1972 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1972.

Mollusca[edit]

New bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Concavodonta[2]

Gen nov

Valid

Babin & Melou

Ordovician

 Europe

new genus for Nucula ponderata

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Azendohsaurus[3]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Dutuit

Late Triassic

 Morocco

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeornithomimus[6]

gen nov

Valid

Russell

Late Cretaceous

Iren Dabasu Formation

 China

an ornithomimid

Dromiceiomimus[6]

gen nov

valid?

Russell

Maastrichtian

Horseshoe Canyon Formation

 Canada

an ornithomimid, possibly a synonym of Ornithomimus

Gallimimus[7]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Osmólska, Roniewicz Barsbold

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Formation

 Mongolia

an ornithomimid

"Thotobolosaurus"[8]

Nomen nudum.

Ellenberger

Late Triassic

 Lesotho

informal name for undescribed ?prosauropod

Vulcanodon[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Raath

Early Jurassic

 Zimbabwe

a sauropod

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anserobranta tarabukini [10]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Aptenodytes ridgeni [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

 New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Apus submelba [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

 Hungary

An Apodidae.

Ardeagrandis arborea [10]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

An Ardeidae.

Eostrix martinellii [13]

Sp. nov.

valid

Larry D. Martin

Craig C. Black

Early Eocene

Wind River Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

An Strigiformes, Protostrigidae Wetmore, 1933.

Mergus connectens [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Czech Republic;

 Romania

An Anatidae.

Miocitta galbreathi [14]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Miocene

Kenmesaw Local Fauna

 USA:

 Colorado

A Corvidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Otis kalmani [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1a

 Romania

An Otididae.

Paraptenodytes brodkorbi [15]

Sp. nov.

Synonym of Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895).

George G. Simpson

Early Miocene

Patagonian Formation

 Argentina

A Spheniscidae, placed in synonymy with Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895) by Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, 2005,[16] but Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka, 2006 disagree with her and say it needs another genus.[17] .

Phalacrocorax lautus [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Phalacrocoracidae.

Probalearica moldavica [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Gruidae, transferred to the genus Grus by Jíří Mlíkovský, 2002.[18]

Protocitta ajax [14]

Sp. nov.

valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Blancan

 USA:

 Texas;

 Kansas

A Corvidae, sometimes placed in the genus Calocitta G. R. Gray, 1841.

Pygoscelis tyreei [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

 New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Rustaviornis georgicus [19]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

G. K. Meladze

Late Miocene

Sarmantian

Hipparion Fauna

 USSR:

 Georgia

A Phasianidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Strix collongensis [20]

Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

Mn 5

 France

A Strigidae, transferred to and made the type species of the new genus Alasio by Jirí Mlíkovský, 1998.[21]

Surnia capeki [22]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Czech Republic

A Strigidae.

Tertiariaporphyrula lungi [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9-11

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Rallidae, transferred to the genus Palaeoaramides Lambrecht, 1933 by Storrs L. Olson, 1977.[23]

Tyto noeli [24]

Sp. nov.

valid

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Tytonidae.

Tyto riveroi [25]

Sp. nov.

valid

Oscar Arredondo

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Tytonidae.

Newly named onithodirans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lewisuchus[26]

gen et sp nov

valid

Romer

Ladinian

 Argentina

a Silesaurid.

synapsids[edit]

Newly named therapsids[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Regisaurus[27]

valid

mendrez

triassic

 South Africa

a regisaurid.

Regisaurus jacobi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Sánchez, T.M. (1999). "New Late Ordovician (Early Caradoc) Bivalves from the Sierra de Villicum (Argentine Precordillera)". Journal of Paleontology 73 (1): 66–76. JSTOR 1306745. 
  3. ^ Dutuit, J.M. 1972. Decouverte d'un dinosaure ornthischien dans le Trias supericur de l'Atlas occidental marocain. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris D275: pp. 2841-2844.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ a b Russell, D.A. 1972. Ostrich dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Western Canada. Can. J. Earth Sci. 9: pp. 375-402.
  7. ^ Osmolska, H., E. Roniewicz, and R. Barsbold. 1972. A new dinosaur Gallimimus bullatus, n. gen. n. sp. (Ornithomimidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontol. Polonica 27: pp. 103-143.
  8. ^ Ellenberger, P. 1972. Contribution a la classification des pistes de vertebres du Trias: les types du Stormberg d’Afrique du Sud (I). Palaeovertebrata Memories Extraord(1972): pp. 1-152.
  9. ^ Raath, M.A. 1972. Fossil vertebrate studies in Rhodesia: a new dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from near the Trias-Jurassic Boundary. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 5 (30): 1-37.
  10. ^ a b c d e Evgeny N. Kurochkin & I. M. Ganya (1972). "[Birds of the Middle Sarmatian of Moldavia.]". Pozvonochnye neogena i plestocena Moldavii. Kishinev: Shtiintsa: 45–70. 
  11. ^ a b George G. Simpson (1972). "Pliocene Penguins from North Canterburry, New Zealand". Records of the Canterburry Museum 9: 159–182. 
  12. ^ a b c Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.) 20: 35–64. 
  13. ^ Larry D. Martin & Craig C. Black (1972). "A New Owl from the Eocene of Wyoming". Auk 89 (4): 887–888. doi:10.2307/4084122. 
  14. ^ a b Pierce Brodkorb (1972). "Neogene Fossil Jays from the Great Plains". Condor 74 (3): 347–349. doi:10.2307/1366596. 
  15. ^ George G. Simpson (1972). "Conspectus of Patagonian Fossil Penguins". American Museum Novitates 2488: 1–37. 
  16. ^ Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2005). "Systematic revision of Arthrodytes Ameghino, 1905 (Aves, Spheniscidae) and its assignment to the Paraptenodytinae". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 2005 (7): 404–414. 
  17. ^ Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka (2006). "Redescription and Phylogenetic Position of the Early Miocene Penguin Paraptenodytes antarcticus from Patagonia". American Museum Novitates 3525: 1–36. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2006)3525[1:rappot]2.0.co;2. 
  18. ^ Jíří Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe". Praha Ninox Press 2002: 1–407. 
  19. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich & G. K. Meladze (1972). "Rustaviornis georgicus gen. et sp. n., a New Fossil Bird from the Hipparion Fauna of Georgia". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 17: 373–388. 
  20. ^ Peter Ballmann (1972). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de Vieux-Collonges". Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon 50: 93–101. 
  21. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1998). "Two New Owls (Aves: Strigidae) from the Early Miocene of the Czech Republic, with Comments on the Fossil History of the Subfamily Striginae". Buteo 10: 5–21. 
  22. ^ Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.) 20: 35–64. 
  23. ^ Storrs L. Olson (1977). "A Synopsis of the Fossil Rallidae". In: Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley: 509–525. 
  24. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Nueva Especie de Ave Fósil (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Superior de Cuba". Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales 29: 415–431. 
  25. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Especie Nueva de Lechuza Gigante (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Cubano". Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales 30: 129–140. 
  26. ^ Romer, A.S. 1972. The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile Fauna. XIV. Lewisuchus admixtus, gen. et sp. nov., a further Thecodont from the Chanares Beds. Breviora 390: pp. 1-13.
  27. ^ C. H. Mendrez. 1972. On the skull of Regisaurus jacobi, a new genus and species of Bauriamorpha Watson and Romer 1956 (=Scaloposauria Boonstra 1953), from the Lystrosaurus-zone of South Africa.