1970 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1970.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaenogaster avita[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Fujiyama

early - middle Miocene

Chojabaru Formation

 Japan

A myrmicin ant

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named diapsids[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Longisquama[3]

fam et gen et sp nov

valid

Sharov

Middle to Late Triassic

 Kyrgyzstan

possible gliding reptile

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Daspletosaurus[6]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Russell

Late Cretaceous

Oldman Formation

 USA

A tyrannosaurine tyrannosaurid.

Deinocheirus[7]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Osmólska & Roniewicz

late Cretaceous

Nemegt Formation

 Mongolia

Dilophosaurus[8]

gen nov

Valid

Welles

Early Jurassic

Kayenta formation

 USA

"Likhoelesaurus"[9]

gen et sp nov

Nomen nudum.

Ellenberger

Late Triassic

Lower Elliot Formation

 South Africa

Misidentified non-dinosaurian archosaur.

"Megadontosaurus"[10]

gen et sp nov

Nomen nudum

Brown vide: Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

Chimera of Deinonychus and Microvenator.

Microvenator[11]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

Sauropelta[11]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

a nodosaurid

Staurikosaurus[12]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Colbert

Late Triassic

Santa Maria Formation

 Brazil

a herrerasaurid

Tenontosaurus[11]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ostrom

Early Cretaceous

Cloverly Formation

 USA

an ornithopod

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anabernicula robusta [13]

Sp. nov.

valid

Lester L. Short

Early Pleistocene

Yarmouth Intergalcial

 USA

 Nebraska

An Anatidae, transferred t the genus Brantadorna Howard, 1963 by Bradley C. Livezey, 1997.[14]

Aquila borrasi [15]

Sp. nov.

valid

Oscar Arredondo

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Accipitridae, Storrs L. Olson et Gregory K. Pregill transferred the species to the genus Titanohierax Wetmore, 1937,[16] and later transferred to te genus Buteogalus by William Suárez Duque & Storrs L. Olson, 2007.[17]

Chubutodyptes biloculata [18]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Early Miocene

Patagonian

 Argentina

A Spheniscidae, this is the type species of the new genus, Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, 2007 transferred the species to the genus Palaeospheniscus Moreno et Mercerat, 1891.[19]

Heterochen pratensis [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Lester L. Short

Early Pliocene

Valentine Formation

 USA

 Nebraska

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Mancalla milleri [20]

Sp. nov.

valid

Hildegarde Howard

Middle Pliocene

Blancan,

San Diego Formation

 USA

 California

An Alcidae, Mancallinae.

Primobucco mcgrewi [21]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

 USA

 Wyoming

Described as a Bucconidae, Feduccia et Martin, 1976 erected the family Primobucconidae for it,[22] this is the type species of the new genus.

Proagriocharis kimballensis [23]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Larry D. Martin

James Tate, Jr.

Late Pliocene

Kimball Formation

 USA

 Nebraska

A Meleagridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pseudaptenodytes macraei [18]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Miocene

Cheltenhamian

 Australia:

 Victoria

A Spheniscidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pseudaptenodytes minor [18]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Miocene

Cheltenhamian

 Australia:

 Victoria

A Spheniscidae.

Tringa antiqua [24]

Sp. nov.

valid

J. Alan Feduccia

Late Pliocene

Hemphillian

 USA

 Kansas

A Scolopacidae.

Zonotrichia robusta [25]

Sp. nov.

valid

Eduardo P. Tonni

Middle Pleistocene

Miramar

 Argentina

A Passerellidae.

