1975 Tour de France
|Route of the 1975 Tour de France|
|Dates||26 June – 20 July 1975|
|Stages||22+Prologue, including three split stages|
|Distance||3,999.2 km (2,485 mi)|
|Winning time||114h 35' 31" (34.899 km/h or 21.685 mph)|
|Winner||Bernard Thévenet (France)||(Peugeot)|
|Second||Eddy Merckx (Belgium)||(Molteni)|
|Third||Lucien Van Impe (Belgium)||(Gitane)|
|Points||Rik Van Linden (Belgium)||(Bianchi)|
|Mountains||Lucien Van Impe (Belgium)||(Gitane)|
|Youth||Francesco Moser (Italy)||(Filotex)|
|Sprints||Marc Demeyer (Belgium)||(Flandria–Carpenter)|
The 1975 Tour de France was the 62nd Tour de France, taking place 26 June to 20 July 1975. It consisted of 22 stages over 3999 km, ridden at an average speed of 34.899 km/h. Eddy Merckx was attempting to win his sixth Tour de France, but became a victim of violence. Many Frenchmen were upset that a Belgian might beat the record of five wins set by Frenchman Jacques Anquetil. During stage 14 a spectator leapt from the crowd and punched Merckx in the kidney. Frenchman Bernard Thevenet took over the lead, and after Merckx fell and broke his cheekbone, he was unable to take back the lead, and Thevenet became the winner of the race.
Belgian cyclists were successful in the secondary classifications: the points classification was won by Rik Van Linden, mountains classification by Lucien Van Impe, and the intermediate sprints classification by Marc Demeyer. For the first time, there was young rider classification, won by Italian Francesco Moser.
- 1 Differences from the 1974 Tour de France
- 2 Participants
- 3 Race detail
- 4 Stages
- 5 Results
- 6 Doping cases
- 7 Aftermath
- 8 References
Differences from the 1974 Tour de France
The combination classification was removed, and the young rider classification was added; the leader of the young rider classification wore the white jersey. 1975 was also the first year that the leader of the mountains classification wore a polka-dot jersey.
The bonification for stage winners was removed.
Eddy Merckx, who had won all five times that he participated, was again the big favourite. Merckx' first part of the season had been going well, winning Milan – San Remo, the Tour of Flanders and Liège-Bastogne-Liège. If Merckx would win again, he would beat Jacques Anquetil and become the first cyclist to win the Tour six times. Merckx did not care about that record: "The idea doesn't interest me very much because then people would want me to go for a seventh and then an eighth".
A few months before the race, Merckx was unsure if he would start the Tour. His race schedule had been very busy, and he thought riding the Giro and the Tour in the same year would not work. Merckx preferred to ride the Tour, but his Italian team preferred the Giro.
Francesco Moser won the prologue, and kept the lead until the first time trial. Merckx started the Tour aggressively, which caused the peloton to split in two groups in the first stage. Merckx and Moser were in the first group, and won a minute on most of their competitors. In the second part of the first stage, the field split again, but this time Thevenet and Poulidor were also in the first group. In stage six, a time trial, Merckx beat Moser and became the leader.
The first climbing was done in the tenth stage, but the favourites stayed together, and the general classification was not changed. The major Pyrenéan mountains were scheduled in stage eleven. In that stage, Bernard Thevenet and Joop Zoetemelk escaped together, while Merckx could not follow them. Zoetemelk won, with Merckx almost one minute behind. Other favourites finished much later, and lost their hopes of winning the Tour.
After the rest day, the fifteenth stage would end in Pra Loup. Merckx was still the leader, and escaped from the rest. But on the final climb, Merckx was out of energy, and Thevenet was able to reach Merckx two kilometers from the finish, leave Merckx behind, and win with a margin of two minutes. During that stage, the team car of Bianchi fell 150 meters down, but the driver survived. Thevenet was the new leader, and improved his margin in the sixteenth stage by winning with more than two minutes on Merckx.
While riding to the start of the seventeenth stage, Merckx collided with Ole Ritter, and broke a cheekbone. Merckx' broken cheekbone gave him problems with eating, and the Tour doctor gave him the advice to abandon the race. Merckx decided to stay in the race, because of the prize money for his team mates that his second place in the general classification and other classifications would earn them.
