1974 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 13–16, 1974|
|Location||Mamaroneck, New York|
|Course(s)||Winged Foot Golf Club
|Length||6,961 yards (6,365 m)|
|Field||150 players, 66 after cut|
The 1974 U.S. Open was the 74th U.S. Open, held June 13–16 at Winged Foot Golf Club in Mamaroneck, New York, a suburb northeast of New York City. In what became known as the "Massacre at Winged Foot," Hale Irwin's score of 287 (+7) was good enough for the first of his three U.S. Open titles, two strokes ahead of runner-up Forrest Fezler.
Tom Watson shot a third-round 69 to hold a one-stroke lead over Irwin after 54 holes. In the final round, Watson bogeyed the 4th, 5th, and 8th on his way to a 79 and a tie for fifth. Still at the beginning of his career, it was the first Top 10 finish in a major for the future U.S. Open champion. In a week of brutal scoring conditions, Irwin and Fezler were the last players standing. After making long par putts at 16 and 17, Fezler could not convert another par save at the last, missing a 15-footer. Irwin, meanwhile, bogeyed 15, 16, and needed a 10-footer to save par at 17. With a two-shot lead heading to the 18th, Irwin hit his approach to the center of the green and two-putted for par and the championship.
Winged Foot played extremely difficult throughout the tournament, leading sportswriter Dick Schaap to coin the phrase "The Massacre at Winged Foot," the title of his book. Not a single player broke par in the first round, and Irwin's to-par score of 7-over was the second-highest in post-World War II history (Julius Boros was 9-over at the 1963 Open). Many complained that the USGA had intentionally made the course setup treacherous in response to Johnny Miller's record-breaking 63 the year before.
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||1960||73||70||73||76||292||+12||T5|
|Gary Player||South Africa||1965||70||73||77||73||293||+13||T8|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||1962, 1967, 1972||75||74||76||69||294||+14||T10|
|Johnny Miller||United States||1973||76||75||74||77||302||+22||T35|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Gene Littler||United States||1961||80||75||155||+15|
|Billy Casper||United States||1959, 1966||80||76||156||+16|
|Lee Trevino||United States||1968, 1971||78||78||156||+16|
|Ken Venturi||United States||1964||84||81||165||+25|
|Julius Boros||United States||1952, 1963||78||WD|
Thursday, June 13, 1974
|1||Gary Player||South Africa||70||E|
|T2||Lou Graham||United States||71||+1|
|Mike Reasor||United States|
|T4||Jim Colbert||United States||72||+2|
|Raymond Floyd||United States|
|Bobby Nichols||United States|
|Barney Thompson||United States|
|T9||Arnold Palmer||United States||73||+3|
|Tom Watson||United States|
|Hale Irwin||United States|
|Rod Funseth||United States|
|Jerry Heard||United States|
|Mark Hayes||United States|
|John Buczek||United States|
Friday, June 14, 1974
|T1||Arnold Palmer||United States||73-70=143||+3|
|Hale Irwin||United States||73-70=143|
|Raymond Floyd||United States||72-71=143|
|Gary Player||South Africa||70-73=143|
|T5||Tom Kite||United States||74-70=144||+4|
|Tom Watson||United States||73-71=144|
|T7||Bert Yancey||United States||76-69=145||+5|
|Forrest Fezler||United States||75-70=145|
|T9||Larry Ziegler||United States||78-68=146||+6|
|Frank Beard||United States||77-69=146|
|Eddie Pearce||United States||75-71=146|
|John Buczek||United States||73-73=146|
|Lou Graham||United States||71-75=146|
Saturday, June 15, 1974
|1||Tom Watson||United States||73-71-69=213||+3|
|2||Hale Irwin||United States||73-70-71=214||+4|
|3||Arnold Palmer||United States||73-70-73=216||+6|
|T4||Frank Beard||United States||77-69-72=218||+8|
|Bert Yancey||United States||76-69-73=218|
|Jim Colbert||United States||72-77-69=218|
|7||Forrest Fezler||United States||75-70-74=219||+9|
|T8||Lou Graham||United States||71-75-74=220||+10|
|Gary Player||South Africa||70-73-77=220|
|T10||Raymond Floyd||United States||72-71-78=221||+11|
|Buddy Allin||United States||76-71-74=221|
|Tom Kite||United States||74-70-77=221|
|Dale Douglass||United States||77-72-72=221|
|Tom Weiskopf||United States||76-73-72=221|
Sunday, June 16, 1974
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Hale Irwin||United States||73-70-71-73=287||+7||35,000|
|2||Forrest Fezler||United States||75-70-74-70=289||+9||18,000|
|T3||Lou Graham||United States||71-75-74-70=290||+10||11,500|
|Bert Yancey||United States||76-69-73-72=290|
|T5||Jim Colbert||United States||72-77-69-74=292||+12||8,000|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||73-70-73-76=292|
|Tom Watson||United States||73-71-69-79=292|
|T8||Tom Kite||United States||74-70-77-72=293||+13||5,500|
|Gary Player||South Africa||70-73-77-73=293|
|T10||Buddy Allin||United States||76-71-74-73=294||+14||3,750|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||75-74-76-69=294|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
- "For you nostalgia fans – it's the Palmer of old!". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. June 15, 1975. p. 12.
- "U.S. Open history: 1974". USGA. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
- Jenkins, Dan (June 24, 1974). "Hale Irwin, sole survivor". Sports Illustrated: 18.
- "Irwin finishes with 287, gains two-stroke victory in U.S. Open". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. June 17, 1974. p. 17.
- McCleery, Peter (June 8, 2006). "The Massacre of '74 still lingers". ESPN. (Golf Digest). Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "Broken rib costs Snead Open berth". Bangor Daily News. Associated Press. June 13, 1974. p. 27.
- "Sam slammed by Open jinx". The Age (Melbourne, Australia). June 14, 1974. p. 27.
- "1974 U.S. Open". databasegolf.com. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
- "Arnie's back as he takes share of lead". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. June 15, 1974. p. 1B.
- "Irwin's final card". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. June 17, 1974. p. 17.
|Major Championships||Succeeded by
1974 Open Championship