Newly named Pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pterodaustro

gen et sp nov

Valid

Bonaparte

early Cretaceous

Lagarcito Formation

 Argentina

a Ctenochasmatid pterodactyloid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Fujiyama, I. (1970). "Fossil insects from the Chojabaru Formation, Iki Island, Japan". Memoires of the Natural Science Museum, Tokyo 3: 65–74. 
  3. ^ Sharov, A.G. 1970. A peculiar reptile from the Lower Triassic of Fergana. Paleontologiceskij Zurnal 1: pp. 127-130.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Russell, D.A. 1970. Tyrannosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Western Canada. National Museum of Nat. Sci., Publ. Paleontology No. 1.
  7. ^ Osmolska, H. and E. Roniewicz. 1970. Deinocheiridae, a new family of theropod dinosaurs. Palaeontol. Polonica 21: pp. 5-19.
  8. ^ Welles, S.P. 1970. Dilophosaurus (Reptilia: Saurischia), a new name for a dinosaur. J. Paleontol. 44: p. 989.
  9. ^ Ellenberger, P. 1970. Les niveaux Paleontologiques de premiere apparition des Mammiferes primordiaux ed afrique du sud et leur ichnologie, establissement de zones stratigaphiques detaillees dans le stormberg du Lesotho (Afrique du sud) (Trias superieur a Jurassique). Proceedings Papers of the 2nd Gondwana Symposium in South Africa, 1970: pp. 343-370.
  10. ^ Brown vide Ostrom, J.H. 1970. Terrestrial vertebrates as indicators of Mesozoic climates. Proc. North. Am. Paleontol. Convention D, 347-376.
  11. ^ a b c Ostrom, J.H. 1970. Stratigraphy and paleontology of the Cloverly Formation (Lower Cretaceous) of the Bighorn Basin area, Wyoming and Montana. Peabody Museum Nat. History Bull. 35: pp. 1-234.
  12. ^ Colbert, E.H. 1970. A saurischian dinosaur from the Triassic of Brasil. Amer. Mus. Novitates 2405: pp. 1-39.
  13. ^ a b Lester L. Short (1970). "A New Anseriform Genus and Species from the Nebraska Pliocene". Auk 87 (3): 537–543. 
  14. ^ Bradley C. Livezey (1997). "A Phylogenetic Classification of Waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes), Including Selected Fossil Species". Annals of Carnegie Museum 66: 457–496. 
  15. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1970). "Nueva Especie de Ave Pleistocénica del Orden Accipitriformes (Accipitridae) y Nuevo Género para las Antillas". Ciencias, series 4 (Ciencias Biológicas) 8: 1–8. 
  16. ^ Storrs L. Olson et Gregory K. Pregill (1982). "Fossil Vertebrates from the Bahamas". in: Storrs L. Olson, Gregory K. Pregill & William B. Hilgartner: Fossil Vertebrates from the Bahamas: Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 48 (2): 1–68. 
  17. ^ William Suárez Duque & Storrs L. Olson (2007). "The Cuban Fossil Eagle Aquila borrasi Arredondo: A Scaled-up Version of the Great Black-hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga) (Gmelin)". Journal of Raptor Research 41 (4): 288–298. 
  18. ^ a b c George G. Simpson (1970). "Miocene Penguins from Victoria, Australia, and Chubut, Argentina". Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 31: 17–23. 
  19. ^ Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2007). "Revisión Sistematicá de Palaeospheniscus biloculata (Simpson) nov. comb. (Aves, Spheniscidae) de la Formación Gaiman (Mioceno Temprano), Chubut, Argentina". Ameghiniana 44 (2): 417–426. 
  20. ^ Hildegarde Howard (1970). "A Review of the Extinct Avian Genus Mancalla". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 203: 1–12. 
  21. ^ Pierce Brodkorb (1970). "An Eocene Puffbird from Wyoming". Contributions to Geology University of Wyoming 9 (1): 13–15. 
  22. ^ J. Alan Feduccia & Larry D. Martin (1976). "The Eocene Zygodactyl Birds of North America (Aves: Piciformes)". In Collected Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring the 90th Birthday of Alexander Wetmore ed.: Storrs. L. Olson; Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27: 101–110. 
  23. ^ Larry D. Martin & James Tate, Jr. (1970). "A New Turkey from the Pliocene of Nebraska". Wilson Bulletin 82 (2): 214–218. 
  24. ^ J. Alan Feduccia (1970). "A New Shorebird from the Upper Pliocene". Journal of the Graduate Research Center (Dallas, Texas) 38 (3-4): 58–60. 
  25. ^ Eduardo P. Tonni (1970). "Zonotrichia robusta n. sp. (Aves, Passeriformes) del Pleistoceno Medio de la Provincia de Buenos Aires". Ameghiniana 7 (2): 161–165.