1979 in spaceflight

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1979 in spaceflight
Skylab and Earth Limb - GPN-2000-001055.jpg
The Skylab space station, which decayed from orbit on 11 July
Orbital launches
First 11 January
Last 28 December
Total 110
Catalogued 106
National firsts
Orbital launch  Europe
Space traveller  Bulgaria
Rockets
Maiden flights Ariane 1
Scout G-1
SLV
Retirements Delta 2000
Mu-3C
Scout D-1
Manned flights
Orbital 2
Total travellers 4

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
11 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1070 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
13 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1071 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1072 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
18 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad 43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 3-11 Extremely elliptical orbit (64.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
25 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor-prigoda 2 (Meteor 1-29) SSO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
30 January
?:??:??
United StatesDelta 2914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17B United States
United StatesSCATHA Extremely Elliptical Orbit (4.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (659 kg)
30 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1073 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
31 January
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1074 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (7000 kg)
6 February
?:??:??
JapanN-I JapanTanegashima, Osaki launch complex Japan
JapanAyame 1 (ECS A) Extremely Elliptical Orbit (0.7 degrees inclination) unknown Spacecraft has failed after recontact with 3rd stage
Civilian payload (260 kg)
8 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1075 Low Earth (65.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1080 kg)
12 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionTsyklon-3(Cyclone-3) Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 32/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1076 Low Earth (82.5 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1900 kg)
13 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1077 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
16 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos (number not assigned) no 16 February 1979 Failed to reach orbit
Military payload
18 February
?:??:??
United StatesScout D-1 S202C United StatesWallops pad LA3 United States
United StatesSAGE unknown unknown Successful
Civilian payload (147 kg)
21 February
?:??:??
JapanMu-3C JapanTanegashima, Mu launch complex Japan
JapanHakucho (CORSA B) Low Earth (29.9 degrees inclination) 16 April 1985 Successful
Civilian payload (100 kg)
21 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionEkran 3 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
22 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1078 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
24 February
?:??:??
United StatesAtlas F United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 3W United States
United StatesSolwind Low Earth (97.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1331 kg)
25 February
11:53:49
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 32 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EO-3 13 June
16:18:26
Successful
Manned flight launching with two cosmonauts, remained in orbit past design life due to Soyuz 33 failure, returned to Earth unmanned
27 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionInterkosmos 19 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1015 kg)
27 February
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1079 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
1 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor 2-4 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)
12 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 5 Salyut 6 orbit (Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination)) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
14 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1080 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
15 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1081–1088 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
16 March
?:??:??
United StatesTitan 3D United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 4E United States
United Statesunknown SSO unknown Successful
Military payload (13300 kg to SSO, 60kg to LEO (95.8 degrees))
21 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1089 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
31 March
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1090 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
7 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1091 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
10 April
17:34:34
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 33 Low Earth (Intended: Salyut 6) Taxi flight 12 April
16:35
Spacecraft failure
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Bulgarian in space, main engine failed during rendezvous manoeuvres, docking aborted and spacecraft deorbited using backup engines
11 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1092 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
12 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-43 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
14 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1093 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
18 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionTsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1094 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (3000 kg)
20 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1095 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionRaduga 5 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (1965 kg)
25 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionTsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1096 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (4000 kg)
27 April
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1097 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
4 May
?:??:??
United StatesAtlas SLV 3D United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 36A United States
United StatesFltsatcom-2 GTO unknown Successful
Military payload (1884 kg)
13 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 6 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
15 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1098 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
17 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1099 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 81P (pad 24) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1100 Kosmos 1101 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2x9000 kg)
25 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1102 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 May
?:??:??
United StatesTitan 3B/Agena United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 4W United States
United Statesunknown SSO unknown Successful
Military payload (4000 kg)
31 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1103 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
31 May
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1104 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
2 June
?:??:??
United StatesScout D-1 S198C United StatesWallops pad LA3 United States
United KingdomAriel 6 unknown unknown Successful
Civilian payload
5 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 3-12 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
6 June
18:12:41
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 34 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Crew return 19 August
12:29
Successful
Launched unmanned to replace Soyuz 32 which had passed the end of its design life, landed with two cosmonauts
7 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionKapustin Yar pad LC 107 Soviet Union
IndiaBhaskar 1 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (441 kg)
8 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1105 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 June
?:??:??
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United StatesDSP 11 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (1170 kg)
12 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1106 Low Earth (81.4 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
