The 1978 European Cup Winners' Cup Final was a football match contested between R.S.C. Anderlecht of Belgium and Austria Vienna of Austria. It was the final match of the European Cup Winners' Cup 1977–78 and the 18th European Cup Winners' Cup Final. The final was held at Parc des Princes in Paris, France, on 3 May 1978 (the venue was decided in Bern by the UEFA Executive Committee on 20 September 1977). Anderlecht won the match 4–0 thanks to two goals each by Rob Rensenbrink and Gilbert van Binst.
It was Anderlecht's third consecutive appearance in the final; they won the competition in 1976 and were runners-up in 1977.