack Kramer, former tennis promoter and winner of the Wimbledon and US championships, and was aimed at countering the influence of commercial promoters, particularly Lamar Hunt and his World Championship Tennis circuit and George MacCall's National Tennis League.[3][4]

The tournaments were graded in one of three categories which determined the number of ranking points available: Class A, comprising the three Grand Slam tournaments, Class 1 and Class 2. The Pepsi-Cola Masters and Davis Cup Final are included in this calendar but did not count towards the Grand Prix. In addition to the tournament prize money a bonus pool of $150,000 was available for the top 20 ranked players. The bonus pool was jointly funded by Pepsi-Cola as title sponsor and the participating tournaments which reserved 10% of their prize money.[5][6] Cliff Richey earned $25,000 bonus as the winner of the first Grand Prix circuit. [7] At the end of the season the top six ranked players qualified for a Masters round-robin tournament held in Tokyo which was won by Stan Smith.

All open tennis tournaments were eligible to be included in the Grand Prix circuit provided they committed to not paying any management fees to commercial organizations with players under contract. Originally the Italian Championships, played in April in Rome, was part of the Grand Prix calendar but it was withdrawn during the tournament when it became known that they had paid management fees to the competing World Championship Tennis organization.[8]

Schedule[edit]

Key
Class A (Grand Slam) tournaments
Grand Prix Masters
Class 1 tournaments
Class 2 tournaments
Team events

April[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
27 April Rothmans British Hard Court Championships
Bournemouth, Great Britain
Clay – 32S/16D/16XD
Class 2
United Kingdom Mark Cox
6–1, 6–2, 6–3
South Africa Bob Hewitt United Kingdom Gerald Battrick
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nikola Pilić
France Georges Goven
Egypt Ismail El Shafei
France François Jauffret
Netherlands Tom Okker
Netherlands Tom Okker
Australia Tony Roche
2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
Australia William Bowrey
Australia Owen Davidson
United States Billie Jean King
South Africa Bob Hewitt
6–2, 3–6, 6–1
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
South Africa Bob Maud

May[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
25 May French Open
Paris, France
Grand Slam
Clay – 128S/101Q/72D/53XD
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
6–2, 6–4, 6–0
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović United States Cliff Richey
France Georges Goven
Romania Ilie Năstase
United States Arthur Ashe
France François Jauffret
Italy Martin Mulligan
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
6–2, 6–4, 6–3
United States Arthur Ashe
United States Charlie Pasarell
United States Billie Jean King
South Africa Bob Hewitt
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
France Françoise Dürr
France Jean-Claude Barclay

June[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
22 June Wimbledon Championships
London, Great Britain
Grand Slam
Grass – 128S/80Q/64D/32Q/56XD/12Q
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw
Australia John Newcombe
5–7, 6–3, 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
Australia Ken Rosewall United Kingdom Roger Taylor
Spain Andrés Gimeno
United States Clark Graebner
Australia Tony Roche
Australia Bob Carmichael
Australia Roy Emerson
Australia John Newcombe
Australia Tony Roche
10–8, 6–3, 6–1
Australia Ken Rosewall
Australia Fred Stolle
United States Rosemary Casals
Romania Ilie Năstase
6–3, 4–6, 9–7
Soviet Union Olga Morozova
Soviet Union Alex Metreveli

July[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
6 July Swedish Championships
Båstad, Sweden
Clay – 32S/21D
Class 1
Australia Dick Crealy
6–3, 6–1, 6–1
France Georges Goven Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović
Australia Bob Carmichael
Sweden Per Jemsby
United States Clark Graebner
Australia John Alexander
Chile Patricio Rodríguez
Australia Dick Crealy
Australia Allan Stone
6–2, 2–6, 12–12 RET.
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
13 July Washington Star International
Washington, United States
$35,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 2
United States Cliff Richey
7–5, 6–2, 6–1
United States Arthur Ashe Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
South Africa Bob Hewitt
France Georges Goven
Australia Dick Crealy
United States Stan Smith
South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
7–5, 6–0
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
20 July Western Championships
Cincinnati, United States
$25,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 2
Australia Ken Rosewall
7–9, 9–7, 8–6
United States Cliff Richey Romania Ilie Năstase
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
United States Clark Graebner
Romania Ion Ţiriac
United States Stan Smith
South Africa Bob Hewitt
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
6–3, 6–4
South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
27 July U.S. Clay Court Championships
Indianapolis, United States
$50,000 – Clay – 64S/32D
Class 1
United States Cliff Richey
6–2, 10–8, 3–6, 6–1
United States Stan Smith Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović
United States Arthur Ashe
South Africa Frew McMillan
United States Clark Graebner
Australia Allan Stone
Chile Jaime Fillol
United States Arthur Ashe
United States Clark Graebner
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac

