London Underground 1973 Stock

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1973 Stock
PicadillyLine-ChiswickPark-20040929.JPG
Manufacturer Metro Cammell
In service 1975 – present
Lines served Piccadilly
Length per car DM 17.473 m (57 ft 3.9 in)
UNDM/T 17.676 m (57 ft 11.9 in)
Length of train 106.810 m (350 ft 5.1 in)
Width 2.629 m (8 ft 7.5 in)
Height 2.888 m (9 ft 5.7 in)
Weight DM 27.15 long tons (27.59 t; 30.41 short tons)
UNDM 26.16 long tons (26.58 t; 29.30 short tons)
T 18.16 long tons (18.45 t; 20.34 short tons)
Stock type Deep-level tube
Portal icon London Transport portal

The 1973 Tube Stock is a class of deep-level train that operates on the Piccadilly line of the London Underground. It was introduced into service in 1975 coinciding with the extension of the line to Hatton Cross in 1975, followed by Heathrow Central in 1977.

Built by Metro Cammell between 1972 and 1975, the stock was refurbished by Bombardier Transportation between 1996 and 2001

Construction[edit]

In the early 1970s London Transport placed an order of 88 trains to replace the 1959 stock, the 1938 stock and 1962 stock vehicles which previously operated on the Piccadilly line. Built between 1972 and 1975 by Metro Cammell in Birmingham,[1] the first unit entered service on 19 July 1975 and the last was introduced by 1977.[2] The trains featured longer cars and larger door space than the previous ones, being designed for airport travellers with luggage.[3]

The stock was refurbished by Bombardier Transportation between 1996 and 2001.[4] Changes included the removal of transverse seating, strap hangers replaced with grab bars, new floor material,. and a full repaint into London Underground's corporate livery.[3]

Unit formation and operation[edit]

Interior of a refurbished 1973 stock car

The peak Piccadilly line service requires 76 trains in operation. Each train is made up of two units of three cars.[3]

The trains are maintained in Cockfosters and Northfields depots.[5]

Like all London Underground trains, the stock operate on a four-rail 630V DC power system.

Numbering[edit]

DM DM UNDM T
100 - 253 864 - 897 300 - 453 500 - 696

Announcer system[edit]

1973 stock in previous livery at Ealing Common

In November 2006, the system was introduced with an automated announcer featuring the voice of Julie Berry,[6] with a simultaneous upgrade to the dot matrix displays in the carriages. The driver can select between two settings: "commuter" and "tourist". In addition to this, the driver can add extra announcements through a code for example "please stand clear of the doors" or "Let customers off the train first please"

The "Alight" sections include:

These "alights" are not included in the "commuter" setting.

Certain stations include announcements warning of the gap between the train and platform. Interchanges with other London Underground lines and other rail services are also included in announcements, such as Kings Cross St Pancras which includes St Pancras International.

Future replacement[edit]

Main article: New Tube for London

The Deep tube programme (DTP) originally covered the replacement of the trains and signalling on the Bakerloo and Piccadilly lines, and had been expanded to cover rolling stock requirements arising from the planned extension of the Northern line to Battersea, the eventual replacement of Central line trains and proposed increased service frequency on the Northern and Jubilee lines. The EVO tube concept design, a lighter articulated train with walk through cars, was introduced early in 2011.[7] In early 2014 the Bakerloo, Piccadilly, Central and Waterloo & City line rolling stock replacement project was renamed New Tube for London (NTfL) and moved from its feasibility stage to the design and specification stage.[8][9] The proposal introduces fully automated trains and signalling to increase capacity first on the Piccadilly line in 2025, followed the Central, Waterloo & City, Bakerloo lines by 2033. The fully automated trains may not have drivers,[10] however the ASLEF and RMT trade unions that represent the drivers strongly oppose this, saying it would be unsafe.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Piccadilly line facts". Transport for London. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "London Underground 1973 Tube Stock". TrainWeb. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "1973 tube stock". Square Wheels. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "1973". Transport for London. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Key facts". Transport for London. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  6. ^ http://www.julieberry.com/
  7. ^ Connor, Piers (January 2013). "Deep tube transformation". Modern Railways. pp. 44–47. 
  8. ^ "New Tube for London Programme". Board Minutes. Transport for London. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "New Tube for London Programme". Railway Gazette. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "TfL prepares for driverless tube". Railnews. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Driverless Tube trains: Unions vow 'war' over plan". BBC News. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 

External links[edit]