1974 Asian Games

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VII Asian Games
Tehran 1974 seventh asian games.jpg
Logo of 1974 Asian Games
Host city Tehran, Iran
Motto Tora, Tora, Tora
Nations participating 25
Athletes participating 3010
Events 200 in 16 sports
Opening ceremony September 1
Closing ceremony September 16
Officially opened by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Athlete's Oath Mansour Barzegar
Torch Lighter Golverdi Peimani
Main venue Aryamehr Stadium

The 7th Asian Games were held from September 1, 1974 to September 16, 1974 in Tehran, Iran. The Aryamehr sports complex was built for the Games. The Asian Games were hosted in the Middle East for the first time. Tehran, the capital of Iran, played host to 3,010 athletes coming from 25 countries/NOCs, the highest number of participants since the inception of the Games.

Fencing, gymnastics and women's basketball were added to the existing disciplines. The games were known for the use of state-of-the-art technology, from synthetic track to photo-finish cameras.

History[edit]

Starting in 1962, the Games were hit by several crises. First, the host country Indonesia, refused to permit the participation of Israel and the Republic of China due to political and religious issues. As a result, the IOC removed its sponsorship of the Games and terminated Indonesia as one of the IOC members.[1] The Asian Football Confederation (AFC),[2] International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and International Weightlifting Federation (IWF), also removed their recognition of the Games.[3][4]

In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the Games declined due to national security crisis, however the main reason was due to financial crisis, forcing the previous host Thailand to administer the Games again in Bangkok using funds transferred from South Korea.[5] Prior to the Games, Japan was asked to host the Games, but declined due to Expo '70 in Osaka.[6] This edition also marked the first time the Games have a television broadcasting throughout the world.[7]

Host city selection[edit]

Commemorative stamps of the 1974 Asian games by the post of Iran

On 11 and 12 January 1968, a meeting was organised at the Bangkok, in between the representatives of nine Asian National Olympic Committees. The framework of the meeting was set up in another meeting held on 1 September 1970 during Bangkok Asian Games. Tehran was selected as host city after defeating Kuwait City and Tel Aviv.

1974 Asian Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1 Round 2
Tehran Iran Iran 19 25
Kuwait City Kuwait Kuwait 12 9
Tel Aviv Israel Israel 2

Organisation[edit]

The responsibility of organising the Seventh Asian Games was assigned to a special committee headed by the Amir Abbas Hoveida, then Prime Minister of Iran.

Venues[edit]

The official inauguration of 1974 Asian Games in Aryamehr Stadium

The venue for the 1974 Asian Games was the multi-purpose sport complex– Aryamehr Sports Complex.

The stadium was designed by Abdolaziz Farmanfarmaian and rupees 100,000 persons were required for the full construction, which was completed on 1 April 1971. The stadium was named to Aryamehr, meaning the light of Aryans referring to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, then king of Iran.

Opening ceremony[edit]

Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi during the 1974 Asian Games Inauguration

On 1 September 1974, the Seventh Asian Games were officially opened. The list of the guests included— Shah of Iran Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi, then Prime Minister of Iran Amir Abbas Hoveida, cabinet members of Iranian Government, President of Israel Ephraim Katzir, President of South Korea Park Chung-hee, King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej, diplomatic corps and representatives of participating Asian NOCs. The Aryamehr Stadium was filled with an estimated 100,000 spectators. After a speech by the president of Asian Games Federation, HRH Yadavendra Singh, Mohammad Reza Shah officially opened the Games.

Sports[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

The Asian Games Federation conference, which was held ten months before the Games, decided to expel the Republic of China (Taiwan) from the games and accepted the entry of the People's Republic of China. The Arab nations, Pakistan, the People's Republic of China and North Korea refused to play with Israel in tennis, fencing, basketball and football.

Calendar[edit]

In the following calendar for the 1974 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. The numeral indicates the number of event finals for each sport held that day. On the left, the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right, how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
September 1974 2nd
Mon
3rd
Tue
4th
Wed
5th
Thu
6th
Fri
7th
Sat
8th
Sun
9th
Mon
10th
Tue
11th
Wed
12th
Thu
13th
Fri
14th
Sat
15th
Sun
Gold
medals
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 3 3 3 6 6 1 13 35
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 2 5 7
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 11 11
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 1 1 2
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 1 1 2 4
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 2 1 1 10 14
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 2 3 5 4 5 3 22
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 4 5 4 3 4 5 25
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2 5 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 1 1 3 2 7
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 6 6 6 9 27
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 10 10 20
Total gold medals 12 16 18 21 20 12 1 7 14 8 10 19 20 22
Ceremonies OC CC
September 1974 2nd
Mon
3rd
Tue
4th
Wed
5th
Thu
6th
Fri
7th
Sat
8th
Sun
9th
Mon
10th
Tue
11th
Wed
12th
Thu
13th
Fri
14th
Sat
15th
Sun
Gold
medals

Medal table[edit]

Medalist countries

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Iran, is highlighted.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Japan (JPN) 75 49 51 175
2  Iran (IRI) 36 28 17 81
3  China (CHN) 33 46 27 106
4  South Korea (KOR) 16 26 15 57
5  North Korea (PRK) 15 14 17 46
6  Israel (ISR) 7 4 8 19
7  India (IND) 4 12 12 28
8  Thailand (THA) 4 2 8 14
9  Indonesia (INA) 3 4 4 11
10  Mongolia (MGL) 2 5 8 15
Total 202 199 208 609

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Track: Asian Games Dropped By Olympics". Daytona Beach. 1962-08-23. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  2. ^ "第4届 1962年雅加达亚运会". data.sports.163.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  3. ^ "Penalty Dealt to Indonesia". Spokane Daily Chronicles. 1962-09-13. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ "Warning". The Age. 1962-08-30. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  5. ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". Data.sports.163.com. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  6. ^ "Thailand’s Sporting Spirit". Pattaya Mail Sports. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  7. ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". data.sports.163. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

External links[edit]