15 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1107 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1108 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
27 June
?:??:??
United StatesAtlas F United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 3W United States
United StatesNOAA 6(NOAA A) Low Earth (98.5 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (723 kg)
27 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1109 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (62.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1110 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
28 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 7 Salyut 6 orbit(51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1020 kg)
29 June
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1111 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
5 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionGorizont 2 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
6 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionKapustin Yar pad LC 107 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1112 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1190 kg)
10 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1113 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
11 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1114 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (900 kg)
13 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1115 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
20 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1116 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
25 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1117 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
27 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1118 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 July
?:??:??
ChinaFeng Bao 1 ChinaJiquan Satellite Launch Center NLC China
ChinaShi Jian 1 28 July 1979 Failure to reach orbit after 2nd stage malfunction
Civilian payload (770 kg)
31 July
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-44 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
3 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1119 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 August
?:??:??
United StatesDelta 2914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17A United States
United StatesWestar 3(Westar C) GTO unknown Successful
Commercial payload (574 kg)
10 August
?:??:??
IndiaPSLV 3 IndiaSatish Dhawan Space Centre pad SLV3 India
IndiaRohini RS-1 10 August 1979 Failed to reach orbit due control valve malfunction in 2nd stage
Civilian payload (30 kg)
11 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1120 Low Earth (70.4 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
14 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1121 Low Earth (67.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
17 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1122 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
21 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1123 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1124 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (68 degrees inclination) unknown Launch successful. Satellite exploded 9 September 1979 into 8 pieces.
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1125 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
31 August
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1126 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
5 September
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1127 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
14 September
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1128 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
20 September
?:??:??
United StatesAtlas SLV 3D United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 36B United States
United StatesHEAO 3(HEAO C) Low Earth (43.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (3150 kg)
25 September
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1129 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 September
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1130–1137 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
28 September
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1138 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
1 October
?:??:??
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United Statesunknown unknown unknown Successful
Military payload (820 kg)
3 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionEkran 4 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
5 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1139 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
11 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1140 Low Earth (74.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
12 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos, number not assigned 12 October 1979 Failed to reach orbit
16 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1141 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
20 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-45 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
22 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1142 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
26 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1143 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
30 October
?:??:??
United StatesScout G-1 S203C United StatesVandenberg pad SLC-5 United States
United StatesMagsat Low Earth (96.8 degrees inclination) 11 June 1980 Successful
Civilian payload (181 kg)
31 October
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor 2-5 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)
1 November
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionInterkosmos 20 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
2 November
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1144 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
21 November
?:??:??
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United StatesDSCS 2 13, DSCS 2 14 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (2x612 kg)
27 November
?:??:??
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1145 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
5 December
?:??:??
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1146 Low Earth (65.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1000 kg)
7 December
?:??:??
United StatesDelta 3914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17A United States
United StatesSatcom 3(Satcom C) GTO unknown Satellite failed while being on the GTO, has been destroyed
Commercial payload (895 kg)
12 December
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1147 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 December
12:30:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz T-1 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination) 21:47, 25 March 1980 Successful
Salyut 6 orbit boost mission completed
24 December
17:14:38
EuropeAriane 1 EuropeKourou ELA-1 EuropeESA
EuropeCAT-1 ESA Low Earth Technology 27 November 1989 Successful
Maiden flight of the Ariane 1, and the Ariane family[1]
28 December
?:??:??
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionGorizont 3 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
28 December
?:??:??
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1148 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
5 March Voyager 1 Flyby of Jupiter Closest approach: 280,000 kilometres (170,000 mi)
9 July Voyager 2 Flyby of Jupiter Closest approach: 645,000 kilometres (401,000 mi)
1 September Pioneer 11 Flyby of Saturn Closest approach: 20,900 kilometres (13,000 mi)

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
15 August
14:16
1 hour
23 minutes
15:39 Salyut 6
PE-3
Soviet UnionValery Ryumin
Soviet UnionVladimir Lyakhov
Removed the KRT-10 antenna that had failed to separate from Salyut and had fouled the aft docking port target. After disposing of the antenna, Ryumin collected samples of damaged insulation and a retrieved a micrometeroid detector.[2]

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hughes, J. (1996) Larousse Desk Reference Encloypedia London RD Press
  2. ^ Portree, David S. F. (March 1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage". NASA. p. 83. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-14.