1973 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1973.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Epiborkhausenites[2]

Gen et sp. nov

valid

Bartonian

Baltic amber

 Lithuania

monotypic; An Oecophoridae moth

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Wyleyia[3]

gen et sp nov

valid

Harrison & Walker

early Cretaceous

Weald Clay

 England

known from a single hunerous.

Newly named crurotarsins[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lisboasaurus[4]

valid

Seiffert

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Crocodylomorph

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[5] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[6]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alocodon[7]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Ornithischian of uncertain placement

Efraasia[8]

gen nov

Valid

Galton

Middle Norian

Löwenstein Formation

 Germany

basal sauropodomorph

Kelmayisaurus[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Lianmugin Formation

 China

carcharodontosaurid

Phaedrolosaurus[9]

gen et sp nov

nomen dubium

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Lianmugin Formation

 China

described from a single tooth

Phyllodon[7]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

possible Hypsilophodontid

Shantungosaurus[10]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Hu

Late Cretaceous

 China

largest known ornithischian

Trimucrodon[7]

Gen et sp nov

nomen dubium

Thulborn

Middle Jurassic

Guimarota lignite

 Portugal

Ornithischian of uncertain placement

Tugulusaurus[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Tugulu Group

 China

coelurosaurian

Wuerhosaurus[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zhiming

Early Cretaceous

Tugulu Group

 China

one of the last stegosaurians

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eudimorphodon

gen et sp nov

Valid

Zambelli

Norian

 Italy

Noripterus[11]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Yang (aka C.-C. Young)

early Cretaceous

Lianmuqin Formation

 China

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Skalski, A.W. (1973). "Studies on the Lepidoptera from fossil resins. Part II. Epiborkhausenites obscurotrimaculatus gen. et sp. nov. (Oecophoridae) and a tineid-moth discovered in the Baltic amber". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 18 (1): 153–160. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Harrison, C.J.O.; Walker, C.A. (1973). PDF fulltext "Wyleyia: a new bird humerus from the Lower Cretaceous of England.". Palaeontology 16 (4): 721–728. 
  4. ^ Seiffert, J. 1973. Upper Jurassic Lizards from Central Portugal. Contibuicao para o conhecimento da Fauna do Kimeridgiano da Mina de Lignito Guimarota (Leiria, Portugal). Servicox Geologicos de Portugal, Memoria 22 (new series): pp. 7-88.
  5. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  6. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  7. ^ a b c Thulborn, R.A. (1973). "Teeth of ornithischian dinosaurs from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal, with a description of a hypsilophodontid (Phyllodon henkeli gen. et sp. nov.) from the Guimarota Lignite". Memória Serivoços Geológicos de Portugal (Nova Série) 22: 89–134. 
  8. ^ Galton, P.M. (1973). "On the anatomy and relationships of Efraasia diagnostica (V. Huene) n. gen., a prosauropod dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from the Upper Triassic of Germany". Palaontologische Zcitschrift 47: 229–255. 
  9. ^ a b c d Dong, Z.M. 1973. Dinosaurs from Wuerho. Reports of Paleontological Expedition to Sinkiang (II), Pterosaurian Fauna from Wuerho, Sinkiang. Memories of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropolgy, Academy of Science 11: pp. 45-52.
  10. ^ Hu, C. 1973. A new hadrosaur from the Cretaceous of Chucheng. Shantung. Acta Geol. Sinica 2: pp. 179-202.
  11. ^ Young, Z. (1973). "[Pterosaurs from Wuerho]. Reports of Paleontological Expedition to Sinkiang (II): Pterosaurian Fauna from Wuerho, Sinkiang". Memoirs of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Academia Sinica 11: 18–35.