1978 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
            List of years in paleontology           
... 1968 . 1969 . 1970 . 1971 . 1972 . 1973 . 1974 ...
1975 1976 1977 -1978- 1979 1980 1981
... 1982 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 . 1988 ...
   In science: 1975 1976 1977 -1978- 1979 1980 1981     
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised faeces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1978.

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveries[edit]

Institutions and organizations[edit]

Natural history museums[edit]

Scientific organizations[edit]

Scientific advances[edit]

Paleoanthropology[edit]

Paleobotany[edit]

Evolutionary biology[edit]

Exopaleontology[edit]

Extinction research[edit]

Micropaleontology[edit]

Invertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Trace fossils[edit]

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Amtosaurus[4] Nomen dubium.
  • Tumanova
Coloradia[5] Valid taxon

PReoccupied by Blake 1863. Renamed Coloradisaurus.

Lesothosaurus[6] Valid taxon Possible junior synonym of Fabrosaurus.
Micropachycephalosaurus[7] Valid taxon
Ohmdenosaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Wild
"Roccosaurus"[9] Nomen nudum. Junior synonym of Melanorosaurus.

van Heerden vide:

  • Anderson
  • Cruickshank
Saurornitholestes[10] Valid taxon
Yangchuanosaurus[11] Valid taxon
  • Li X. M.
  • Zhou S.
Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aldabranas cabri [12]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

 Seychelles

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Anser eldaricus [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich

D. V. Gadzyev

Pliocene

Late Sarmantian

 USSR:

 Azerbaijan

An Anatidae.

Apus baranensis [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene

MN 16a; MN 17

 Hungary;

 Bulgaria

An Apodidae.

Chaetura baconica [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Miocene

MN 11-12

 Hungary

An Apodidae.

"Gallus" europaeus [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid ?

Colin J. O. Harrison

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

 UK:

 England

A Phasianidae.The taxonomic status of this species should be reevaluated. There is no evidence, that it belongs to the genus Gallus Brisson.

Gavia brodkorbi [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Gaviidae.

Mergus miscellus [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Rafael Alvarez

Storrs L. Olson

Late Miocene

Calvert Formation

 USA:

 Virginia

An Anatidae.

"Milvus" brachypterus [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Hungary

An Apodidae Incertae Sedis.

Morus magnus [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Sulidae.

Phalacrocorax anatolicus [18]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

Helvetian

 Turkey

A Phalacrocoracidae, transferred to the genus Nectornis Cheneval, 1984 by Mlíkovský, 1998.[19]

Pterodroma kurodai [12]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

 Seychelles

A Procellariidae.

Puffinus barnesi [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Procellariidae.

Recurvirostra sanctaneboulae [20]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 18

 France

A Recurvirostridae, most unlikely it is a Recurvirostra or even a Recurvirostridae.

Surnia robusta [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene;

Early Pleistocene

MN 16,

MN 18;

MQ 1b

 Hungary

An Strigidae.

Name Status Authors Notes

Geosternbergia

Valid

Miller

Peteinosaurus

Valid

Wild

Research techniques[edit]

Fossil trade[edit]

Law and politics[edit]

Regulation of fossil collection, transport, or sale[edit]

Fossil-related crime[edit]

Official symbols[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Ethics and practice[edit]

Hoaxes[edit]

Scandals[edit]

Unethical practice[edit]

People[edit]

Births[edit]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Historiography and anthropology of paleontology[edit]

Pseudoscience[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Amusement parks and attractions[edit]

Art[edit]

Comics[edit]

Film[edit]

Gaming[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Dinosaur Planet by Anne McAffrey was published. This novel was about a planet called Ireta that was populated by dinosaurs transplanted there by aliens attempting to preserve Earth's Mesozoic biosphere. Paleontologist William A. S. Sarjeant has praised the intelligent pterosaurs descended from Quetzalcoatlus in the novel as plausible.[21]

Philately[edit]

Television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Garfield et al. (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 0-07-088739-X. 
  2. ^ Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. and T.A. Tumanova. 1978. On the structure of the endocranium in some anylosaurs from Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. Zh. 1978: pp. 90-96.
  5. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1978. Coloradia brevis n. gen. et. n. sp. (Saurischia, Prosauropoda), dinosaurio Plateosauridae de la Formacion Los Colorados Triasico superior de La Rioja, Argentina. Ameghiniana 15: pp. 327-332.
  6. ^ Galton, P.M. 1978. Fabrosauridae, the basal family of ornithischian dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithopoda). Paläont. Z. 52 (1/2): pp. 138-159.
  7. ^ Dong, Z. 1978. A new genus of Pachycephalosauria from Laiyang, Shantung. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 16: pp. 225-228.
  8. ^ Wild, R. 1978. Ein Sauropoden-Rest (Reptilia, Saurischia) aus dem Posidonienschiefer (Lias, Toarcium) von Holzmaden. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paleontologie) 41: pp. 1-15.
  9. ^ van Heerden vide Anderson, J. M., and A.R.I. Cruickshank. 1978. The biostratigraphy of the Permian and the Triassic. Part 5. A review of the classification and distribution of Permo-Triassic tetrapods. Palaeontographica Africana 21: pp. 15- 44.
  10. ^ Sues, H -D. 1978. A new small theropod dinosaur from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Alberta, Canada. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. London 62: pp. 381-400.
  11. ^ Dong, Z., Y. Chang, X. Li, and S. Zhou. 1978. Note on a new carnosaur (Yangchuanosaurus shangyouensis gen. et sp. nov.) from the Jurassic of Yangchuan District, Szechuan Province. Kexue Tongbao 23: pp. 298-302.
  12. ^ a b Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1978). "Pleistocene Bird Remains from Aldabra Atoll Indian Ocean". Journal of Natural History 12 (1): 7–14. doi:10.1080/00222937800770021a. 
  13. ^ Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich & D. V. Gadzyev (1978). "Anser eldaricus sp. nova from Upper Sarmatian Hipparion Fauna of Eldar". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 23: 67–78. 
  14. ^ a b c d Dénes Jánossy (1978). "Plio-Pleistocene Bird Remains from the Carpathian Basin. III. Strigiformes, Falconiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes" (PDF). Aquila 84: 9–36. 
  15. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1978). "A New Jungle-Fowl from the Pleistocene of Europe". Journal of Archaeological Science London 290: 1–26. doi:10.1016/0305-4403(78)90056-0. 
  16. ^ a b c Hildegarde Howard (1978). "Late Miocene Marine Birds from Orange County, California" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 290: 1–26. 
  17. ^ Rafael Alvarez & Storrs L. Olson (1978). "A New Merganser from the Miocene of Virginia (Aves: Anatidae)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 91 (2): 522–532. 
  18. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "Oiseaux. Pg. 52-54 In: Jean Claude Paicheler, France de Broin, Jean Gaudant, Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Jean Claude Rage & Colette Vergnoud-Crazzini, 1978: Le Basin Lacustre Miocène de Bes-Konak (Anatolie-Turquie): Gélogie et Introduction à la Paléontologie des Vertébrés". Géobios 11 (1): 43–65. doi:10.1080/00222937800770021a. 
  19. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1978). "Early Miocene Birds of Břešt’any, Czech Republic" (PDF). Casopis Narodniho Muzea, Rada Prirodovedna 167: 99–101. 
  20. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "La Poche à Phosphate de Ste. Neboule (Lot) et sa Faune de Vertébrès du Ludien Supérieur. 6. Oiseaux". Palaeovertebrata 8: 217–229. 
  21. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, p. 504-529.