1974 FIFA World Cup

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1974 FIFA World Cup
Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1974
1974 FIFA World Cup emblem.svg
1974 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  West Germany
Dates 13 June – 7 July (25 days)
Teams 16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 9 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  West Germany (2nd title)
Runners-up  Netherlands
Third place  Poland
Fourth place  Brazil
Tournament statistics
Matches played 38
Goals scored 97 (2.55 per match)
Attendance 1,865,753 (49,099 per match)
Top scorer(s) Poland Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)
1970
1978

The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany (including West Berlin) from 13 June to 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. The host nation won the title beating the Netherlands in the final, 2–1. The victory was the second for West Germany, who had also won in 1954. Australia, East Germany, Haiti and Zaire made their first appearances at the final stage, and the Netherlands and Poland their first since 1938.

Host selection[edit]

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

West Germany was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Hosting rights for the 1978 and 1982 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, and in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed.

Qualification[edit]

  Countries qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

Ninety-eight countries took part in the qualifying tournament, and some of football's most successful nations did not qualify. Between them, the champions of the 1966 tournament (England), France, the hosts of the 1970 tournament (Mexico), Hungary and Spain were knocked out and failed to qualify for the finals. The USSR was disqualified after the playoff against Chile. First-time qualifiers included Australia, which would not qualify again until the next time the tournament was held in Germany, in 2006, and Zaire, the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to reach the finals.

Format[edit]

16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Each played a round-robin with two points for a win and one for a draw, and goal difference used to separate teams level on points. The top two teams from each group advanced to the next stage. However, in a change from the format used in the previous three competitions, the second round consisted of another group stage: the eight remaining teams were divided into two groups of four. The winners of each group played each other in the final, and the second place teams in each group played each other in the third/fourth place match.

Summary[edit]

First round[edit]

The tournament was held mostly in bad weather, and the stadia had few protected places. Few western European nations had qualified, of which most were eliminated early. Fans from the Eastern neighbor states were hindered by political circumstances.

Carlos Caszely of Chile became the first player to be sent off with a red card in a World Cup match, during their match against West Germany. Red cards were formally introduced in World Cup play in 1970, but no players were sent off in that tournament.

Two teams made a particularly powerful impact on the first round. The Netherlands demonstrated the "Total football" techniques pioneered by the top Dutch club Ajax, in which specialised positions were virtually abolished for the outfield players, and individual players became defenders, midfielders or strikers as the situation required. The Dutch marked their first World Cup finals since 1938 by topping their first-round group, with wins over Uruguay and Bulgaria and a draw with Sweden. Sweden joined the Dutch in the second group round after beating Uruguay 3–0.

Poland, meanwhile, took maximum points from a group containing two of the favourites for the tournament. They beat Argentina 3–2, trounced Haiti 7–0, then beat Italy 2–1 – a result that knocked the Italians out of the Cup and resulted in Argentina sneaking to the second group round on goal average. While Haiti didn't do particularly well in their first World Cup finals (losing all three of their games) they did have one moment of glory. In their opening game against Italy, they managed to take the lead with a goal from Emmanuel Sanon, before eventually losing 3–1 (Italy had not conceded a goal in 12 international matches). That goal proved to be a significant goal as it ended Dino Zoff's run of 1142 minutes without conceding a goal.

Group 2 was a particularly close group. With Brazil, Yugoslavia and Scotland drawing all their games against each other, it was decided by the number of goals these three teams scored when defeating Zaire. Yugoslavia hammered the African nation 9–0, equalling a finals record for the largest margin of victory. Brazil beat them 3–0. Scotland could only manage a 2–0 margin, and so were edged out of the tournament on goal difference. They also became the first ever country to be eliminated from a World Cup Finals without having lost a match.

Group 1 contained both East Germany and the host West Germany, and they both progressed at the expense of Chile and Australia. But the big clash was between the two German teams. West Germany was already assured of progression to the second round whatever the result. In one of the most politically charged matches of all time, it was the East that won, thanks to a late Jürgen Sparwasser goal. This embarrassing result forced a realignment of the West German team that helped them win the Cup.

Second round[edit]

Coincidentally, the two second-round groups both produced matches that were, in effect, semi-finals. In Group A, the Netherlands and Brazil met after each had taken maximum points from their previous two matches. In Group B, the same was true of West Germany and Poland – so the winners of these two games would contest the final.

