1974 in video gaming
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|List of years in video gaming (table)|
|... 1964 . 1965 . 1966 . 1967 . 1968 . 1969 . 1970 ...
1971 1972 1973 -1974- 1975 1976 1977
... 1978 . 1979 . 1980 . 1981 . 1982 . 1983 . 1984 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- The number of copies of Pong and its commercial clones exceed 100,000 units. Approximately 10,000 of these units were manufactured by Atari, the original developer of the Pong.
- H.R. "Pete" Kaufman leaves Ramtek to found Exidy, Inc.
- Namco acquires the Japanese division of Atari, Inc. and formally enters the video arcade game market.
- Atari acquires Kee Games as a "marketing ploy." Atari will continue to use the "Kee Games" title as a brand name until 1978.
- Royal Philips Electronics N.V. acquires Magnavox, which becomes "Philips Consumer Electronics."
- On 25 March, the United States division of Service Games changes its name to Sega.
- Play Meter, the first magazine devoted to coin-operated amusements (including arcade games), publishes its first issue.
- February: Taito releases Basketball, an early example of sprite graphics, used to represent baskets and player characters, making it the first video game with human figures. The same month, Midway licenses the game for a North American release under the title TV Basketball, making it the first Japanese game licensed for North American release.
- 24 July, Atari releases Gran Trak 10, the first car racing video game, to video arcades.
- November, Taito releases Tomohiro Nishikado's Speed Race, the second car racing video game. It introduces scrolling sprite graphics with collision detection, and uses a racing wheel controller. Midway releases it as Wheels and Racer in the United States.
- 5 November, prior to their acquisition by Atari, Kee Games releases Tank to video arcades.
- Steve Colley, Howard Palmer, and Greg Johnson develop Maze War on the Imlac PDS-1 at the NASA Ames Research Center in California. It is recognized as an ancestor of the first-person shooter genre.
- Jim Bowery develops Spasim for the PLATO system. Two versions are released, the first in March and the second in July. It is also recognized as an ancestor of the first-person shooter genre.
- Gary Whisenhunt and Ray Wood develop dnd, the first game with a boss, and arguably the first role-playing video game, for the PLATO system. Development continued into 1975; it is unclear at what point the game became playable.
Video game consoles
- Magnavox reissues the Odyssey and releases it in Australia, Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, West Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Switzerland, the Soviet Union, and Venezuela.
- Thomas, Donald A. Jr. (2005). "–1974–". ICWhen.com. Archived from the original on 31 June 2006. Retrieved 16 February 2006. Check date values in:
- Kaiser, Robert D. (1999). "The Ultimate Odyssey2 and Odyssey3 FAQ" (text). Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 16 February 2006.
- Basketball at the Killer List of Videogames
- Cassidy, William (2003). "Hall of Fame / Gran Trak 10 and Sprint 2". GameSpy. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2006.
- Bill Loguidice & Matt Barton (2009), Vintage games: an insider look at the history of Grand Theft Auto, Super Mario, and the most influential games of all time, p. 197, Focal Press, ISBN 0-240-81146-1
- Speed Race at the Killer List of Videogames
- "The Maze War 30 Year Retrospective". DigiBarn Games. 2004. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- Bowery, Jim (2010). "Spasim (1978) The First First-Person-Shooter 3D Multiplayer Networked Game". Archived from the original on 21 October 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2006.
- Koster, Raph (17 February 2002). "Online World Timeline". Raph Koster's Website. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 2006.
- Gegan, Shaun and David Winter (2003). "Magnavox Odyssey FAQ version 2.9.1" (text). Archived from the original on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 16 February 2006.