1974 Pacific typhoon season

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1974 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
First system formed January 9, 1974
Last system dissipated December 24, 1974
Strongest storm Gloria – 930 hPa (mbar), 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-minute sustained)
Tropical depressions 35
Total storms 32
Typhoons 16
Super typhoons 0 (Record fewest)
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Pacific typhoon seasons
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976

The 1974 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1974, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1974 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Storms[edit]

35 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 32 became tropical storms. 16 storms reached typhoon intensity, and none reached super typhoon strength.[1] This season is the most recent to have no super typhoons.[2]

Tropical Storm Wanda (Atang)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 9 – January 14
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Amy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration March 13 – March 21
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Babe[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 25 – May 3
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Carla[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 1 – May 8
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 05W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration June 6 – June 8
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Dinah (Bising)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 7 – June 14
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Dinah, which developed on June 7, hit Luzon on the 10th as an 80 mph typhoon. It continued northwestward, hit Hainan Island, crossed the Gulf of Tonkin, and dissipated over Vietnam. Dinah caused 73 casualties (with 33 missing), with $3 million in crop damage (1974 USD).

Tropical Storm Emma (Klaring)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 12 – June 19
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Freda[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 20 – June 23
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gilda (Deling)[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 29 – July 8
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

When Tropical Storm Gilda, having weakened from a peak of 100 mph winds, crossed between Japan and South Korea in early July, it brought torrential rains and mudslides, killing 128 people (with 26 missing) and causing damage estimated at $1.5 billion (1974 USD).

Tropical Storm Harriet (Gading)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 14 – July 20
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jean (Heling)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 16 – July 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ivy (Iliang)[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 16 – July 24
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

66 people were killed with Typhoon Ivy hit Luzon on July 20. It continued northwestward, and hit southeastern China 2 days later.

Typhoon Kim[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 22 – July 28
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Lucy (Miding)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 8 – August 12
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Mary[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 10 – August 26
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on August 10. It tracked to the northeast, then turned to the northwest where it became a tropical storm on the 11th. Mary's appearance resembled an extratropical cyclone due to vertical shear, and as the ridge built over Japan, Mary turned more to the west. Conditions were favorable enough for Mary to reach typhoon strength on the 18th, but it weakened to a tropical storm before hitting northeastern China on the 19th. A high pressure system over China forced now Tropical Depression Mary to the southeast, where it restrengthened into a tropical storm on the 24th. The storm turned to the northeast, briefly becoming a typhoon again on the 25th before weakening. Mary hit Japan on the 26th, and dissipated shortly thereafter. 3 lives were lost in Mary's path, with moderate damage occurring.

Tropical Depression 16W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 13 – August 15
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nadine (Norming)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 15 – August 18
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Polly[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 24 – September 8
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 20W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 26 – August 31
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Rose (Oyang)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 27 – September 1
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Shirley (Pasing)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 3 – September 11
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Trix[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 4 – September 8
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Virginia[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 11 – September 17
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Wendy (Ruping)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 23 – September 30
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Agnes[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 24 – October 2
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Bess (Susang)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 8 – October 14
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)
Main article: Typhoon Bess (1974)

Typhoon Bess crossed northern Luzon on October 10, crossed the South China Sea, and hit Hainan Island on the 13th. Bess continued westward, and dissipated over Vietnam on the 14th. The storm dumped heavy rains on its path, causing 26 deaths (with 3 missing) and $9.2 million (1974 USD) in damage. The name Bess was retired after this season.

Typhoon Carmen (Tering)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 13 – October 20
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Carmen hit Luzon on October 16, just days after Bess hit. It continued northwestward, made landfall on southeastern China, turned south, and dissipated on the 20th. Typhoon Carmen caused sustained storm force winds in Hong Kong and 25 fatalities, with damage estimated at $13 million (1974 USD).

Typhoon Della (Uding)[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 20 – October 27
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Elaine (Wening)[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 23 – November 1
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

23 casualties and $21 million in damage can be attributed to 110 mph Typhoon Elaine hitting northern Luzon on October 27.

Tropical Storm Faye (Yaning)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 31 – November 5
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gloria (Aning)[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 2 – November 10
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Hester[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 13 – November 15
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Irma (Bidang)[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 20 – December 3
Peak intensity 215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

The last of the year's 8 typhoons to hit the Philippines made landfall on November 28 as a 100 mph typhoon. Irma, once a 135 mph typhoon, weakened over the islands and restrengthened into a typhoon in the South China Sea. It turned northward, and hit southern China as a weakening tropical storm on December 2, the latest date for a Chinese tropical storm landfall. Irma killed 11 people, and caused $7.3 million in damage (1974 USD).

Tropical Storm Judy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration December 17 – December 19
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Kit (Delang)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration December 18 – December 24
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual Typhoon Report 1974" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  2. ^ "Annual Tropical Cyclone Report 2011" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 14. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 

External links[edit]