From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1970:
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
The last flight of an active U.S. Navy antisubmarine
Lockheed P-2 Neptune takes place, with Rear Admiral Tom Davies at the controls. The P-2 had been in active U.S. Navy service since March 1947, and Davies had set a world distance record in the Neptune Truculent Turtle in September 1946. [4 ]
Vickers-Armstrongs ceases production of the Vickers VC10 after manufacturing 54 of the aircraft. February 4 – The
Avro 748-105 Srs. 1 Cuidad de Bahia Blanca, operating as Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 707, encounters severe turbulence and crashes near Loma Alta in Chaco Province, Argentina, killing all 37 people on board. February 5 – A
Dominicana de Aviación McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 crashes into the Caribbean Sea two minutes after takeoff from Las Américas International Airport in Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic following engine failure, killing all 102 people on board. February 15 -
Hugh Dowding (born 1882), commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, dies. February 17–18 –
United States Air Force Boeing B-52 Stratofortresses attack Laos. February 21 – A bomb explodes in the cargo compartment of
Swissair Flight 330, a Convair CV-990, nine minutes after takeoff from Zürich International Airport in Zürich, Switzerland. The flight crew attempts to return to Zürich, but have difficulty seeing their instruments because of smoke in the cockpit; the aircraft finally suffers an electrical failure and crashes near Lucerne, Switzerland, killing all 47 people on board. Responsibility for the bombing is never determined. February 24 – The Royal Navy recommissions the
aircraft carrier HMS after a £UK 30 million refit of the ship. Ark Royal February 25 –
Trans World Airlines inaugurates scheduled nonstop Boeing 747 service between Los Angeles, California, and New York City, thus becoming the first airline to offer Boeing 747 service in the United States. [5 ] February 27
President Richard M. Nixon 's administration announces that recent American attacks on North Vietnam, primarily targeting communications and air defense facilities, are the Vietnam War 's largest since 1968. [7 ] May 1 –
B-52 Stratofortress strikes and helicopter assaults against North Vietnamese forces are part of the first day of the American and South Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia. The last U.S. Army helicopter will not leave Cambodia until June 29. [11 ] [12 ] May 2 – After several unsuccessful attempts to land at
Princess Juliana International Airport on St. Maarten in the Netherlands Antilles due to poor weather, ALM Antillean Airlines Flight 980, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-33F, runs out of fuel and ditches in the Caribbean Sea, killing 23 of the 63 people on board and injuring 37 of the 40 survivors. May 9 – U.S. Navy
attack helicopters are the first American aircraft to reach Phnom Penh during the American and South Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia. [13 ] May 18 –
National Airlines ends a 108-day strike by offering ground crews a 33% pay increase. May 26 –
Operation Menu, the 14-month-long covert American bombing campaign by B-52 Stratofortresses against North Vietnamese Army sanctuaries in Cambodia, comes to an end. The B-52s have flown 3,800 sorties and dropped 108,823 tons (98,723,578 kg) of munitions during the campaign. May 26 – The
Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 exceeds Mach 2 in level flight, the first commercial aircraft to do so.
July 5 – While landing,
Air Canada Flight 621, a Douglas DC-8-63, hits the runway at Toronto International Airport in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with such force that its number four engine and pylon break off the right wing. The pilot manages to lift off again for a go around, but a series of explosions in the right wing break off the number three engine and pylon and then destroy most of the wing before the pilot can make a second landing attempt. The plane crashes in Brampton, Ontario, killing all 109 people on board. July 17 –
Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport commences passenger screening to help prevent hijackings, the first airport to do so. July 22 – An agreement is signed between Germany and the United Kingdom to develop the Multi-Role Combat Aircraft as the
Panavia Panther which later emerged as the Panavia Tornado. July 30 – The
Egyptian Air Force loses five MiG fighters and their pilots in a single day of combat with the Israeli Air Force. [1 ]
August 7 – After over three years of fighting, a ceasefire brings the
War of Attrition between Egypt and Israel to a close. [1 ] August 9 –
LANSA Flight 502, a Lockheed L-188A Electra, crashes shortly after takeoff from Quispiquilla Airport near Cusco, Peru, killing 99 of the 100 people on board and two people on the ground. It is the deadliest air accident in Peruvian history at the time. August 12 –
China Airlines Flight 206, a NAMC YS-11, crashes into a bamboo grove on the top of Yuan Mountain in fog during a severe thunderstorm while on approach to land at Taipei Songshan Airport in Taipei, Taiwan, killing 14 of the 31 people on board. August 24 – Two U.S. Air Force
Sikorsky HH-53C Sea Stallion helicopters complete a nine-day, seven-stop flight of 9,000 miles (14,493 km) from Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, to Da Nang, South Vietnam. The trip has included the first transpacific flight by helicopters, a 1,700-mile (2,738-km) non-stop segment on August 22 from Shemya Island in the Aleutian Islands to Misawa Air Base, Japan, with in-flight refuelling by HC-130 Hercules tanker aircraft. [16 ]
September [ edit ]
Bellanca Sales Company acquires the assets of the Champion Aircraft Company, creating the Bellanca Aircraft Corporation. [17 ] September 3 –
