1975 AIA building hostage crisis
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The AIA Building hostage crisis took place at the AIA (American Insurance Associates) Building in Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on August 5, 1975. The Japanese Red Army took more than 50 hostages at the AIA building, which housed several embassies. The hostages included the United States consul and the Swedish chargé d'affaires. The gunmen won the release of five imprisoned comrades and flew with them to Libya.
The Japanese Red Army was a militant organisation dedicated to eliminating the Japanese government and monarchy and launching a worldwide revolution. The organisation carried out many attacks and assassinations in the 1970s.
The AIA Building in Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur used to house the United States and Swedish embassies. 10 people have been running through the Japanese Red Army entered and captured 53 people in it for three days. All the hostages gathered at Level 9 of the AIA Building. They were held hostage for 79 hours. If the claim was not met, all 53 hostages would be killed. Finally, the Japanese government decided to compromise and to send the prisoners from the prison in Japan to Malaysia by using a Japan Airlines plane. The same aircraft was used to bring terrorists to Libya.
As a result of negotiations, JRA successfully obtained the release of five of their leaders imprisoned in Japan and Sweden. They were then flew by a DC-8 aircraft on August 7, 1975 to Libya. The general reputation of then President of Libya, Muammar al-Gaddafi supporting the struggle for independence around the world, including the struggle of the PLO demanded the release of captive Israel, Palestine, Moro Movement in Mindanao and the IRA in Ireland.
The Malaysian Prime Minister then was Tun Abdul Razak and Chief of Police Tan Sri Mohammed Hanif Omar. Minister Tun Ghazali Shafie is. At that time, Tun Ghazali in Indonesia, but managed to negotiate with the prisoners. He has been communicating with JRA. He was in the building for three days. U.S. embassy official result was released.
Interchangeable figure in the hostage was the Deputy Minister of Transport Dato 'Ramli Omar and the Ministry Secretary-General Tan Sri Samsuddin Osman Kassim. Two JRA is the escort to Subang Airport. DC8 airplane is ready to wait, which they seized from South Korea.
The airplane stopped at Colombo Airport, Sri Lanka. then stop at Tripoli Airport, Libya. They arrived in Tripoli on the evening of August 8, 1975. Samsudin Osman Cassim and Ramli Omar to return to Malaysia on August 10, 1975. From the beginning to the end, there is no bloodshed occurred.
- Fredrik Bergenstrahle - Swedish embassy Officer
- Ulla Odqvist - Secretary of the Embassy of Sweden
- Gerald Lancaster - US citizen age 50
- Trudy Lancaster - Australian citizen - age 32
- Vick Lancaster - Australian citizen - age 11
- Rodney Lancaster - Australian citizen - age 10
- Adrian Lancaster - Australian citizen age 9
Related events 
In April 1988, JRA, led by Yu Kikumura was arrested with explosives at a New Jersey Turnpike, New Jersey. He plans blow Uso club in Naples, Italy, which killed five people including a woman officer of the United States.
This crisis is calculated to win the fight organization JRA. An increasing number of seizures occurred after the aircraft. 1970s are the height of the struggle of JRA.
The U.S. embassy moved in a new location at the junction of Jalan Ampang and Jalan Tun Razak in the 1990s.
Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf awarded the Royal Order of the Polar Star to Tan Sri Samsudin Osman Kassim on 16 September 2009, about 34 years later. The award was held since 1748. The award is presented by the Swedish ambassador to Malaysia, HE Helena Sångeland.
Tun Abdul Razak died on January 14, 1976 several months after the event.
- "Terrorists Seize Embassies," Associated Press report in Los Angeles Times, August 4, 1975 (A library card may be needed to access this link.)