In Group A, two goals from the inspirational Johan Cruyff helped the Dutch side thrash Argentina 4–0. At the same time, Brazil defeated East Germany 1–0. The Dutch triumphed over East Germany 2–0 while in the "Battle of the South Americans", Brazil managed to defeat Argentina 2–1 in a scrappy match. Argentina and East Germany drew 1–1 and were on their way home while the crucial match between the Netherlands and Brazil turned into another triumph for 'total football', as second-half goals from Johan Neeskens and Cruyff put the Netherlands in the final. However the match would also be remembered for harsh defending on both sides.

Meanwhile, in Group B, West Germany and Poland both managed to beat Yugoslavia and Sweden. The crucial game between the Germans and the Poles was goalless until the 76th minute, when Gerd Muller scored to send the hosts through 1–0. The Poles took third place after defeating Brazil 1–0.

Final[edit]

The final was held on 7 July 1974 at Olympiastadion, Munich. West Germany was led by Franz Beckenbauer, while the Dutch had their star Johan Cruyff, and their Total Football system which had dazzled the competition. With just a minute gone on the clock, following a solo run, Cruyff was brought down by Uli Hoeneß close to the German penalty area, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty by Johan Neeskens before any German player had even touched the ball. West Germany struggled to recover, and in the 26th minute were awarded a penalty, after Bernd Hölzenbein fell within the Dutch area, causing English referee Jack Taylor to award another controversial penalty. Paul Breitner spontaneously decided to kick, and scored. These two penalties were the first in a World Cup final. West Germany now pushed, and in the 43rd minute, in his typical style, Gerd Müller scored what turned out to be the winning goal, and the last of his career as he retired from the national team. The second half saw chances for both sides, with Müller putting the ball in the net for a goal that was disallowed as offside. In the 85th, Hölzenbein was fouled again, but no penalty this time. Eventually, West Germany, European Champions of 1972, also won the 1974 World Cup.

This was the only case of the reigning European champions winning the World Cup, until Spain (champions of the UEFA Euro 2008) defeated the Netherlands in the South Africa 2010 FIFA World Cup Final. France have also held both trophies, albeit in a different order, at the same time by winning the 1998 World Cup followed by Euro 2000.

Joao Havelange (former FIFA President from 1974 to 1998) claimed that the 1966 and 1974 World Cups were fixed so that England and Germany would win respectively.[1]

This was only the second time that a team had won the World Cup after losing a match in the Finals (West Germany losing to East Germany during the group stage). The previous occasion was West Germany's earlier win in 1954.

Poland's Grzegorz Lato led the tournament in scoring seven goals. Gerd Müller's goal in the final was the 14th in his career of two World Cups, beating Just Fontaine's record of 13, in his single World Cup. Müller's record was only surpassed 32 years later, in 2006 by Ronaldo's 15 goals from three World Cups and then 8 years after, in 2014 by Klose's 16 goals from four World Cups.

Günter Netzer, who came on as a substitute for West Germany during the defeat by the East Germans, was playing for Real Madrid at the time: this is the first time that a World Cup winner has played for a club outside his home country.

This is the last of four FIFA World Cup tournaments to date with no extra-time matches. The others are 1930, 1950, and 1962 tournaments.

Mascot[edit]

The official mascots of this World Cup were Tip and Tap, two boys wearing an outfit similar to West Germany's, with the letters WM (Weltmeisterschaft, World Cup) and number 74.

Venues[edit]

FIFA World Cup venues in 1974
Munich West Berlin Hamburg
Olympiastadion Olympiastadion Volksparkstadion
Capacity: 80,000 Capacity: 86,000 Capacity: 62,000
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpg Berliner Olympiastadion innen.jpg Das Volksparkstadion 1983.jpg
Dortmund Düsseldorf Gelsenkirchen
Westfalenstadion Rheinstadion Parkstadion
Capacity: 54,000 Capacity: 67,000 Capacity: 72,000
Panoramio - V&A Dudush - 2001 (1).jpg Rheinstadion.jpg Parkstadion gelsenkirchen 2.jpg
Frankfurt Hanover Stuttgart
Waldstadion Niedersachsenstadion Neckarstadion
Capacity: 61,000 Capacity: 65,000 Capacity: 71,000
Waldstadionold1.jpg AWD Eingang08.jpg Gottlieb-daimler-stadion.jpg
West Berlin
Dortmund
Düsseldorf
Frankfurt
Gelsenkirchen
Hamburg
Hanover
Munich
Stuttgart


Match officials[edit]

 

Squads[edit]

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1974 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding[edit]

It was agreed by a vote by the FIFA Organising Committee on who would be seeded.[2] There were four seeds, which would first be placed in separate groups:

Then the remaining spots in the groups were determined by dividing the participants into pots based on geographical sections.

