1977 Open Championship
|Dates||6–9 July 1977|
|Course(s)||Ailsa Course, Turnberry|
|Length||6,875 yards (6,286 m)|
87 after 1st cut
64 after 2nd cut
|Cut||150 (+10) (1st cut)
221 (+11) (2nd cut)
The 1977 Open Championship was the 106th Open Championship, held 6–9 July on the Ailsa Course at Turnberry, Scotland. Tom Watson won the second of his five Open titles by one stroke over runner-up Jack Nicklaus. The two played together in the final two rounds and had separated themselves from the field under clear skies, leading this Open to be remembered as the "Duel in the Sun." This was the first Open ever held at Turnberry, which renamed its 18th hole after the duel. Three months earlier, Watson had held off Nicklaus to win his first green jacket at the Masters.
In the second round, Mark Hayes shot 63 to establish a new single round record at The Open Championship by two strokes. The previous record of 65 was set by Henry Cotton in the second round in 1934 at Royal St. George's.
Americans dominated the final leaderboard, filling the top eight spots and eleven of the first twelve. The first page of the leaderboard was loaded with future members of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
The leader after 36 holes, Roger Maltbie, finished at 289 (+9), in a tie for 26th place.
Duel in the Sun
Watson's victory is considered by many to be the finest tournament played in the last half of the 20th century. After two rounds, he and Nicklaus were one shot out of the lead, in a four-way tie for second, and were paired for the third round on Friday. Both shot five-under 65 for 203 (−7), three shots clear of Ben Crenshaw and six ahead of the remainder of the field after 54 holes.
Paired again for the final round on Saturday afternoon, Nicklaus birdied twice and was up by three strokes after four holes. Watson birdied three of the next four to pull even at two-under for the round, then bogeyed the ninth hole to fall one back at the turn. Nicklaus birdied the 12th hole to go two strokes ahead, then Watson birdied 13 and the par-3 15th, rolling in a putt from off the green to even up the round at three-under.
After halving the 16th with pars, it was on to the reachable par-5 17th, where Nicklaus missed the green to the right but chipped his third to four feet (1.3 m) of the cup. Watson missed an eagle putt and tapped in for birdie, but then Nicklaus two-putted for par to go a stroke down with one hole remaining. On the 18th tee, Watson drove to an ideal position in the fairway, but Nicklaus went right and into the rough. Watson's 7-iron approach stopped pin-high and two feet left of the flag, and with Nicklaus in trouble, appeared to seal the victory. But Nicklaus slashed his 8-iron recovery onto the front of the green and sank his 35-foot (11 m) putt for a remarkable birdie and a bogey-free 66. Now needing a seventh birdie of the round to avoid an 18-hole playoff, Watson sank the two-footer for his second straight 65, second Open, and third major title. With birdies on four of the final six holes, his total of 268 was eight strokes better than the previous best score ever in the Open.
Watson and Nicklaus finished well ahead of the other challengers, and shot the same score every day, except for Sunday. The third place finisher, reigning U.S. Open champion Hubert Green, shot a final round 67 and was a distant ten strokes behind Nicklaus, who won his third Open (and third career grand slam) the following year at St. Andrews.
Past champions in the field
Made both cuts
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Tom Watson||United States||1975||68||70||65||65||268||–12||1|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||1966, 1970||68||70||65||66||269||–11||2|
|Lee Trevino||United States||1971, 1972||68||70||72||70||280||E||4|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||1961, 1962||73||73||67||69||282||+2||7|
|Johnny Miller||United States||1976||69||74||67||74||284||+4||T9|
|Peter Thomson||Australia||1954, 1955,
1956, 1958, 1965
|Gary Player||South Africa||1959, 1968, 1974||71||74||74||69||288||+8||T22|
|Tom Weiskopf||United States||1973||74||71||71||72||288||+8||T22|
|Bob Charles||New Zealand||1963||73||72||70||78||293||+13||T43|
|Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||1967||76||71||70||78||295||+15||T48|
Missed the first cut
|Henry Cotton||England||1934, 1937, 1948||93||82|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||1949, 1950,
Wednesday, 6 July 1977
|1||John Schroeder||United States||66||−4|
|T3||Jack Nicklaus||United States||68||−2|
|Lee Trevino||United States|
|Tom Watson||United States|
|Gaylord Burrows||United States|
|Johnny Miller||United States|
|T9||George Burns||United States||70||E|
|Raymond Floyd||United States|
|Hale Irwin||United States|
Thursday, 7 July 1977
|1||Roger Maltbie||United States||71-66=137||−3|
|T2||Hubert Green||United States||72-66=138||−2|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||68-70=138|
|Lee Trevino||United States||68-70=138|
|Tom Watson||United States||68-70=138|
|Mark Hayes||United States||76-63=139|
|George Burns||United States||70-70=140|
|Ben Crenshaw||United States||71-69=140|
|John Schroeder||United States||66-74=140|
Friday, 8 July 1977
|T1||Jack Nicklaus||United States||68-70-65=203||−7|
|Tom Watson||United States||68-70-65=203|
|3||Ben Crenshaw||United States||71-69-66=206||−4|
|Gaylord Burrows||United States||69-72-68=209|
|Roger Maltbie||United States||71-66-72=209|
|T7||Johnny Miller||United States||69-74-67=210||E|
|Lee Trevino||United States||68-70-72=210|
|T10||Raymond Floyd||United States||70-73-68=211||+1|
|Mark Hayes||United States||76-63-72=211|
Saturday, 9 July 1977
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money (£)|
|1||Tom Watson||United States||68-70-65-65=268||−12||10,000|
|2||Jack Nicklaus||United States||68-70-65-66=269||−11||8,000|
|3||Hubert Green||United States||72-66-74-67=279||−1||6,000|
|4||Lee Trevino||United States||68-70-72-70=280||E||5,000|
|T5||George Burns||United States||70-70-72-69=281||+1||4,250|
|Ben Crenshaw||United States||71-69-66-75=281|
|7||Arnold Palmer||United States||73-73-67-69=282||+2||3,750|
|8||Raymond Floyd||United States||70-73-68-72=283||+3||3,500|
|T9||John Schroeder||United States||66-74-73-71=284||+4||2,875|
|Mark Hayes||United States||76-63-72-73=284|
|Johnny Miller||United States||69-74-67-74=284|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. pp. 59, 203. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Jenkins, Dan (18 July 1977). "A braw brawl for Tom and Jack". Sports Illustrated: 28.
- Deford, Frank (14 July 1986). "The best against the best". Sports Illustrated: 58.
- Garrity, John (28 July 2008). "The Duel in the Sun: Watson vs. Nicklaus at Turnberry in 1977". Golf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Hayes shoots Open record". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. 8 July 1977. p. 19.
- "1977 Open Championship results". databasegolf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Jack's best shot not good enough". Eugene Register-Guard. (wire services). 10 July 1977. p. 1B.
- "Classic duel set in British Open". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 9 July 1977. p. 33.
- "Tom Watson wins; Jack Nicklaus' best one stroke short". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. 10 July 1977. p. D1.
- "Longshot U.K. Open leader blasts 'star' system". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 7 July 1977. p. 23.