1971 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1961 . 1962 . 1963 . 1964 . 1965 . 1966 . 1967 ...
1968 1969 1970 -1971- 1972 1973 1974
... 1975 . 1976 . 1977 . 1978 . 1979 . 1980 . 1981 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
Astronomy and space exploration
- January 31 - Apollo program: Astronauts aboard Apollo 14 lift off for a mission to the moon.
- February 5 - Apollo 14 lands on the Moon.
- February 9 - Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.
- May 19 - Mars probe program: Mars 2 is launched by the Soviet Union.
- May 30 - Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched toward Mars.
- June 30 - The crew of the Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply leaks out through a faulty valve during re-entry preparations, the only human deaths to occur outside Earth's atmosphere.
- July 26 - Apollo program: Launch of Apollo 15. On July 31 the Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover a day after landing on the surface.
- November 13 - Mariner program: Mariner 9 enters Mars orbit.
- Francis G. Howarth discovers communities of specialized thermophile cave animals living in lava tubes at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
- July 4 - Michael S. Hart posts the first e-book, a copy of the United States Declaration of Independence, on the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign's mainframe computer, the origin of Project Gutenberg.
- November 3 - The UNIX Programmer's Manual is published.
- November 15 - Intel release the world's first microprocessor, the 4004.
- end - Ray Tomlinson sends the first ARPAnet e-mail between host computers, at BBN, Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the first use of the @ sign in an address.
- February 2 - The international Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands is signed in Ramsar, Mazandaran, Iran.
- February 9 - The San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake occurred in southern California with a magnitude of 6.6 and a perceived intensity of XI (extreme) on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale.
- Daniel Quillen publishes a proof of the Adams conjecture.
- Steven Takiff introduces Takiff algebras.
- October 1 - Godfrey Hounsfield's invention, X-ray computed tomography, is first used on a patient with a cerebral cyst at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
- Boston Women's Health Book Collective publishes Our Bodies, Ourselves in the U.S.
- E. G. L. Bywaters characterises adult-onset Still's disease, a rare form of inflammatory arthritis.
- August 14–20 - Stanford prison experiment.
- Studies in Animal and Human Behavior, Volume II is published by Konrad Lorenz.
- Nobel Prizes
- Turing Award - John McCarthy
- July 4 - Sivakumar Veerasamy, Indian Plant geneticist
- August 2 - Ruth Lawrence, English-born mathematician.
- March 11 - Philo T. Farnsworth (b. 1906), American television pioneer.
- April 1 - Dame Kathleen Lonsdale (b. 1903), Irish-born crystallographer.
- April 6 - Margaret Newton (b. 1887), Canadian plant pathologist.
- June 30 - Soviet cosmonauts
- Hart, Michael (August 1992). "The History and Philosophy of Project Gutenberg". Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 2011-10-05..
- Tomlinson, Ray. "The First Network Email". Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Quillen, Daniel (1971). "The Adams Conjecture". Topology 10: 67–80. doi:10.1016/0040-9383(71)90018-8. ISSN 0040-9383. MR 0279804. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
- Takiff, S. J. (1971), "Rings of invariant polynomials for a class of Lie algebras", Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 160: 249–262, doi:10.2307/1995803, ISSN 0002-9947, JSTOR 1995803, MR 0281839
- Beckmann, E. C. (2006). "CT scanning the early days". British Journal of Radiology 79 (937): 5–8. doi:10.1259/bjr/29444122. PMID 16421398.
- Bywaters, E. G. L. (March 1971). "Still's disease in the adult". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 30 (2): 121–33. doi:10.1136/ard.30.2.121. PMC 1005739. PMID 5315135. Retrieved 2012-01-13.