1973 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1973.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Epiborkhausenites[2]

Gen et sp. nov

valid

Bartonian

Baltic amber

 Lithuania

monotypic; An Oecophoridae moth

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named crurotarsins[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lisboasaurus[3]

valid

Seiffert

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Crocodylomorph

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alocodon[6]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Ornithischian of uncertain placement

Efraasia[7]

gen nov

Valid

Galton

Middle Norian

Löwenstein Formation

 Germany

basal sauropodomorph

Kelmayisaurus[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Lianmugin Formation

 China

carcharodontosaurid

Phaedrolosaurus[8]

gen et sp nov

nomen dubium

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Lianmugin Formation

 China

described from a single tooth

Phyllodon[6]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

possible Hypsilophodontid

Shantungosaurus[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Hu

Late Cretaceous

 China

largest known ornithischian

Trimucrodon[6]

Gen et sp nov

nomen dubium

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Ornithischian of uncertain placement

Tugulusaurus[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Tugulu Group

 China

coelurosaurian

Wuerhosaurus[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Tugulu Group

 China

one of the last stegosaurians

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Atlantisia elpenor [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Storrs L. Olson

Late Holocene-Subrecent

 Ascension Island

A Rallidae, transferred to the new genus Mundia by Bourne, Ashmole et Simmons, 2003,[11] it is the type species of the new genus.

Garganoaetus freudenthali [12]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Pliocene

MN 14-15

 Italy

An Accipitridae.

Garganoaetus murivorus [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Pliocene

MN 14-15

 Italy

An Accipitridae.

Gypaetus osseticus [13]

Sp. Nov.

Nomen Nudum

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

Middle Pleistocene

 USSR:

 Georgia

An Accipitridae.

Ichthyophaga australis [14]

Sp. nov.

valid

Collin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Subrecent

Chatham Island

 New Zealand

An Accipitridae, transferred to the genus Haliaeetus.

Idiornis gaillardi [15]

Sp. nov.

valid

Joel Cracraft

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy

 France

A Gruiformes, Idiornithidae Brodkorb, 1965, transferred to the genus Dynamopterus Milne-Edwards, 1892 by Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, 2013.[16]

Lophopsittacus bensoni [17]

Sp. nov.

valid

David T. Holyoak

Subrecent

Mauritius

 Mauritius

A Psittacidae, transferred ro the genus Psittacula"" by Julian P. Hume, 2007.[18]

Palaeoaramides minutus [15]

Sp. nov.

valid

Joel Cracraft

Middle Miocene

Grive-St.-Alban

 France

A Rallidae.

Palaeorallus brodkorbi [15]

Sp. nov.

valid

Joel Cracraft

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Rallidae.

?Palaeospheniscus huxleyorum [19]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Miocene

Ysterplaats

 South Africa

A Spheniscidae, not for sure a member of the genus Palaeospheniscus Moreno et Mercerat, 1891.

Porzana astrictocarpus [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

Storrs L. Olson

Late Holocene-Subrecent

 Saint Helena

A Rallidae.

"Primobucco" kestneri [20]

Sp. nov.

valid

Alan Feduccia

Early Eocene

Wasatchian

Green River Formatie

 USA:

 Wyoming

A ?Galbulae the species doen not belong in Prinobucco, nor in Neanis, the it was transferred to by Feduaccia, 1976,[21] it needs a new genus.

Quercyrallus quercy [15]

Sp. nov.

valid

Joel Cracraft

Eocene or Early Oligocene

Phosphorites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

 France

A Rallidae.

Tyto gigantea [22]

Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Pliocene

MN 14-15

 Italy

A Tytonidae.

Tyto robusta [22]

Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Early Pliocene

MN 14-15

 Italy

A Tytonidae.

Wyleyia valdensis [23]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Early Cretaceous

Weald Clay

 UK:

 England

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Enantiornithidae Nessov & Borkin, 1983, known from a single humerus, this is the type species of the new genus.