Pot 1: Western European Pot 2: Eastern European Pot 3: South American Pot 4: Rest of The World

Results[edit]

Results of finalists


Group stage[edit]

Group 1[edit]

East German line-up v. Australia
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 East Germany 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5
 West Germany 3 2 0 1 4 1 +3 4
 Chile 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
 Australia 3 0 1 2 0 5 −5 1
14 June 1974
16:00 CET
West Germany  1–0  Chile
Breitner Goal 18' Report
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 81,100
Referee: Doğan Babacan (Turkey)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany  2–0  Australia
Curran Goal 58' (o.g.)
Streich Goal 72'
Report
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)

18 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia  0–3  West Germany
Report Overath Goal 12'
Cullmann Goal 34'
Müller Goal 53'
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 53,300
Referee: Mahmoud Mustafa Kamel (Egypt)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Chile  1–1  East Germany
Ahumada Goal 69' Report Hoffmann Goal 55'
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 28,300
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia  0–0  Chile
Report
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 17,400
Referee: Jafar Namdar (Iran)

22 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany  1–0  West Germany
Sparwasser Goal 77' Report
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 60,200
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

Group 2[edit]

Jairzinho's goal against Zaire
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Yugoslavia 3 1 2 0 10 1 +9 4
 Brazil 3 1 2 0 3 0 +3 4
 Scotland 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 4
 Zaire 3 0 0 3 0 14 −14 0
13 June 1974
17:00 CET
Brazil  0–0  Yugoslavia
Report
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 62,000
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
Zaire  0–2  Scotland
Report Lorimer Goal 26'
Jordan Goal 34'

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Yugoslavia  9–0  Zaire
Bajević Goal 8'30'81'
Džajić Goal 14'
Šurjak Goal 18'
Katalinski Goal 22'
Bogićević Goal 35'
Oblak Goal 61'
Petković Goal 65'
Report
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 31,700
Referee: Omar Delgado Gómez (Colombia)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Scotland  0–0  Brazil
Report
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 62,000
Referee: Arie van Gemert (Netherlands)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Scotland  1–1  Yugoslavia
Jordan Goal 88' Report Karasi Goal 81'

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Zaire  0–3  Brazil
Report Jairzinho Goal 12'
Rivellino Goal 66'
Valdomiro Goal 79'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 36,200
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)

Group 3[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 5
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 3 0 +3 4
 Bulgaria 3 0 2 1 2 5 −3 2
 Uruguay 3 0 1 2 1 6 −5 1
15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Uruguay  0–2  Netherlands
Report Rep Goal 7'86'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 55,100
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)

15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden  0–0  Bulgaria
Report
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 23,800
Referee: Edison Perez Nunez (Peru)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Bulgaria  1–1  Uruguay
Bonev Goal 75' Report Pavoni Goal 87'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 13,400
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  0–0  Sweden
Report
Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 53,700
Referee: Werner Winsemann (Canada)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Bulgaria  1–4  Netherlands
Krol Goal 78' (o.g.) Report Neeskens Goal 5' (pen.)44' (pen.)
Rep Goal 71'
de Jong Goal 88'
Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 53,300
Referee: Tony Boskovic (Australia)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden  3–0  Uruguay
Edström Goal 46'77'
Sandberg Goal 74'
Report
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 28,300
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)

Group 4[edit]

Capello (No.8) is brought down v. Haiti
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Poland 3 3 0 0 12 3 +9 6
 Argentina 3 1 1 1 7 5 +2 3
 Italy 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 3
 Haiti 3 0 0 3 2 14 −12 0
15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Italy  3–1  Haiti
Rivera Goal 52'
Benetti Goal 66'
Anastasi Goal 79'
Report Sanon Goal 46'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 53,000
Referee: Vicente Llobregat (Venezuela)

15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Poland  3–2  Argentina
Lato Goal 7'62'
Szarmach Goal 8'
Report Heredia Goal 60'
Babington Goal 66'
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 32,700
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina  1–1  Italy
Houseman Goal 20' Report Perfumo Goal 35' (o.g.)
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 70,100
Referee: Pavel Kazakov (Soviet Union)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Haiti  0–7  Poland
Report Lato Goal 17'87'
Deyna Goal 18'
Szarmach Goal 30'34'50'
Gorgoń Goal 31'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 25,300
Referee: Govindasamy Suppiah (Singapore)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina  4–1  Haiti
Yazalde Goal 15'68'
Houseman Goal 18'
Ayala Goal 55'
Report Sanon Goal 63'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 25,900
Referee: Pablo Sánchez Ibáñez (Spain)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland  2–1  Italy
Szarmach Goal 38'
Deyna Goal 44'
Report Capello Goal 85'

