1978 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
            List of years in paleontology           
... 1968 . 1969 . 1970 . 1971 . 1972 . 1973 . 1974 ...
1975 1976 1977 -1978- 1979 1980 1981
... 1982 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 . 1988 ...
   In science: 1975 1976 1977 -1978- 1979 1980 1981     
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised faeces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1978.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Amtosaurus[5] Nomen dubium.
  • Tumanova
Coloradia[6] Valid taxon

PReoccupied by Blake 1863. Renamed Coloradisaurus.

Lesothosaurus[7] Valid taxon Possible junior synonym of Fabrosaurus.
Micropachycephalosaurus[8] Valid taxon
Ohmdenosaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Wild
"Roccosaurus"[10] Nomen nudum. Junior synonym of Melanorosaurus.

van Heerden vide:

  • Anderson
  • Cruickshank
Saurornitholestes[11] Valid taxon
Yangchuanosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Li X. M.
  • Zhou S.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aldabranas cabri [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

 Seychelles

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Anser eldaricus [14]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich

D. V. Gadzyev

Pliocene

Late Sarmantian

 USSR:

 Azerbaijan

An Anatidae.

Apus baranensis [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene

MN 16a; MN 17

 Hungary;

 Bulgaria

An Apodidae.

Chaetura baconica [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Miocene

MN 11-12

 Hungary

An Apodidae.

"Gallus" europaeus [16]

Sp. nov.

Valid ?

Colin J. O. Harrison

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

 UK:

 England

A Phasianidae.The taxonomic status of this species should be reevaluated. There is no evidence, that it belongs to the genus Gallus Brisson.

Gavia brodkorbi [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Gaviidae.

Mergus miscellus [18]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Rafael Alvarez

Storrs L. Olson

Late Miocene

Calvert Formation

 USA:

 Virginia

An Anatidae.

"Milvus" brachypterus [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Hungary

An Apodidae Incertae Sedis.

Morus magnus [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Sulidae.

Phalacrocorax anatolicus [19]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

Helvetian

 Turkey

A Phalacrocoracidae, transferred to the genus Nectornis Cheneval, 1984 by Mlíkovský, 1998.[20]

Pterodroma kurodai [13]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Pleistocene

Aldabra Atoll

 Seychelles

A Procellariidae.

Puffinus barnesi [17]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

Monterey Formation

 USA:

 California

A Procellariidae.

Recurvirostra sanctaneboulae [21]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Eocene

MP 18

 France

A Recurvirostridae, most unlikely it is a Recurvirostra or even a Recurvirostridae.

Surnia robusta [15]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Dénes Jánossy

Late Pliocene;

Early Pleistocene

MN 16,

MN 18;

MQ 1b

 Hungary

An Strigidae.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Geosternbergia

Valid

Miller

Peteinosaurus

Valid

Wild

Humans[edit]

  • A paleoanthropological team led by Mary Leakey finds 3.5 million year old human footprints.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Garfield, et al. (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 0-07-088739-X. 
  2. ^ "Previous Work," Trexler (2001); page 300.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. and T.A. Tumanova. 1978. On the structure of the endocranium in some anylosaurs from Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. Zh. 1978: pp. 90-96.
  6. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1978. Coloradia brevis n. gen. et. n. sp. (Saurischia, Prosauropoda), dinosaurio Plateosauridae de la Formacion Los Colorados Triasico superior de La Rioja, Argentina. Ameghiniana 15: pp. 327-332.
  7. ^ Galton, P.M. 1978. Fabrosauridae, the basal family of ornithischian dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithopoda). Paläont. Z. 52 (1/2): pp. 138-159.
  8. ^ Dong, Z. 1978. A new genus of Pachycephalosauria from Laiyang, Shantung. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 16: pp. 225-228.
  9. ^ Wild, R. 1978. Ein Sauropoden-Rest (Reptilia, Saurischia) aus dem Posidonienschiefer (Lias, Toarcium) von Holzmaden. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paleontologie) 41: pp. 1-15.
  10. ^ van Heerden vide Anderson, J. M., and A.R.I. Cruickshank. 1978. The biostratigraphy of the Permian and the Triassic. Part 5. A review of the classification and distribution of Permo-Triassic tetrapods. Palaeontographica Africana 21: pp. 15- 44.
  11. ^ Sues, H -D. 1978. A new small theropod dinosaur from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Alberta, Canada. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. London 62: pp. 381-400.
  12. ^ Dong, Z., Y. Chang, X. Li, and S. Zhou. 1978. Note on a new carnosaur (Yangchuanosaurus shangyouensis gen. et sp. nov.) from the Jurassic of Yangchuan District, Szechuan Province. Kexue Tongbao 23: pp. 298-302.
  13. ^ a b Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1978). "Pleistocene Bird Remains from Aldabra Atoll Indian Ocean". Journal of Natural History 12 (1): 7–14. 
  14. ^ Nikolaj I. Burchak-Abramovich & D. V. Gadzyev (1978). "Anser eldaricus sp. nova from Upper Sarmatian Hipparion Fauna of Eldar". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 23: 67–78. 
  15. ^ a b c d Dénes Jánossy (1978). "Plio-Pleistocene Bird Remains from the Carpathian Basin. III. Strigiformes, Falconiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes". Aquila 84: 9–36. 
  16. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1978). "A New Jungle-Fowl from the Pleistocene of Europe". Journal of Archaeological Science London 290: 1–26. 
  17. ^ a b c Hildegarde Howard (1978). "Late Miocene Marine Birds from Orange County, California". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 290: 1–26. 
  18. ^ Rafael Alvarez & Storrs L. Olson (1978). "A New Merganser from the Miocene of Virginia (Aves: Anatidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 91 (2): 522–532. 
  19. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "Oiseaux. Pg. 52-54 In: Jean Claude Paicheler, France de Broin, Jean Gaudant, Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Jean Claude Rage & Colette Vergnoud-Crazzini, 1978: Le Basin Lacustre Miocène de Bes-Konak (Anatolie-Turquie): Gélogie et Introduction à la Paléontologie des Vertébrés". Géobios 11 (1): 43–65. 
  20. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1978). "Early Miocene Birds of Břešt’any, Czech Republic". Casopis Narodniho Muzea, Rada Prirodovedna 167: 99–101. 
  21. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1978). "La Poche à Phosphate de Ste. Neboule (Lot) et sa Faune de Vertébrès du Ludien Supérieur. 6. Oiseaux". Palaeovertebrata 8: 217–229. 

References[edit]

  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.