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eudimorphodon

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zambelli

Norian

 Italy

Noripterus[24]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Yang (aka C.-C. Young)

early Cretaceous

Lianmuqin Formation

 China

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Skalski, A.W. (1973). "Studies on the Lepidoptera from fossil resins. Part II. Epiborkhausenites obscurotrimaculatus gen. et sp. nov. (Oecophoridae) and a tineid-moth discovered in the Baltic amber". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 18 (1): 153–160. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Seiffert, J. 1973. Upper Jurassic Lizards from Central Portugal. Contibuicao para o conhecimento da Fauna do Kimeridgiano da Mina de Lignito Guimarota (Leiria, Portugal). Servicox Geologicos de Portugal, Memoria 22 (new series): pp. 7-88.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ a b c Thulborn, R.A. (1973). "Teeth of ornithischian dinosaurs from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal, with a description of a hypsilophodontid (Phyllodon henkeli gen. et sp. nov.) from the Guimarota Lignite". Memória Serivoços Geológicos de Portugal (Nova Série) 22: 89–134. 
  7. ^ Galton, P.M. (1973). "On the anatomy and relationships of Efraasia diagnostica (V. Huene) n. gen., a prosauropod dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from the Upper Triassic of Germany". Palaontologische Zcitschrift 47: 229–255. 
  8. ^ a b c d Dong, Z.M. 1973. Dinosaurs from Wuerho. Reports of Paleontological Expedition to Sinkiang (II), Pterosaurian Fauna from Wuerho, Sinkiang. Memories of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropolgy, Academy of Science 11: pp. 45-52.
  9. ^ Hu, C. 1973. A new hadrosaur from the Cretaceous of Chucheng. Shantung. Acta Geol. Sinica 2: pp. 179-202.
  10. ^ a b Storrs L. Olson (1973). "Evolution of the Rails of the South Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae)". Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152: 1–53. 
  11. ^ W. R. P. Bourne, N. P. Ashmole & K. E. L. Simmons (2003). "A New Subfossil Night Heron and a New Genus for the Extinct Rail for Ascension Island, Central Tropical Atlantic Ocean". Ardea 91 (1): 45–51. 
  12. ^ a b Peter Ballmann (1973). "Fossile Vögel aus dem Neogen der Halbinsel Gargano (Italien)". Scripta Geologica 17: 1–75. 
  13. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich (1973). "?". Report presented to the 5th Sovjet congress on the Quaternay Periode. 
  14. ^ Collin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1973). "An Undescribed Extinct Fish-Eagle from the Chatham Islands". Ibis 115 (2): 274–277. 
  15. ^ a b c d Joel Cracraft (1973). "Systematics and Evolution of the Gruiformes (Class, Aves) 3. Phylogeny of the Suborder Grui". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 151: 1–127. 
  16. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2013). "Idiornis Oberholser, 1899 (Aves, Gruiformes, Cariamae, Idiornithidae): a Junior Synonym of Dynamopterus Milne-Edwards, 1892 (Paleogene, Phosphorites du Quercy, France)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, abhandlungen 270 (1): 13–22. 
  17. ^ David T. Holyoak (1973). "An Undescribed Parrot from Mauritius". Ibis 115 (3): 417–419. 
  18. ^ Julian P. Hume (1973). "Reappraisal of the Parrots (Aves: Psittacidae) from the Mascarene Islands, with Comments on Their Ecology, Morphology, and Affineties". Zootaxa 1513: 1–76. 
  19. ^ George G. Simpson (1973). "Tertiary Penguins (Spenisciformes: Spheniscidae) from Ysterplaats, Cape Town, South Africa". South African Journal of Science 69: 342–344. 
  20. ^ Alan Feduccia (1973). "A New Eocene Zygodactyl Bird". Journal of Paleontology 47 (3): 501–503. 
  21. ^ Alan Feduccia (1976). "Neanis schucherti Restudied: Another Eocene Piciform Bird". In Collected Papers in Avian Paleontology Honoring the 90th Birthday of Alexander Wetmore ed.: Storrs. L. Olson; Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27: 95–99. 
  22. ^ a b Peter Ballmann (1973). "Fossile Vögel aus dem Neogen der Halbinsel Gargano (Italien)". Scripta Geologica 17: 1–75. 
  23. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1973). "Wyleyia: a New Bird Humerus from the Lower Cretaceous of England.". Palaeontology 16 (4): 721–728. 
  24. ^ Young, Z. (1973). "[Pterosaurs from Wuerho]. Reports of Paleontological Expedition to Sinkiang (II): Pterosaurian Fauna from Wuerho, Sinkiang". Memoirs of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Academia Sinica 11: 18–35.