Second round[edit]

Group A[edit]

Streich heads East Germany into the lead v. Argentina
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 3 0 0 8 0 +8 6
 Brazil 3 2 0 1 3 3 0 4
 East Germany 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
 Argentina 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  4–0  Argentina
Cruyff Goal 11'90'
Krol Goal 25'
Rep Goal 73'
Report
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 56,548
Referee: Bob Davidson (Scotland)

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Brazil  1–0  East Germany
Rivellino Goal 60' Report
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 59,863
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina  1–2  Brazil
Brindisi Goal 35' Report Rivellino Goal 32'
Jairzinho Goal 49'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 39,400
Referee: Vital Loraux (Belgium)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
East Germany  0–2  Netherlands
Report Neeskens Goal 7'
Rensenbrink Goal 59'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 68,348
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina  1–1  East Germany
Houseman Goal 20' Report Streich Goal 14'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 54,254
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  2–0  Brazil
Neeskens Goal 50'
Cruyff Goal 65'
Report

Group B[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 West Germany 3 3 0 0 7 2 +5 6
 Poland 3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4
 Sweden 3 1 0 2 4 6 −2 2
 Yugoslavia 3 0 0 3 2 6 −4 0
26 June 1974
16:00 CET
Yugoslavia  0–2  West Germany
Report Breitner Goal 39'
Müller Goal 82'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 67,385
Referee: Armando Marques (Brazil)

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden  0–1  Poland
Report Lato Goal 43'
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 44,955
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland  2–1  Yugoslavia
Deyna Goal 24' (pen.)
Lato Goal 62'
Report Karasi Goal 43'
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 58,000
Referee: Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)

30 June 1974
19:30 CET
West Germany  4–2  Sweden
Overath Goal 51'
Bonhof Goal 52'
Grabowski Goal 76'
Hoeneß Goal 89' (pen.)
Report Edström Goal 24'
Sandberg Goal 53'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 67,800
Referee: Pavel Kazakov (Soviet Union)

3 July 1974
16:30 CET
Poland  0–1  West Germany
Report Müller Goal 76'
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 62,000
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden  2–1  Yugoslavia
Edström Goal 29'
Torstensson Goal 85'
Report Šurjak Goal 27'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 41,300
Referee: Luis Pestarino (Argentina)

Match for third place[edit]

6 July 1974
16:00 CET
Brazil  0–1  Poland
Report Lato Goal 76'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 77,100
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)

Final[edit]

7 July 1974
16:00 CET
Netherlands  1–2  West Germany
Neeskens Goal 2' (pen.) Report Breitner Goal 25' (pen.)
Müller Goal 43'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 78,200
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

Goalscorers[edit]

With seven goals, Grzegorz Lato is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 97 goals were scored by 53 different players, with three of them credited as own goals.

3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

FIFA retrospective ranking[edit]

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[3][4] The rankings for the 1974 tournament were as follows:

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1  West Germany 1/B 7 6 0 1 13 4 +9 12
2  Netherlands 3/A 7 5 1 1 15 3 +12 11
3  Poland 4/B 7 6 0 1 16 5 +11 12
4  Brazil 2/A 7 3 2 2 6 4 +2 8
Eliminated in the second group stage
5  Sweden 3/B 6 2 2 2 7 6 +1 6
6  East Germany 1/A 6 2 2 2 5 5 0 6
7  Yugoslavia 2/B 6 1 2 3 12 7 +5 4
8  Argentina 4/A 6 1 2 3 9 12 −3 4
Eliminated in the first group stage
9  Scotland 2 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 4
10  Italy 4 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 3
11  Chile 1 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
12  Bulgaria 3 3 0 2 1 2 5 −3 2
13  Uruguay 3 3 0 1 2 1 6 −5 1
14  Australia 1 3 0 1 2 0 5 −5 1
15  Haiti 4 3 0 0 3 2 14 −12 0
16  Zaire 2 3 0 0 3 0 14 −14 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1966 & 1974 World Cups Were Fixed – Former FIFA President". Goal.com. 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  2. ^ "FIFA World Cup seeded teams". FIFA World Cup seeded teams 1930–2006. 
  3. ^ "page 45" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  4. ^ "FIFA World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7". FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. 

External links[edit]