Air France places the first orders for the Airbus A300 September 6 – Members of the
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) hijack three airliners bound for New York City. The hijackings of Trans World Airlines Flight 741 – a Boeing 707 flying from Frankfurt-am-Main, West Germany, with 155 people on board including rabbi Yitzchok Hutner – and Swissair Flight 100 – a Douglas DC-8 with 155 passengers on board flying from Zürich-Kloten Airport in Switzerland – proceed without injury to anyone, and the airliners are flown to Dawson 's Field, an abandoned former Royal Air Force airstrip in a remote desert area of Jordan near Zarka. The hijacking of El Al Flight 219, a Boeing 707 with 158 people on board, fails when hijacker Patrick Argüello is shot and killed after injuring one crew member and his partner Leila Khaled is subdued and turned over to British authorities in London; two other PFLP members prevented from boarding El Al Flight 219 instead hijack Pan American World Airways Flight 93, a Boeing 747 flying from Brussels, Belgium, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands, with 153 people on board, which they force to fly to Beirut, Lebanon, and then on to Cairo, Egypt. September 9 – To pressure British authorities into releasing
Leila Khaled, a PFLP sympathizer hijacks BOAC Flight 775, a Vickers VC10 flying from Bahrain to Beirut with 114 people on board, and forces it to land at Dawson 's Field in Jordan. September 12 – After removing all hostages from them, PFLP members use explosives to destroy the four empty airliners at Dawson's Creek and Cairo hijacked on September 6 and 9. By September 30, all hostages from the four planes will be recovered unharmed.
October [ edit ]
Supplementary Statement on Defence Policy, the new British Conservative government only partially reverses the preceding Labour government 's plans to phase out all Royal Navy aircraft carriers by the end of 1971, instead rescheduling the decommissioning of HMS for 1972 and of Eagle HMS for the late 1970s, with the Royal Navy to have no large, Ark Royal fixed-wing aircraft carriers after Ark Royal″s retirement. [18 ] October 2
October 15 – The first successful
aircraft hijacking in the Soviet Union takes place, when the Lithuanian nationalist Pranas Brazinskas and his son Algirdas seize Aeroflot Flight 244, an Antonov An-24, over the Soviet Union, after a shoot-out on board with guards in which flight attendant Nadezhda Kurchenko is killed and several other crew members are wounded. The hijackers force the plane to fly to Trabzon, Turkey, where they surrender to Turkish authorities. October 19 –
Hindustan Aeronautics completes its first licence-built MiG-21 October 21 – An explosion in the
lavatory blows the tail off of Philippine Airlines Flight 215, a Hawker Siddeley HS 748-209 Series 2, while it is flying over the Philippine Islands at 10,500 feet (3,200 m) during a flight from Cauayan City to Manila; the aircraft crashes, killing all 40 people on board. A bomb is suspected. October 25 – National Airlines expands Boeing 747 service at Miami, introducing flights to
Los Angeles, California. [15 ] October 28 – The U.S. Air Force completes
Operation Fig Hill, an airlift begun on September 27 to bring medical personnel, equipment, and supplies to Jordan in the aftermath of combat between the country 's armed forces and the Palestine Liberation Organization. During the airlift, transport aircraft have delivered 200 medical personnel, two field hospitals, and 186 short tons (169 metric tons) of supplies, equipment, vehicles, tents, and food. [19 ]
November [ edit ]
Israeli Air Force has lost 20 fighters in combat with Egyptian forces since June thanks to the Egyptian deployment of S-125 Neva/Pechora ( NATO reporting name "SA-3 Goa") surface-to-air missiles and MiG-21J (NATO reporting name "Fishbed") fighters. [1 ] November 1 –
Trans World Airlines introduces "Business Class Ambassador Service" featuring "twin-seat" accommodations on transcontinental flights in the United States, marketing the new service as "a whole new way to fly." [5 ] November 11 – The British government agrees to fund development of the
Rolls-Royce RB211 turbofan, rescuing the project from Rolls-Royce's bankruptcy. November 12–13 (overnight) – The
1970 Bhola cyclone strikes East Pakistan, submerging the airports at Chittagong and Cox's Bazar under 1 meter (3.3 feet) of water for several hours. November 14 –
Southern Airways Flight 932, a Douglas DC-9, crashes near Ceredo, West Virginia, killing all 75 on board. Among the dead are 37 members of the Marshall University football team, eight of its coaches, 25 team boosters, and the crew of five. November 21
Operation Ivory Coast, the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army assault the North Vietnamese prison camp at Son Tay, North Vietnam, to free prisoners-of-war thought to be there, supported by 59 U.S. Navy and 57 U.S. Air Force aircraft, 28 of them directly assigned to the immediate assault area. No prisonsers are found at the camp, but the attackers kill 42 North Vietnamese guards in exchange for two Americans injured and one HH-3E Jolly Green helicopter deliberately crash-landed in the prison courtyard and left behind. Large air raids are conducted over the night of November 20–21 to divert North Vietnamese attention from the assault, including the largest U.S. Navy night aircraft carrier operation of the Vietnam War; one U.S. Air Force F-105 Thunderchief is shot down during these raids, but its crew ejects safely. [7 ] American aircraft begin the first major bombing campaign over
North Vietnam since 1968, as 300 aircraft attack the Mu Gia and Ban Gari passes. November 27 –
Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores lunges at Pope Paul VI with a dagger at Manila International Airport outside of Manila in the Philippines shortly after the Pope disembarks from a chartered Douglas DC-8. The Pope suffers minor injuries.
