1970 Syrian Corrective Revolution
|Syrian Corrective Revolution|
|Part of Cold War|
|Syrian Government|| Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Syria
Syrian Armed Forces
|Commanders and leaders|
|Part of a series on|
The 1970 Syrian Corrective Revolution, referred to as the Syrian Corrective Movement, was the takeover by a military-pragmatist faction within the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party regime of Syria on 13 November 1970, bringing Hafez Al-Assad to power.
Politics were Al-Assad's lifelong interest. As a schoolboy, he joined the pan-Arab nationalist socialist Ba'ath Party, and rose to be a student leader. He joined the air force and became a conspirator, plotting with a small group of officers to overthrow the government, a task accomplished in 1963.
In 1966, another military coup resulted in an internal power change within the Ba'ath party. Regardless of the 1966 dismissal of the "old guard", personal ambition and sectarian factionalism as well as ideology differences led to continuous infighting. Many of the Baath Military Committee members left or were ousted, leaving two main factions—one of Salah Jadid and another by Hafez Al-Assad.
As a young and inexperienced defense minister in the 1967 war, Hafez Al-Assad presided over the loss of the Golan Heights. In 1970, he sent the 5th Infantry Division, reinforced by other units, into Jordan to help the Palestinians against King Hussein, but had to beat a humiliating retreat when the Jordanian Air Force intervened .
1970 Revolution 
The 1970 Corrective Revolution was directed against a dominant left-wing faction of the party and, to some extent, provoked by what Al-Assad and his supporters saw as adventurous and irresponsible foreign policies (notably the Syrian intervention in the Black September conflict in Jordan, after which the Black September Palestinian faction was named). As a result of the coup, de facto leader Salah Jadid was ousted and the party was purged. This revolution turned Syria's social and political structures upside down. The Alawites, Al-Assad's tribe, although no more than 12% of the population, came to occupy plum positions in every sector of life in Syria.
See also 
- Ramadan Revolution
- 8th of March Revolution
- 1966 Syrian coup d'état
- 1999 Latakia protests
- Syrian Civil War (2011–present)
- List of modern conflicts in the Middle East
- Patrick Seale (15 June 2000). "Hafez al-Assad". Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Devlin, John F. (1983). Syria: modern state in an ancient land. Boulder: Westview Press. p. 55. ISBN 0865311854.