1980 Pacific typhoon season

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1980 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
First system formed March 18, 1980
Last system dissipated December 21, 1980
Strongest storm Wynne – 890 hPa (mbar), 220 km/h (140 mph) (10-minute sustained)
Total depressions 28
Total storms 24
Typhoons 15
Super typhoons 2
Total fatalities > 131
Total damage Unknown
Pacific typhoon seasons
1978 1979 1980 1981 1982

The 1980 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1980, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Tropical storms which formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

A total of 28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 24 became tropical storms. Beginning in March, tropical cyclones formed in each subsequent month through December. Of the 28, 15 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 2 reached super typhoon strength. Seven tropical cyclones moved through the Philippines this season.

Storms[edit]

A total of 28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 24 became tropical storms. Of the 28, 15 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 2 reached super typhoon strength. Seven tropical cyclones moved through the Philippines this season.

Tropical Depression 01W (Biring)[edit]

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration March 18 – March 27
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Carmen[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 5 (entered basin) – April 7 (exited basin)
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dom (Ditang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 7 – May 22
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ellen[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 11 – May 22
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Forrest (Gloring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 19 – May 26
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Georgia (Edeng)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 19 – May 24
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Herbert (Huaning)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 19 – June 29
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ida (Lusing)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 6 – July 11
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Joe (Nitang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 16 – July 23
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

115 mph Typhoon Joe, which developed on July 16 from the near equatorial trough, hit eastern Luzon on the 20th. It weakened over island, but restrengthened in the South China Sea to a 100 mph typhoon before making landfall on Hainan Island on the 22nd. Joe made its final landfall that night on northern Vietnam before dissipating on the 23rd. Joe caused heavy damage and an estimated 19 deaths in the Philippines with many more in Vietnam. The exact numbers are unknown due to Typhoon Kim hitting just four days later.

Super Typhoon Kim (Osang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 19 – July 27
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  910 mbar (hPa)

Like Joe, Kim formed from the near equatorial trough on July 19. It tracked quickly westward, reaching tropical storm strength on the 21st and typhoon strength on the 23rd. Kim rapidly intensified on the 24th to a 150 mph Super Typhoon, but its inflow was cut off by the Philippines to the southwest. The typhoon weakened to 115 mph winds just before hitting eastern Luzon on the 25th, just days after Joe and a tropical depression hit the same area. Kim continued northwestward, but with its disrupted circulation, it remained a tropical storm until hitting southern China on the 27th, 90 miles northeast of Hong Kong. The typhoon brought torrential rains and massive flooding, causing only 15 deaths, moderate to heavy damage, and leaving hundreds of thousands homeless. The exact totals are unknown, due to Joe and a Tropical Depression just days before.

Typhoon Lex[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 26 – August 7
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Marge[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 7 – August 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Norris (Reming)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – August 29
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Orchid (Toyang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 1 – September 11
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on September 1. It tracked northwestward, remaining disorganized and dissipating on the 5th. Another tropical depression developed to the east of the old circulation, quickly becoming the primary circulation and intensifying to a tropical storm on the 6th. With generally weak steering currents, Orchid looped three times on its track, strengthening to a typhoon on the 9th and reaching a peak of 95 mph winds on the 10th. Early on the 11th the storm hit southwestern Japan, and became extratropical that day over the Japan Sea. Orchid caused considerable damage from high winds and rain, resulting in at least nine casualties with 112 missing. It was also responsible for the September 10th loss of the MV Derbyshire, a large 91,655 ton bulk carrier lost with all 44 hands on board.

Typhoon Percy (Undang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 13 – September 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  915 mbar (hPa)

140 mph Typhoon Percy brushed southern Taiwan on September 18. A day later, with its circulation and low-level inflow greatly disrupted, 50 mph Tropical Storm Percy hit southeastern China, and dissipated later that night. 7 people died in the storm, with moderate damage on its path.

Severe Tropical Storm Ruth[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 13 – September 16
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

A monsoon depression transitioned into a tropical depression on September 13 in the South China Sea. It initially moved southward, then turned to the west-northwest, reaching tropical storm strength late on the 13th. Ruth crossed Hainan Island on the 14th and 15th, becoming a typhoon late on the 15th before hitting northern Vietnam on the 16th. The typhoon left nearly half a million homeless, with 106 known dead or missing in Vietnam.

Typhoon Sperry[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 12 – September 22
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Thelma[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 25 – September 30
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Vernon[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 27 – October 3
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Wynne (Welpring)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 3 – October 14
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (10-min)  890 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Alex[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 9 – October 14
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Betty (Aring)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 28 – November 7
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Betty, which formed on October 28, hit eastern Luzon on the 4th as a 145 mph typhoon. It turned northward, weakened greatly and became extratropical on the 7th. Extensive flooding and widespread damage caused 81 fatalities and left thousands homeless.

Tropical Storm Cary (Yoning)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 28 – November 2
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dinah[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 20 – November 25
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ed (Dorang)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration December 14 – December 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

See also[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]