1975 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1975.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Electrodryinus areolatus[2]

gen et sp nov

jr synonym

Ponomarenko

Eocene

Baltic amber

 Europe

A dryinid wasp, genus synonymized with Deinodryinus

Molluscs[edit]

Bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Fordillidae[3]

fam nov

Valid

Pojeta

Lower Devonian

worldwide

New family for Fordilla and Pojetaia

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abrictosaurus[6]

gen nov

Valid

Hopson

Early Jurassic

Upper Elliot Formation

 Lesotho

Bagaceratops[7]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Maryańska & Osmólska

Late Cretaceous

 Mongolia

Barapasaurus[8]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Jain, Kutty, Roy-Chowdhury, & Chatterjee

Lower Jurassic

Kota Formation

 India

Bradycneme[9]

Fam, gen, et sp nov

Nomen dubium

Harrison & C. A. Walker

Maastrichtian

Sânpetru Formation

 Romania

Possibly synonymous with Elopteryx.

Heptasteornis[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Harrison & C. A. Walker

Maastrichtian

Sânpetru Formation

 Romania

alvarezsaurid, originally described as an owl

Lanasaurus[10]

Gen nov

Valid

Gow

Hettangian to Sinemurian

Elliot Formation

 South Africa

"Yubasaurus"

Nomen nudum.

He

informal name for Yandusaurus.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Puntanipterus

Valid

Bonaparte Sanchez, T.M

Quetzalcoatlus

Valid

Lawson, Douglas A.[11]

Incertae sedis[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Gluteus minimus

Valid

Richard Arnold Davis & Holmes A. Semken, Jr.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Guglielmino, A.; Olmi, M. (2011). "Revision of fossil species of Deinodryinus, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae)". ZooKeys 130: 495–504. doi:10.3897/zookeys.130.1326. PMC 3260777. PMID 22259295. 
  3. ^ Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves". Paläontologische Zeitschrift 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9. 
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Hopson, J.A. 1975. On the generic separation of the ornithischian dinosaurs Lycorhinus and Heterodontosaurus from the Stormberg Group (Upper Triassic) of South Africa. South African Journal of Science 71: pp. 302–305.
  7. ^ Maryanska, T. and H. Osmólska, H. 1975. Protoceratopsidae (Dinosauria) of Asia. Palaeontol. Polonica 33: pp. 133-182.
  8. ^ Jain, S.L., T.S. Kutty, T. Roychowdhury, S. Chatterjee. 1975. The sauropod dinosaur from the Lower Jurassic Kota Formation of India. Proc. R. Soc. London 2 A 188: pp. 221-228.
  9. ^ a b Harrison, C.J.O., C.A. Walker. 1975. The Bradycnemidae, a new family of owls from the Upper Cretaceous of Romania. Palaeontology 18: pp. 563-570.
  10. ^ Gow, C.E. 1975. A new heterodontosaurid from the Red Beds of South Africa showing evidence of tooth replacement. Zool. Linnaean Soc. London 57: pp. 335-339.
  11. ^ Lawson, Douglas A. 1975. "Pterosaur from the Latest Cretaceous of West Texas: Discovery of the Largest Flying Creature." Science, 187: 947-948.
  12. ^ Richard Arnold Davis & Holmes A. Semken, Jr. (1975). "Fossils of uncertain affinity from the Upper Devonian of Iowa". Science 187 (4173): 251–254. doi:10.1126/science.187.4173.251. JSTOR 1739069. PMID 17838783.