The 1975 Tour de France started on 26 June, and had two rest days, the first in Auch the second after the finish on the Puy de Dôme, during which the cyclists were transferred to Nice.
|P||Charleroi||Individual time trial||6 km (3.7 mi)||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|1A||Charleroi – Molenbeek||Plain stage||94 km (58 mi)||Cees Priem (NED)|
|1B||Molenbeek – Roubaix||Plain stage||109 km (68 mi)||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|2||Roubaix – Amiens||Plain stage||121 km (75 mi)||Ronald de Witte (FRA)|
|3||Amiens – Versailles||Plain stage||170 km (110 mi)||Karel Rottiers (BEL)|
|4||Versailles – Le Mans||Plain stage||223 km (139 mi)||Jacques Esclassan (FRA)|
|5||Sablé-sur-Sarthe – Merlin Plage||Plain stage||222 km (138 mi)||Theo Smit (NED)|
|6||Merlin Plage – Merlin Plage||Individual time trial||16 km (9.9 mi)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|7||Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie – Angoulême||Plain stage||236 km (147 mi)||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|8||Angoulême – Bordeaux||Plain stage||134 km (83 mi)||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|9A||Langon – Fleurance||Plain stage||131 km (81 mi)||Theo Smit (NED)|
|9B||Fleurance – Auch||Individual time trial||37 km (23 mi)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|10||Auch – Pau||Stage with mountain(s)||206 km (128 mi)||Felice Gimondi (ITA)|
|11||Pau – Saint-Lary-Soulan||Stage with mountain(s)||160 km (99 mi)||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)|
|12||Tarbes – Albi||Plain stage||242 km (150 mi)||Gerrie Knetemann (NED)|
|13||Albi – Super-Lioran||Stage with mountain(s)||260 km (160 mi)||Michel Pollentier (BEL)|
|14||Aurillac – Puy de Dôme||Stage with mountain(s)||174 km (108 mi)||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)|
|15||Nice – Pra Loup||Stage with mountain(s)||217 km (135 mi)||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)|
|16||Barcelonnette – Serre Chevalier||Stage with mountain(s)||107 km (66 mi)||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)|
|17||Valloire – Morzine Avoriaz||Stage with mountain(s)||225 km (140 mi)||Vicente Lopez-Carril (ESP)|
|18||Morzine – Chatel||Individual time trial||40 km (25 mi)||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)|
|19||Thonon-les-Bains – Chalon-sur-Saône||Stage with mountain(s)||229 km (142 mi)||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|20||Pouilly-en-Auxois – Melun||Plain stage||256 km (159 mi)||Giacinto Santambrogio (ITA)|
|21||Melun – Senlis||Plain stage||220 km (140 mi)||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|22||Paris – Paris (Champs-Élysées)||Plain stage||164 km (102 mi)||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
There were several classifications in the 1975 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.
Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only neo-professionals were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1975, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps. There was also a team points classification. After each stage, the stage rankings of the best three cyclists per team were added, and the team with the least total lead this classification, and were identified by green caps.
|1||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)||Peugeot||114h 35' 31"|
|2||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Molteni||+2' 47"|
|3||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Gitane||+5' 01"|
|4||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)||Gan||+6' 42"|
|5||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||KAS||+19' 29"|
|6||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Bianchi||+23' 05"|
|7||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Filotex||+24' 13"|
|8||Josef Fuchs (SUI)||Filotex||+25' 51"|
|9||Edouard Janssens (BEL)||Molteni||+32' 01"|
|10||Pedro Torres (ESP)||Super Ser||+35' 36"|
|Final general classification (11–86)|
|11||Hennie Kuiper (NED)||Frisol||+40' 45"|
|12||André Romero (FRA)||Jobo||+44' 24"|
|13||Georges Talbourdet (FRA)||Gan||+44' 49"|
|14||Mariano Martínez (FRA)||Gitane||+45' 41"|
|15||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Lejeune||+50' 46"|
|16||Raymond Delisle (FRA)||Peugeot||+55' 21"|
|17||Jos Deschoenmaecker (BEL)||Molteni||+55' 24"|
|18||Fedor Iwan den Hertog (NED)||Frisol||+56' 45"|