December [ edit ]
December 15 –
Soviet aircraft designer Artem Mikoyan dies, aged 65. December 16 – U.S. Air Force
C-130 Hercules and C-141 Starlifter transports complete an airlift begun November 18 to bring relief supplies and equipment to East Pakistan after the devastating 1970 Bhola cyclone. The aircraft have delivered a total of 140 short tons (127 metric tons) of supplies and equipment, some of them making flights of almost 10,000 miles (16,100 km). [19 ] December 30 – The Grumman YF-14A, prototype of the
F-14 Tomcat, is destroyed in a crash during its second flight due to hydraulic failure. Its two-man crew ejects and parachutes safely. [20 ] December 31 – With pre-tax losses of $US 130 million, the year ends as the worst ever for U.S. airlines.
First flights [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
January 17 Sukhoi T-6-2IG (prototype of
Sukhoi Su-24 'Fencer')
February [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d Cordesman, Anthony H. (1991). The Lessons of Modern War The Arab-Israeli Conflicts, 1973-1989. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-8133-1329-0.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ a b Mondey, David (1978). The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Aircraft. Book Sales. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-89009-771-7.
^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: The God of the Sea's Namesake", Naval History, October 2011, pp. 16, 17.
^ a b c TWA History Timeline
^ Mondey, David (1978). The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Aircraft. Book Sales. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-89009-771-7.
^ a b c d Nichols, John B.; Tillman, Barrett (1987). On Yankee station the naval air war over Vietnam. Naval Institute Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-87021-559-9.
^ Scheina, Robert L. (1987). Latin America A Naval History, 1810-1987. US Naval Institute Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-87021-295-6.
^ Polmar, Norman, "The Soviet Navy 's Caribbean Outpost," Naval History, October 2012, p. 27.
^ Chinnery, Philip D. (1991). Vietnam The Helicopter War. Naval Institute Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-55750-875-1.
^ Chinnery, Philip D. (1991). Vietnam The Helicopter War. Naval Institute Press. pp. 140–141. ISBN 978-1-55750-875-1.
^ Chinnery, Philip D. (1991). Vietnam The Helicopter War. Naval Institute Press. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-55750-875-1.
^ Chinnery, Philip D. (1991). Vietnam The Helicopter War. Naval Institute Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-55750-875-1.
^ a b Haulman, Daniel L., One Hundred Years of Flight: USAF Chronology of Significant Air and Space Events, 1903-2002, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University Press, 2003, no ISBN number, p. 108.
^ a b c National Airlines history, at Nationalsundowners.com, the Organization of Former Stewardesses and Flight Attendants with the Original National Airlines.
^ www.af.mil U.S. Air Force official Web site: History Milestones: Thursday, January 01, 1970 - Sunday, December 31, 1989.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ Thetford, Owen Gordon (1991). British Naval Aircraft Since 1912. Naval Institute Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-55750-076-2.
^ a b c Haulman, Daniel L., One Hundred Years of Flight: USAF Chronology of Significant Air and Space Events, 1903-2002, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University Press, 2003, no ISBN number, p. 109.
^ a b Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 13.
^ Johnson, E. R. "Everyman's Amphibian," Aviation History, November 2012, p. 15.
^ a b c d e f g Taylor 1971, p. .
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ Angelucci, Enzo (1987). The American Fighter. Outlet. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-517-56588-9.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
^ Donald, David (1997). The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6.
Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1971–72. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd., 1971.