1980 United States Census

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Twentieth Census
of the United States
Census Bureau seal.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General Information
Date Taken April 1, 1980
Total U.S. Population 226,545,805
Percent Change Increase 11.4%
Most Populous State California
23,699,000
Least Populous State Alaska
400,000
Logo
1980USCensusLogo.svg

The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census.[1]

Census questions[edit]

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents:[2]

  • Address
  • Name
  • Household relationship
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Whether of Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household."[3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability[edit]

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

1980 U.S. State Population Rankings
Rank State Population
1 California 23,667,764
2 New York 17,558,072
3 Texas 14,228,000
4 Pennsylvania 11,867,000
5 Illinois 11,419,000
6 Ohio 10,797,000
7 Florida 9,739,000
8 Michigan 9,259,000
9 New Jersey 7,364,000
10 North Carolina 5,874,000
11 Massachusetts 5,737,000
12 Indiana 5,491,000
13 Georgia 5,464,000
14 Virginia 5,346,000
15 Missouri 4,917,000
16 Wisconsin 4,706,000
17 Tennessee 4,591,000
18 Maryland 4,216,000
19 Louisiana 4,203,000
20 Washington 4,130,000
21 Minnesota 4,077,000
22 Alabama 3,891,000
23 Kentucky 3,661,000
24 South Carolina 3,119,000
25 Connecticut 3,107,000
26 Oklahoma 3,026,000
27 Iowa 2,914,000
28 Colorado 2,890,000
29 Arizona 2,718,000
30 Oregon 2,632,000
31 Mississippi 2,520,000
32 Kansas 2,363,000
33 Arkansas 2,285,000
34 West Virginia 1,950,000
35 Nebraska 1,570,000
36 Utah 1,461,000
37 New Mexico 1,299,000
38 Maine 1,125,000
39 Hawaii 985,000
40 Rhode Island 948,000
41 Idaho 945,000
42 New Hampshire 921,000
43 Nevada 799,000
44 Montana 787,000
45 South Dakota 690,000
46 North Dakota 654,000
x District of Columbia 638,000
47 Delaware 596,000
48 Vermont 512,000
49 Wyoming 471,000
50 Alaska 400,000

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States' population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 46 (p. 52 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  3. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 246. ISBN 0-465-04195-7. 

External links[edit]