|19||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Gan||+58' 57"|
|20||Ferdinand Julien (FRA)||Lejeune||+1h 05' 27"|
|21||Yves Hézard (FRA)||Gan||+1h 05' 54"|
|22||Roberto Poggiali (ITA)||Filotex||+1h 06' 02"|
|23||Michel Pollentier (BEL)||Flandria||+1h 15' 23"|
|24||Tony Houbrechts (BEL)||Bianchi||+1h 19' 54"|
|25||José-Luis Viejo (ESP)||Super Ser||+1h 22' 29"|
|26||Luis Balague (ESP)||Super Ser||+1h 23' 27"|
|27||Martìn Emilio Rodríguez (COL)||Bianchi||+1h 23' 56"|
|28||Régis Ovion (FRA)||Peugeot||+1h 29' 23"|
|29||Carlos Melero (ESP)||KAS||+1h 29' 23"|
|30||Raymond Martin (FRA)||Gitane||+1h 34' 06"|
|31||Herman van Springel (BEL)||Flandria||+1h 37' 52"|
|32||Albert Van Vlierberghe (BEL)||Miko||+1h 40' 54"|
|33||Fabrizio Fabbri (ITA)||Bianchi||+1h 41' 22"|
|34||José Pesarrodona (ESP)||KAS||+1h 42' 06"|
|35||Simone Fraccaro (ITA)||Bianchi||+1h 42' 09"|
|36||José Casas (ESP)||Super Ser||+1h 43' 22"|
|37||Ronald De Witte (BEL)||Flandria||+1h 46' 11"|
|38||Joël Millard (FRA)||Jobo||+1h 47' 01"|
|39||Renato Marchetti (ITA)||Filotex||+1h 55' 32"|
|40||Bernard Bourreau (FRA)||Peugeot||+1h 57' 19"|
|41||Hubert Mathis (FRA)||Miko||+1h 58' 52"|
|42||Marc Demeyer (BEL)||Flandria||+2h 00' 39"|
|43||Sigfrido Fontanelli (ITA)||Filotex||+2h 03' 13"|
|44||Sylvain Vasseur (FRA)||Super Ser||+2h 04' 26"|
|45||Willy Teirlinck (BEL)||Gitane||+2h 05' 37"|
|46||Giacinto Santambrogio (ITA)||Bianchi||+2h 05' 45"|
|47||Ole Ritter (DEN)||Filotex||+2h 05' 58"|
|48||Giovanni Cavalcanti (ITA)||Bianchi||+2h 06' 59"|
|49||Francis Campaner (FRA)||Lejeune||+2h 08' 42"|
|50||Gerben Karstens (NED)||Gitane||+2h 09' 47"|
|51||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Flandria||+2h 15' 25"|
|52||Charles Rouxel (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 15' 26"|
|53||Robert Mintkiewicz (FRA)||Gitane||+2h 15' 56"|
|54||Mauro Simonetti (ITA)||Filotex||+2h 16' 15"|
|55||Guy Leleu (FRA)||Gitane||+2h 18' 15"|
|56||Frans Mintjens (BEL)||Molteni||+2h 19' 01"|
|57||Ludo Delcroix (BEL)||Molteni||+2h 19' 02"|
|58||José Grande (ESP)||KAS||+2h 20' 25"|
|59||Jos Huysmans (BEL)||Molteni||+2h 20' 26"|
|60||Karel Rottiers (BEL)||Molteni||+2h 21' 37"|
|61||Fernando Ferreira (POR)||Lejeune||+2h 26' 52"|
|62||Marc Lievens (BEL)||Molteni||+2h 27' 05"|
|63||Gerrie Knetemann (NED)||Gan||+2h 28' 48"|
|64||Richard Pianaro (FRA)||Jobo||+2h 29' 01"|
|65||Jean-Claude Misac (FRA)||Gan||+2h 29' 54"|
|66||Gerard Vianen (NED)||Gan||+2h 32' 56"|
|67||José De Cauwer (BEL)||Frisol||+2h 35' 17"|
|68||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan||+2h 41' 17"|
|69||Andre Doyen (BEL)||Miko||+2h 43' 35"|
|70||René Dillen (BEL)||Gitane||+2h 44' 49"|
|71||Roger Legeay (FRA)||Jobo||+2h 44' 49"|
|72||Maurice Le Guilloux (FRA)||Gitane||+2h 46' 48"|
|73||Joel Hauvieux (FRA)||Jobo||+2h 47' 26"|
|74||Claude Magni (FRA)||Jobo||+2h 47' 50"|
|75||Frans Van Vlierberghe (BEL)||Miko||+2h 49' 35"|
|76||Serge Parsani (ITA)||Bianchi||+2h 51' 26"|
|77||Regis Delepine (FRA)||Flandria||+2h 54' 05"|
|78||Patrick Beon (FRA)||Peugeot||+2h 54' 33"|
|79||Rik Van Linden (BEL)||Bianchi||+2h 55' 56"|
|80||Gerard Moneyron (FRA)||Flandria||+2h 58' 43"|
|81||Luigi Castelletti (ITA)||Bianchi||+3h 00' 09"|
|82||Henk Prinsen (NED)||Frisol||+3h 04' 47"|
|83||José Manuel Amaro (POR)||Lejeune||+3h 10' 13"|
|84||Gerard Kamper (NED)||Frisol||+3h 16' 59"|
|85||Donald John Allan (AUS)||Frisol||+3h 24' 36"|
|86||Jacques Boulas (FRA)||Jobo||+3h 31' 21"|
Team points classification
Young rider classification
Intermediate sprints classification
After every stage in the 1975 Tour de France, the leader of the race, the winner of the stage and the runner-up, and two random cyclists were checked. In total, 110 tests were done, of which three returned positive:
- Régis Delépine, after the fifth stage
- Felice Gimondi, after the fifteenth stage
- José-Luis Viejo, also after the fifteenth stage
All three were fined with 1000 Swiss Francs, received one month suspended sentence, were set back to the last place in the stage where they tested positive, and received 10 minutes penalty time in the general classification. This meant that Gimondi, who initially finished the Tour in fifth place, was set back to the sixth place.
Later, Merckx said that his decision to stay in the Tour after he broke his cheekbone was stupid. He felt that it cut his career short.
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