1971 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1971.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Antillovultur[2]

gen et sp nov

jr synonym

Arredondo

late Quaternary

Las Breas de San Felipe

 Cuba

jr synonym of Gymnogyps, sole species renamed Gymnogyps varonai

Newly named crurotarsins[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Venaticosuchus[3]

gen et sp nov

valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

 Argentina

an ornithosuchid

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Nemegtosaurus[6]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Nowinski

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Basin

 Mongolia

Yaverlandia[7]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Galton

Lower Cretaceous

Wessex Formation

 England

Maniraptoran?

Newly named onithodirans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lagerpeton[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Romer

Ladinian

Chañares Formation

 Argentina

Lagosuchus[8]

fam et gen et sp nov

valid

Romer

Ladinian

Chañares Formation

 Argentina

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Araripesaurus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Price

Early Cretaceous

Santana Formation

 Brazil

an ornithocheirid

Sordes

gen et sp nov

Valid

Sharov

Late Jurassic

Karabastau Svita

 Kazakhstan

possible rhamphorhynchid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Suárez, W.; Emslie, S.D. (2003). "New fossil material with a redescription of the extinct condor Gymnogyps varonai (Arredondo, 1971) from the Quaternary of Cuba (Aves: Vulturidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116 (1): 29–37. 
  3. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1970. Annotated list of the South American Triassic tetrapods. Second Gondwana Symposium South Africa, Proceedings and Papers: pp. 665-682.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Nowinski, A. 1971. Nemegtosaurus mongoliensis n. gen., n. sp (Sauropoda) from the uppermost Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontol. Polonica 25: pp. 57-81.
  7. ^ Galton, P.M. 1971. A primitive dome-headed dinosaur (Ornithischia: Pachycephalosauridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of England, and the function of the dome in pachycephalosaurids. J. Paleontol. 45: pp. 40-47.
  8. ^ a b Romer, A.S. 1971. The Chañares (Argentina) Triassic reptile fauna. X. Two new but incompletely known long-limbed pseudosuchians. Breviora 378: pp. 1-10.