August[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
3 August First National Bank Classic
Louisville, United States
Grass – 16S/8D
Class 2
Australia Rod Laver
6–3, 6–3
Australia John Newcombe Australia Tony Roche
Australia Ken Rosewall
South Africa Cliff Drysdale
Spain Andrés Gimeno
Australia Roy Emerson
United States Dennis Ralston
Australia John Newcombe
Australia Tony Roche
8–6, 5–7, 6–4
Australia Roy Emerson
Australia Rod Laver
3 August Bavarian Open Championships
Munich, West Germany
24S/8D
Class 2
Romania Ion Țiriac
2–6, 9–7, 6–3, 6–4
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Niki Pilić West Germany Christian Kunke
Romania Ilie Năstase
South Africa Bob Hewitt
West Germany Harald Elschenbroich
Australia John Alexander
AustraliaBarry Phillips-Moore
Australia Owen Davidson
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Niki Pilić
6–4, 7–5, 6–4
South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
10 August U.S. Professional Tennis Championships
Boston, United States
$50,000 – Hard – 32S/16D
Class 1
Australia Tony Roche
3–6, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–2
Australia Rod Laver Australia Roy Emerson
South Africa Cliff Drysdale
Chile Jaime Fillol
United States Arthur Ashe
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
Australia Ray Ruffels
Australia Roy Emerson
Australia Rod Laver
6–1, 7–6
Egypt Ismail El Shafei
Denmark Torben Ulrich
24 August Pennsylvania Championships
Merion, United States
Grass – 64S/32D
Class 2
Australia Ray Ruffels
6–3, 7–6, 6–3
Chile Jaime Fillol Australia Dick Crealy
New Zealand Brian Fairlie
Australia Bob Carmichael
Pakistan Haroon Rahim
Australia William Bowrey
South Africa Cliff Drysdale
Australia William Bowrey
Australia Ray Ruffels
3–6, 6–2, 7–5
United States Jim McManus
United States Jim Osborne
Davis Cup Final
Cleveland, United States – Hard (i)
 United States
5–0
 West Germany
31 August Marlboro Open
South Orange, United States
$25,000 – Grass – 42S/19D
Class 2
Australia Rod Laver
6–4, 6–2, 6–2
Australia Bob Carmichael Australia Ken Rosewall
Soviet Union Alex Metreveli
Spain Andrés Gimeno
New Zealand Brian Fairlie
United States Dick Stockton
New Zealand Onny Parun
Chile Patricio Cornejo
Chile Jaime Fillol
3–6, 7–6, 7–6
Spain Andrés Gimeno
Australia Rod Laver

September[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
7 September US Open
New York, United States
Grand Slam
$176,000 – Grass – 108S/63D/34XD
Class A
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
Mixed Doubles Draw
Australia Ken Rosewall
2–6, 6–4, 7–6(5–2), 6–3
Australia Tony Roche United States Cliff Richey
Australia John Newcombe
United States Dennis Ralston
New Zealand Brian Fairlie
United States Stan Smith
United States Arthur Ashe
France Pierre Barthès
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nikola Pilić
6–3, 7–6, 4–6, 7–6
Australia Roy Emerson
Australia Rod Laver
Australia Margaret Court
United States Marty Riessen
6–4, 6–4
Australia Judy Tegart
South Africa Frew McMillan
21 September Pepsi Pacific Southwest Open
Los Angeles, United States
$65,000 – Hard – 64S/32D
Class 1
Australia Rod Laver
4–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–5)
Australia John Newcombe United States Arthur Ashe
United States Tom Gorman
United States Stan Smith
United States Clark Graebner
United States Marty Riessen
United States Pancho Gonzales
Netherlands Tom Okker
United States Marty Riessen
7–6, 6–2
United States Bob Lutz
United States Stan Smith
28 September Pacific Coast Championships
Berkeley, United States
Hard – 64S/32D
Class 2
United States Arthur Ashe
6–4, 6–2, 6–4
United States Cliff Richey United States Stan Smith
United States Dennis Ralston
Australia Bob Carmichael
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
Chile Jaime Fillol
Brazil Thomaz Koch
United States Bob Lutz
United States Stan Smith
6–2, 7–5, 4–6, 6–2
United States Roy Barth
United States Tom Gorman

October[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
18 October Phoenix Thunderbird Championships
Phoenix, United States
Hard – 31S/16D
Class 2
United States Stan Smith
6–3, 6–7, 6–1
United States Jim Osborne United States Barry MacKay
Australia Bob Carmichael
United States Charlie Pasarell
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
United States Frank Froehling
United States Tom Edlefsen
Australia Dick Crealy
Australia Ray Ruffels
7–6, 6–3
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
United States Charlie Pasarell

