1972 in Israel

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1972
in
Israel
Decades:
See also: Other events of 1972
List of years in Israel
Timeline of the region of Palestine
Timeline of Israeli history

Events in the year 1972 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

  • 1 January – David Elazar is appointed as the ninth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
  • 27 March – President of Uganda Idi Amin ordered all Israelis to leave Uganda. Although Israel had trained Ugandan paratroopers in the past ten years, Amin decided to break off relationship after forming an alliance with Libya.[1]
  • 8 May – The founding of the kibbutz Afik.
  • 19 May – Population Census: 3,147,683 inhabitants in Israel.
  • 24 October - President of Egypt Anwar Sadat convened a meeting of his armed forces leaders and announced plans to prepare for a limited war with Israel.[2]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1972 include:

  • 15 March - King Hussein of Jordan unveiled his plan for the "United Arab Kingdom", a federation consisting of the existing Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and a Palestinian Arab state on Jordan's former territories on the Israeli occupied West Bank, each with their own parliament, united under one monarch. The UAK would be dependent upon a treaty between Jordan and Israel. The PLO and other Arab nations opposed the plan.[3]

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

Munich Massacre: the building where the hostage-taking took place. The window of Apartment 1 is to the left of and below the balcony.

The most prominent Palestinian Arab terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1972 include:

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 1972 include:

  • 8 September – In retaliation for the killing of nine Israeli Olympic athletics, Israel's air force bombed Palestinian strongholds in Syria and Lebanon.[7]
  • 16 October - At 10:30 pm in Rome, two agents of Israel's Mossad shot Wael Zwaiter eleven times as he returned to his apartment building. Zwaiter, suspected by Mossad to have been part of the Black September planning for the Munich massacre, was the first person killed as part of Operation Wrath of God.[8]
  • 8 December - Dr. Mahmoud Hamshari, the PLO representative in France, was fatally wounded by a bomb, planted near his telephone by agents of Israel's Mossad, in retaliation for his suspected role in the 1972 Munich Massacre. After the explosive had been placed during Hamshari's absence, an agent telephoned him and asked enough questions to confirm his identity. The bomb was then detonated by remote control, possibly by a signal through the telephone line.[9]

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

  • 1 February – Berl Locker (born 1887), Austro-Hungarian-born Zionist activist and Israeli politician.
  • 9 February – Yaakov Herzog (born 1921), Irish-born Israeli diplomat.
  • 26 February – Yosef Sapir (born 1902), Israeli politician and Knesset member.
  • 1 March – Moshe Sneh (born 1909), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli politician and military figure.
  • 5 April – Reuven Barkat (born 1906), Russian (Lithuania)-born Israeli politician.
  • 19 April – Alexander Penn (born 1906), Russian-born Israeli poet.
  • 30 May – Aharon Katzir (born 1914), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli scientist, killed in the Lod Airport massacre.
Memorial plaque in front of the Israeli athletes' quarters. The inscription, in German and Hebrew, reads: The team of the State of Israel stayed in this building during the 20th Olympic Summer Games from 21 August – 5 September 1972. On 5 September, [list of victims] died a violent death. Honor to their memory.

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas P. Ofcansky, Uganda: Tarnished Pearl of Africa (Westview Press, 1996), pp45–46
  2. ^ Anwar Sadat, The Public Diary of President Sadat, Vol. II (R. Israeli, ed.) (Brill, 1979), p615
  3. ^ Kamal Salibi, The Modern History of Jordan (I. B. Tauris, 2006), pp251–252
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base[dead link]. Retrieved 18 August 2006. According to MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base, the cited resource was decommissioned in 2008 and TKB records were later adopted by START. However a search of the available records (via http://www.start.umd.edu/start/) failed to uncover the originally cited material.
  7. ^ "Syria, Lebanon Hit By Israeli Bombers", Oakland Tribune, 8 September 1972, p1
  8. ^ Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism (Columbia University Press, 2009), pp40–42
  9. ^ Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism (Columbia University Press, 2009), p43

External links[edit]