November[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
1 November Stockholm Open
Stockholm, Sweden
Hard (i) – 32S/16D
Class 2
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
United States Stan Smith
5–7, 6–4, 6–4
United States Arthur Ashe Australia Ken Rosewall
United States Cliff Richey
United Kingdom Mark Cox
France Georges Goven
United States Dennis Ralston
Australia Roy Emerson
United States Arthur Ashe
United States Stan Smith
6–0, 5–7, 7–5
Australia Bob Carmichael
Australia Owen Davidson
8 November South American Championships
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Clay – 32S/8D
Class 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović
6–4, 6–2, 6–0
Spain Manuel Orantes Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
Australia Bob Carmichael
Australia Ray Ruffels
Czechoslovakia Jan Kukal
Australia Dick Crealy
United States Cliff Richey
Australia Bob Carmichael
Australia Ray Ruffels
7–5, 6–2, 5–7, 6–7, 6–3
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
Paris Open
Paris, France
Carpet – 32S
Class 2
United States Arthur Ashe
7–6, 6–4, 6–3
United States Marty Riessen United States Stan Smith
France Georges Goven
United States Pancho Gonzales
United States Dennis Ralston
United Kingdom Roger Taylor
Australia Ken Rosewall
16 November Embassy British Indoor Championships
London, England
Carpet – 32S/16D
Class 1
Australia Rod Laver
6–3, 6–4, 6–4
United States Cliff Richey South Africa Cliff Drysdale
Australia Ken Rosewall
Romania Ilie Năstase
United States Dennis Ralston
United Kingdom Roger Taylor
United States Pancho Gonzales
Australia Ken Rosewall
United States Stan Smith
6–4, 6–3, 6–2
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac

December[edit]

Week of Tournament Champion Runner-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
9 December Pepsi-Cola Masters
Tokyo, Japan
$45,500 – Carpet – 6S/3D (round robin)
Singles DrawDoubles Draw
United States Stan Smith Australia Rod Laver NA NA
United States Arthur Ashe
United States Stan Smith
Czechoslovakia Jan Kodeš
Australia Rod Laver

Grand Prix point system[edit]

The tournaments listed above were divided into three categories. Class A consisted of the Grand Slams while the other tournaments were divided into Class 1 and Class 2. Points were allocated based on these groups and the finishing position of a player in a tournament. Ties were settled by the number of tournaments played. The points allocation is listed below:

Class A
  • Champion: 15
  • Runner-up: 10
  • Semifinalist: 7
  • Quarterfinalist: 5
  • 9th – 16th: 3
  • 17th – 32nd: 2
Class 1
  • Champion: 11
  • Runner-up: 7
  • Semifinalist: 5
  • 5th – 8th: 3
  • 9th – 16th: 1
Class 2:
  • Champion: 8
  • Runner-up: 6
  • Semifinalist: 4
  • 5th – 8th: 2
  • 9th – 16th: 1

Grand Prix rankings[edit]

Position Name Nation Points Prize Money (US$)
1 Cliff Richey  USA 60 25,000
2 Arthur Ashe  USA 55 17,000
3 Ken Rosewall  AUS 53 15,000
4 Rod Laver  AUS 51 12,000
5 Stan Smith  USA 47 10,500
6 Željko Franulović  YUG 35 9,500
7 John Newcombe  AUS 35 8,500
8 Jan Kodeš  CSK 33 7,500
9 Tony Roche  AUS 32 6,500
10 Bob Carmichael  AUS 31 6,000
11 Georges Goven  FRA 25 5,500
12 Ilie Năstase  ROM 25 5,000
13 Dick Crealy  AUS 24 4,500
14 Ray Ruffels  AUS 22 4,000
15 Clark Graebner  USA 22 3,500
16 Dennis Ralston  USA 22 3,000
17 Jaime Fillol  CHI 20 2,500
18 Ion Ţiriac  ROM 19 2,000
19 Cliff Drysdale  RSA 19 1,500
20 Roy Emerson  AUS 19 1,000

Statistical information[edit]

The list of winners and number of singles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), alphabetically by last name:

The list of winners and number of doubles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), last name alphabetically:

The list of winners and number of mixed doubles titles won (Grand Slams and Masters in bold text), alphabetically by last name:

The following players won their first singles title in 1970:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Grand Prix circuit for women was introduced in 1971.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "How it All Began". ATPWorldTour.com. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  2. ^ "Tennis Gets A Grand Prix". The Sydney Morning Herald. Apr 9, 1970. 
  3. ^ "Grand Prix Experiment In Tennis Is Planned". The Morning Record. Apr 9, 1970. p. 12. 
  4. ^ "Obituaries – Jack Kramer". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 Sep 2009. 
  5. ^ "Tennis Assn. Ponders $200,000 Grand Prix" (The Deseret News). UPI. Jun 23, 1970. 
  6. ^ "Tennis Grand Prix picks up more money". Ellensburg Daily Record. UPI. Aug 14, 1970. 
  7. ^ "Richey Clinches Grand Prix Title". The New York Times. Nov 25, 1970. 
  8. ^ John Barrett, ed. (1971). World of Tennis '71. London: Queen Anne Press. p. 133–136. ISBN 978-0-362-00091-7. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book (2nd ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. ISBN 978-0-942257-70-0.